Career in Food Science Technology : : Food Science Technology Career Course Institutions in India
Spectrum of Expertise :Food production demands a wide spectrum of expertise for the successful processing of safe and wholesome foods. Experts specialise in areas such as :
- baking; brewing; canning and bottling; dairy; oils and fats; fish, meat and poultry processing; cereal milling and processing; preserves; pickled foods; soft drinks, wine, beer, cider, spirits and other beverages; spices and flavourings; sugar confectionery; tea and coffee; irradiation and packaging. It is obvious that no academic or technical training can familiarise students with such a wide range of topics. Training is therefore geared to first address the basic principles common to all, thus opening up the possibility of specialising later.
Nature of the Work : Agricultural and food scientists work very hard to maintain the nation’s food supply. This important work is accomplished by ensuring agricultural productivity and food safety. An agricultural scientist’s job is to study farm crops and animals and then find ways to improve their quantity and quality. They try to find ways to safely control pests and weeds, improve crop yield, and improve soil and water conservation. They also search for methods to create healthy food products for consumers out of raw agricultural commodities. Other agricultural scientists research methods to create fuels from agricultural products. Biotechnology has experienced growth in the past few years because of advances in the study of genetics. This biotechnology can be used by certain agricultural and food scientists to manipulate the genetic material of plants and crops, in order to make them productive and more resistant to disease.
Biotechnological advances are creating employment opportunities for research and development in many areas of agricultural and food science. These opportunities exist in the food industry, environmental remediation, food science, and other commercial applications. There has been an increased interest in producing fuels manufactured from agricultural derivatives called Bio fuels. Agricultural scientists, biologists, and chemists work together to create efficient methods of using crops as energy sources, such as producing ethanol from corn. Nanotechnology is another emerging factor that is expected to affect agriculture. This molecular manufacturing technology has the potential for revolutionizing the methods we used to test food products for contamination and spoilage. Nanotechnology is being used by scientists to create sensors that will detect contaminant molecules quickly and accurately in our food.