Telecom Sector Career

Career in Telecom Sector

The principal features of the present society are the globalization of the world economy, rapid technological development and ICT convergence. The new technological developments have enabled the convergence of a variety of communications services like telephone, fax, Internet, radio, TV, multimedia, eservices, etc., making them available through a single data transfer system. Telecom services, consequently, have become a part of everyday life in developed information Society. The development of telecommunications has now become a basic need of the modern society and a measure of its economic, social and cultural development.

Indian telecom industry has seen tremendous growth following liberalization in 1991. India has the world’s second-largest mobile phone user base with over 929 million users. Along with its own growth, Indian telecom industry has been in the fore front of national development.

Telecom Sector Jobs and Skills Requirements

In the face of hyper-competition in Indian telecom sector, Indian telecom companies are now investing in the modernization of their access and core networks in tune with Next Generation Network ( NGN ) standards to provide bandwidth on demand and triple play services as also to be able to offer cutting edge 3G and 4G services.

According to some analysts the industry is expected to reach a size of over $68 billion by this year at a growth rate of over 26 per cent, and it will create job opportunities for about 10 million people. According to analysts, the sector would create direct employment for 2.8 million people and for 7 million indirectly. The sector, thus, offers huge employment opportunities at all levels.

Many major telecom companies have been established in India that need skilled technicians and engineers in various fields like administration, networking, customer support, sales, marketing, IT, finance and related. There are regular job openings for various posts like telecom engineers, Quality Analysts, networking and testing, network security administrators, product managers, embedded systems engineers, etc. in a variety of fields that include, inter – alia, L.C.R, Billing systems, Carrier, Systems Integration, Mobile, Call Center, C.T.I, Internet Services, Networking, PBX, etc.

Professionals in the fields of software development, networking or marketing field can find job opportunities in telecom sector. The telecom companies hire people who have completed their education in respective telecom fields or any other technical or related course pertaining to the job requirement. Engineering and Marketing professionals are in great demand in Indian telecom sector. The types of jobs for them include the jobs of Test Engineers, Software or Applications Engineers, Product Managers, Customer Support Staff and Public Relations and Government Relations.

Frequently, qualifications and/or a degree will be required by employers and new programming skills are increasingly sought after – in particular, to help realise commercial opportunities through new and improved products and services.

The telecoms industry includes the work of engineers and IT-trained professionals on a technical side. The constantly evolving equipment requires skilled IT professionals to install, test and maintain the products and their systems. And, as telecommunications is all about connecting people quickly, efficiently and reliably, advancements in technology need to be met with unparalleled service levels and up time.

Having an awareness of current trends in the telecoms industry is important as it’s a fast paced and ever-changing area. Being so similar to the IT sector, an aptitude for problem solving and thinking logically is vital, as are strong communication and team working skills.

Infrastructure development in telecom services sector has also created many job opportunities, which has created demand for Civil and Structural Engineering graduates and diploma holders. Presently there are three types of Tower companies in India. The first type includes Tower companies formed through joint ventures like Indus tower which is a joint venture by Airtel, Vodafone and Idea. The second type includes Tower companies formed though de – merger like Reliance Infratel which is a wholly owned subsidiary of RCom. Independent tower companies ( pure play operators ) like GTL form the third type of tower companies. The others include small Telecom Tower companies like Tower Vision, Aster Infrastructure, KEC International, and India Telkom Infra etc. The demand for telecom towers is likely to increase in next few years in view of the huge expansion plans and the ongoing discussions relating to placing restrictions on the radiation power from telecom towers for mitigating the potential health hazards.

The role of a tower infrastructure company is site planning, site acquisition and obtaining of necessary regulatory approvals, site erection and commissioning of tower and allied equipment. After the site starts radiating, the site maintenance including provision of support services such as back-up power, air – conditioning and security will be handled by the tower companies. Currently the government policies allow sharing of both passive infrastructure and active infrastructure. Passive infrastructure is the non electronic components like tower, antenna mounting structures, BTS shelter, power supply, battery bank, invertors, diesel generator, Air conditioner etc. Active Infrastructure or Electronic Infrastructure include components like Spectrum ( radio frequency ), base tower station, microwave radio equipment, switches, antennas, transceivers for signal processing and transmission, etc.

Of late the growth in telecom sector has been led by increasing use of data transfers as divergent from voice transfers. Accordingly, demand for professionals in internet and broadband services has been on the rise.

Thus, it is evident from above growth pattern of industry and growth requirement of man power that a career in telecommunication sector is looking more attractive than ever before. The sector is not only giving due focus on fresh recruitment but also experienced engineers.

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Future Prospects of Telecom Sector

The career tracks are conventional and have a steady growth path. Besides the telecom companies, there are multi dimensional emphasis on following key areas that will provide enormous opportunities in future in this regard :

A. Network Expansion

In the field of OFC Network, Mobile Towers, Satellite Services, Use of Multiple Technologies, Inter Connection, Next Generation Network.

B. Rural Telecom Development

Special attention is being paid for modern telecommunication services in rural and remote areas through various activities being supported by Universal Service Obligation Fund ( USOF ).

C. Broadband affordability

A slew of measures for facilitating the creation of multimedia and video content in the country. Incentive for development of regional and local language content, thrust to the development of content and application for e-governance, e-education, e-health etc. will provide catalytic effect for the overall growth of Internet and Broadband services in the country. By providing adequate and low-cost availability of international and national bandwidth day to day operations and usage of Internet would become easier for Land records and property transactions, Filing of IT/Tax returns, Vehicle registration, Processing of driving licenses, Processing of passport applications, ration card, Payment of electricity and water bills, Education and agricultural consultations, Telemedicine, Police and law enforcement agencies, Regulatory compliances, Company Law, Distance learning etc. This will not only increase the demand for broadband services but also increase the job opportunities.

D. Telecom Equipment Manufacturing

Policy changes and initiatives to (i) create a modern and efficient telecommunication infrastructure by bringing about greater competitive environment; (ii) protect defence and security interests of the country; and to (iii) strengthen R&D efforts in the telecom sector in order to enable the Indian companies to become global players will give a fillip to the telecom equipment manufacturing and create more job opportunities.

E. New job opportunities

For telecom professionals in other sectors as well like energy, Transport, Health, education, M2M etc. It will be due to bringing intelligence in these infrastructure sectors using ICT and there will be requirement of cross-domain
experts with deep understanding of information pieces, their flow mechanism and orchestration of media/ information. The Intelligent infrastructure in these sectors will provide collective wisdom to analyze and understand complex and difficult issues in real time manner and will provide valuable, quality experience to domain experts. There will be need of telecom professionals to design, build and operate telecom networks for particular sector’s requirement.

On the whole the nature of the job in telecommunication sector include a variety of exciting areas like handling of telecom systems, software, sales, marketing, finance and accounting. Pay is also very good compare to other sectors. Getting good job into a Telecom industry is not a dream anymore. People having sufficient professional knowledge both fresher and experienced, can secure jobs in this sector.