Fine Arts Career
Career in Fine Arts
Art is the refined expression of human experiences. “Art as a means of life expands consciousness.” The role of art in education should be made the subject of immediate attention. The insight that art provides helps people identify with, and act in terms of aesthetic and moral values. Education in the arts is an integral part of the development of each human being.
Those who have studied learning processes throughout the ages, beginning with Plato, have emphasized the importance of the arts in the education process. Today technology has made path breaking progress and has lead to a mobile society. The arts are what make us most human, most complete as people.
Fine Arts encompass art forms developed primarily for aesthetics and concept rather than practical application and judged for its beauty and meaningfulness. Earlier most of the students wanted to go for engineering and medical profession, but now a days Fine Arts is in lime light as an upcoming profession. It proves to be a major area of study for all students until they choose their area of specialization.
It constantly changes and transforms, moving to fit whatever parameters our society will accept enhancing the creative expression. Fine arts enhance perceptual and cognitive skills. An effective education in the fine arts helps students to see what they look at, hear what they listen to, and feel what they touch.
Engagement in fine arts helps students to stretch their minds beyond the boundaries of the printed text or the rules of what is provable. They contribute to a child’s development and foster the skills of communication, creativity and cognition. Through the study of the arts, students gain a greater understanding of their own culture as well as preparation for global citizenship.
It enables students to frame the world from anaesthetic perspective, allowing them to see that there are many ways in which the world can be viewed. Fine Arts view the arts as a great humanizing force. The goal of the Fine Arts education is to provide all students with access to an understanding of the nature and values of the arts.Through practical and theoretical knowledge, students are introduced to the importance of fine arts for the cultivated individual.
Fine Arts Career Eligibility
Required Qualifications for Pursuing Fine Arts Courses in India For joining a Bachelors Degree in Fine Arts ( B.F.A. ) one is required to complete 10+2 or higher secondary examination along with the clearance of an aptitude test which is conducted by all art institutions.
Professional education in fine arts can be done through this four – year degree program segmented into two courses, namely Foundation course ( One Year ) and Specialization course ( Three years ). Further professional study can be pursued through a Masters in Fine Arts ( M.F.A ) programmed usually spanning over two years. A candidate seeking admission to the course must have passed the Bachelor of Fine Art Degree in the relevant specialization.
Fine Arts primarily focus on the following courses :
- Applied Art
- Visual Communication
- Print Making
- Art History
Creative students with a keen sense of observation, marketing skills and perseverance can enter the field of fine arts. Pursuing a course in the fine arts stream channelizes the creativity within an individual and gives him an edge over others for surviving in the very competitive commercial arts industry. There are lots of career opportunities in Fine Arts for those who want to pursue a career in fine arts.
1. Applied Art Course
Also known as Commercial Art, includes training students in the planning and execution of advertising and publicity. It is the art media for commercial purposes to create attractive illustration designs for Advertisements, Press / Magazine Advertisements, Posters, design of Symbols and Logos, Typography, Packaging Designs, Display Designs, Book Jackets etc. It also includes visual aids for industrial and educational application.
These days those who graduate from this stream may also become Visualizer / Graphic Designer, Freelance artist in Advertising Agencies, Publishing house, Multimedia, Corporate houses, as Animator, and Illustrator, Web Designing, Set Designer, Interior Decorator, Teachers or administrators of art programs. Careers relating to Interior Design, Decorative Art, Advertising, Graphic Design, Film, Photography, Industrial Design, Fashion and Architecture come further as career options after completion of graduation study.
As a Graphic Designer one is mostly required to design and draw Billboards, Window Slides, Technical catalogues and Cinema Slides. One can also get employed in the Film or Theatre Productions.
2. Painting Course
It is a form of visual expression and is one of the major forms within the visual arts. As a course work in creative painting, students develop a concept for a body of work. Abstraction, mixing of mediums, stylization, using reality as a basis for painting, employing cubic forms, distortion and simplification is encouraged. Here an artist paints portraits, landscapes, composition, still life, abstract painting, murals etc on different mediums. As a career artists promote their artworks through Exhibitions or by participating in different art shows in galleries. They also opt for teaching as art teachers in schools and colleges and also as freelance artists.
3. Sculpture Course
It is an in – depth portfolio building course that explores opportunities for expression through vigorous sculptural work in varied media. It is a three – dimensional artwork created by shaping clay, plaster of paris hard or plastic material commonly stone( either rock or marble ), metal( bronze ), and wood. Some modern sculptures are created directly by carving; others are assembled, built up and fired, welded, moulded, or cast. Because sculpture involves the use of materials that can be molded or modulated, it is considered to be one of the plastic arts. In creating creative sculpture, compositions or abstract are based on relevant subjects. Now a day’s, artists are creating installations as a modern concept in sculpture art. Sculpture artists pursue their career by displaying their artworks in exhibitions, art fairs, creating commission based artworks for indoor / outdoor projects and teaching in schools and art institutions.
4. Visual Communication Course
In a world where environmental, social, political, religious and professional issues are changing, no area of cultural activity is more challenging than the field of communication. The aim of this course is to create an understanding of the industry’s needs by enhancing knowledge and technical skills through exposure to professional examples, appropriate visual media, including freehand drawing and computer technology; ability to rapidly visualize sophisticated creative ideas and images for the purpose of conceptual communication.
This program includes creative image making with focus on concepts, scripting, visualizing, story boards and movement and meaning of 2 – D and 3 – D Animation techniques. Career options in visual communication lies mainly in advertising agencies, multimedia industry, Film making and as Animators and Freelance artists.
5. Print Making Course
The aim of this program is to develop the skill of the students to communicate through various mediums and technology and also to shape the personality of the student, wherein creative freedom co – exists with known practical requirements. In this, emphasis is laid on composition and individual techniques working in different mediums like Relief Process, Intaglio, Lithography, Screen printing and Mix Media. In print making students can look up to career options by displaying their prints in various art exhibitions and in collections of art galleries working as freelance artists. Teaching has also been an influential career option in print making.
6. Art History Course
This course offers a chronological survey of Indian and Western art from the dawn of civilization to the present time, including the most modern trends and ideas in the ever changing world of art. It facilitates the understanding of works of art within their historical context by examining issues such as politics, religion, patronage, gender, function and ethnicity , through both contextual and visual analysis. As career it opens avenues to enable the skills as Art Curators, In – house Art Critics for Art Galleries, in Research and Documentations, to examine and analyze presentations of art in Museums, Art Galleries, and Auctions and on the Internet, to master the vocabulary of art and how visual language communicates by opting for teaching Art History. One can also pursue their career as independent Art Historian.
The objective of theses teaching programs is to achieve overall refinement of the student’s perception not confined to the skills of the profession alone but also to create the right kind of intellect as well as emotional cultivation to arrive at a level of composite creativity and thought.
To enter in these studies, undoubtedly a natural aptitude, and talent is important but format training in an esteemed art institution, under expert guidance helps foster and polish artistic skills. “The ordinary pursue ordinary careers; the extraordinary become art saviors.”
Top 5 Fine Art Colleges in India
- College of Art, ( Affiliated to University of Delhi ) New Delhi.
- Faculty of Fine Art, M.S University, Vadodra, Gujarat.
- Faculty of Visual Arts, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi.
- Sir J.J. School of Art, Mumbai.
- Kala Bhawan, Shantiniketan, Vishwabharati University, Pashchim Banga.
Apart from these colleges, some other renowned art colleges in India are :
- Department of Fine Art & Art Education, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi.
- Government College of Art, Chandigarh.
- College of Art & Craft, Faculty of Fine Art, Lucknow, UP.
- Government College of Art, Panaji, Goa.
- Department of Art & Culture, Government College of Arts, Chennai.
- Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture & Fine Arts University, Hyderabad.
Besides these art colleges, there are some well acclaimed Polytechnics Colleges all over India which provides 3 year Diploma courses in Fine Arts. In order to provide education in Fine Art and enhance the artistic skills of Deaf and Dumb students, the University of Delhi has instituted in the College of Art, New Delhi a Diploma course in Fine Art since 1980. In this students will have to study the practical subjects prescribed for the B.F.A course but are exempted from the study of theory subjects.
Thus, Fine Arts has proved to be a subject which will definitely generate ideas in the true perspective and enthuse the younger generation to look for the positive avenues in the field of Visual Art which has already established its high standards in our country. With rapid evolving technology in the domain of Indian Art and new directions in the field, Visual Arts has made a profound impact on Indian society which has turned out to be a spotlight in giving proper guidance to budding students about the new and emerging areas Visual Arts and their career opportunities.