It is really wonderful that today, man has developed vaccines and medicines that are able to treat diseases which had been life – threatening till recently. Man has also developed seeds for high – yielding crops, which would wipe out the scourge of hunger from the face of the Earth very soon.All this has been possible with the help of Biotechnology. Biotechnology is the branch of science that deals with the study of direct manipulation of biological life at a fundamental level to produce substances useful to human beings :
The Biotechnology job of a biotechnologist is to apply scientific and engineering Principles and practices in the fields of agriculture animal husbandry, healthcare, industry, aquaculture, etc. This is an emerging discipline, and with the setting tip of numerous biotech companies, you will be flooded with Biotechnology jobs that offer high returns.
Biotech Industry in India has reported revenues of more than $I billion in 2005 – 06. This huge leap has encouraged the Union Government, which has prepared a draft biotech strategy that envisages a $5 billion industry in three years. One can now perceive that Biotechnology definitely is sure to take a quantum leap in the next few years and you will have a secure future, if you study Biotechnology now.
You should opt for a course in Biotechnology if you are interested to help mankind lead a better life – free from diseases, pollution and hunger. Biotechnology is a combination of Biology and Technology which makes it a research – oriented science. Biotechnology can be defined as an applied science which aims to provide useful products and services with the help of biological processes. Biotechnology is the use of living organisms or other biological systems in the manufacture of drugs or other products or for environmental management, as in waste recycling.
It includes the use of bioreactors in manufacturing micro – organisms to degrade oil slicks or organic waste, genetically engineered bacteria to produce human hormones, and monoclonal antibodies to identify antigens. The discipline of Biotechnology covers a wide variety of subjects like Genetics, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Immunology, Virology, Chemistry and Engineering.
It is also concerned with many other subjects like Health & Medicine, Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Cropping System and Crop Management, Ecology, Cell Biology, Soil Science and Soil Conservation, Bio – Statistics, Plant Physiology, Seed Technology, etc. The development of products and processes / technologies, whose large – scale application in the sectors of health, agriculture, aquaculture, animal resources development, energy, industry, forests and environment results in immense benefits to mankind and society, is the basic objective of Biotechnology.
The various applications of Biotechnology include developing various medicines, vaccines and diagnostics, increasing productivity and improving energy production and conservation. Biotechnology finds application in healthcare ( genetics and pharmacy ), food processing, chemical industry and textile industry. It also finds application in agriculture, environmental and industrial sectors. Scientists and researchers have been able to develop new varieties of seeds, pesticides, livestock breeds and industrial enzymes with the help of Biotechnology. It has, thus, provided solutions to a wide spectrum of activities, and today finds application in every aspect of life.
Globally, Biotechnology finds considerable investment in the healthcare sector. In order to ensure food and nutritional security, considerable efforts have been put in research and development in Biotechnology. A technology for the scale – up of our low – cost nutrients and foods has been standardised under the food biotechnology initiatives.
Disease resistant, stress tolerant and high – yielding varieties of plants are being improved through Agricultural Biotechnology. Pollution problems are being controlled through Environmental Biotechnology. Production of amino acids, cellulose hydrolysis in paper processing, food processing, diagnostics and bioassays to fabric processing are being done with the help of Enzyme Biotechnology.
Plants with potential in therapeutic benefits are being developed with the use of Biotechnology, because of commercial demands for herbal products in global markets. It is only with the help of Biotechnology that vaccines for several diseases afflicting livestock and diagnostic kits for farm animal healthcare are being developed.
Animal breeding has also improved with Biotechnology’s intervention in the arena of animal husbandry. Biochemicals and biotech products able to replace chemicals; new ways of influencing raw material processing; development of potent antibiotics – all these have been made possible with the help of Biotechnology.
Thus Biotechnology finds application in all aspects of life and hence is the science of the future. To discover a cure for a deadly disease, to introduce methods to check pollution or to help farmers by inventing ways to solve soil problems – the answer to all these lies in the multifaceted discipline of Biotechnology.
As per a report by Ernst & Young, India stands out as one of the major emerging forces in the world of biotech with tremendous potential to become a key player in the Asia – Pacific region. The report also recognises India as a ‘notable area for biotech expansion’ and Asia as a flourishing and enlarging hub for biotech – related research and development.
A major consulting firm Frost and Sullivan reveals in a report that “the world has now woken up to the fact that India is a country that cannot be ignored while plotting the landscape of Biotechnology industry.” The draft biotech strategy planned by the government has tried to take an over – all look at the current situation and has also suggested several measures to promote innovation and manufacturing. The declared goals are to set a stage for the world – class human capital, build quality infrastructure and address the basic needs of the society.