Current Prospects of Social Work in India

Social Work Career Prospects

Social Work grew out of humanitarian and democratic ideals, and its values are based on respect for the equality, worth, and dignity of all people. Since its beginnings over a century ago, social work practice has focused on meeting human needs and developing human potential. Human rights and social justice serve as the motivation and justification for social work action. In solidarity with those who are disadvantaged, the profession strives to alleviate poverty and to liberate vulnerable and oppressed people in order to promote social inclusion.

Social Work profession addresses the barriers, inequities and injustices that exist in society. Its mission is to help people to develop their full potential, enrich their lives, and prevent dysfunction. Professional social work is focused on problem solving and change. As such, social workers are change agents in society and in the lives of the individuals, families and communities they serve. It responds to crises and emergencies as well as to everyday personal and social problems.

Social Work utilizes a variety of skills, techniques, and activities consistent with its holistic focus on persons and their environments. Social work interventions range from primarily person – focused psychosocial processes to involvement in social policy, planning and development. These include Counseling, Clinical Social, Social Work, Group Work, Social Pedagogical Work, and Family Treatment and Therapy as well as efforts to help people obtain services and resources in the community. Interventions also include agency administration, community organization and engaging in social and political action to impact social policy and economic development. The holistic focus of social work is universal, but the priorities of social work practice will vary from country to country and from time to time depending on cultural, historical, and socio – economic conditions.

Social workers attempt to relieve and prevent hardship and suffering. They have a responsibility to help individuals, families, groups and communities through the provision and operation of appropriate services and by contributing to social planning. They work with, on behalf of, or in the interests of people to enable them to deal with personal and social difficulties and obtain essential resources and services. Their work may include, but is not limited to, Interpersonal Practice, Group Work, Community Work, Social Development, Social Action, Policy Development, Research, Social Work Education and Supervisory and Managerial Functions in these fields. The field of practice for professional Social Worker is expanding day by day.

Field of Practice for Professional Social Workers

Abhayapuri College, Anandaram Dhekial Phookan College, Arya Vidyapeeth College, B. Borooah College,
B.B.K. College, B.H. College, B.H.B. College, B.P. Chaliha College,
Bagadhar Brahma Kishan College, Bajali College, Bapujee College, Barama College,
Barbhag College, Barnagar College, Barpeta Girls' College, Bhawanipur Anchalik College,
Bholanath College, Bikali College, Bilasipara College, Birjhora Mahavidyalaya
Biswanath College, Bongaigaon College, Chaiduar College, Chhayagaon College,
Chilarai College, Damdama College, Darrang College, Dashin Kamrup College,
Dashin Kamrup Girls' College, Dhing CollegeDimoria College, Dispur College,
Dr. Birinchi Kumar Barooah College,Dudhnoi College, Goalpara College, Goreswar College,
Gossaigaon College, Guwahati College, Guwahati Commerce College, Habraghat College,
Haji Anfor Ali College, Handique Girls' College, Hojai College, Jagiroad College,
Janata CollegeJawaharlal Nehru College, K.C. Das Commerce CollegeK.R. B. Girls' College
Kaliabor College, Kampur College, Kamrup College, Khagarijan College,
Kharupetia CollegeLakhipur CollegeLalit Chandra Bharali CollegeLanka Mahavidyalaya
Lokanayaka Omeo Kumar Das College, Lumding CollegeMadhab Choudhury CollegeMadhya Kamrup College
Mahendra Narayan Choudhury Balika Mahavidyalaya, Mandia Anchalik College, Mangaldai College, Mankachar College,
Moirabari College, Morigaon College, Nabajyoti College, Nagaon G.N.D.G. Commerce College,
Nalbari College, Nalbari Commerce College, Nirmal Haloi College, North Gauhati College,
North Kamrup College, Nowgong College, Nowgong Girls' College, Pandu College,
Paschim Guwahati Mahavidyalaya,Pragjyotish College, Pramathesh Barua College, Pub-Kamrup College,
Puthimari College, Radha Govinda Baruah College, Raha College, Rangapara College,
Rangia CollegeRatnapith College, Rupahi College, S.B. Deorah College,
Sapatgram College, Saraighat College, Sipajhar College, Sonapur College,
Sualkuchi Budram Madhab Satradhikar College, Suren Das College, Tangla College, Tezpur College,
Tihu College, Tyagbir Hem Baruah College,

Udalguri College, West Goalpara College,

Social Work as profession in India has already passed its infancy long back and in the last few decades it has emerged as one of the most demanding profession in India. In India a person – holding a Bachelor ( BSW ) or Master ( M.A in Social Work / MSW ) degree in Social Work – is generally considered a professional social worker. As far as Indian scenario is concerned professional social workers can be found in direct practice in administrative, management and policy planning positions in various Government and Non – Governmental Organizations ( NGOs ) as well as in government ministries.

Both Governmental and Non – Governmental Organizations ( NGOs ) have a lot to offer, if you are willing to work hard and in any given conditions. International organizations too are socially aware and hence a number of opportunities are available in international social work. Industrial and commercial units too are looking to hire social workers. A degree or diploma in Social Work is creating a large number opportunities for the millions of Indian youth in various sectors.

Designations enjoyed by Social Work Professionals in different employment sectors

Karnataka University ( Bagalkot District )
S V M ARTS AND COMMERCE COLLEGE FOR WOMENGOVERNMENT FIRST GRADE ARTS COLLEGE FOR WOMENS B V S ARTS SCIENCE COLLEGE FOR WOMENGOVERNMENT FIRST GRADE COLLEGE
GOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATIONS V P S`S SRI. S B M ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGESKES`S B.S.W. COLLEGEBASAVESHWAR ARTS COLLEGE
BASAVESHWAR SCIENCE COLLEGEBASAVESHWAR COMMERCE & B.B.A. COLLEGEB V V S BASAVESHWAR COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATIONVPM`S S R N ARTS & M R S COMMERCE COLLEGE
BVV'S S C NANDIMATH LAW COLLEGEBVV SANGH'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONVIDHYAPRASARAK SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF B.C.A.JSS S T C ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGE
AVVS`S SHRI. P S S ARTS COLLEGESIR M V V S COLLEGE OF B.B.A.SRI. MALIYAPPAIAH SWAMI EDUCATION COLLEGES M B ARTS, R R B COMMERCE & S K R SCIENCE COLLEGE
S J G V V C S'S B.S.W. COLLEGEV M S R VASTRAD ARTS, SCIENCE & V M COMMERCE COLLEGES V M ARTS, COMMERCE & SCIENCE COLLEGES R KANTHI COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
SVM COLLEGE OF B.B.A.A.R.JAHAGIRDAR B.C.A. COLLEGEBLDEA`s COMMERCE, BHS ARTS & TGP SCIENCE COLLEGEBLDEA'S B.B.A. COLLEGE
SIDDARTHA COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONSHRI. H V S`S RURAL ARTS COLLEGESKES`S ARTS COLLEGEKLES`s S C P ARTS AND D D S COMMERCE COLLEGE
B V V S SHRI. S R KANTHI ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGESRI. SADASHIVA B.ED. COLLEGESHRI. KADASIDDESHWAR COLLEGE OF B.B.A.R G SHEELAVANT ARTS AND COMMERCE COLLEGE
S D M TRUST B.ED. COLLEGEAKKAMAHADEVI WOMENS COLLEGEMARGDARSHAN EDUCATION TRUSTP E T MARGDARSHAN B.C.A COLLEGE S M B ARTS R R B COMMERCE & S K R SCIENCE COLLEGE
N S G A SAMSTE'S NETAJI B.S.W COLLEGEBHOOMI SEVA SANSTE DR. B. R. HIREMATH B.S.W COLLEGESVS BCA COLLEGEBVV'S S R KANTHI BCA COLLEGE
SVS BBA COLLEGEJSS EDUCATION COLLEGEGOVERNMENT FIRST GRADE COLLEGE RABAKAVI -GOVERNMENT FIRST COLLEGE
SIDDARTH ARTS COLLEGESRI.VEERAPULAKESHI ARTS SCIENCE & COMMERCE COLLEGES.T.C. ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEPET S.M.B. ARTS COLLEGE
V M S R VASTRAD ARTS SCIENCE & V M COMMERCE COLLEGE ( EXTERN )BLDEA s COMMERCE BHS ARTS & TGP SCIENCE COLLEGEBVVS SHRI.S.R. KANTHI ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEBLDEA'S LAW COLLEGE

There are three general categories or levels of intervention for Social Work professionals. The first is “Macro” social work which involves society or communities as a whole. This type of social work practice would include policy forming and advocacy on a national or international scale. The second level of intervention is described as “Mezzo” social work practice. This level would involve work with agencies, small organizations, and other small groups. This practice would include policy making within a social work agency or developing programs for a particular neighbourhood. The final level is the “Micro” level that involves service to individuals and families.

Social workers help people to overcome some of life’s most difficult challenges : poverty, discrimination, abuse, addiction, physical illness, divorce, loss, unemployment, educational problems, disability, and mental illness. They help prevent crises and counsel individuals, families, and communities to cope more effectively with the stresses of everyday life.

Social Work is a profession that serves individuals, families, and communities who seek preventative and rehabilitative interventions for an improved quality of life. Focused on social and emotional development within the social environment, the scope of social work is national and international. The profession is social justice and action oriented.

Adopting a holistic approach and forging therapeutic relationships are not unique to social work. What makes the role of the social worker distinct is that it combines both. The social worker seeks to understand the person’s entire situation ( the holistic approach ) and to work with this. Developing an effective helping relationship with people who use services is central to the role of the social worker in order to ensure better outcomes.

Social workers need sufficient time to combine knowledge of skills and values and demonstrate the effective listening, respect and sensitive engagement which this involves. The ability to form and maintain such relationships can be eroded by a workload which exceeds resources, by over management of risks and by increasing expectations from people who use services of the social worker’s capacity to meet their needs.

Prospect for Professional Social Workers in Development Sectors

At present the development sector is largely controlled and managed by the welfare or Non – Governmental Organizations  ( NGOs ) – who are doing the pioneer work towards the overall development of the society. A person with a degree ( preferably a Master degree ) in Social Work is highly preferred in developmental agencies and NGOs.

In other words, it can be said that NGO sectors as well as the development sectors are being dominated by the professional social workers. As far as the salary of a professional social worker in development sector ( in India ) is concerned – it varies from organization to organization. Generally it is negotiated at the time of interview. As salary is negotiable in development sector, likewise flexibility also exists in the recruitment process.

Sometimes it is also observed that a person gets recruitment in a particular position – though he / she has not fulfilled the minimum requirements. Percentage of marks in M.S.W hardly matters in recruitment – process of development sector; 50% to 55% marks in M.S.W is enough to get a good job in a reputed organization.

What does matter – is relevant working experiences, possession of suitable technical skills of project management, sound knowledge managing NGO administration etc; sometimes the reputation of the academic institution – from where the applicant obtained the degree in Social Work – is taken into consideration by the recruiting organizations. Students completing M.S.W from institutes like TISS, XISS, Delhi University – are generally preferred and get higher salary at the beginning.

Skills Required for a Professional Social Worker

    • Preparing Project Proposal
    • Preparing Management Information System ( MIS )
    • Preparing Project Implementation Plan ( PIP )
    • Managing and Coordinating Project at District / State / National Level
    • Program Monitoring & Evaluation
    • Report Writing and Presentation
  • Preparation of Monthly Plan and Budget
  • Coordinating and liasioning with district and state administration, other stake holder and partner organizations
  • Organizing Training, Workshops, Seminars etc.
  • Developing Information Education Communication ( I.E.C ) Materials
  • Documentation and Case Studies
  • Team Management
  • Facilitation and People Mobilization
  • Doing long – hour field work and extensive travelling
  • Managing and coordinating Projects at state and district level
  • Positive Work Attitude
  • Integrity and Honesty
  • Doing long – hour field work in adverse situation
  • Have interpersonal Communication Skills
  • Have Proficiency on the Computer
  • Knowledge of Community Resources etc.

Most of International NGOs have a specified pay structure for different positions – For entering into these organizations – at least three to five years’ prior working experiences in a reputed developmental organization is necessary.

Some of the Premier Universities / Institutes – Conducting Social Work Courses

Karnataka University ( Belgaum District )
G E S ARTS AND COMMERCE COLLEGEARTS AND COMMERCE COLLEGE FOR WOMENGOVERNMENT COLLEGE FOR WOMENANJUMAN COLLEGE FOR WOMEN
GOVERNMENT FIRST GRADE COLLEGEGOVERNMENT COLLEGE OF TEACHER EDUCATIONKJSS`S SRI. ADAVI SIDDHESHWAR ARTS COLLEGES M S COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE
S M S V VIDAYAPEETHA B.S.W. COLLEGEJ E SOCIETY`S SHRI K.A.LOKAPUR ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE COLLEGEKLE SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONKLE'S SHRI. S M S'S B.C.A. COLLEGE
SMES`S SHRI. MURUGARAJENDRA DEGREE COLLEGEG G D ARTS, B M P COMMERCE & S V S SCIENCE COLLEGEKRCES'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONSRI. GANGADHAR SWAMIJI VIRAKATAMATH ARTS COLLEGE
KRCES'S LAW COLLEGEKRCES'S B.C.A. COLLEGELES`S K M ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEACHARYA DESHBHUSHANE COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
LINGARAJ COLLEGEKLE'S R L SCIENCE INSTITUTESKES`S R P D COLLEGESKES'S G S SCIENCE COLLEGE
KLS GOGTE COLLEGE OF COMMERCEKLS'S R L LAW COLLEGEM P MIRJI COLLEGE OF COMMERCEDMSM`S B K COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE
BEYNON SMITH COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATIONB.V. BELLAD LAW COLLEGEK S R COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONANJUMAN - E - ISLAM`S ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGE
MM`S ARTS HOME SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGEMES`S ISLAMIA ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEBEYNON SMITH METHODIST DEGREE COLLEGEJSS'S BHARATESH COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
GVP'S COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONBHARATESH COLLEGE OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONPES&T BIMS DEGREE COLLEGEST. XAVIER BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION COLLEGE
KLE SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONSAGAR B.ED. COLLEGEPES'S SHAIKH COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONM N R A EDUCATION COLLEGE
GOVERNMENT FIRST GRADE COLLEGEGOMATESH VIDYAPEETHA COLLEGE OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONSBMJS'S M A T'S COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATIONSSSS'S COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
SKES'S G S B.C.A. COLLEGEP L E F B.B.A. COLLEGESKES'S RANI PARVATI DEVI B.B.A. COLLEGED M S M'S COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
WWS'S B.S.W. COLLEGEJAIN COLLEGE OF BCA & COMMERCEBHARATESH COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONB K COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE
CHOUSAN COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONKLE SOCIETY'S LAW COLLEGETCTES'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONC L E SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATION
CTE`S ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGECTE'S COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATIONSGMT B.S.W. COLLEGEB SHANKARANAND NATIONAL ARTS COLLEGE
J S S ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGESRI. LAXMANRAO JARKIHOLI LAW COLLEGESRI. LAXMANRAO JARKIHOLI ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGELET'S SRI. LAXMANRAO JARKIHOLI COLLEGE OF B.B.A.
SRI. LAXMANRAO JARKIHOLI EDUCATION COLLEGEGOKAK EDUCATION SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONBASAVAGOUDA RAMANGOUDA PATIL B.S.W. COLLEGESVES`S ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGE
S P M ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGESHRI. SIDDHIVINAYAKA RURAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONSVES'S B.P.ED. COLLEGESSES'S SHRI. VIVEKANAND B.B.A. COLLEGE
L K KHOT ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEMES`S S S N ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGESHIVANAND ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGESRSS`S ARTS COLLEGE
KVS`S SACHIDANAND SWAMIJI VIRAKTAMATH ARTS COLLEGEM M N ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEKNVV`S ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEB SHANKARANAND ARTS COLLEGE
SPM S G S ARTS COLLEGEMES`S ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGERDS'S B.S.W. COLLEGEJSPS`S AJJAPPA GADAMI ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGE
J S P SANGHA'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONNRES`S M G ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGES N J P S N M T B.C.A. COLLEGEG I B ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGE
V S M COLLEGE OF B.B.A. & B.C.A.V S M COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONKLE SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF EDUCATIONVSM'S COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION
KLE'S G I BAGEWADI B.C.A. COLLEGESHREE JANARDHANRAO PARASHURAMRAO SHIRAGURKAR DEGREE COLLEGESPM`S ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGES P M S P PHYSICAL EDUCATION COLLEGE
NET`S NATIONAL PHYSICAL EDUCATION COLLEGEC S B ARTS M R P SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGEVIDYA PRASARAK SAMITI'S EDUCATION COLLEGED V V S`S ARTS COLLEGE & T P SCIENCE INSTITUTE
L K KHOT COLLEGE OF COMMERCESDVSS'S B.B.A. COLLEGEANS'S MAHATMA GANDHI LAW COLLEGEASNSS'S B.ED. COLLEGE
SDVSS'S B.S.W. COLLEGESDVVS'S B.C.A. COLLEGEKLE`S S V B ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEB.S.W. COLLEGE
VISHWABHARATI ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGE UGAR -YVVS`S ARTS COLLEGES P M'S EDUCATION COLLEGE
P E S'S BCA COLLEGES S E SOCIETY'S SWAMI VIVEKANAND B.C.A. COLLEGESWAMI VIVEKANAND BCA COLLEGESHRI GOMATESH EDUCATION SOCIETY B.C.A. COLLEGE
SHRI VRSHBHENDRA EDUCATION SOCIETY B.C.A. COLLEGESHRI HARI EDUCATION ACADEMY`S INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONC.N.MUGALKHOD COLLEGE OF B.C.APRAGATIPAR GRAMEEN ABHIRUDDI SANSTHE B.S.W. COLLEGE
PARIVARTHAN COLLEGE OF SOCIAL WORKS C VIDYA VARDAK SANGHA ARTS DEGREE COLLEGEMOULANA ABDUL KALAM AZAD B.S.W COLLEGETHE ADARSH EDUCATION SOCIETY ADARSH ARTS, COMMERCE COLLEGE
S S A SATISH SUGAR ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGEDAKSHIN BHARAT HINDI PRACHARA SABHA B.B.A. COLLEGEK.L.E. SOCIETY G. I. BAGEWADI B.B.A COLLEGES.H.E.A. COLLEGE OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
C.N.MUGALKOD COLLEGE OF BBA AND BCAJADHAVJI EDUCATION SOCIETY B.B.A. COLLEGES M S COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCEDAKSHIN BHARAT HINDI PRACHAR SABHA B.C.A. COLLEGE
SHRI GOMATESH EDUCATION SOCIETY B.B.A. COLLEGES.K.E.T BPED AND B.ED COLLEGEPES BBA COLLEGESHRI MURUGHARAJENDRA ARTS DEGREE COLLEGE
KALPAVRUKSHA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES ( B.C.A )KALPAVRUKSHA INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES ( B.B.A )ANGADI INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES ( BCA )SPACEAGE COLLEGE OF COMPUTER APPLICATION NIPPANI
KANNADA BALAGA SOCIETY'S RURAL BCA COLLEGESILICON INSTITUTE OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONSKANNADA BALAGA SOCIETY'S RURAL BBA COLLEGEANGADI INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES ( BBA )
KANNADA BALAGA SOCIETY'S RURAL BSW COLLEGEKANNADA BALAGA RURAL ARTS COMMERCE COLLEGEBHARATESH COLLEGE OF COMMERCEGOVERNMENT FIRST COLLEGE
SHRI KUMARESHWAR EDUCATION COLLEGESMT.SAROJA M.HANASI B.S.W COLLEGE VATNALPES'S BBA COLLEGESBACES'S B A CHOUGALE BCA COLLEGE
SRSRDSW'S Dr.M.P NADAGOUDA ARTS COLLEGEIRDS'S Smt. SAROJA M HANASI BSW COLLEGESRI.RAMALINGESHWAR EDUCATION SOCIETY'S BSW COLLEGEDMS COLLEGE OF BCA
DMSM'S COLLEGE OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONMUDALGI EDUCATION SOCIETY'S COLLEGE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATIONSMS COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE COLLEGEKLES s R.P.D. COLLEGE
K.L. GOGTE COMMERCE COLLEGEBHAURAO KAKATKAR ARTS, SCIENCE AND COMMERCE COLLEGE ( EXT )ANJUMAN ARTS COLLEGEMMS ARTS, HOME SCIENCE & COMMERCE COLLEGE
B.K. COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCES. V. E. S.s ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEMES s SSN ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGESHIVANAND DEGREE COLLEGE
K.N.V.V.S.s ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGEAJJAPPA GADAMI ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGESPM s ARTS & COMMERCE COLLEGECSB ARTS, MRP SCIENCE & COMMERCE COLLEGE