Plant Protection Career
First author is Assistant Professor and Second is PG Student in the Department of Plant Pathology,
C. S. Azad University of Agriculture & Technology,
Kanpur – 208 802,
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org.
Plants make up the majority of earth’s living environment as trees, grasses, flowers etc. They are the only higher organisms that can convert the energy of sunlight into stored, usable chemical energy in the form of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Having numerous functions including maintenance of ecological balance plants hold a great significance as a part of healthy environment. However they also get sick, attacked by pests, affected by environmental pollutions and show nutrient deficiencies.
Plants also suffer from competition with other unwanted plants ( weeds ) and of course the other animals are also damage them. Hence it becomes all the more important to keep them in good health, since they are the one who actually keep us a live, feed us, protect us, cure us, clothe us, and entertain us with their aesthetic value.
A healthy plant is relatively free from biotic and abiotic stress that limits its producing potential. Serious pest problems are a prominant fact of life in present agriculture and forestory. According to one of the estimates, the world crop loses are about 35% out of which about 12% due to insect and mites, 12% due to plant pathogens, 10% due to weeds and 1% due to mammals and birds and are worth about 200,000 crores annually.
Additional loses occure after harvest. Effective control of pests remains an absolute necessity and thus for has been achienved by an imperessive array of variuos plant protection techniques. There comes Plant Protection as a branch of Agricultural Sciences to keep the plants healthy by protecting them from various sufferings especially with an aim of higher production.
Here are some tips regarding how a person can get into the field of Plant Protection, make a career and become a plant doctor or plant protection scientist. On the basis of kinds of damage to plants there are a number of sub – branches of Plant Protection Sciences such as Plant Pathology ( Etiology, management of diseases caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, virusoids, phytoplasmas etc ), Plant Entomology or Entomology ( Insects ), Plant Nematology or Nematology ( Nematodes ), Weed sciences ( weeds ) etc.
How to get into it to enter in Plant Protection subjects one can do first Bachelor’s in agriculture or in biological sciences, for that a candidate should hold Intermediate / Plus two certificate ( with good second class Marks ) in biological science or agriculture. Through entrance exams the candidate can take admission in various agriculture as well as non – agriculture universities. There are Two separate entrance examination through which entry is possible – One All India ICAR Entrance and another Sate wise agriculture universities ( pre agriculture tests ) test for which domicile of the respective state is mandatory.
There are 34 state agriculture universities, 3 deemed agriculture universities and 3 central universities, which offered the UG in agricultureand PG degrees in plant protection or in related subjects ( Table 1 ). Universities provide the 4 Years UG Honors degree in agriculture and 2 Years PG degrees Plant Protection / Plant Pathology / Entomology / Nematology and Weed sciences subjects with dissertation.
Only those candidates having passed their Bachelor’s degree or appearing in the Final Examination in the biological sciences or in agriculture, under 10+2+3 or 10+2+4 are eligible to apply for admission in the Master courses of Pant Protection and its sub – branches.
Candidates must have obtained at least 60% Marks or its equivalent overall grade point average ( OGPA ) for general category and for SC / ST / PH 55% Marks or equivalent OGPA. The admission can be obtained through All India Combined Entrance and State level Entrance Examinations conducted separately. The All India Entrance is being held regularly by the ICAR that also provide the JRF scholarships to the students holding good ranks is essential to get the JRF seats in the universities.
The tentative numbers of seats in M.Sc Plant Pathology are 74 ( 20 JRF ), In Entomology, 80 ( 23 JRF ), Nematology, 10 ( 3 JRF ) and in Plant Protection, 4 ( 1 JRF ). The number of seats both JRF and Non – JRF may vary depending upon the approval of number in seats in different universities by the time of counseling and admission. The admission as well as JRF will be given to only those candidates who join the M.Sc Programs in the university / institute other than that from where he / she has obtained the Bachelor’s degree.
Various trainings in plant protection and in the related subjects are being provided by the following institutions regularly :
|National Plant Protection Training Institute,|
|Environment Protection Training & Research Institute,|
|Division of Forest Entomology,|
|Institute of Indian Bio – informatics,|
Training in Plant Protection,
Government of India,
Ministry of Agriculture.
Scope : How can you get something?
As for as jobs, opportunities and scope in Plant Protection is concerned one can go in Government sector, Private sector and personal business.
After a candidate has received his Masters degree or Ph.D degree in Plant protection or any of its branches he can opt for any of the aforesaid sectors.
Government Sector :
It has a scope for further study, career and education. One can go for Ph.D by means of entrance examination in the similar manner.
Doctorate degree leads to good chances for a person to apply for Professorship in teaching or as a Scientist in research in various universities and colleges of the country.
Candidate can also go for SRF to work for research in various projects of Plant projection run by the government.
One can also qualify NET Exam conducted by ASRB ( ICAR ) and CSIR for direct eligibility as professor in any college / university / institute having a plant protection department or its sub branches i.e. Plant Pathology, Entomology, Nematology, and Weed Sciences etc.
Foreign Universities :
All he has to do is to clear the English eligibility test like TOEFL or IELTS and apply to the universities alongwith reference letters and proper research proposal or statement of research interests.
There are various scholarships such as Commonwealth, Felix, Ford Foundation, Foreign universities scholarships, Private scholarships & Fundings as well as Loan scholarships, which will help the candidate financially.
Private Sector :
After Masters or Doctorate degree various agro – based companies, multinationals are a good option for a candidate. Such companies need research workers, managers and research associates for their R & D units.
These private companies enlist all fertilizer companies, seed companies, insecticides / pesticides companies, biofertilizer companies, biological control base companies etc.
Personal business / Agri – Clinic / Plant Health Clinic :
A candidate after getting expertise in the field of plant protection can establish the Plant pest diagnosis and management service centre or plant clinic.
In which the plant health problems can be solved on the payment basis. On annual basis the pest protection services can also be provided on contractual basis.
An agri – Clinic operator has tremendous oppurtunities like, field consultation, contract research and farming, on farm diagnosis of plant health problems, forensic plant health problems and support services for environmental professionals.