Specializations of Medicine CoursesCareer Course »
1. Aptitude in Medicine
A medical professional’s real trump card is his hard work and patience. A doctor should have good memory and recollection ability. Service mentality, stamina, power of concentration and emotional stability are the must – have traits in the medical professional.
He should also have qualities like logical and analytical mind, willingness to learn, ability to take timely decisions, self – motivation, etc. A doctor is also supposed to have a strong sense of responsibility as the life of patient entirely depends on him.
2. Remuneration in Medicine
A doctor running a private clinic or hospital earns handsome amount of money but a lot depends on his / her popularity.
The doctors working in government hospitals are well paid. The doctors working in private hospitals get a beginning salary between 10,000 – 15,000.
3. Prospects in Medicine
The demand for the Medical professionals is increasing with the unfortunate upsurge of diseases and ailments. At the same time, super speciality hospitals are booming both within the country and abroad offering excellent job opportunities.
The job opportunities in medicine include employment in government hospitals, private hospitals, defence services, charitable institutions, nursing homes, research and health centres, medical colleges, etc. There is also scope for one’s own practice by opening private clinics and being visiting specialists at various hospitals or visiting faculty at Medical Colleges.
Apart from being a general physician who diagnoses and treats the everyday and sundry ailments of the human body, there are several other areas of specialisation. Few of them include :
Surgery Medicine : A surgeon specialises in surgery for all organs of the body. A surgeon can further specialise in specific areas. The job of a surgeon comprises examining the patient to determine the extent and nature of injury, treatment through operation and providing post operative care.
Dentistry Medicine : Dentistry is the branch of Medicine which deals with medical or surgical treatment of diseases and disorders related to teeth, gums and soft tissues of mouth.
Anaesthetist Medicare : An anaesthetist administers anaesthetics to a patient undergoing surgical operation according to the nature of operation. It is the responsibility of an anaesthetist to make the surgical procedure as painless as possible.
His job includes examining the patient to decide his capability to withstand the shock of operation and anaesthesia. He / she is the one who has to be present throughout the operation.
Psychiatrist Medicines : A psychiatrist diagnoses and treats mental disorders. Psvchiatry is further done in two ways – the first one being psychotherapy involves the application of psychological techniques to the treatment of mental illnesses.
Here, the non – drug therapies are used. In the second way, it is done with the help of medical therapies. After diagnosing physical and behavioural symptoms, drugs, etc., are used for treatment.
Neurologist : A neurologist’s works include diagnosing and treating diseases related to brain and nervous system.
Pediatrician Medicine : A pediatrician treats new born babies and children.
Pathologist : The job of a pathologist is to investigate the causes of various diseases and the possibilities for their prevention. He is supposed to conduct chemical, microscopic and bacteriological tests in laboratories and examine blood, tissues, urine, etc., to find out the cause of disease.
Cardiologist : Popularly known as a heart specialist, a cardiologist basically treats diseases and disorders related to heart and circulatory system.
Ophthalmologist : An Ophthalmologist, also called an eye specialist, treats diseases and disorders of eyes.
Gynecologist – Obstetrician : A gynecologist’s job includes the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and disorders of human female reproductive system. The pregnant women from conception to delivery are also kept under the supervision of a gynecologist – obstetrician.
Dermatologist : Skin problems are diagnosed and treated by dermatologists.
Orthopaedist : The diseases related to the skeleton system are treated by orthopedists. An orthopaedist deals with the correction of deformities and prevention of disorders in joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, cartilages, bones and bony tissues.
Gastroenterologist : The work of a gastroenterologist includes the treatment of diseases related to liver, pancreas, stomach, intestine, bowel and gall bladder.
Radiologist : One of the most technically advanced specialisation, Radiology, helps in the diagnosis of diseases and disorders by studying X – ray pictures of affected parts and by providing treatment such as therapeutic radiation to affected parts of the body.
ENT Specialist : An ENT specialist treats the disorders of ear, nose and throat.
Venereologist : A venereologist undertakes the treatment of venereal or sexual diseases.
Chiropodist : Popularly known as pedicurist, a chiropodist treats foot diseases and abnormalities. With the help of various surgical instruments, he treats corns, blisters, etc,
Physiologist : A physiologist studies the normal functioning of different organs and tissues of human body and looks into the effects of physical environments such as altitude, speed, temperature, etc., on its vital functions.
Bacteriologist : Popularly known as a microbiologist, he conducts research and laboratory experiments on occurrence, growth, development, control and utilisation of bacteria and other micro – organisms.
Nutritionist : A nutritionist gives instructions regarding food values and utilisation of food in human body to keep it healthy and disease – free. His job is to prescribe diet for various diseases.