Career Course : Eligibility for Biotechnology Courses

Eligibility for Biotechnology Courses


Eligibility for Biotechnology Courses : : Biotechnology Career Prospects

The minimum eligibility criteria for pursuing a Bachelor’s Degree course in Biotechnology ( B.Tech. or B.Sc. ) is the successful completion of 10 + 2 in Science. Successful completion of a Bachelor’s Degree-in Biotechnology is the minimum eligibility criteria required to do a Master’s Degree in Biotechnology. In order to do a Ph.D. in Biotechnology, one needs to have completed one’s Master’s Degree in Biotechnology. It is ideal to clear the CSIR – UGC JRF examination in order to pursue a doctoral research in Biotechnology.

One can start studying Biotechnology, even as early as in school. Biotechnology, as a subject, is offered in Class XI in over 500 schools in the country.


One should have a scientific bent of mind in order to study Biotechnology. An innovative mind with a thorough interest in biological sciences is best suited for Biotechnology. One should be analytical and be intelligent enough to tackle various subjects in which Biotechnology finds application. One should be hard working and sincere and should have a burning desire to invent products, through the use or biotechnology, which would help mankind in ameliorating diseases, increasing the yield of food grains, etc.


A biotechnologist should be methodical, able to work neatly and should have a flair for laboratory work. Biotechnologists are often involved in working in a team. Hence, liking and ability to get along comfortably with colleagues is necessary to move further in this field. Reading habit and liking for browsing on Internet for updated knowledge of latest scientific researches and development are additional assets. One should also be curious in nature, since Biotechnology requires one to be involved in research work.

Biotechnology Courses :

Various universities across the country offer courses in Biotechnology like Bachelor of Technology ( B.Tech. ) and Bachelor of Science ( B.Sc ). The Jawaharlal Nehru University ( JNU ) in New Delhi offers a two – year M.Sc. course in Biotechnology. Entrance examinations for this Biotechnology course are conducted at various centres across the country. One can pursue a course in Biotechnology in over 40 institutes across the country which consider the scores of this entrance examination.

One can get admission in the Centre for Biotechnology at the JNU only if one is ranked among the top 90 students qualifying in this examination. Postgraduate courses, with Biotechnology as their focus, are available in over 60 premier institutions, universities and Indian Institutes of Technology ( lITs ) across the country. Postgraduate courses in Biotechnology are offered at the Indian Institutes of Technology at Roorkee ( Uttarakhand ) and Mumbai ( Maharashtra ).

These Biotechnology courses are offered by a joint initiative between the Department of Biotechnology and the University Grants Commission. Scientists who are in the middle of Biotechnology careers also have the option of availing several regular Biotechnology short term courses and training programmes apart from doctoral and post – doctoral courses.

Prospects for Biotechnology Careers :

Biotechnology is a booming industry and is expected to grow at a tremendous pace in the next five years. A survey by FICCI reveals that the shortage of doctorate and post – doctorate scientists in Biotechnology field is around 80 percent. This is the reason why the job prospects in Biotechnology are 10 times more that in other life science industries. Hence, a student with a professional degree in Biotechnology is sure to find a good Biotechnology job that offers sumptuous remuneration.

Healthcare and patenting is one sector which involves considerable application of Biotechnology and hence a career in this sector is a viable option. Other fields in which one will be able to find jobs are manufacturing, quality assurance and marketing. The field of research and development is a promising one in which one can find a Biotechnology job with a hefty sum as salary.

One will be able to find employment in MNCs ( Multi – National Companies ) as well as domestic Indian companies. Students with professional degrees in Biotechnology are absorbed in chemical and pharmaceutical industries. Companies, which are involved in the activity of controlling pollution, also hire the services of experts in Biotechnology.

Other industries which promise good employment opportunities are the bio – processing and the agriculture – related industries. The Department of Biotechnology was established in India in 1986 which signaled the recognition of Biotechnology as an important branch of study in the country. Today, several governmental agencies and academic institutions are involved in research and development ( R & D ) works in Biotechnology.

These Biotechnology agencies and institutions offer a lot of career opportunities in Biotechnology to the eligible candidates. Thus, there are ample opportunities for biotechnologists in R&D, manufacturing and quality control. Some of the governmental agencies and academic institutions involved in R&D activities arc the Department of Biotechnology, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Department of Atomic Energy, Indian Council of Medical Research and the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. One who is professionally qualified in Biotechnology will be able to work at these places.

One can also become an entrepreneur by setting up a biotech company of one’s own. Today, India boasts of more than 150 biotech companies which are either into the manufacturing of products or are into the provision of services. If one is hard working and entrepreneurial enough, one can set up a multicrore biotech company like Biocon India, the company associated with Ms. Kiran Mazumdar – Shaw.

Biotechnologists can also work as technicians, production managers, quality control managers, marketing and sales personnels, etc. Both public and private sectors offer plenty of job opportunities in Biotechnology field. Many companies demand scientists with experience in genomics and proteomics research. One will also be able to find employment in the fields of bioinformatics, tissue engineering and cancer research. Cell and molecular biologists find employment in the field of tissue engineering.

In the field of tissue engineering, one will work with robotics engineers, equipment developers, computer – assisted designers, biomaterial engineers and microscopic imaging specialists. Biotechnology Companies are also placing huge demands for scientists who have experience in computational methods in addition to a deep knowledge in the biological sciences. One can conclude that Biotechnology is a knowledge – based industry which includes manpower with understanding of technology and managerial expertise to harvest technology into profit making ventures and promising ample of job opportunities in Biotechnology under its umbrella.

Career in Biotechnology – Remuneration :

Biotechnology is one of those very few courses, a specialisation in which brings very high remuneration, even for the freshers. But the amount of remuneration also depends upon academic qualification, institute or university from which the degree is obtained and the level of work experience. A salary ranging in between Rupee 3.5 lakh and Rupee 4 lakh per annum is offered in the Intellectual Property Rights Division, where one begins one’s career as a research associate. One will be able to command a remuneration of Rupee 3 lakh per annum as a research scientist in the research and development department.

One’s salary goes on increasing as one goes on getting promotions in one’s own department. One becomes a research scientist; a senior research assistant and finally a manager in the research and development department. Similarly, in the Intellectual Property Rights Division, one starts as a research associate and goes on to become a senior research associate, project manager, team leader and finally assistant vice – president. The sky is the limit for those who take to entrepreneurship in Biotechnology.

Biotechnology – Major Areas of Application

I. Agriculture :

  • In this area, Biotechnologists work to develop high – yielding, disease resistant plants, flowers and vegetables with longer shelf life. They also work towards innovating methods that could triple the yield of crops within limited farmland. Nutritious food with the minimum use of chemical pesticides is developed through the practice of tissue – culture. Biotechnologists also practise the technique of ‘micropropagation’ in which, crops identical in quality and form are grown.

II. Animal Husbandry :

  • In this field, Biotechnologists work to develop improved breed of animals with higher milk production, higher animal productivity and with desirable characteristics. They also work on embryo transfer and development of vaccines for animals.

III. Aquaculture and Marine Industry :

  • Biotechnologists work on generating new classes of pharmaceuticals, polymers, enzymes and many other chemical products. Biotechnology is also very beneficial in aquaculture, transgenics, fish production, bioremedation, conservation, sea weeds culture, etc.

IV. Environment :

  • In the field of environment, toxic wastes and oil spills are figured out and checked by Biotechnologists. The recycling of sewage sludge is another area where Biotech firms work. Biotechnologists are also involved in the areas of waste and effluent treatment and the control of industrial air pollution.

V. Healthcare :

  • In this area, Biotechnologists work to find out faster and efficient methods to detect several diseases and cure the genetically inherited diseases. Research is also carried out by Biotechnologists to develop advanced diagnostic tools, vaccines and pharmaceuticals.

VI. Industry :

  • In this area, Biotechnologists work on genetic engineering, chemical processes, textile development, cosmetics, and the production and conservation of energy. Experienced Biotechnologists have developed a vast biological database. In the industrial sector, the new branch of Bioinformatics uses software to utilise this information for various purposes. Microbiology is a branch of Biotechnology in which considerable research and development is being done in the industrial sector.

Combined Entrance Examination of Jawaharlal Nehru University

Eligibility :

Bachelor’s Degree under 10+2+3 pattern of education in Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy, Engineering / Technology; 4 – year B.S. ( Physicians Assistant ) course; or A1BBS / BDS with at least 55 percent marks. Students who are due to appear in these qualifying examinations are also eligible for appearing in the entrance examination.

Biotechnology Courses : Two – year M.Sc. Program in Biotechnology.

The entrance examinations are held at over 62 centres across the country in the month of May every year. A number of institutes / universities across the country grant admission to courses in Biotechnology on the basis of scores in this examination

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12 Responses to “Eligibility for Biotechnology Courses”

  • what is the admission criteria in biotechnology in jmi? or it is based on 12 result?
    By muskan charaya from ludhiana on June 23, 2016 at 2:13 pm
  • Hii sir, its me here Himanshu sir have passed my 10+2 exam in 2017 with pcmb and I like to persue biotechnology courses. Which are the best Colleges for bio. Tech in india and plzz explain the Cheretaria to take admission in it
    By Himanshu from Saharsa, bihar on June 13, 2016 at 8:59 am
  • I have completed 10+2 with phy,che,bot,zoology am i elegible for engg biotechnology
    By vishnu from hyderabad on May 28, 2016 at 6:02 pm
  • sir,my name NIDHI BODKHE, i had passed my hsc board examination with 56%, can u plz tell me i am able to take admission for btech in biotechnology??
    By NIDHI GIRISH BODKHE from nagpur on May 27, 2016 at 9:47 am
  • sir,my name NIDHI BODKHE,i had passed my hsc board examination with 56%.can u plzz tell me i am able to take admission for btech in biotechnology??
    By NIDHI GIRISH BODKHE from NAGPUR on May 27, 2016 at 9:43 am
  • sir,my name NIDHI BODKHE,i had passed mu hsc board examination with 56%.can u plzz tell me i am able to take admission for btech in biotechnology??
    By NIDHI GIRISH BODKHE from NAGPUR on May 27, 2016 at 9:43 am
  • I have done btech in mechanical engineering am I eligible for doing masters in biotechnology
    By sharath Chandra reddy from Hyderabad on April 30, 2016 at 10:55 am
  • what branches of biotrch will have a studend if his subject is not math
    By anurag mishra from patna on April 19, 2016 at 10:57 am
  • iam a PCM student.. am i eligible for in biotechnology?
    By muskan from jabalpur on April 4, 2016 at 8:16 pm
  • Sir,my name is kirankumar.iam t/m medium.bsc (bzc) complet in 55%persentege.nenu bio technoldgey courseku nenu aarhuna.plz tell me sir
    By kiran kumar from mahabubnager,telangana on February 5, 2016 at 10:05 pm
  • I had passed my hsc board examination with 73% pcmb 300out off 400 I am able to take addmittion in biotechnology?? plzz must rpl
    By pooja from Nashik on June 2, 2015 at 5:28 pm
  • Hi i would like to know the rank and marks required to study biotec in good college
    By karthikyadav c from banglore, karnataka on April 15, 2015 at 10:40 am
  • i have passed 10+2 phy chem bio exam in 2017 & passed veternary Animal Husbandary 2 year diploma and would like to prusue Bio Technologycourse kindly advise good colleges/ university & help
    By vikas Bhama from sikar rajasthan on March 16, 2015 at 4:45 pm
  • i m a student of medical biotechnology can i eligible for icar agriculture biotechnology
    By Anjali from faridabad on February 21, 2015 at 1:39 pm
  • i am Project manager in a software firm with 13 years of experience completed my BBM (Bachelor of Business Management) and MCA (Master of computer applications). Am i eligible to study Biotechnology. IF so, please let me know the process. For employees with experience in Software industry will it be feasible for persuing the studies
    By khoteish from bangalore, karnataka on February 2, 2015 at 12:20 pm
  • i want to know best biotechnology collage/university in india.
    By anushka tripathi from shahdol , m.p. on January 4, 2015 at 12:13 am
  • I have passed my 10+2 exam wth phy,chem,and bio,and would like to pursue bio technology course.kindly advise good colleges/ university
    By sharad raina from bathinda,punjab on December 26, 2014 at 9:47 pm
  • i have passed 12th with 70 % of marks .
    By somesh from ranchi, jharkhand on June 23, 2014 at 11:02 am
  • please explain the creteria about taking addmision in B.Sc Biotechnology after 12th.
    By priyanka kashid from maharashtra on June 11, 2014 at 12:38 am
  • am i able to do biotechnology after BACHELOR DEGREE IN PHYSIOTHERAPY
    By asha from bhubaneswar on August 7, 2012 at 11:03 am
  • can a diploma holder in bio medicine is eligible for biotechnology engineering?
    By Anagha from choondal on May 14, 2012 at 11:00 am