Career in Information Communication and Technology
Information and Communication Technologies ( ICTs ) are vital in the development of nations, particularly developing countries. It allows nations to achieve development goals by speeding up the production process, enhancing creation and sharing of knowledge and connecting individuals, groups, enterprises and governments in speedy and cost effective manner. Information and Communication Technology ( ICT ).
ICT is emerging as a big industry in India touching US $10 billion, besides providing and creating large scale employment opportunities for the ICT professional.
It is primarily concerned with the processing of information, which is found in many forms including information required for business transactions, booking seats for travel, management of materials and products during manufacturing process controlling and coordinating satellite systems, content development and public, material and process management.
Change in Socio – Economic and Technological Developments are compelling organizations to adopt ICT in order to develop solutions pertaining to problems arising from new organizational forms and work arrangements. ICT professional have a crucial and challenging part to play in the effective application of computers and computing technology to achieve effective processing of information.
Realising the potential for development in ICT Sectors, Ministry of Information Technology, Government of India, has implemented various schemes / programs for the promotion of ICT and to create sufficient human resource. Some of these schemes are Communication and Strategic Electronics, Component and Material Development, Centre for Development of Advance Computing ( CDAC ), Technology Development for Indian Languages ( TDIL ), E – commerce and Information Security, Software Technology Parks ( STPs ), Digital DNA Parks, E – Governance, Department of Electronics Accredited Computer Courses ( DOEACC ), Education and Research Network ( ERNET ), National Information Centre ( NIC ) etc.
DOEACC, Society is engaged in generation of quality manpower and development of skilled professionals in the areas of information, electronics, and communication technologies and allied areas. It provides world class education and trainings to learners and trainers through active design and development of innovative curriculum based on changing ICT scenario.
Software Technology Parks of India are rendering services for the software exports. The exports made by STPI units are growing day by day, due to the gradual shift from onsite software development to offshore software development. Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology ( CMET ) is engaged in development of viable technology in the area of electronics. ERNET, India is running a national wide academic and research network, providing contents to the users in the education and research.
ICT Entry Level :
In order to start ICT Career there are two entry points. First entry point would be the science stream with mathematics at plus two level. At this level various options are BE ( Computer Science ), B. Tech ( Computer Science ), Bachelor in Computer Science ( BCA ), Bachelor in Science with information Technology ( B.Sc. IT ), Diploma Courses or certificate courses. Second Entry Level starts after Graduation in Science with mathematics up to Graduation Level.
Here one can go for Master in Computer Science ( MCA ), Master of Technology ( M. Tech. ), Master in Science with Information Technology ( M.Sc. IT ), Master in Computers Management ( MCM), Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications ( PGDCA ) etc. In addition of the prerequisites mentioned above, their will be entrance test for entry in ICT career at both levels. Mathematics remains one of the prerequisite at both levels for entry into ICT career.
However, various Universities especially open Universities and those, offering the above courses through distance mode of learning are keeping admission open for other streams like Commerce, Biology and Arts.
Job Opportunities in ICT :
Job opportunities for ICT professionals can be classified into three broad areas :
- Information Systems
- Computer System Engineering
- Computer Science
Information Systems : The majority of employment can be found in the application of computer to create business information systems. The background of the professionals is desired to be accountancy or management supplement to their training in computer technology.
ICT Job Description will be concerned with designing and implementing systems to collect information from customers or business transactions, data validity, handling & management of data on computer systems, report generations, website developments and material management.
Computer System Engineering : Regardless of whether they develop software or hardware, engineer’s job is to repair the computers that are not functioning properly. Software engineers develop computer software systems, such as those that control manufacturing process.
These professional have strong programming skills. However, they are spending more time analyzing and solving programming problems that doing programming. They also supervise workers, doing programming and documenting. Most hardware engineers are involved in the development of hardware such as computer chips.
However, some hardware engineers put together system in order to handle client’s needs. They supervise the installation of the system and monitor its performance. There is another group of engineers who are working on database system for design, develop and administration.
Database administrator or developer uses database management system software to organize, store and retrieve data. They are generally well versed with the operating system, database management systems and programming.
Computer Science : In this field professionals may undertake research for design of sophisticated; hardware or software. They may be providing conceptual or practical ideas about how new hardware or software can be developed, implemented or managed.
Institutes / Universities offering Courses in ICT
The following Universities / Institutes are providing education and career opportunities through BE ( Computer Science ), B.Tech ( Computer Science ), Bachelor in Computer Science ( BCA ), Bachelor in Science with Information Technology ( B.Sc. IT ), Master in Computer Science ( MCA ), Master of Technology ( M. Tech ), Master in Science with Information Technology ( M.Sc. IT ), Master in Computers Management ( MCM ), Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Applications ( PGDCA ), Diploma Courses or Certificate Courses :
|Name of The Course||Subject Combination|
|B.Tech. ( all programs )|
B.Sc. ( Hons. ) Mathematics
|Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics|
|B. Sc. ( Hons. ) Agriculture / Biotechnology / Biochemistry / Chemistry / Microbiology / Physics||Physics, Chemistry, Biology OR
Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics
|B.Sc. ( Hons. ) Botany / Zoology||Physics, Chemistry, Biology|