Career in Film Industry
Career in Film Industry
India is the largest producer of feature films in the world, making more than 800 films in different Indian languages every year. Business wise, perhaps, only Hollywood scores over it. Indian films and film makers have won wide acclaim and compete with the best in the business. Films are produced in several big cities such as Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Hyderabad and offer a great opportunity to people with a creative bent of mind.
Gone are the days when people working in films were looked down upon. Today films attract talented people from all strata of the Indian society and are a source of livelihood to thousands working as Producers, Directors, Cinematographers, Actors, Musicians, Technicians, etc. However, it would be pertinent here to underline the most important fact related to the, film world – it is not glamour and money only, it requires a lot of hard work and perseverance.
Therefore, jump into it only if you have it in you.
- Ever wondered how films are made or for that matter television serials or other programs produced?
- Who are the people who bring out characters which become a part of everyday lives of the people?
- Who create those sounds and music which stir the right cord somewhere deep down your heart?
Dhundiraj Govind Phalke, popularly known as Dada Saheb Phalke, made India’s first full length silent film, Raja Harishchandru, in 1913.He is credited with laying the foundation of the regular feature film in India. With more than 12,000 cinema halls, the Indian film industry turns out approximately 900 films a Year to hugely appreciative audiences around the world.
Film – Making is a team effort and involves a wide range of activities. Films that we see fall in different categories – Feature Films, Documentaries, Corporate Films, Advertisements, etc. Feature Films form the largest sector, both in terms of turnover and employment.
These films are mostly made by individuals, groups of individuals and private companies that arrange the capital for their films from different sources, including private financiers and business houses. Film finance by commercial banks is yet to take off in India. An average film unit comprises about 200 people. These include Producers, Directors, Actors, Editors, Choreographers, Music Directors, Singers, Costume Designers, Art Directors, Technicians and several categories of junior workers.
The producer looks after the management aspect of Film – Making, including raising funds, hiring and organizing the cast and crew, selecting location and obtaining permission for shooting. The marketing of a film is another very important part of his responsibilities. He or she is the major beneficiary of a film’s success and suffers the most when the film flops at the box office. The director, with scores of his assistants, looks after the creative aspect of Film – Making. He or she selects the script, cast, location and other vital inputs required to make a film.
He or she is the captain of the ship. Films are, in fact, often described as a director’s medium. It is he or she who decides how a scene is to be shot, what an actor would wear or where the camera would be placed. The cinematographer or the cameraperson visualizes a scene in consultation with the director and decides the placement of the camera, lighting on the set, camera angle, etc. Actors are the only people who perform before the camera; others perform behind the camera. They are given the script in advance, expected to memorise their dialogues and present a realistic portrayal of the characters they play.
Actors are instructed by the director of the film on how to enact a scene. A good actor should be good at emoting. The choreographer, music director, art director and editor are other important professionals associated with Film – Making. The choreographer decides the dances and musical movements of actors; the music director works on the tune of the songs in the film; the art director creates the ‘look’ of the film and designs the sets and the editor edits. The film, placing each shot in correct sequence, removing unnecessary shots and scenes. The editor also synchronises the sound tract and musical score.
Most institutes conducting PG level courses in different aspects of Film – Making admit graduates from all streams.
Film – Making is an art and you need to have a passion to succeed here. Merely possessing a degree or diploma will not be of much use and will not ensure a successful career in any aspect of this art. The skill set needed to perform the different activities involved in Film – Making may vary but one thing is common – you have to have a passion for your chosen field. Film – Making requires painstaking effort, grueling hours and repetitive, often monotonous, task. Also, there is a lot of competition, so be ready to compete with the best.
Film Industry Courses :
The Film and Television Institute of India ( FTII ), Pune, provides training in the production of film. The courses include 3 Year PG Diplomas in Cinematography, Direction and Editing for graduates and a 3 Year PG Diploma in audiography for those with Physics in Class XII. It also offers a 2 Year PG Diploma in Acting, as well as certificate courses in film screenplay writing, film direction, video editing and Television Engineering. The National School of Drama, New Delhi, offers an intensive 3 Year PG Degree Course in Dramatics. The Mass Communication Research Centre ( MCRC ), Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, conducts a 2 Year MA in Mass Communication.
It includes disciplines such as 16mm film and radio production, video / television production and photography. The course includes lectures, workshops and hands – on use of equipment, all leading to the production of media products in still photography and audio – visual production, radio, television and film. The course is intensively designed to prepare students as directors and producers in the media production process.
The Satyajit Ray Film and TV Institute, Kolkata, provides training in direction, cinematography, editing and sound recording. The National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad, offers specialization in design for art directors and set designers, as well as in animation for film in a 5 Year Diploma Program. The Film and Television Institute, CIT Campus, Chennai, conducts 3 Year Diploma Courses in direction and screenplay writing cinematography, film processing and film editing.
The Asian Film Academy, Film City, Noida ( Uttar Pradesh ) offers 3 Month Courses in acting and presentation, production direction and TV journalism, video editing and sound recording and camera and lighting techniques. The Whistling Woods International Institute for Film, Television & Media Arts, Mumbai, offers 2 Year Courses in Film Direction, Acting, Cinematography Editing and Sounding Recording. Symbiosis Institute of Mass Communication, Pune, conducts 2 Year, full – time diploma programs in Communication Management and Mass Communication that are useful for a career in films.
Chitrabani, Kolkata, offers short term courses in various aspects of film making. In addition to these academics and institutes, there are several other avenues to learn the different aspects of Film – Making. Some film actors run very successful acting schools in Mumbai and Delhi. These include Asha Chandra’s New Film Acting Course in Mumbai and Anupam Kher’s Acting School in Delhi. Barry John’s Imago School of Drama in New Delhi has also earned a name among aspiring actors.
Opportunities are increasing with each passing day. The arrival of satellite television has significantly increased opportunities as TV serials also need, more or less, the same skills as for films. Earlier, films were the only avenues available to aspiring actors, script writers and technicians. Now TV serials offer a plethora of opportunities and good money too. The advertising industry is another avenue where a good, trained hand can look for employment.
The remuneration in this line is excellent for people who have the skill. At the bottom are the people working as production staff with film producing companies, who start with an average income ranging between 5,000 and 8,000 per month in regular employment. Since Films are mostly made by individuals or groups of individuals who hire different categories of people for each project, it is difficult to quantify the earning.
There are several reasons. Firstly, the earning depends on your status – how you are perceived in the film industry and how many projects you are doing at any particular time. Technicians such as editors and sound recordists in permanent employment with film production houses can earn more than 25,000 per month while those working on contractual basis can also earn between 20,000 and 40,000 or so per month.
For renowned actors, directors, writers and camerapersons working on contract earning of several lakhs in a year is common and some highly popular names earn in crores nowadays.
Nowadays TV production houses absorb a large number of actors, editors camerapersons and other technicians who earn good money every month.
Career in Film Industry – Eligibility – Aptitude – Film Industry Courses – Prospects – Remuneration
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