Entrepreneurship in Home Science
Home Science is an interdisciplinary field of knowledge with focus on Food & Nutrition, Fabric & Apparel Designing, Human Development, Resource Management and Communication & Extension. Earlier it prepared an individual to obtain recent scientific information to cope with the day to day problems but today efforts are being made to provide facilities to invigorate the theoretical knowledge of the students through field training and research laboratories so that they are able to launch entrepreneurship programs successfully.
Food & Nutrition :
- Food and Nutrition deals with Nature of Food.
- The constituents of Food.
- Food required for the growth and maintenance of Body Functions.
- Food needs at the different stages of life.
- Nutrimental deficiencies and ways of overcoming them.
- Preparation of food in a way so as to conserve the maximum nutritive value and preserve its flavour.
- The bio – chemical changes that food undergo during digestion.
- Preservation of food and food habits.
The study in this field objectively prepare the students to work in any of the following enterprises :-
a) Catering :
Could be provided to fulfill needs of the society. Service could be extended for parties arranged at home such as kitty parties, birthday parties or anniversary parties etc. Catering could be made at special places like school and hospitals. Besides these, it will be very useful in running canteen in various types of settings. The trained professionals cal also undertake catering services for people who are working in factories, offices and do not have time or arrangement to cook meals, particularly unit day meals.
b) Confectionery and Bakery :
The Home Science Graduates / post graduates can set up confectionery, Ice – cream Parlours and Bakery. They can use innovation skill to evolve their own products which are more nutritive and different from the conventional ones and add variety at parties or at dinning table.
c) Preservation :
Preservation of vegetables and fruits in the form of pickles, jams, jellys, marmalades etc., could be undertaken. The need to buy these preserves from the market would definitely increases keeping in mind the availability of time with women who traditionally were busy doing the work at home.
d) Ready to Cook / Serve Food :
Small units could be established to clean / shell the vegetable so as to make these ready for cooking by the house wife. A variety of salads could be prepared to set up salad bar along with fast food to promote healthy living.
e) Health Centres :
Health Centre could provide special advice for the dietary needs of people suffering from different diseases. Suitable therapeutic nutrition and physical education would enable the home science graduate to set up support centres for people with special dietary needs. Guidance could be given to the individuals for keeping fit through diet and exercise and management of obesity and related conditions.
f) Hobby Centres :
Hobby Centres could be started to train interested people in various culinary art of different regions and continents. Graduates / Post Graduates can seek jobs as Dieticians in hospitals, nursing homes and fitness centers; else become Nutrition Counsellors and Nutrition Experts in National / International agencies like ICMR, NIN, CARE, WFP, UNICEF, CRY, Chetna etc.
Food technologies and researchers; entrepreneurs offering health and nutrition Journalists. They can join catering organizations, food processing industry else opt for teaching and research.
Resource Management :
Resource Management under takes the study of managing the home economically and effectively. The home implies the basic facts about housing designs, furnishing which will save money and labour and methods of getting the maximum work done through the minimum equipment. Management of home in making the best use of the available resources, to derive the best value to conserve time, energy, money, space and labour. The home – maker must plan wisely to provide out of the available resources, the best possible food, clothing, shelter, health, education and recreation for the members of the family.
Home Science Graduate / Post Graduate acquire sufficient management skill to open up guidance centres where they can impart training in the following listed fields of entrepreneurship.
a) Interior Designing :
They can impart training in the art of interior decoration. Such centres can also provide services for decoration of various settings like offices, hospitals, school.
b) Hobby Centres :
Hobby Centres could be started where interested persons could learn Candle and Paper Flower Making, Preparation of Decorative Articles, soft toys, Rangoli, Jewellery Designing, Pot Making, Wall Painting and making useful Articles from the Household Waste Products.
c) Grooming Centres :
This area has vast potential to develop among masses. Training could be imparted under Home Science education to open grooming centres where they could provides services for skin and hair care. The individualized guidance could be extended according to the unique characteristics to select jewellery, hair style and face make up.
Fabric & Apparel Designing :
This domain of Home Science focus on the selection, construction and care of clothing; its effect on the family income; the behaviour and chemical nature of different textiles; types of weaves; the quality, colour; shrink ability and durability of Fabrics, Quality of Natural Fibers like Silk, Wool, Cotton, Nature of Synthetic Fibers like Nylon, Rayon, Teri – Cot etc.
Human Development :
Human Development enriches emotional relationship among family members. The most important amongst a family are the children.
They must be brought up in an atmosphere conducive to growth and development. Children must be given strength of character to meet the challenges of their later life by their parents and other family members.
a) Child Care / Day Care Centre & Mobile Creches :
Women participating in income generation activity outside the home base led to the need of child care outside the family. Children usually require care by adults till they are 12 year of age and should not be left alone at home with the basic knowledge of ‘Child Development’ the Home Science graduates can run childhood care units like day – care centre, creches, nursery school and after school centres.
b) Old Age Homes :
Increase in the nuclearization of families has compelled many old people to stay in old age homes away from their families. Such old age home can be managed by Home Science graduates where various kinds of activities could be arranged for old people with proper food services and psychoemotional enrichment.
c) Rehabilitation Centres for Children with Special Needs :
Home Science graduates can open rehabilitation centres for children with impaired senses. These centres will not only be a service to the community but would help them create employment for themselves and others. Graduates / Post – Graduates can take up jobs as Counsellors, Teachers, Education Officers, Social Workers, Psychologists, Researchers or can develop programs for media.
List of Indian Universities conducting Home Science Education :
The UGC recognized Universities and Colleges imparting Home Science Education in India is provided above in accordance with the “University Handbook” published by the Association of Indian Universities, New Delhi.
In Delhi, Undergraduate, Post – graduates as well as the research facilities in the field of Home Science are available the following two Delhi University Colleges :
Institute of Home Economics,
F – 4, Hauz Khas Enclave,
New Delhi – 110 062.
Lady Irwin College,
New Delhi – 110 001.