Medicine is one of the most rewarding careers for those who are interested in dealing with sick people and helping them to live life again in its full colours.
For several decades, Medicine has been a career that almost everyone wants to get into. The simple reason behind the interest in this field is that a doctor is revered by humanity as a saviour or ‘life giver’ – almost next to God.
Over the Years, Medicine as a career has undergone various stages of development and has become so vast that specialisations within are increasing day by day.
Two factors have given a fresh boost to bright career prospects and opportunities in the medical profession. These are :
- Emergence of healthcare as a major concern in all nations, irrespective of their global developmental status.
- The spate of unprecedented scientific – technological developments in the field of medical science and research.
The profession has wide scope for expansion in the country taking into account the abysmally poor state of affairs in healthcare sector with only six doctors and barely 10 beds for a populace of 10,000.
Further, both in the public and private sectors, a large number of hospitals / nursing homes, etc., are being opened to cater to the healthcare of a burgeoning population.
The increasingly extravagant and complicated life styles give way to a variety of ailments. All this has made the need of specialisation felt.
Specialisation in a particular branch of Medicine has become a necessity. The major specialisations comprise General Medicine, General Surgery, Dermatology, Paediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics, RNT (Far, Nose and Throat), Psychiatry, Anestheiology, etc.
The more advanced specialisations include plastic surgery, neurosurgery, cardio – thoracic surgery, canitourinary surgery, paediatric surgery, gastroenterology, endocrinology and clinical haematology.
Medical Profession is essentially about the healthcare of patients. There are several crucial tasks, which medical practitioners, working in hospitals and clinics, have to perform. Some of these can be summed up as follows :
- Take into account the medical history of specific cases of illness or problems mentioned by the patient together with information regarding his / her previous illnesses and any illnesses of relatives.
- Keep the patient under close vigil in course of treatment, conduct regular checkups and examine the patient’s physical status using clinical skills and order or perform laboratory tests, X – rays and other diagnostic procedures; assess the findings and make a diagnosis.
- Recommend suitable treatment of the patient, which may involve recommendations on life style changes prescribing medicine or giving medication, vaccinating against infections or contagious diseases, or in the case of injuries or otherwise closing wounds, removing foreign bodies or setting broken limbs.
- Give counselling to patients on diet, exercise, avoidance of detrimental habits such as smoking and consumption of alcohol, and overall health maintenance.
Medicine Course Description :
To enter the Medical profession, one has to complete the 52 – Year MBBS in Allopathy course. 10+2 Pass students, ambitious to enter this profession, must have Physics, Chemistry & Biology at the Senior Secondary level.
To get a degree in BDS Bachelor of Dental Surgery, the candidate should have completed 10+2 with Science. The selection in the course is done through Entrance Examination.
The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducts All India Entrance Examination for admission to MBBS / Dental Course for 15% of the total seats for these courses in all Medical / Dental Colleges run by Union Government / State Governments, Municipal or other local authorities in India except the States of Andhra Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir.
The All India Pre – Medical / Pre – Dental Entrance Exam is held in two stages preliminary in April and final in May, every Year. Indian nationals completing 17 Years of age on or before 31st December of the Year of admission are eligible to appear in the competitive entrance test.
Since the last date of submission of application is November and the 10+2 exam conducted by CBSE is held in March, 10+2 candidates, desirous of taking up Medicine as profession, can apply provisionally, subject to fulfilling the conditions later.
After the MBBS course, which is offered by various colleges and institutes in different States, one can go in for specialisation in Anatomy, Anesthesiology, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Cardiology, Dermatology / Venereology, Endocrinology, Neurology, Nuclear Medicine, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Surgery including Neuro Surgery, Urology and so on. The All India PMT has 1654 seats under all – India merit quota at 96 medical colleges.
Besides CBSE, there are various colleges and institutes which offer admission to medical courses on all India basis by conducting entrance test. Many medical colleges run by trusts / privately managed bodies in various States have provision for 50 percent open payment seats.
Entry prospects in some premier Medical Institutes
All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) New Delhi
This is the largest autonomous Medical Institute in India. The Institute releases admission notification in December every Year. Candidates have to apply before the month of February.
Total Seats : 50
Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) Pune
This is one of the most famous Medical Colleges in India. After completing medical course, students generally work in Armed Forces Medical Service. Most of the course fee is paid by the Armed Forces.
Total Seats : 130 (105 Boys, 25 Girls).
Banaras Hindu University (BHU) Varanasi
This is an internationally reputed University. There are 33 medical science departments in this university.
Total Seats : 59
Lady Hardinge Medical College
This is the only medical college for women in Asia. But, it also admits men to PG Programs. This college undertakes MBBS. Nursing, MD / MS and other diploma courses. A part of the University of Delhi, its associated infirmaries are S. Sucheta Kriplani Hospital and Kalawati Saran Children’s Hospital.
Total Seats : 130
Maulana Azad Medical College
Set up in 1959 in New Delhi, MAMC runs an MBBS as well as a BDS program. MAMC has three hospitals attached to it LNJP, GB Pant and Guru Nanak Eve Centre. It is affiliated to the University of Delhi.
Total Seats : 180 (MBBS), 40 (BDS)
Grant Medical College Mumbai
Established in 1845 and affiliated to Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, it has attached infirmaries like the Sir JJ Groups of Hospitals in the country.
Total Seats : 200
University College of Medical Sciences
This too, under the University of Delhi was formed in 1971. UCMS runs MBBS, MD, MS, Ph.D, Diploma in Nursing and other paramedical courses. Its attached hospitals include Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital.
Total Seats : 100
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, AMU
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, under the aegis of AMU, runs MBBS, BDS, MD, MS, diploma and PG programs. Admissions are provided after conducting a Combined Admission Test.
Total Seats : 150 (MBBS), 40 (BDS)
Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)
This institute, run by the Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of the Central Government, is affiliated to Pondicherry University. JIPMER provides undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral programs in medicine, surgery, paramedical courses.
Total Seats : 75
Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore
CMC is a well – known Institute for Medical Studies. The MBBS course is conducted in three stages. After completing this course, there are some classes on communications and ethics.
Total Seats : 60.