Meteorology Career

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Career in Meterology

Meteorology is a sub – discipline of Atmospheric science that mainly focuses on weather processes and forecasting. The field includes both weather and climate and is concerned with the physical, dynamical ( a force producing change or motion ), and chemical state of the Earth’s atmosphere and interactions between the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface.

To make a career in meteorology, one needs sufficient interests and educational standard. There are many rewarding career opportunities for meteorologist ( a specialist who studies various earthly processes in the atmosphere ).

Meteorology Career Eligibility Criteria

A student desirous of making a career in Meteorology or Atmospheric Science may opt for an undergraduate course i.e. B.Sc. or B.Tech soon after the completion of his / her + Science ( class 12th ). A number of universities including IITs are offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Meteorology / Atmospheric Sciences.

A master’s program i.e. M.Sc or M.Tech can usually be completed in two years after the bachelor’s degree. The requirement for admission to this program is usually an undergraduate degree in meteorology, physics, engineering, or related disciplines.

Students who wish to carry out research work go for PhD.. The minimum education qualification for this is a master’s degree in relevant field.

Below are given names of few courses and their minimum qualification :

Code No.Discipline
Eligibility Qualifications
01Agricultural Biotechnology
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Biotechnology/ Molecular Biology & Bio - Technology / Genetic Engineering / Botany / Plant Sciences / Life Sciences with specialization in Plant Biotechnology.
02Agricultural Entomology
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Entomology / Zoology / Sericulture / Apiculture / Plant Protection with specialization in Agricultural Entomology.
03Agricultural Microbiology
Master’s degree in Agricultural Microbiology / Microbiology.
04Economic Botany & Plant Genetics Resources
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Botany / Horticulture with specialization in Agricultural Botany / Economic Botany / Plant Genetic Resources.
05Genetics & Plant Breeding
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Agricultural Botany / Plant Breeding or Genetics or Genetics and Plant Breeding.
06Nematology
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Nematology / Entomology / Plant Pathology / Zoology / Plant Protection with specialization in Nematology.
07Plant Biochemistry
Master’s degree in Plant Biochemistry / Agricultural Biochemistry / Biochemistry with specialization in plants.
08Plant Pathology
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Botany / Life Sciences / Plant Protection with specialization in Plant Pathology / Mycology.
09Plant Physiology
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Plant Physiology / Botany with specialization in Plant Physiology.
10Seed Science & Technology
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Seed Science / Seed Technology or Seed Science and Technology.
11Floriculture & Landscaping
Master’s degree in Floriculture / Agriculture or Horticulture with specialization in Floriculture and Landscaping / Post Harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).
12Fruit Science
Master’s degree in Pomology / Agriculture or Horticulture with specialization in Fruit Sciences / Post harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).
13Spices, Plantation & Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Horticulture / Botany with specialization in Spices / Plantation Crops and / or in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants / Post Harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).
14Vegetable Science
Master’s degree in Olericulture / Vegetable Sciences / Agriculture or Horticulture with specialization in Vegetable Sciences / Post Harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).
15Animal Biochemistry
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences / Dairy / Fishery Science with specialization in Biochemistry.
16Animal Biotechnology
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal / Fishery Science with specialization in Biotechnology.
17Animal Genetics & Breeding
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Genetics and Breeding.
18Animal Nutrition
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Nutrition.
19Animal Physiology
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Physiology.
20Animal Reproduction & Gynaecology
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Reproduction and Gynaecology.
21Dairy Chemistry
Master’s degree in Dairy Chemistry / Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Dairy Chemistry.
22Dairy Microbiology
Master’s degree in Dairy Microbiology / Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Dairy Microbiology.
23Dairy Technology
Master’s degree in Dairy Technology or Dairy Science / Dairy Engineering / Animal Products Technology / Food Technology with specialization in Dairy Technology.
24Livestock Product Technology
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Livestock Products Technology.
25Livestock Production Management
Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Livestock Production Management / Animal Husbandry.
26Poultry Science
Master’s degree in Poultry Sciences / Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Poultry Sciences.
27Veterinary Medicine
Master’s degree in Veterinary Medicine / Veterinary Preventive Medicine / Veterinary Clinical Medicine.
28Veterinary Microbiology
Master’s degree in Veterinary Sciences with specialization in Microbiology / Bacteriology / Virology / Mycology / Immunology.
29Veterinary Parasitology
Master’s degree in Veterinary Parasitology.
30Veterinary Pathology
Masters degree in Veterinary Pathology.
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31Veterinary Pharmacology
Master’s degree in Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology / Veterinary Pharmacology.
32Veterinary Public Health
Master’s degree in Veterinary Public Health / Epidemiology.
33Veterinary Surgery
Master’s degree in Veterinary Surgery / Veterinary Anatomy.
34Aquaculture
Masters degree in Aquaculture / Fishery Sciences / Marine Biology / Aquatic Biology with specialization in Mariculture / Aquatic Environmental Management / Aquatic Ecology / Inland Aquaculture.
35Fisheries Resource Management
Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences / Fisheries Resource Management / Marine Biology / Aquatic Environmental Management / Aquatic Biology with specialization in Fisheries Resource Management / Fish Population Dynamics / Fishery Hydrography / Ecosystem Management / Aquatic Ecology.
36Fish Process Technology
Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences / Fish Processing Technology / Post Harvest Technology / Industrial Fisheries with specialization in Fish Harvest and Processing.
37Fish Nutrition
Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences with specialization in Fish Nutrition and Fish Physiology / Feed Technology / Fish Nutrition and Biochemistry.
38Fish HealthMaster’s degree in Fishery Science / Marine Biology with specialization in Fish Health / Fish Pathology / Microbiology.
39Fish Genetics & Breeding
Master’s degree in Fishery Science / Marine Biology with specialization in Fish Genetics and Breeding / Fish Biotechnology.
40Agricultural Chemicals
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Agricultural Chemicals / Organic Chemistry with specialization in Agricultural Chemicals.
41Agricultural Meteorology
Masters degree in Agricultural Meteorology / Agricultural Physics with specialization in Agricultural Meteorology.
42Agroforestry
Master’s degree in Forestry / Agroforestry / Botany / Agronomy / Horticulture with specialization in Agroforestry.
43AgronomyMaster’s degree in Agriculture with specialization in Agronomy / Soil Water Management / Conservation Agriculture / Farming Systems Management / Forage Production / Water Science and Technology.
44Environmental Sciences
Master’s degree in Environmental Science / Agroforestry / Agricultural Physics / Agriculture with specialization in Environmental Science.
45Soil Sciences
Master’s degree in Agriculture / Soil Sciences / Agricultural Chemistry / Agricultural Physics with specialization in Soil Physics and Soil and Water Conservation/ Soil Fertility / Soil Microbiology / Soil Chemistry / Water Science and Technology.
46Agricultural Business Management
Master’s degree in Agricultural Business Management / Agricultural Marketing / Business Management with specialization in Agricultural Business / Fisheries Business Management.
47Agricultural Economics
Master’s degree in Agricultural Economics / Dairy Economics / Veterinary Economics / Fisheries Economics with specialization in Agriculture.
48Agricultural Extension
Master’s degree in Agricultural Extension / Veterinary Extension / Dairy Extension / Fisheries Extension / Home Science Extension / Agriculture Communication in Agricultural Sciences / Rural Development / Rural Management.
49Agricultural Statistics
Master’s degree in Agricultural Statistics / Statistics with specialization in Agriculture.
50Home Sciences
Master’s degree in Home Science with specialization in Family Resource Management / Textile and Clothing / Child Development / Foods and Nutrition.
51Farm Machinery and PowerMaster’s degree in Agricultural Engineering / Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Farm Machinery and Power.
52Agricultural Structures and Environmental ManagementMaster’s degree in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Agricultural Structures / Aquaculture Engineering.
53Land and Water Management EngineeringMaster’s degree in Agricultural Engineering / Civil Engineering with specialization in Soil and Water Conservation / Irrigation and Drainage / Water Resources / Hydrology / Aquatic Engineering / Water Science and Technology.
54Agricultural Process Engineering
Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Agricultural Process Engineering / Food Process Engineering / Dairy Engineering / Post Harvest Technology.
55Food Technology
Master’s degree in Food Science / Food Technology / Food Science and Technology / Post Harvest Technology / Dairy Technology
56Veterinary Anatomy ( only for NET )Master’s degree in Veterinary Anatomy

Meteorology Career Prospects

Meteorologists find jobs mainly in government sector. However some private companies also recruit atmospheric scientists for environmental pollution control. A country’s Military operations such as troop movements, airplane flights, missile launches, and ship movements rely on accurate weather information. Hence, here the role of a meteorologist becomes crucial.

A meteorology degree or a degree in related marine science qualifies an individual to perform many weather – related jobs. There are good opportunities for overseas assignment to military bases and outposts throughout the world.

Space application centers also recruit meteorologists as the launching of satellite also depends on weather conditions. The Indian meteorological department has its branches all over India, hence meteorologists are absorbed there.

Here is a list of few institutes / organizations in India where meteorologists can find jobs :

  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
  • India Meteorology Department
  • Indian Air Force
  • Space Application Center
  • National Remote Sensing Agency
  • Defense Research and Development Organization
  • Indian Space Research Organization

Meteorology Pay Package

Meteorology is a rare field of science; hence there are few people who opt for this course. However the career is challenging and rewarding. Salary of a meteorologist / scientist depends on his qualification and experience. The Indian Government offers handsome salary to qualified meteorologists / scientists. It varies between [rupee] 10,000 – 25,000.

One having outstanding knowledge and experience can also find job in abroad. There the salary does not become a factor. The US government offers annual package that varies between $19,081 and $69,300.

Meteorology Institutes / Universities

NumberPercentage
Gender Breakdown
Male15319271.6%
Female6087628.4%
Category Breakdown
General16897478.9%
NC - OBC2840313.3%
SC / ST166917.8%
Work Experience Breakdown
0 - 6 months14251366.6%
More than 6 months7155533.4%
Scheduled City Breakdown
New Delhi212249.9%
Bangalore195539.1%
Mumbai168957.9%
Hyderabad161387.5%
Pune133686.2%