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Various Development and Employment Program

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Various Development and Employment Program

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Various Development and Employment Program in India at a Glance
Program / Plan / InstitutionYear of BeginningObjective / Description
Community Development Program ( CDP )1952Over - all development of rural areas with people's participation
Intensive Agriculture Development Program ( IADP ) 1960 - 61To provide loan, seeds, fertilizer tools to the farmers
Intensive Agriculture Area Program ( IAAP )1964 - 65To develop the special harvests
Credit Authorization Scheme ( CAS )November 1965A scheme of Qualitative Credit Control of Reserve Bank
High Yielding Variety Program ( HYVP )1966 - 67To increase productivity of food - grains adopting latest varieties of inputs for crops.
Indian Tourism Development Corporation ( ITDC )October 1966To arrange for the construction of Hotels and Guest houses at various places of the country.
Green Revolution1966 - 67To increase the food - grains, especially wheat production.
Nationalization of 14 BanksJuly 1969To provide loans for agriculture, rural development and other priority sectors.
Rural Electrification CorporationJuly 1969Electrification in Rural Areas
Housing and Urban Development CorporationApril 1970Loans for the development of housing and provision of resources for technical assistant
Scheme of Discriminatory Interest RateApril 1972To provide loan to the weaker sections of the society at a concessional interest rate of 4%
Employment Guarantee Scheme of Maharashtra1972 - 73To assist the economically weaker sections of the rural society
Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program ( ARWSP )1972 - 73For providing drinking water in the villages
Drought - Prone Area Program ( DPAP )1973To try an expedient for protection from drought by achieving environmental balance and by developing the ground water
Crash Scheme for Rural Employment ( CSRE )1972 - 73For rural employment
Marginal Farmer and Agriculture labor Agency ( MFALA )1973 - 74For technical and financial assistance to marginal and small farmers and agricultural labor
Small Farmer Development Agency ( SFDA )1974 - 75For technical and financial assistance to small farmers
Command Area Development Program ( CADP )1974 - 75To ensure better and rapid utilization of irrigation capacities of medium and large projects
Twenty Point Program ( TPP )1975Poverty eradication and raising the standard of living
National Institution of Rural Development1977Training, investigation and advisory organization for rural development
Desert Development Program ( DDP )1977 - 78For controlling the desert expansion and maintaining environmental balance
Food for Work Program1977 - 78Providing food - grains to labor for the works of development
Antyodaya Yojana1977 - 78To make the poorest families of the village economically independent ( only in Rajasthan )
Training Rural Youth for Self - Employment ( TRYSEM )August 15, 1979Program of training rural youth for self - employment
Integrated Rural Development Program ( IRDP )October 2, 1980All - round development of the rural poor through a program of asset endowment for self - employment
National Rural Employment Program ( NREP )1980To provide profitable employment opportunities to the rural poor
Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas ( DWCRA )September 1982To provide suitable opportunities of self - employment to the women
belonging to the rural families who are living below the poverty line.
Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Program ( RLEGP )August 15, 1983For providing employment to landless farmers and laborers
Self - Employment to the Educated Unemployed Youth ( SEEUY )1983 - 84To provide financial and technical assistance for self-employment
Farmer Agriculture Service Centers ( FASC )1983 - 84To popularize the use of improved agricultural instruments and tool kits
National Fund for Rural Development ( NFRD )February 1984To grant 100% tax rebate to donors and also to provide financial assistance for rural development projects
Industrial Reconstruction Bank of IndiaMarch 1985To provide financial assistance to sick and closed industrial units for their reconstruction.
Comprehensive Crop Insurance SchemeApril 1, 1985For insurance of agricultural crops
Council for Advancement of People's Action and Rural Technology ( CAPART )September 1, 1986To provide assistance for rural prosperity
Self - Employment Program for the Urban Poor ( SEPUP )September 1986To provide self-employment to urban poor through provision of subsidy and bank credit.
Service Area Account ( SAA )February 1988A new credit policy for rural areas
Formation of Securities and Exchange Board of India ( SEBI )April 1988To safeguard the interest of investors in capital market and to regulate share market
Tourism Finance Corporation of India ( TFCI )1989 To arrange the finance for the schemes related to tourism
Jawahar Rozgar YojanaApril 1989For providing employment to rural unemployed
Nehru Rozgar YojanaOctober 1989For providing employment to urban unemployed
Agriculture and Rural Debt Relief Scheme (ARDRS)1990To exempt bank loans up to Rupee 10,000 of rural artisans and weavers
Scheme of Urban Micro Enterprises ( SUME )1990To assist the urban poor people for small enterprise
Scheme of Urban Wage Employment ( SUWE )1990To provide wages employment after arranging the basic facilities for
poor people in the urban areas where population is less than one lakh.
Scheme of Housing and Shelter Upgradation ( SHASU )1990To provide employment by the means of shelter up - gradation in the
urban areas where population is between 1 to 20 lakhs
National Housing Bank Voluntary Deposit Scheme1991To utilize black money for constructing low cost housing for the poor.
National Renewal Fund ( NRF )February 1992To protect the interest of the employees of Public sector
Supply of Improved Toolkits to Rural ArtisansJuly 1992To supply modern toolkits to the rural craftsmen except the weavers,
tailors, embroiders and tobacco laborers who are living below the poverty
line.
Employment Assurance Scheme ( EAS )October 2, 1993To provide employment of at least 100 days in a year in village
Members of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme ( MPLADS )December 23, 1993To sanction Rupee 1 crore per year to every Member of Parliament for various
development works in their respective areas through DM of the district.
Scheme of Infrastructure Development in Mega Cities ( SIDMC )1993 - 94To provide capital through special institutions for water supply, sewage,
drainage, urban transportation, land development and improvement of slum
projects undertaken in Mumbai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad
Scheme of Integrated Development of Small and Medium TownsSixth Five Year PlanTo provide resources and create employment in small and medium towns
for prohibiting the migration of population from rural areas to big cities
District Rural Development Agency ( DRDA )1993To provide financial assistance for rural development
Mahila Samridhi Yojana2 October, 1993To encourage the rural women to deposit in Post Office Saving Account
Child Labor Eradication SchemeAugust 15, 1994To shift child labor from hazardous industries to schools
Prime Minister's Integrated Urban Poverty Eradication Program ( PMIUPEP )November 18, 1995To attack urban poverty in an integrated manner in 345town having population
between 50,000 to 1 lakh
Group life Insurance Scheme in Rural Areas1995 - 96To provide insurance facilities to rural people on low premium.
National Social Assistance Program1995To assist people living below the poverty line.
Ganga Kalyan Yojana1997 - 98To provide financial assistance to farmers for exploring and developing
ground and surface water resources.
Kasturba Gandhi Education SchemeAugust 15, 1997To establish girls schools in districts having low female literacy rate.
Swarnajayanti Shahari Razgar Yojana ( SJSRY )December, 1997To provide gainful employment to urban unemployed and under employed
poor through self - employment or wage employment.
Bhagya Shree Bal Kalyan PolicyOctober 19, 1998To uplift the girls conditions.
Rajrajeshwari Manila Kalyan YojanaOctober 19, 1998To provide insurance protection to women.
Annapurna YojanaMarch 1999To provide 10 KG food - grains to senior citizens.
Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarozgar YojanaApril 1999For eliminating rural poverty and unemployment and promotion self - employment.
Samagra Awas Yojana1999 - 2000For providing Shelter Sanitation and Drinking Water
Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana ( JGSY )April 1999Creation of demand driven community village infrastructure
Jan Shree Bima YojanaAugust 10, 2000Providing insurance security to people living poverty line
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana2000To fulfill basic requirements in rural areas
Antyodaya Anna YojanaDecember 25, 2000To provide food security to poor
Ashraya Bima YojanaJune 2001To provide compensation to laborers who have lost their employment
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana ( PMGSY )December 25, 2000To line all villages with pacca road
Khetihar Mazdoor Bima Yojana2001 - 2002Insurance of landless Agricultural workers
Shiksha Sahyog Yojana2001 - 2002Education of Children below Poverty line
Sampurna Gramin Rojgar YojanaSeptember 25, 2001Providing employment and food security
Jai Prakash Narain Rojgar Guarantee YojanaProposed in 2002 - 03Budget Employment Guarantee in most poor district.
Valmiki Ambedkar Awas Yojana ( VAMBAY )December 2, 2001Constructing slum houses in urban areas
National Slum Development ProgramAugust 1996Development of Urban slums
Social Security Pilot SchemeJanuary 23, 2004Scheme for labors of unorganized sector for providing family pension, insurance and medical
Vande Matram SchemeFebruary 9, 2004Major initiative in public private partnership during pregnancy check - up
National Food for Work ProgramNovember 14, 2004Program to intensify the generation of supplementary wage employment
Janani Suraksha YojanaApril 12, 2005Providing care to expectant mothers
Bharat Nirman ProgramDecember 16, 2005Development of Rural Infrastructure including six components : Irrigation,
Water Supply, Housing, Road, Telephone and Electricity.
National Rural Employment Guarantee SchemeFebruary 2, 2006To provide at least 100 days wage employment in rural areas.

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Various Development and Employment Programs in India – List of Development and Employment Programmes in India

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