Meteorology CareerCareer Course »
Career in Meterology
Meteorology is a sub – discipline of Atmospheric science that mainly focuses on weather processes and forecasting. The field includes both weather and climate and is concerned with the physical, dynamical ( a force producing change or motion ), and chemical state of the Earth’s atmosphere and interactions between the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface.
To make a career in meteorology, one needs sufficient interests and educational standard. There are many rewarding career opportunities for meteorologist ( a specialist who studies various earthly processes in the atmosphere ).
Meteorology Career Eligibility Criteria
A student desirous of making a career in Meteorology or Atmospheric Science may opt for an undergraduate course i.e. B.Sc. or B.Tech soon after the completion of his / her + Science ( class 12th ). A number of universities including IITs are offering undergraduate and postgraduate programs in Meteorology / Atmospheric Sciences.
A master’s program i.e. M.Sc or M.Tech can usually be completed in two years after the bachelor’s degree. The requirement for admission to this program is usually an undergraduate degree in meteorology, physics, engineering, or related disciplines.
Students who wish to carry out research work go for PhD.. The minimum education qualification for this is a master’s degree in relevant field.
Below are given names of few courses and their minimum qualification :
|Code No.||Discipline||Eligibility Qualifications|
|01||Agricultural Biotechnology||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Biotechnology/ Molecular Biology & Bio - Technology / Genetic Engineering / Botany / Plant Sciences / Life Sciences with specialization in Plant Biotechnology.|
|02||Agricultural Entomology||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Entomology / Zoology / Sericulture / Apiculture / Plant Protection with specialization in Agricultural Entomology.|
|03||Agricultural Microbiology||Master’s degree in Agricultural Microbiology / Microbiology.|
|04||Economic Botany & Plant Genetics Resources||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Botany / Horticulture with specialization in Agricultural Botany / Economic Botany / Plant Genetic Resources.|
|05||Genetics & Plant Breeding||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Agricultural Botany / Plant Breeding or Genetics or Genetics and Plant Breeding.|
|06||Nematology||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Nematology / Entomology / Plant Pathology / Zoology / Plant Protection with specialization in Nematology.|
|07||Plant Biochemistry||Master’s degree in Plant Biochemistry / Agricultural Biochemistry / Biochemistry with specialization in plants.|
|08||Plant Pathology||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Botany / Life Sciences / Plant Protection with specialization in Plant Pathology / Mycology.|
|09||Plant Physiology||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Plant Physiology / Botany with specialization in Plant Physiology.|
|10||Seed Science & Technology||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Seed Science / Seed Technology or Seed Science and Technology.|
|11||Floriculture & Landscaping||Master’s degree in Floriculture / Agriculture or Horticulture with specialization in Floriculture and Landscaping / Post Harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).|
|12||Fruit Science||Master’s degree in Pomology / Agriculture or Horticulture with specialization in Fruit Sciences / Post harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).|
|13||Spices, Plantation & Medicinal & Aromatic Plants||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Horticulture / Botany with specialization in Spices / Plantation Crops and / or in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants / Post Harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).|
|14||Vegetable Science||Master’s degree in Olericulture / Vegetable Sciences / Agriculture or Horticulture with specialization in Vegetable Sciences / Post Harvest Technology ( Horticulture ).|
|15||Animal Biochemistry||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences / Dairy / Fishery Science with specialization in Biochemistry.|
|16||Animal Biotechnology||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal / Fishery Science with specialization in Biotechnology.|
|17||Animal Genetics & Breeding||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Genetics and Breeding.|
|18||Animal Nutrition||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Nutrition.|
|19||Animal Physiology||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Physiology.|
|20||Animal Reproduction & Gynaecology||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Animal Reproduction and Gynaecology.|
|21||Dairy Chemistry||Master’s degree in Dairy Chemistry / Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Dairy Chemistry.|
|22||Dairy Microbiology||Master’s degree in Dairy Microbiology / Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Dairy Microbiology.|
|23||Dairy Technology||Master’s degree in Dairy Technology or Dairy Science / Dairy Engineering / Animal Products Technology / Food Technology with specialization in Dairy Technology.|
|24||Livestock Product Technology||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Livestock Products Technology.|
|25||Livestock Production Management||Master’s degree in Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Livestock Production Management / Animal Husbandry.|
|26||Poultry Science||Master’s degree in Poultry Sciences / Veterinary / Animal Sciences with specialization in Poultry Sciences.|
|27||Veterinary Medicine||Master’s degree in Veterinary Medicine / Veterinary Preventive Medicine / Veterinary Clinical Medicine.|
|28||Veterinary Microbiology||Master’s degree in Veterinary Sciences with specialization in Microbiology / Bacteriology / Virology / Mycology / Immunology.|
|29||Veterinary Parasitology||Master’s degree in Veterinary Parasitology.|
|30||Veterinary Pathology||Masters degree in Veterinary Pathology.|
|31||Veterinary Pharmacology||Master’s degree in Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology / Veterinary Pharmacology.|
|32||Veterinary Public Health||Master’s degree in Veterinary Public Health / Epidemiology.|
|33||Veterinary Surgery||Master’s degree in Veterinary Surgery / Veterinary Anatomy.|
|34||Aquaculture||Masters degree in Aquaculture / Fishery Sciences / Marine Biology / Aquatic Biology with specialization in Mariculture / Aquatic Environmental Management / Aquatic Ecology / Inland Aquaculture.|
|35||Fisheries Resource Management||Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences / Fisheries Resource Management / Marine Biology / Aquatic Environmental Management / Aquatic Biology with specialization in Fisheries Resource Management / Fish Population Dynamics / Fishery Hydrography / Ecosystem Management / Aquatic Ecology.|
|36||Fish Process Technology||Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences / Fish Processing Technology / Post Harvest Technology / Industrial Fisheries with specialization in Fish Harvest and Processing.|
|37||Fish Nutrition||Master’s degree in Fishery Sciences with specialization in Fish Nutrition and Fish Physiology / Feed Technology / Fish Nutrition and Biochemistry.|
|38||Fish Health||Master’s degree in Fishery Science / Marine Biology with specialization in Fish Health / Fish Pathology / Microbiology.|
|39||Fish Genetics & Breeding||Master’s degree in Fishery Science / Marine Biology with specialization in Fish Genetics and Breeding / Fish Biotechnology.|
|40||Agricultural Chemicals||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Agricultural Chemicals / Organic Chemistry with specialization in Agricultural Chemicals.|
|41||Agricultural Meteorology||Masters degree in Agricultural Meteorology / Agricultural Physics with specialization in Agricultural Meteorology.|
|42||Agroforestry||Master’s degree in Forestry / Agroforestry / Botany / Agronomy / Horticulture with specialization in Agroforestry.|
|43||Agronomy||Master’s degree in Agriculture with specialization in Agronomy / Soil Water Management / Conservation Agriculture / Farming Systems Management / Forage Production / Water Science and Technology.|
|44||Environmental Sciences||Master’s degree in Environmental Science / Agroforestry / Agricultural Physics / Agriculture with specialization in Environmental Science.|
|45||Soil Sciences||Master’s degree in Agriculture / Soil Sciences / Agricultural Chemistry / Agricultural Physics with specialization in Soil Physics and Soil and Water Conservation/ Soil Fertility / Soil Microbiology / Soil Chemistry / Water Science and Technology.|
|46||Agricultural Business Management||Master’s degree in Agricultural Business Management / Agricultural Marketing / Business Management with specialization in Agricultural Business / Fisheries Business Management.|
|47||Agricultural Economics||Master’s degree in Agricultural Economics / Dairy Economics / Veterinary Economics / Fisheries Economics with specialization in Agriculture.|
|48||Agricultural Extension||Master’s degree in Agricultural Extension / Veterinary Extension / Dairy Extension / Fisheries Extension / Home Science Extension / Agriculture Communication in Agricultural Sciences / Rural Development / Rural Management.|
|49||Agricultural Statistics||Master’s degree in Agricultural Statistics / Statistics with specialization in Agriculture.|
|50||Home Sciences||Master’s degree in Home Science with specialization in Family Resource Management / Textile and Clothing / Child Development / Foods and Nutrition.|
|51||Farm Machinery and Power||Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering / Mechanical Engineering with specialization in Farm Machinery and Power.|
|52||Agricultural Structures and Environmental Management||Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Agricultural Structures / Aquaculture Engineering.|
|53||Land and Water Management Engineering||Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering / Civil Engineering with specialization in Soil and Water Conservation / Irrigation and Drainage / Water Resources / Hydrology / Aquatic Engineering / Water Science and Technology.|
|54||Agricultural Process Engineering||Master’s degree in Agricultural Engineering with specialization in Agricultural Process Engineering / Food Process Engineering / Dairy Engineering / Post Harvest Technology.|
|55||Food Technology||Master’s degree in Food Science / Food Technology / Food Science and Technology / Post Harvest Technology / Dairy Technology|
|56||Veterinary Anatomy ( only for NET )||Master’s degree in Veterinary Anatomy|
Meteorology Career Prospects
Meteorologists find jobs mainly in government sector. However some private companies also recruit atmospheric scientists for environmental pollution control. A country’s Military operations such as troop movements, airplane flights, missile launches, and ship movements rely on accurate weather information. Hence, here the role of a meteorologist becomes crucial.
A meteorology degree or a degree in related marine science qualifies an individual to perform many weather – related jobs. There are good opportunities for overseas assignment to military bases and outposts throughout the world.
Space application centers also recruit meteorologists as the launching of satellite also depends on weather conditions. The Indian meteorological department has its branches all over India, hence meteorologists are absorbed there.
Here is a list of few institutes / organizations in India where meteorologists can find jobs :
- Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology
- India Meteorology Department
- Indian Air Force
- Space Application Center
- National Remote Sensing Agency
- Defense Research and Development Organization
- Indian Space Research Organization
Meteorology Pay Package
Meteorology is a rare field of science; hence there are few people who opt for this course. However the career is challenging and rewarding. Salary of a meteorologist / scientist depends on his qualification and experience. The Indian Government offers handsome salary to qualified meteorologists / scientists. It varies between ₹ 10,000 – 25,000.
One having outstanding knowledge and experience can also find job in abroad. There the salary does not become a factor. The US government offers annual package that varies between $19,081 and $69,300.
Meteorology Institutes / Universities
|NC - OBC||28403||13.3%|
|SC / ST||16691||7.8%|
|Work Experience Breakdown|
|0 - 6 months||142513||66.6%|
|More than 6 months||71555||33.4%|
|Scheduled City Breakdown|
Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.