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Career in Indian Army
Short Service Commission in Indian Army
The Indian Army has a wonderful alternative for all those who aspire to serve for a few years. It is called Short Service Commission (SSC). It gives you the option of joining the Indian army, and serving as a commissioned officer for 14 Years i.e. For an initial period of 10 Years, extendable by 4 Years.
Once you have completed 10 Years of service, you are allowed to opt for permanent commission. Alternatively, you can also ask for release from service on completion of 5th Year of service.
With a short service commission, you will have the best of both worlds. Even as it gives you the privileges and benefits of a full – fledged commission, you will be imbibing qualities like analytical thinking skills, planning ability, administrative powers, organisational talent that will make you an invaluable asset to any organization that you join after the army.
At the end of the day, 5 – 14 Years as an SSC officer will make you a leader for life.
Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai is where you go for training once you are selected for the short service commission.
CDSE : Short Service Commission (Non – Technical) written exam is conducted by UPSC under the Combined Defence Service Exam twice a year in the month of February and September followed by the SSB interview and medical test. An aspiring candidate aged between 19 – 25 Years may apply while studying in final year graduation in any discipline in response to the advertisement. Even married men can apply for SSC (nt).
SSC (Technical) Men : Married and unmarried Technical (Engineering) Graduate willing to join SSC, don’t need to take written exam. Vacancies will be notified by additional directorate general recruiting, army head quaters twice a year in the month of April and October. Age eligibility is 20 – 27 Years. Once your application is screened and short – listed by the additional directorate general recruiting at army head quaters, you can directly go in for the SSB interview and medical examination.
JAG and NCC : There are special entries for SSC. Married and unmarried graduates in IIB / IIM with 55% marks and registered with bar council of India / state and aged 21 – 27 Years may apply in judge advocate general entry.
Graduate in any discipline with 50% aggregate marks and 2 years service in NCC Senior Division Army wing with minimum .b. Grade in .c. Certificate exam may apply in NCC special entry scheme. Applications are to be routed through NCC units / group headquarters. Both jag and NCC special entry scheme have direct SSB interview.
Once in OTA, your training will last 11 months approximately. During this period, you will be trained to be an officer, and get ample opportunities to pursue interesting activities like skeet shooting, golf, riding and angling. Ultimately, OTA will equip you to take on the world with a broadened perspective once you leave the army.
Special Scheme for Women (Officer) :
Indian Army recruits Technical and Non – Technical women as a Short Service Commission Officer (women). Previously women entry in the army was named as Women Special Entry Scheme (Officer) WSES (o) which has been closed. SSC (women) has since commenced with effect from April 2008 course onwards. Selected candidates will get trained at OTA, Chennai for a period of 11 months. On successful training, the lady cadet will be commissioned as lieutenant in various arms / services.
Technical : You need to be a B. Tech / BE pass or B. Sc (PCM) with 60% aggregate and aged between 19 – 25 Years in order to apply for SSC (tech) women. Even final year / semester students of BE / B Tech can also apply. Notification inviting eligible candidates is made twice a year in the month of June and December.
All applications are initially screened by the additional directorate general recruiting at army headquarters. If short – listed, you will appear for the SSB interview and medical test.
Non – Tech : For SSC (Non – Tech) women, graduate in any discipline or while studying in final year graduation aged between 19 – 25 Years have to apply for written examination in response to advertisement under the aegis of Combined Defence Service Exam conducted by upsc twice a Year in the month of February and September at the age of 19 – 25 Years. Once you clear the written exam you will be called for SSB interview and medical test.
NCC Special Entry : Graduate in any discipline with 50% aggregate marks and 2 years service in NCC Senior Wing (army) with minimum .b. Grade in .c. Certificate exam may apply short service commission officer through NCC special entry scheme (non-tech) women. Applicant should be 19-25 years.
You can apply in response to notification issued by additional directorate general recruiting, army hqs twice a year in the month of June and December and application is to be routed through NCC units / group headquarters.
Antedate Seniority to Technical Graduates :
Antedate seniority of 2 Years is given to engineering / technical graduates (men and women) inducted through technical entries. This is done in order to compensate for the extra time and energy that one spends to earn the engineering degree before training. With the antedate seniority, you will have opportunities for faster promotions, in addition to pay benefits.
Special Entry for Medical, Dental and Veterinary Graduates :
AMC and ADC :
Recruitment for permanent and Short Service Commission for MBBS / post graduate doctors in Army Medical Corps (AMC) and BDS / MDS in army dental corps are conducted by Director General Armed Forces Medical Services (DGAFMS). If you are MBBS / MD / MS / DM / BDS / MDS degree holder and aged below 30 Years for permanent commission and below 45 Years for SSC, you can apply for direct interview conducted by board of officers, DGAFMS.
Candidates of MBBS / BDS are commissioned as direct captain in the Indian army. Short Service Commissioned Officer in AMC and ADC may opt for permanent commission after 2 Years of reckonable service provided they have not attained the age of 30 Years and 31 and 35 Years for post graduate diploma and degree holders respectively. Unmarried women holding B.Sc. Nursing degree aged between 18 – 25 Years can apply for Short Service Commission in Military Nursing Service (MNS).
There is a written examination and interview conducted by GAFMS. Successful candidates are commissioned as lieutenant in the AMC. Short Service Commissioned Officer in MNS may opt for permanent commission after 5 years of reckonable service.
RVC : Bachelor in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.V.Sc & ah) can apply for Remount Veterinary Corps (RVC) in the Indian army. You should be less than 32 Years and can apply in response to advertisement made by RVC directorate and direct SSB is conducted by army selection centre.
Territorial Army (TA) :
Any male of Indian origin aged between 18 – 42 Years is eligible for applying as TA Commissioned Officer. The criteria being that he should be gainfully employed or running his own business. You can apply in response to the advertisement through the TA group headquarters. Candidates who qualify the screening test of the group hqs will be called for direct SSB interview in the army selection board. For more information nearest TA unit can be contacted.
SSB Interview Procedure :
Selection centers for army are located at Allahabad, Bangalore and Bhopal. SSB tests are conducted over a period of five days by a team of three assessors: Interviewing Officer (IO), Psychologist (PSYCH) and Group Testing Officer (GTO). Five day schedule is as under :
SSB Physical Standards :
- Date of Reporting Documentation.
- First Day Stage & Ndash – I (Screening Test).
- Second Day Psychological Tests and Interview.
- Third And Fourth Day Outdoor Tests By Group Testing Officer and Interview.
- Conference Day Conference and Announcement of SSB Results.
SSB Medical Procedures :
Candidates recommended by SSB will undergo Special Medical Board (SMB). This takes 5 – 7 days. If you are declared unfit in SMB, you may apply for Appeal Medical Board (AMB) to additional directorate general recruiting by depositing RS 40 Military Receivable Order (MRO) through bank along with application for AMB within 42 days from SMB.
Again if you are unfit in the AMB, you can request for Review Medical Board (RMB) to additional directorate general recruiting within one day of completion of AMB. However, grant of RMB is under the discretionary power of Director General Armed Forces Medical Service (DGAFMS).
SSB Medical Standards :
- The candidate should be free from wax (EARS), DNS, Hyrocele / Phimosis. Defective Colour Vision, Lasik Surgery, Over / Under Weight, Under Chest, Piles, Gynecomastia, Tonsillitis, Veri – Cocele and Aids.
- You should be able to read 6 / 6 in a Distant Vision Chart.
- Colour Vision Standard should be CP – III.
- Minimum 14 Dental points with Sound Teeth.
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Minimum height reduced by 2 cms and weight by 5 kg for gurkhas, n.e India, Garhwal and Kumaon area candidates. The candidates should conform to height, weight and age ratio as given in the notification.
Promotion Prospects Substantive Promotion : On Successful training at NDA, IMA or OTA you will be commissioned as lieutenant in the Indian army. On completion of 2 Years commissioned reckonable service as lieutenant you will be promoted to the rank of captain.
On Completion of 6 years you will be given the rank of major and after 13 Years of reckonable commissioned service you will be promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel (11 Years for AMC and BDS).
You will be promoted to colonel rank either by selection after minimum 3 Years of service in lt colonel rank or after 26 Years (24 Years for AMC and BDS) of reckonable service and thereafter up to the rank of It GEN / GEN by selection.
Pay and Allowances in Indian Army :
Apart from the regular pay, army officers receive rank pay, allowances like kit maintenance, field area, high altitude, outfit, city compensatory etc., 60 days annual leave, 20 days casual leave, study leave, leave travel concession, free medical for self and family, entitled ration, canteen facilities, subsidized rent on accommodation, 50% concession on travel by air at own expenses and army group insurance fund [rupee] 15 lacs.
So, go ahead and take up the challenge as an army officer and prove to the world that when it comes to courage and leadership, you are the second to none.