Careers in Clinical and Counseling Psychology

Clinical and counseling chologists deal with the causes, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of individuals with psychological problems.

These problems vary considerably as to their degree of severity. Although very similar, clinical and counseling psychologists differ with respect to the disorders of the patients they treat. Typically, clinical psychologists treat more severe disorders, such as phobias, bipolar disorder, and schizo – phrenia. On the other hand, counseling psychologists work with patients suffering from everyday stresses, including career planning, academic performance, and marriage and family difficulties.

Clinical and counseling psychologists can be found working in individual practices, schools, colleges and universities, hospitals, and other mental health facilities. The particular method of therapy utilized by each clinical and counseling psychologist is often influenced by the theoretical orientation they adhere to. There are a total of over 200 theoretical orientations, each providing a different explanation behind the causes of psychological disorders and their appropriate treatments.

Some orientations are more popular than others; however, most psychologists integrate two or more into their therapy. Furthermore, some theoretical orientations are better at explaining and treating certain disorders more than others.


Regardless of their orientation preference, clinical and counseling psychologists are trained to assist a variety of individuals and their emotional difficulties. Clinical psychologists evaluate people in various settings, and give diagnostic tests. They may provide individual, family, or group psychotherapy, and design and implement behavior modification programs.

Some clinical psychologists collaborate with physicians and other specialists to develop and implement treatment and intervention programs with greater compliance results. Other clinical psychologists work in universities and medical schools, where they train graduate students in the delivery of mental health and behavioral medicine services. Some administer community mental health programs.

Areas of specialization within clinical psychology include health psychology, sports psychology, neuropsychology, and geropsy – chology.

Health psychologists promote good health through health maintenance counseling programs designed to help people achieve goals such as to stop smoking or lose weight. They also work with people on the psychological aspects of chronic illness and disability. Sports psychologists work with athletes on such factors as mental preparation, anxiety management and performance anxiety.

Neuropsychologists study the relation between the brain and behavior. They often work in stroke and head injury programs. Geropsychologists deal with the special problems faced by the elderly. The emergence and growth of these specialties reflects the increasing participation of psychologists in providing direct services to special patient populations.

Subfields within Clinical and Counseling Psychology :

Lucknow :
Vineet Khand, Gomtinagar,
Lucknow - 226 010,
Telephone No. : +91 522 2394296 / 97, 2398096,
Fax No. : +91 522 2394295,
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Noida :
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Jaipur :
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Pratap Nagar, Sanganer,
Jaipur - 302 033,
Telephone No. : +91 141 4771300,
Fax No. : +91 141 - 2771334,
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Indore :
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Telephone No. : +91 731 6464009, 6461009,
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India ranks second in the world in terms of population. There needs to be a healthy ratio between doctors ( in each specialized field ) and patients, in order to ensure the good health of a country’s population.

However, today, the number of Clinical Psychologists in the country is abysmally low. The situation looks very grim if we compare the number of Clinical Psychologists in the country with that of the number of Psychiatrists in India. The ratio between Clinical Psychologists and Psychiatrists, in the country, is very poor at 1:10. Even the current output of registered Clinical Psychologists in India is as low as ten percent of the total need.

Psychotherapy can be and should be offered by trained Clinical Psychologists, according to the Rehabilitation Council of India ( RCI ). But due to the acute shortage of trained Clinical Psychologists in the country, even Psychologists and Psychiatrists offer counseling services. This is being done, despite the fact that Psychiatrists are trained to address mental health issues only from the physiological point of view.

Students, who have merely completed their Post graduation in Social Work or in Psychology, are also offering counseling services, even though they are not registered under the RCI. This presents a picture of an acute lack of trained Clinical Psychologists in India. It also points to the urgent need for trained and qualified Clinical Psychologists. The Mental Health Authority ( MHA ) was set up by the Government of India, in the wake of the fire tragedy at a psychiatric nursing home in Erwadi ( Tamil Nadu ), in which many mentally ill patients were burnt to death.

The task of issuing licenses to psychiatric nursing homes and such establishments was entrusted to the MHA. The presence of at least one registered Clinical Psychologist on the premises of any such establishment was recommended by the MHA. The RCI issues a registration number to every Clinical Psychologist which has to be renewed after every 7 Years.

Career & Job Opportunities :

Eligibility for Clinical and Counseling Psychology :

The successful completion of an M.A. or M.Sc. Degree in Psychology with a minimum of 55 percent marks in aggregate is the minimum eligibility criteria for pursuing an M. Phil Degree in Clinical Psychology.

It is preferable to have a special paper in Clinical Psychology at the Master’s Degree level. The aggregate percentage marks are relaxable by five percent for the students belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes.

2 Years of practical experience in offering counseling services is also an eligibility criteria at several institutes.

Careers in Clinical and Counseling Psychology Aptitude :

One needs to be kind and compassionate in nature in order to be a good Clinical Psychologist since this profession entails the practitioners to understand and solve the problems of people through counseling.

One should have a good understanding of the workings of the human mind and should also have a natural propensity to unravel the deepest mysteries of the human mind.

It is a difficult task to deal with patients exhibiting abnormal mental behaviour; hence a lot of patience is required on the part of a counselor.

In the profession of Clinical Psychology, a counselor picks up a lot of negative thoughts and emotions from the patients. Hence, one should have the ability of ventilating all the negativity picked up during counseling.

Moreover, one should also have strong skills of persuasion in order to help patients break their mental blocks. Effective communication skills are also required, since one has to uncover the innermost workings of the patients mental processes by talking with them.

Clinical and Counseling Psychology Programs :

Various courses in Clinical Psychology are offered by universities and institutes across the country. One can go in for an M. Phil. Program of 2 Years duration.

2 Year M. Phil Programs are available at the Central Institute of Psychiatry ( CIP ) in Ranchi ( Jharkhand ), the National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences ( NIMHANS ) in Bangalore ( Karnataka ) and at the Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences ( IHBAS ) in New Delhi. The IHBAS inducts 12 students into its M. Phil. Program every Year.

Each of the above – mentioned institutes conducts independent, all – India level entrance examinations for candidates wishing to get admission into M. Phil Programs at these institutes.

The candidates who qualify in the written examination also have to clear an interview in order to get admission. Diploma courses and Certificate courses in Clinical Psychology are also offered by several institutes across the country.

The Jamia Millia Islamia ( New Delhi ) and a few regional centers of the NCERT ( National Council of Educational Research and Training ) offer Diploma courses in Clinical Psychology. The RCI recommends a practice – oriented curriculum for students pursuing any course ( Degree, Diploma or Certificate ) in Clinical Psychology.

The RCI recommends an OPD ( Out Patient Department ) in every institute offering a course in Clinical Psychology. It also recommends the restriction of theory – related teaching to only 30 percent of the syllabus while laying more stress on practical learning.

Careers in Clinical and Counseling Psychology Prospects :

One who has done a course in Clinical Psychology will be able to find jobs in the government sector. One will also be able to find jobs in the licensed psychiatric nursing homes. Clinical Psychologists are also required in the non – governmental organizations ( NGOs ) who are engaged in offering counseling services.

One can also find a job as a full – time career counselor in a school, since the Central Board of Secondary Education ( CBSE ) has directed for the appointment of at least one full – time career counselor in each and every school under its affiliation. One can also specialize in marital counseling if one has obtained a professional degree in Clinical Psychology. Moreover, the prospects of earning name and fame are quite bright if one sets up a clinic and starts counseling independently.

A lot of opportunities are also open for students of Clinical Psychology in the UK, the US, Australia and Singapore. The profession of Clinical Psychology is in a very young stage in India but is set to expand more in the near future. Together with it, the career scope of students, who do a course in Clinical Psychology today, will also expand in the near future.

List of Colleges offering the Clinical and Counseling Psychology Courses :

BTech* ( Bachelor of Technology ) "There will be a single application form and common admissions
 process for Manipal Institute of Technology ( Manipal University ) , Manipal University Jaipur and Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology ( Sikkim Manipal University )
1th May, 212
BTech Lateral ( for Diploma holders )
15th May, 212
BArch ( Bachelor of Architecture )  BArch ID ( Bachelor of Architecture - Interior Design )
1th May, 212
MTech ( Master of Technology )
1th May, 212
MCA ( Master of Computer Application )
31st May, 212
MArch ( Master of Architecture )
1st June, 212
PG Certificate Course in Advance Architectural Design
1st June, 212

24 thoughts on “Careers in Clinical and Counseling Psychology

  1. After completing degree in applied psychology from Annamalai university,what to do to be a professional licenced Psychologist?

  2. Dear sir
    I have done graduation in psychology
    And now want to move ahead in child or abnormal psychology
    I live in surat and would like to continue from here
    Kindly suggest

  3. I am by profession an Ayurvedic Physician and also have completed my M.S. In Counseling and Psychotherapy from Kuvempu University, Shivamogga. I wish to pursue further studies in this field i.e a Masters/Phd or some other related studies(preferably a distance education course). Please advise. Thanks

  4. i have done btec in computers can i do counselling courses to become professional in this field.

  5. please provide details of good PG colleges for M. Sc. Psychology in India & as per carrere point of view which line have more demannd like – Clinical, Orgnisational, Applied psychology.
    I am persuing B.Sc., Psychlogy (H)now.


  6. i have BA psychology and ma runing in clinical psychology in gujarat university gid to clinical filed what can i do RCI ragistatio give me your suggestion i have also training in gips mantel hospital 5/6 month what can i do

  7. i have ba psychology and ma runing in clinical psychology in gujarat university gid to clinical fild what can i do RCI ragistatio give me your sugetion i have olso trening in gips mantel hospita 5/6 month what can i do

  8. hello, i am persuing MA Psychology from IGNOU..and want to persue M.phil in clinical psychology in India or abroad. please guide me with the best options…thanks!!

  9. I have done MSC PSYCOLOGICAL COUNSELING from Bangalore university(montfort college). Advice me for getting a good oppertunity, Thanks

  10. I need information regarding what is the Licensing requirements in Orissa state and the specific educational, licensing and certification requirements to work in this professions.

  11. Hello respected sir/madam i am complited degree with pass class in gujarat university.i want an admission in part time concelling psychology course .please guide me about distence learning university or any cheap collage.

  12. Plss tell me any organisation how trande me in councelling sector and give me aa degree

  13. Respected sir/madam i sravani completed my BSc nursing so would like to join MSc clinical psychology in distance education and say me the best university and the scope for job .

  14. i am completed M.A and PGDCP (Diploma in Counseling Psychology)……..i want to opening Counseling Center. So, what requered to opening center in ahmedabad.


  16. I want to admission in Clinical psychology through distance education mode please guide me which is cheap university for me accorded fee structure.

  17. Dear sir
    I am basically B Sc from Punjab university, Chemical Engineer from Institution of engineers Kolkata, PGD in Project Management from Punjabi University and a very successful professional career in Public sector,
    After superannuation I have passed MA in Counselling Psychology from IGNOU and want to persue study further for M Phil/ Ph D

    Can I get some guideline for this and how to proceed further

    Thanks and regards

  18. Hy i m payal bhatt..
    I hve compeleted my MA PSYCHOLOGY in VNSGU.this year, i m going to compelete my COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY in vanita vishram college in surat.
    I m also compeleted MONTESARY & CCC…
    So Please tel me for good job & what to do in next year….
    Thank you….

  19. I am Dr. makarand from nashik maharashtra, want to do P.G course in clinical psychology,please suggest me any colleges in maharashtra.
    also give information about child / criminal psychology.
    and suggest the college
    whether ther is any college offer corrosponding course

  20. I have completed my M.A. in psychology from Gujarat University. i have a special subject of clinical psychology in master degree. I want to practice for counseling . please guide for it

  21. I have complted my M.A in counseling psychology fromAmity university IN 2012. Want to do a MPhil in the same field in India , please guide or guide for a good job option.

  22. I have completed msc in applied psychology and waiting results . I have done this course through correspondence from annamalai university . Can I study further in. Regular or part time college ?
    Secondly can I get a job at this stage?

  23. i have completed my B.S.c degree in nursing and i want to do M.S.c in clinical psychology. please let me know the scope of it in hospitals and colleges and how much i could earn???

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