Electrical Engineering Career

Career in Electrical Engineering :

Electrical engineering is the application of the laws of physics governing electricity, magnetism, and light to develop products and services for the benefit of humankind.

It is a professional discipline that deals with the application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. This branch offers exciting job opportunities for students in the rapidly evolving fields of information and communication technology and the latest advances in the more traditional areas of power, control, and electromagnetism. So electrical engineering deals with the problems associated with large – scale electrical systems such as power transmission and motor control.

Electrical Engineering Job Prospects :

Electrical Engineers are instrumental in revolutionizing the lives of modern man. They are required by the industries manufacturing all the household and office appliances like refrigerators, televisions, computer, microwaves and what not. In our age of satellite – transmitted television and transcontinental computer networks, these engineers are high in demand.

Electrical engineers also find employment in atomic power plants, hydroelectric power plants as well as thermal power plants. Job responsibilities include specification, design, development, and implementation of products or systems, as well as research to create new ideas. This role provides a number of challenges ranging from problem identification and the selection of appropriate technical solutions, materials, test equipment, and procedures, to the manufacture and production of safe, economical, high – performance products and services.

Electrical Engineering Personality :

Natural curiosity is important to engineers. Engineers love to figure things out and find out how things are made. It is this mentality that helps propel them through their college classes. Some engineers feel like college was the first time their curiosity could be satisfied. The first time they could delve deep enough into a problem, see all sides of how it worked, and obtain a solution.

The engineering field includes men and women from every culture in the world. One element that all engineers have in common is their desire to help solve the world’s problems and make the world a better place. They often have different perspectives. But they share a problem – solving orientation.

Science and math are the basic tools in an engineers toolkit. Do you find that Math and Science are your greatest challenges, or Do you love to explore more than what has been taught to you in school. Does your text – books satisfy your curiosity or do you go around figuring more about new things on your own. Do you spend more time coping with what is your lab work or more time in the lab by experimenting with new ideas? If you are a later type, you are born with the Engineering Personality.

An engineering education teaches you how to think through a problem in order to solve it. These mental agility skills will help you solve problems for the rest of your life. The fascinating aspect about problem solving in engineering is that there is almost never a right answer. You access several different approaches to solve a problem, and then it is up to you to show everyone how your solution meets the needs of the design.

Do you want a challenging and stimulating career? Consider the things you have done in the past. What have you enjoyed most? What have you found most frustrating or disliked most? If someone helped you solve that frustrating problem, would you still dislike it? Or would you feel as though you rose above the challenge? What does that tell you about yourself? If you are considering a career in engineering, keep in mind that it will be a lifelong learning experience, and everything you do to prepare for it will help you reach your intended goal. The more you expose yourself to the world of engineering, the more opportunities you may have.

To sum it up, Engineering being a subject that requires practical application of science requires following attributes :

  • Solid foundation in mathematics, physics and chemistry
  • Logical reasoning
  • Perseverance and hard work
  • Ability to work in teams
  • Ability to express oneself using figures and words
  • Problem solving skills
  • Ability to grasp things faster
  • Creativity
  • Ability to keep calm under work pressures
  • Good in technical drawings and computer skills
  • Excellent communication abilities

Eligibility for Electrical Engineering Career :

For a diploma in engineering, one must clear the 10th Std. board exam successfully with at least 50% marks. Various polytechnics offer diploma in various disciplines of engineering.

i ) To be eligible for bachelor’s degree course i.e. B.E or BTech, one must clear the 12th std. board exam with at least 50% marks( 60% for IITs ) in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as compulsory subjects. Several states and IITs have an entrance exam for admission into engineering, colleges in other states grant admission based on marks scored in 12th Std. exam, particularly in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Maths. Diploma holders can also get direct admission into second year of engineering in the same stream in which they have completed their diploma.

ii ) For a master’s level course, one must complete the bachelor’s degree program successfully. Further Studies After graduating students can go in for postgraduate studies ie M.E or M.Tech.

iii ) Further studies up to Ph.D. level are also an option for anyone interested in Research or Academics.

iv ) There is also the Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers ( AMIE ), which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor’s engineering degree through distance education.

Professional Courses for Electrical Engineering :

To become electrical engineers one should be a graduate ( BE ) in electrical engineering or hold a diploma. At the post graduation level one can do M.E in electrical engineering. Various polytechnics offer the diploma courses.

Colleges, Institutions and Universities for Electrical Engineering :

There are 36 universities and 1195 colleges offering undergraduate and postgraduate engineering courses in various branches in India and so it is rightly referred as a Mecca for finding engineers suited to cutting edge technology jobs. Over 200,000 students take admission in Indian engineering institutes and colleges. All the engineering colleges / institutions in India are recognized and regulated by All India Council of Technical Education ( AICTE ). Some Leading Engineering Institutes*

  • Indian Institutes of Technology at Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Kanpur, Kharagpur, Mumbai, Bangalore and Roorkee.
  • 18 National Institutes of Technology located all over the country
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology, Allahabad.
  • Indian Institute of Information Technology & Management, Gwalior
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore
  • Anna University, Chennai
  • Allahabad Agricultural Deemed University, Allahabad
  • Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi.
  • Birla Institute of Technology, Pilani
  • Haldia Institute of Technology Haldia
  • Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Garia
  • Institute of Jute Technology, Kolkata
  • Lingaya’s Institute of Management & Technology, Faridabad
  • JSS Academic of Technical Education, NOIDA
  • IEC College of Engg. and Technology, Greater NOIDA
  • Noorul Islam College of Engineering, Kanyakumari
  • Koneru Lakshmaiah College of Engg., Guntur District
  • Acharya Institute of Technology, Bangalore
  • Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering, Bangalore
  • JSS Academy of Technical Education, Bangalore
  • PES College of Engineering, Mandaya
  • SJ College of Engineering, Mysore
  • Dr. D. Y. Patil College of Engineering, Pune
  • Maharashtra Institute of Technology, Pune
  • Yashwant Rao Chavan College of Engineering, Nagpur
  • STE Society’s College of Engineering, Pune
  • Pune Institute of Computer Technology, Pune

* Indicative list only

Specialization in Electrical Engineering :

Research and specialization can be carried out in any of the following fields :

  • Circuit Analysis
  • Electro – Magnetism
  • Solid – State Electronics
  • Electric Machines
  • Electric Power Systems
  • Digital Logic Circuits
  • Computer Systems
  • Communication Systems
  • Electro – Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Control Systems

Remunerations for Electrical Engineering :

i ) Freshers can get a starting salary of [rupee] 9,000 to [rupee] 13,000 per month excluding other allowances. In the government sector, the salary range of diploma holders is [rupee] 5,000 to [rupee] 9,000 per month.

ii ) Lecturers in colleges get a starting salary of [rupee] 12,000 – [rupee] 13,000 a month.

iii ) With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more.

iv ) Senior engineers can earn anywhere in between [rupee] 30,000 and [rupee] 50,000 a month. Those at management levels can earn up to [rupee] 60,000 or even more.

In addition to salaries, engineers working with government departments are also entitled to a lot of incentives and perks. The increments are purely performance based as well as position based.