Disaster Management and Mitigation Careers
Disaster Management is the discipline of dealing with risks. It is a discipline that involves preparing, supporting, and rebuilding society when natural or human – made disasters occur. Effective disaster management relies on thorough integration of emergency plans at all levels of government and non – government involvement.
Activities at each level ( individual, group, community ) affect the other levels. It is common to place the responsibility for governmental emergency management with the institutions for civil defence or within the conventional structure of the emergency services. Disasters can strike at any time, at any place. Nearly three million people worldwide may have been killed in the past 20 years due to natural disasters such as Landslides, Earthquakes, Floods, Snow Avalanches, Cyclones etc.
Ninety per cent of the natural disasters and ninety five percent of the total disaster related deaths worldwide occur in developing countries in which India has the second largest share. India with diverse hypsographic and climatological conditions has 70 per cent of the cultivable land is prone to drought, 60 per cent of the land area is prone to earthquake, 12 per cent to floods, 8 per cent to cyclones, 85 per cent of the land area is vulnerable to number of natural hazards and 22 states are categorized as multi hazards states.
Tens of thousands of people are affected by these natural disasters. We have seen in the recent past that country suffered impact of earthquake even where the seismicity was low as per the seismic zoning map, as in the case of Maharastra and droughts have occurred in the areas with highest rainfall i.e. Cherrapunji in the north east. In spite of the best efforts by the governments, external assistance and available technologies and media, the 1999 super cyclone of orissa and 2001 earthquake of Gujarat and most recently kashmir – muzzafarabad earthquake 2005 have inflicted untold misery.
Disaster Management Training is useful for NGOS, social work students or volunteers providing support and rehabilitation measures during disasters. It is also beneficial for the home guard personnel, paramilitary organizations, civil defence personnel, scientists, meteorologists and environmentalists. It proves useful for functionaries of rural development and primary health centres, administrative services and relief workers.
The emerging thrust areas in the discipline of disaster management include emergency planning and management, risk and business continuity management, risk assessment, health and safety, relief and developmental engineering and management, health management and rehabilitation. The Disaster Management course covers topics like risk assessment and preventive strategies, legislative structures for control of disasters, disaster preparedness, disaster communication, measures for disaster mitigation, application of GIS in disaster management, rescue and resuscitation.
Specialization can be done in the Fields of Mining, Chemical Disasters, and Technical Disasters etc.
Study Programs :
Government of India, ministry of human resource development in its tenth five year plan emphasized the need for integrating disaster management in the existing education system in India. In addition, the government of India launched a set of nation – wide disaster risk mitigation initiatives that addresses larger aspects of development in order to safeguard the developmental gains.
One of the important initiatives includes disaster management in the curriculum of school and professional education has been recommended to the boards. Most educational centres running study programs offer short – term certificate or diploma courses in disaster management. However, some universities also offer masters or MBA Programs in Disaster Management.
Recently, the CBSE has included disaster management in its curriculum to make students well – versed in various implications of disaster management at an early age. One can pursue training in disaster management after plus two also. Courses are available through both regular courses and distance learning mode.
The students interested in pursuing these courses can contact the national center for disaster management, Indraprasth estate, Ring Road, New Delhi, Indira Gandhi National Open University ( IGNOU ), New Delhi, Disaster Management Institute, Paryavaran Parisar, Areracolony, Bhopal, Centre for Disaster Management, Pune, Sikkim Manipal University of Health Medical and Technological Sciences, Tadong, Gangtok, Lase ( Deemed University ), Sardarshahr ( Churu ), National Civil Defence College, Nagpur, and Environment Protection Training and Research Institute, Hyderabad.
Some universities have recently taken the initiative to introduce a few courses. For instance, IGNOU and the University of Pune offer 6 month Certificate Courses. Anyone who has completed 10+2 is eligible to enroll. The Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment, New Delhi offers another Correspondence Program in Disaster Mitigation in affiliation with the Sikkim, Manipal University.
Spread over 2 years and 10 papers including a thesis, this program is open to graduates in any discipline. The PRT institute of postgraduate environmental education and research also offers a similar course in affiliation with the institute of open and distance education, Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal.
While these courses have started gaining in popularity, career opportunities are still pretty limited. Openings are mainly found in some government and non – government agencies. Large industrial establishments, particularly those in the high – risk fields like Chemicals, Mining and Petroleum have Disaster Management Cells. The international Red Cross and some un organizations also empanel trained professionals for working on humanitarian missions to handle major calamities and emergencies.
Career in Disaster Management & Mitigation
Openings are mainly found in some government and non – government agencies. Insurance Companies, large industrial establishments, particularly those in the high – risk fields like chemicals, mining, and petroleum have disaster management cells. The international Red Cross and some un organizations also empanel trained professionals for working on humanitarian missions to handle major calamities and emergencies.
Several graduates set up there own companies after gaining some experience by working with established organizations or sometimes, immediately upon graduating. Disaster management graduates can run successful consultancies in Emergency Planning, Risk Management and Flood Risk Reduction.
Disaster Management Authorities & Institutions in India :
Central Disaster Management Authority ( Government of India, ministry of agriculture, department of agriculture & cooperation, natural disaster management http://ndmindia.nic.in ).
It is the apex body for natural disaster management and mitigation. For effective implementation of relief measures in the wake of natural calamities, the Government of India has set up a standing national crisis management committee under the chairmanship of cabinet secretary. A Natural Disaster Management Control Room has been set up at Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi.
For planning of disasters and emergency preparedness training, government of India has created few institutes that offer short – term courses. Notable amongst them being the national center for disaster management ( NCDM ) set up by the Indian institute of public. Administration and the centre for disaster management set up by chavan academy of development administration conduct workshops and seminars for civil servants and government officials.
NCDM is also the nodal agency for coordinating relief and rehabilitation work during natural calamities. Similarly, the disaster management institute, Bhopal set up after the gas tragedy conducts awareness programs for NGOS and the public at large.
National Center for Disaster Management, New Delhi :
A new center “National Centre for Disaster Management ( NCDM )” has been established by the ministry of agriculture, government of India. NCDM is setup in Indian Institute of Public Administration ( IIPA ) with the objectives of :
- Providing Training Programs for senior and middle level administrative government officials and to sensitize them for disaster mitigation.
- Coordinate the Research activities in different aspects of Disaster Management at National Level. For further information, you may contact at :
Indraprastha Estate, Ring Road,
New Delhi – 110 002,
Fax : +91 – 11 – 331 – 9954,
Website : http://www.ncdm-india.org.
National Information Center of Earthquake Engineering – Lit Kanpur, U.P.
A National Information Center of Earthquake Engineering ( NICEE ) has been set up at the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. The center is sponsored by HUDCO, Telecom Commission, Railway Board, Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Atomic Energy and AICTE.
NICEE – India will meet the needs of the country in terms of “information” on earthquake engineering. The NICEE – India at IIT Kanpur will eventually aim at being responsible for acquiring and disseminating information and capacity building of the neighbouring nations. Institutes mandate is to create and maintain a good storehouse of information / publications / other audio – visual materials on earthquake engineering http://www.nicee.org.
Disaster Management Institute, Bhopal, M.P.
The disaster management institute established by the mp government in the backdrop of the Bhopal gas tragedy, offers training, research and consultancy services on subjects related to prevention, mitigation and management of disasters. It organizes training for working managers and government officials relating to the areas of management of natural disasters such as earthquakes, floods, drought, famine and cyclones; on-site and off-site emergency planning; risk analysis; identification of major hazards; etc. Contact info:
‘Kachnar,’ Paryavaran Parisar,
E – 5, Arera Colony,
E – mail : firstname.lastname@example.org.
Disaster Mitigation Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
Disaster management institutes mission is to equip the disaster victims – individuals or groups or agencies – with the resource to develop progressive solutions to Physical, Social and Economical Challenges of relief and reconstruction of facing them. DMI strives to become a premier centre for Disaster Mitigation and prevention by assisting and strengthening the decision making process and making the critical and objective analysis available to the policy makers.
In the wake of Gujarat earthquake of January 2001 this institutes provides real life example of the need and necessity of such an institute http://www.southasiadisasters.net.
Environment Protection Training and Research Institute, Hyderabad
EPTRI was set up by government of Andhra Pradesh with the assistance and support of government of India. Government of India had also taken the initiative for EPTRI’s technical collaboration with Swedish International Development Agency under bilateral assistance.
Risk analysis and disaster management plan is a safety and contingency management plan to safeguard people and property from disasters. EPTRI provides training and consultancy in risk assessment and safety control. EPTRI has a mou with process safety centre of :
Indian Institute of Chemical Technology ( IICT ),
Website : http://www.eptri.com.
Gujarat State Disaster Management Authority ( GSDMA )
The government of Gujarat ( GOG ) established the Gujarat state disaster management authority on February 8, 2001 to co – ordinate the comprehensive earthquake recovery program. The GSDMA is registered as a society under the societies registration act http://www.gsdma.org/aboutus.htm.
Joint Assistance Centre, Gurgaon, Haryana
The Joint Assistance Centre ( JAC ) was established in New Delhi as an all India voluntary agency for assistance in disaster situations in 1970 in the aftermath of the terrible cyclone of November, 1977 that devastated the chiraladivi region of Andhra Pradesh, killing over 10,000 people http://www.jacindia.org.
Centre for Disaster Management ( CDM ), Pune, Maharastra
The centre for disaster management was set up at yashada ( yashwantrao chavan academy of development administration ), Pune with the support of the national disaster management division, department of agriculture and cooperation, government of India. The CDM is collaborating with the IGNOU to launch a PG Diploma in Disaster Management in English, Hindi and Marathi.
Training Programs on management of Earthquakes, Workshop on community participation in Disaster Management, and allied topics are conducted at CDM periodically http://www.yashada.org/courses.
Sikkim Manipal University of Health Medical and Technological Sciences, Tadong, Gangtok, Sikkim
Sikkim Manipal University of Health Medical and Technological Sciences in Association with the Indian Institute of Ecology and Environment offers the master’s in disaster mitigation for graduates ( any discipline ). Disaster mitigation includes activities that prevent a disaster, reduce the chance of a calamitous event, or lessen their damaging effects http://www.sikkimmanipal.net & http://www.ecology.edu.
PRT Institute of Post Graduate Environmental Education & Research, New Delhi
PRT institute of post graduate environmental education & research, ( in association with institute of open & distance education, Barkatullah Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal offers the two – year master of disaster control to graduates or working professionals through distance learning. The institute is engaged in training, research and consultancy in the areas of disaster management, risk analysis, sustainable development, environmental impact assessment, pollution control and monitoring with the idea of optimal development of a global sustainable society.
Contact Info :
Prt – i – Peer a – 16 Paryavaran Complex,
South of Saket,
New Delhi – 110 030,
Website : http://www.technologyindia.edu/introduction.htm.
Central Board of Secondary Education, New Delhi
The council of the boards of school education is interested in a plan for providing formal training in disaster management to students in senior classes which could take the form of classroom lectures, group discussions, area surveys, risk assessment and even mock exercises to cover a daily drill http://www.cbse.nic.in.
Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
IGNOU ( through distance education ) and Pune University ( Diploma ) offer disaster management courses after plus two / equivalent, which may be completed within six months to two years. Such Programs provide knowledge on : disasters ( the meaning, factors, significance, causes and effects ); disaster preparedness; prevention; mitigation; relief; reconstruction and rehabilitation. http://www.ignou.org.
National Civil Defence College, Nagpur, Maharastra
National Civil Defence College, Nagpur, conducts various courses in civil defence and disaster relief management. Since natural calamities tend to be unavoidable and earthquakes unpredictable, efforts have to be made to withstand the aftermath of catastrophes.
Disaster Management Training is useful for NGOS or social work students or volunteers providing support and rehabilitation measures during disasters ( natural and man – made ), personnel of home guards, paramilitary organizations, civil defence personnel, scientists, meteorologists, and environmentalists as well as functionaries of rural development and primary health centres, administrative services, relief workers, etc. http://ncdcnagpur.nic.in/.