Career Opportunities in Industrial Safety
Life is full of risk and uncertainties. In every walk of industrial activity a large number of Human and Artificial Resources are employed.
A huge industrial workforce has a direct touch with the industrial processes and the public in general are also indirectly under the influence of industrial outcomes.
In this sense both the industrial workers and public at large are always prone to risk arising out of any industrial mishap or accident. Industrial concerns are of various categories; production related and service oriented.
Production related Industries include :
Chemical Plants, Pharmaceuticals, Food Processing, Thermal Power Based Units, Heavy Machinery Producing Capital Goods Industries, Textiles, Paper Industry, Cement, Oil Refineries, Electrical Equipments Manufacturing, Petrochemical, Automobiles etc.
Service Industries : Transportation, Tourism, Packaging, Logistics, Banking, Insurance and Financial services are included. In both types of industrial undertakings various processes are carried out during production process to manufacture the desired products or offer the required services.
The processes are so complex and interconnected with each other that these cannot be risk free. Despite all efforts to adopt preventive safety norms, accidents may occur during the process causing a huge loss to the human beings, property, flora and fauna and environment at large.
The recent outburst of fire at Indian Oil Depot at Jaipur and radiation found in drinking water of the Kalpakkam atomic energy plant are sufficient examples to outline the related consequences caused by the Industrial Processes on Human Life and Environment.
The victims and their generation of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy are still facing the troubles caused to their bodies when methyl isocyanate gas leaked out of the famous US pesticide company Union Carbide in 1984.
The Cost of Industrial Accidents can be in form of Loss of Life, Social Cost, Environment Cost, Health Cost, Llegal Cost related to compensation and insurance claims and many more. Industrial Safety has now become an important and inevitable issue for the organizations involved in manufacturing or offering of services.
The international standards and industry specific safety norms also strive for adoption of safety measures in organizations. Simultaneously people having qualification and experience in industrial safety are much in demand.
Dimensions of Industrial Safety :
Industrial safety is concerned with minimization of hazards in industries. With the advent in Technology and Industrialization, providing adequate safety to its workforce and society at large, has become the ultimate goal of every industrial concern.
Safety aspect of industry has various dimensions; Safety Principles, Safety Environment, Safety Systems, Safety Statistics, Safety Audit, Safety Legislations and Rules, Safety standards and norms, Industrial Toxicology, Occupational Health & Industrial Hygiene, Industrial Acts, Industrial Accidents and Hazards, Safety Planning and Management, Safety Training, Maintenance Management, Quality Assurance and Material Management etc.
Scope and Nature of Safety Profession :
The Professionals required for Industrial Safety have to perform a variety of tasks. First of all they must be well equipped with the Education and Training.
Basic Knowledge of Science and Technology including Chemistry, Physics, Statistics, Computers, Engineering, Business, Mathematics, Insurance etc., are desired qualifications.
Aside from it, they must have undergone some Professional Course recognized by the regulatory relevant educational authority or body. The professional safety studies cater to the needs of the industry and among them multi disciplinary approach is included.
Industrial Safety Principles, Management Techniques, Ergonomics, Toxicology, System & Process Safety, Design of Engineering Hazards & Control, Accident Inspection, Investigation, Environment Safety & Health, Product & Construction Safety, Measurement of Safety Performance, Safety Audit, Legal Aspects of Safety, Environment Laws, Regulations & Standards fall under the purview of safety studies. Further, safety professionals are required at operational or plant level and policy level.
At plant or operational level, they are supposed to perform various functions related to all safety management activities and programs, enforcement of safety norms, making adequate provisions against hazards of all types, arrangement of rescue and emergency operations, submission of annual safety report, active participation in safety committee, checking of injury reports and responsibilities of advising safety action against unforeseen event, modernizing the safety department using latest technology and equipment etc.
At middle level, the responsibilities of safety supervisors include; training and development of employees in safety practices, assessment of need of safety procedures, regular testing and monitoring of working environment, safety inspections, arrangement of special training in case of new equipments and procedures, improvement of safety Programs. The full time safety managers are responsible for formation and smooth functioning of safety committees, assisting the top management for policy formulation regarding safety and suggest corrective actions in case of noncompliance of policies, enforcement of safety regulations by central, state and local authorities with maintenance of legal records and reports, co – ordination.
Among all the departments for preventive safety, maintenance and dissemination of safety information and monitoring of Programs, imparting training to personnel at different levels, updating the department with research and development in safety regulations, codes, techniques, planning for waste management in consonance with the pollution control boards.
In broader sense, the safety professionals are required to perform all such functions related to protection of people, property and environment by anticipating, identifying and evaluating hazardous conditions and practices; developing hazard control designs, methods, procedures and Programs. Implementing administering and advising personnel on hazard control and Hazard Control Programs, measuring, auditing and evaluating the effectiveness of hazard control and hazard control Programs etc.
In addition to the above mentioned positions in public and private undertakings, safety experts are also in demand in Government organizations, social organizations and associations involved in safety management, ILO (International Labor Organization), research and development in industrial safety etc. A safety professional can also act independently as part time specialist or consultant. Advisory nature of safety profession includes; off – site and on – site safety studies and inspection, consultation and assistance with local executives regarding problems and prospects of safety Programs and injury reports, suggestion related to improvement in Safety Programs etc. Pollution Control Boards of state and Central Government also recruit Professionals in Safety Management.
If you are a production engineer or your job is related to manufacturing or assembly line of any industry, then a professional degree / diploma can be an added advantage. Quality control departments of companies are always in search of safety professionals with management or engineering background. Law graduates can find suitable positions in the organizations to practice legal issues related to safety legislations and its implementation.
Advocates can also pursue a course in safety management to get a flare for safety and labor legislation. Safety law specialists are employed in labor inspectorates, mines inspectorates, factory inspectorates etc. There are some jobs which are required to control, prevent and monitor occupation related hazards and its prevention. Industrial hygienists are employed by the corporate that are responsible for using environment monitoring and analytical methods to detect the extent of exposure of potential health hazard and suggest methods to control that.
Risk assessors are desired by the insurance companies who are well acquainted with the, claim procedure related to an industrial accident or hazard. Claim settlers and certifiers are also needed by the companies frequently.
Courses available in Industrial Safety :
|Date of Counselling||Time of Counselling||Category||Rank|
|6th June, 2011||9 a.m.||General||1 - 811|
There are various Certificate, Diploma / P.G. Diploma and Degree Courses in Industrial Safety available in distance and regular learning modes.
The following is the list of Universities / Institutions offering these Courses :
Now let’s understand terminology used in this article :
Audit Safety : It is a management technique to measure the effectiveness and efficiency of a safety Program.
Ergonomics : It is the study of relationship between man and machine which deals with measurement of human muscular power.
Hazard : A condition or physical situation with a potential for undesirable consequence eg. Harm to life or physical damage.
Toxicology : The study of impact of harmful chemicals on living organisms.
Risk : The possibility of injury, loss or environment incident caused by a hazard.
Risk Assessment : The process of evaluating acceptable level of risk for ah individual, group, society or environment.
Occupational Health : Health related problems caused due to specific occupation.