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Career in Orthopedics
Orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with the musculoskeletal system or the locomotor system. Musculoskeletal system gives animals and human beings the ability to move, by using the muscle system and skeletal system.
Orthopedic surgeons address most musculoskeletal ailments including arthiritis, trauma and congenital deformities using both surgical and non – surgical methods.
Orthopedic Eligibility Criteria
To pursue the course of M.S.Orthopedics, the candidate is required to complete the course of M.B.B.S. ( i.e. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ) from any recognized university in India or equivalent. After the completion of the M.B.B.S. course there is an all India level test for Post Graduation, qualifying which, the candidate becomes eligible for pursuing the course.
The period of training for obtaining these degrees is of three completed years including the period of examination. In the case of students having a recognized two year postgraduate diploma course in the same subject, the period of training, including the period of examination, is of two years.
The examinations are organized on the basis of grading or marking system to evaluate and certify candidate’s level of knowledge, skill and competence at the end of the training and obtaining a minimum of 50% marks in theory as well as practical separately is mandatory for clearing the examination.
The examination for M.S. or Master of Surgery is held at the end of 3 academic years ( six academic terms ) and for diploma at the end of 2 academic years ( four academic terms ). One academic term is of six months.
The Scope of Orthopaedics Career
Orthopaedics is a specialty of immense breadth and variety. Orthopaedic surgeons treat a wide variety of diseases and conditions, including
- fractures and dislocations
- torn ligaments, sprains, and strains
- tendon injuries, pulled muscles, and bursitis
- ruptured disks, sciatica, low back pain, and scoliosis
- knock knees, bow legs, bunions, and hammer toes
- arthritis and osteoporosis
- bone tumors, muscular dystrophy and cerebral palsy
- club foot and unequal leg length
- abnormalities of the fingers and toes and growth abnormalities
Great advances have occurred in the surgical management of degenerative joint disease. For example,
Orthopaedic surgeons can replace a diseased joint with a prosthetic device ( total joint replacement ).
- Arthroscopy, the application of visualizing instruments to assist in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of internal joint diseases, has opened new horizons of therapy.
- Research is progressing on “growing” articular cartilage in joints, which may one day reduce the need for some people to get joint replacements.
- Exciting cellular research may enable orthopaedic surgeons to stimulate the growth of ligaments and bone in patients someday in the future.
The Greek roots of orthopaedics are ortho ( straight ) and pais ( child ). Much of the early work in orthopaedics involved treating children who had spine or limb deformities. Orthopaedic surgeons continue to treat children, as well as diseases prevalent in the elderly.
Some orthopaedic surgeons confine their practice to specific areas of the musculoskeletal system, such as the spine, hip, foot, or hand. Many generalists have a special interest in a specific area, but still treat most injuries or diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
- 32 percent of orthopaedic surgeons designate themselves as “general orthopaedic surgeons”
- 37 percent consider themselves “general orthopaedic surgeons with specialty interest”
- 31 percent consider themselves “specialists within orthopaedic surgery”
Orthopedic Job Prospects
An Orthopedics can start with an established hospital in the bracket of [rupee] 300000 – 350000 annually in the private sector. Alternatively he can join Government hospital like AIIMS ( All India Institute of Medical Sciences ) where the posts are filled up as and when the vacancy arises.
The other lucrative option is to open a nursing home himself. He can also appear for Combined Medical Services examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission, Government of India and the state provincial services examination conducted by the respective state provincial service commissions.
The candidate can also join army or naval forces depending upon his choice, advertisements for which appear in ‘The Employment News’ as and when the vacancy arises.
The list of the institutes that offer the course of M.S. Orthopedics in India and recognized by Medical Council of India can be accessed from website : www.mciindia.org..
Institutes in the private sector where the candidate can apply for job
- Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, New Delhi.
- Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi.