Biomedical Engineering Career Course Institutions in India and Abroad
Biomedical Engineering is an upcoming field of technology characterized by a considerable stress on interdisciplinary approach. Being an integrating medium for two dynamic professions, Medicine and Engineering , this discipline cherishes the broad objective of assisting in the struggle against illness and disease by providing tools and techniques research, diagnosis and treatment. The diversified nature of the course encapsulates within its purview, various disciplines of specialization. A Biomedical professional works with other healthcare professionals like Physicians, Nurses, Therapists and Technicians and designs instruments, devices and software that contribute to the development of healthcare.
Engineering with its various branches like mechanical, electrical, civil, electronics, etc., has been popular among students for quite a long time. However, in the recent times Biomedical Engineering has gained currency among the student community. Biomedical Engineering combines the thorough knowledge of the principles of both medicine and engineering . The biomedical engineers apply the concepts of biology, physics as well as chemistry to develop products and devices for diagnosis and treatment. The branch integrates physical, chemical, mathematical and computational sciences and engineering principles to study biology, medicine, behaviour and health. So the biomedical engineers have to work closely in association with healthcare professionals like doctors, nurses, therapists and technicians.
Bioinstrumentation This area specializes in the application of electronics and measurement techniques to develop devices for diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Specialists in this branch make newer and better instruments for rays and MRI, etc. as also cameras and other devices to help medical practitioners get a better look at the body.
Tissue Engineering Nowadays, tissue substitutes are being developed to restore or improve the functions to restore or improve the functions of diseases or damaged human tissues. To give one example, cells from an individual's healthy kidney are used and put in the diseased kidney to grow healthy tissue.
BiomechanicsThis involves application of mechanics to biological or medical problems and study the flow of bodily fluids in order to decide the specifications for the various devices such as artifical joint replacements, pacemakers, etc.
Clinical Engineering Biomedical engineers also develop and maintain computer database of medical instruments and equipment record in hospitals.
Orthopedic BioengineeringHere, engineering is used to understand the function of bones, joints and muscles and for the design of artificial joint replacements. They analyse the friction, lubrication, and wear and tear of natural joints to develop artificial limbs. Further, they also research new technologies and materials that make up bones, joints and tooth implants which are almost as good as nature's version. One of their latest responsibilities include developing and looking after fully programmed robots for use in operating rooms for reaching vital organs that may get damaged permanently, due to human error.
Navigation SystemsIn this specialized branch, biomedical engineers use software tools and specialized imaging equipment to create a digital picture of the insides of a human patient's body. This helps the surgeons in determining the best possible way to of about an operation. They help in developing new laser technologies for applications in routine and specialized operations, dental surgery and slimrelated disorders. The biomedical engineers also help in enhancing the capabilities and improvement in the quality of life for individuals with physical impairments. Besides, they are involved in development of homes and workplaces in such a way so as to make such people's lives easier.
Rehabilitation EngineeringRehabilitation engineering develops devices and procedures to expand the capabilities of disabled people and so improve the quality o their lives. Rehabilitation engineers design various Products that can be adapted to particular needs. For example, a seating Support that can be moulded to conform to any body shaped enables many disabled people to sit upright. However, rehabilitation engineers often develop products for a specific disabled individual.
Biomedical Engineering Qualifications If you want to becomes a biomedical engineer, you have to do your Bachelor of Engineering (BE) in Biomedical Engineering offered at select institutes. Otherwise, you can do your BE in any of the branches like Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering , Computer Engineering, Electronic Engineering or Chemical Engineering and a postgraduate course in Biomedical Engineering. Alternately, you can do your BE in any of the Engineering branches and go for a postgraduate course in Medical Technology, which is considered equivalent to a postgraduate course in Biomedical Engineering. You can also complete an MBBS degree and then opt for a postgraduate degree in Biomedical Engineering / Medical Technology.
Biomedical engineers develop innovative biologics, Processes, materials, devices and informatics to prevent, diagnose and treat diseases for patient's rehabilitation. Many of the biomedical engineers so research work along with professionals from life sciences, chemists and medical scientists. The devices like artificial organs, prostheses (artificial devices to replace missing body parts), medical information systems, instrumenta-tion, health management and care delivery systems, etc., are the contributions of the biomedical engineers. Thus, the engineers in this specialised field need to have a sound background in a basic engineering field like mechanical or electronics together with biomedical field. Here, the specialists are also concerned with developing imaging systems such as magnetic resonance, ultrasound and X-ray machines, and techniques and devices to automate insulin injections or control body functions.Biomedical Engineering Career Prospects
The kinds of institutions that employ biomedical engineers include medical research institutions, government regulatory agencies, hospitals, industrial firms and teaching institutions. Biomedical engineers often use their background in engineering and medicine to perform a coordinating role.
Biomedical engineers find employment with companies that manufacture equipment used in hospitals and diagnostic centres or centres for research and development, manufacturing, quality control and testing as also installation, maintenance or sales and marketing departments. They can also get jobs with large hospitals for selecting, handing and maintaining sophisticated equipments in addition to building customised devices for special needs or work in institutions involved in research. There are a few government agencies where you can get recruited for product testing, safety and establishing safety standards for devices.
Employment opportunities for biomedical engineers are immense considering the fact the aging of the population and focus on health issues will increase the demand for better medical devices and equipment designed by biomedical engineers. Other developments, like computer-assisted surgery and heavy research in molecular, cellular and tissue engineering will also increase the demand for biomedical engineers. Further, the rehabilitation and orthopedic engineering fields are growing at a very fast pace, which also require the services of biomedical engineers.
In research institutions, biomedical engineers supervise laboratories and equipment. They also participate in research with investigators of other background. Government positions often involve product testing and safety, as well as establishing safety standards for devices. In hospitals, biomedical engineers provide advice on selecting and using medical equipment, as also supervise equipment testing and maintenance. They may also develop customised devices for special healthcare or research needs. In industry, biomedical engineers use their understanding of living systems and technology to design and test new products.
Remuneration for Biomedical Engineering professionals is quite decent. In medical equipment manufacturing companies, you can get anything between Rs.20,000 and Rs.30,000 per month. In research and teaching institutions salaries vary between Rs.18,000 and Rs.25,000 per month. Private hospitals and clinics pay between Rs.15,000 and Rs.25,000 per month. In case of government agencies, the remuneration per month is in the range of Rs.16,000 to Rs.22,000 per month.
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