Career in Oceanography

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Oceanography Career

Oceanography is the branch of Earth Science which deals with the study of oceans and seas with specific importance to coastline, estuaries, coastal waters, shelves and the ocean bed. The subject of study covers wide range of topics, including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries.

A person who studies these aspects of the oceans is known as Oceanographer or Marine Biologist. The work of an Oceanographer requires the scientific knowledge of biology, chemistry, physics, geology, geophysics, mathematics and engineering science. This emerging field gives the opportunity to gain scientific knowledge as well employment in various public and private organizations.

Making a career in Oceanography is really challenging. It takes students to the world within our oceans which is yet to be discovered. The student is imparted with the knowledge through theoretical as well as practical classes.

The students during practical classes are assigned to collect samples, conduct surveys, and analyze data using sophisticated equipment in the sea for long hours.

Oceanography Career Eligibility Criteria

Most of the institutes / universities in India offer postgraduate course in Oceanography or Marine Biology. The minimum educational qualification for this course is a bachelor’s degree in science i.e. B.Sc. either in Zoology / Botany / Chemistry / Fishery Science / Earth Science / Physics / Agriculture / Microbiology / Applied Sciences or in any other equivalent disciplines.

One can also pursue MTech in Oceanography or Marine Biology. The minimum qualification is MSc and sometime a valid GATE score is essential for admission to this program.

MPhil and PhD are also offered by few universities. A postgraduate in the same branch or any equivalent branch can be eligible for pursuing the program. For pursuing PhD one has to qualify either NET or GATE.

Oceanography Career Prospects

Making career in Oceanography is challenging as well as rewarding. There are large employment opportunities for Geographers / Meteorologists / Oceanographers in both public and private sectors.

The Union Public Service Commission conducts tests for placements in Central Government Agencies like the Geological Survey of India and the Central Ground water Board.

Similarly, Coal India, Mineral Exploration Authority, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation, Hindustan Zinc and several other organisations engaged in mineral explorations utilize the services of Geologists.

The Defense and Para-military forces also utilize the services of Geologists. A professional in Oceanography can also be absorbed as an Environmental Scientist, Geo – desist, Geographer, Geologist, Geophysicist, Hydrographer, Oceanographer or mining engineer at various organizations in India and abroad.

Oceanography Career Pay Package

A fresher, after completing post graduation in Oceanography can earn a monthly salary between ₹ 8,000 – ₹ 12, 000 in public sector. The salary is slightly higher in the private sector. With a Ph.D., one can earn more than ₹ 15, 000 per month.

The salary of oceanographers is relatively higher in foreign countries. Countries like US, UK, France offer pay package between $50,000 and $80,000 a year. The salary varies according to the experience and qualifications of the oceanographer.

Oceanography Institutes / Universities

CourseEligibility Criteria
BA - Ancient History, Pol. Science, Hindi, Education, Sanskrit, English, Sociology, Urdu, Home Science, Economics, Philosophy, Mathematics.10 + 2 or Equivalent.
Bachelor of Science ( BSc ) in Biology & Maths Group - Bio - Group : Botany, Zoology, Chemistry10 + 2 with relevant Science Group or Equivalent.
BCom10 + 2 with Commerce Group.
Bachelor of Music10 + 2 with Music.
BCA10 + 2 with Maths 45%.
BBA10 + 2 or Equivalent with 45%.
BTCGraduation with 50% in any discipline.
Age : Age should not be more than 30 years as on 1st July of Year of admission to the program for General Candidates. 5 years of age relaxation to the candidates OBC / SC / ST / Dependents of Freedom Fighters.
B.A. ( Journalism & Mass Communication )Passed Intermediate or Equivalent Examination
BSW10+2 or Equivalent
Bachelor in Elementary Education ( B.El.Ed. )Minimum 50% marks at 10+2
B.Sc.B.Ed.Minimum 50% marks at 10+2
B.A.B.Ed.Minimum 50% marks at 10+2
BEdCandidates with at least 50% marks either in the Bachelor's Degree and / or in the Master's degree or any other qualification equivalent thereto, are eligible for admission to the program.
BEd Special ( Hearing Impairment ) The eligibility for this BEd ( H.I. ) course is BA / BSc or an equivalent degree at graduate level depending on the requirements for the particular course. The eligibility for admission is 45% aggregate in the qualifying degree examination. The regulations prescribed by the State Governments concerned with regard to minimum eligibility criteria and reservation policies is taken into consideration.
LL.BFor admission to LLB 1st semester a candidate of General and OBC category should have Bachelor’s degree of minimum three-year duration in any discipline with not less than 45% and 5% relaxation for SC / STs.
Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Law ( B.A. LL.B. )Passed Intermediate or Equivalent Examination
B.Lib.I.ScGraduation in any Discipline.
BTech
  • Passed 10+2 examination with Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects along with one of the Chemistry / Biotechnology / Biology / Technical Vocational subject.
  • Obtained at least 45% marks ( 40% in case of candidate belonging to reserved category ) in the above subjects taken together.
  • Lateral Entry to second year ( Duration : 4 Years ( 3 years for Lateral Entry ) )
  • Passed Diploma examination from an AICTE approved Institution; with at least 45% marks ( 40% in case of candidates belonging to reserved category ) in appropriate branch of Engineering / Technology.
  • Passed B.Sc. Degree from a recognized University as defined by UGC, with at least 45% marks ( 40% in case of candidates belonging to reserved category ) and passed XII standard with mathematics as a subject.
  • Provided that the students belonging to B.Sc. Stream, shall clear the subjects Engineering Graphics / Engineering Drawing and Engineering Mechanics of the first year Engineering Programme along with the second year subjects.
  • Provided that the students belonging to B.Sc. Stream shall be considered only after filling the supernumerary seats in this category with students belonging to the Diploma stream.
  • MA - Ancient History, Pol. Science, Hindi, Education, Sanskrit, English, Sociology, Home Science.Graduation with one of the Subject in which the candidate is seeking admission.
    Master of Science M.Sc. : Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Botany, ZoologyB.Sc. with respective Subject from any recognized University
    MA - Rural DevelopmentGraduation in any Discipline.
    MComGraduation with Commerce.
    Master of MusicGraduate in Bachelor of Music
    MBAGraduation in any discipline.
    MCAGraduation in any discipline with Maths as one of the Subject at 10 + 2 Level.
    MSWGraduation in any Discipline.
    MEdCandidates who have obtained at least 55% Marks in the BEd Degree are eligible for admissions.
    MEd Special ( Hearing Impairment )The admission for the degree of MEd ( Special Education ) degree shall be open to :
  • A candidate who has successfully passed BEd ( Special Education ) in respective disability area from a recognised university or any other degree considered equivalent to BEd ( Special Education ) from an affiliating university and / or teaching department under any university recognised by U.G.C.
  • A candidate who has successfully passed the BEd General course and has successfully completed a one year Diploma Course in special Education in respective disability area recognised by the Rehabilitation Council of India with minimum 50% marks in each course.
  • A student with BEd in particular specialisation may be allowed for MEd multicategory but the reverse is not allowed. BEd with multi - category should not be admitted for specialisation in a single disability at the MEd level.
  • LL.MAdmission to the LL.M. Degree Course of study shall be open to those candidates who have passed the Three Year LL.B. Degree Examination of this University or such Examination of any other University or Institution after Graduation under 10 + 2 + 3 pattern; or Five Year LL.B. Degree Course under 10 + 2 + 5 pattern as is recognized by this University as equivalent for the purpose of LL.M. Degree Course and have secured not less than 50% marks in aggregate in the LL.B. Examinations.
    Master of Journalism & Mass CommunicationGraduation in any Discipline
    Master of Library & Information Science ( M.Lib.I.Sc. )B.Lib.I.Sc. or equivalent

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    Career in Oceanography

    Oceanography, the science of oceans is the scientific study of all aspects of the ocean, their boundaries and their continents. To be more specific, oceanography is the study of the seas, its coastline, estuaries, coastal waters, shelves and the ocean bed. As such it is an interdisciplinary science that integrates principles of Biology, Chemistry, Geology, Meteorology and Physics.

    Oceanography is an exciting field offering you the advantage of being involved with a variety of scientific disciplines and an opportunity for lifelong learning.

    Oceanography is today of great significance to developing countries. A career in this area is really a challenging one and it provides opportunity to those with intrinsic curiosity and a desire to venture into the vast realm of the unknown, which exists within our oceans. The work involves collecting samples, conducting surveys, analyzing data using sophisticated equipment in the sea for long hours.

    Oceanography Eligibility

    Those with graduation in pure science can go for a course in oceanography. In almost all cases mathematics is required as well.

    A doctorate, a masters degree in any basic science is essential to commence marine research. Most of the courses in oceanography are of three years duration.

    As the work is highly specialised professional training is mandatory for a career in this field. Specialised branches of oceanography are chemical, geological, physical and marine biology. The most prestigious institutes conducting courses in this field are: IIT Madras, Mumbai Institute of Technology, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Annamalai University and Karnataka Engineering College.

    Job Prospects for Oceanography Career

    Career opportunities for oceanographers are vast as well as varied. Those with right qualification can get employment in public sector, private sector and various governmental establishments as a scientist, engineer or a technician. In public sector one can find opportunities in Oil India.

    Government sector organisations include Geological Survey of India, Meteorological Survey of India, Department of Oceanography etc. Companies in the private sector with interests in the marine industries, products or research also provide job options. Candidates with skill and ability can also choose teaching.

    Oceanography Career Options

    Chemical Oceanography : It deals with the composition and quality of water. Chemical oceanographers are interested in the distribution of chemical compounds and the many chemical interactions that occur in the ocean and the seafloor. The aim is to research and develop such technology that will be able to recover valuable elements from the sea.

    This area is also involved in developing methods of solving pollution problems in estuaries near-the-shore waters due to increasing population and industrial waste. Their work is of special relevance today in view of the growing level of pollution.

    Geological Oceanography : Geological and geophysical oceanographers describe the shape and material of the seafloor. Involves the study of the surface and sub-surface, and geological and geophysical characteristics of coastal margins, for the selection of suitable locations of marine structures as well as the exploitation of the oceans mineral resources. They seek to understand the origin of seafloor sediments and rocks and their patterns in which they exist.

    Physical Oceanography : Physical Oceanography studies about all the physical properties of the ocean. Physical oceanographers investigate such ocean properties as temperature, density, wave motions, tides, and currents. Remote sensing is one of the important areas in this field. This field of work looks at the relationship between the sea, the weather and the climate.

    Marine Biology : Marine Biology is the field which studies life processes in marine environments. Marinebiologists study the ocean processes that control the productivity and distribution of marine life.

    Other categories include marine archaeology, ocean engineering and marine policy.

    Marine archaeologists are involved in the systematic recovery and study of material evidence, such as shipwrecks, graves, buildings, tools, and pottery remaining from past human life and culture that is now covered by the sea. They require a background in archaeology or anthropology.

    Salary for Oceanography Career

    The starting salary after your post graduation can be in the range of ₹ 6,500 to ₹ 8,000 per month in the government sector and slightly higher in the private sector. With a Ph.D., you can earn about ₹  10,000 to ₹ 12,000 per month.

    Institutes Offering Oceanography Courses

    1. B.Tech. Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering – International Maritime Academy ( I.M.A. ), Chennai – ( Tamil Nadu ).
    2. M.Phil. Oceanography – Berhampur University, Berhampur – ( Orissa ).
    3. M.Sc. Oceanography – Cochin University of Science and Technology : Department of Physical Oceanography, Kochi – ( Kerala ).
    4. M.Tech. Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering – National Ship Design and Research Centre ( Indian Maritime University – Visakhapatnam Campus ), Vishakapatnam – ( Andhra Pradesh ).
    5. M.Tech. Ocean Technology – Cochin University of Science and Technology : Department of Physical Oceanography, Kochi – ( Kerala ).
    6. M.Phil. Marine Biology – Berhampur University, Berhampur – ( Orissa ).
    7. M.Sc. Marine Biology – Berhampur University, Berhampur – ( Orissa ).

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