Career in Information Technology Industry
Hardware Industry basically includes computers systems, computers chips, circuit boards, modems, printers, key boards, etc.
In recent times, India is becoming one of the international hubs in Hardware sector. Even after being less glamorous than the Software sector, the Hardware Industry is booming at a rapid pace across the globe.
It has the potential to equal Software exports also. India is now in a position to start semiconductor fabrication.
India’s first chip fabrication plant has been set up in Andhra Pradesh by US – based chip maker AMD and consortium Sem lndia at a cost of $3 billion.
According to a joint study by Ernst & Young and Hardware Industry association MAIT, the Indian Industry will be touching the $62 billion horizon by 2010.
More projections have been made for contract manufacturing which represents a $11 billion opportunity but for this, India should succeed in capturing 2.2 percent of the global pie by 2010.
Not only this but also the sales of personal computers have increased. It can be considered as a barometer for the state of Hardware Industry in general. In 2006 – 07, the PC sales increased 23 percent to 6.3 million units, according to MAIT.
As per NASSCOM – McKinsey estimates, the domestic embedded systems market is expected to touch 41,000 crore by 2008.
The reason for this rise is the investments made by a number of companies in new operations. Agilent, Dell, Via, Rambus, Elven Technologies, Intel, Cisco, Sasken, SanDisk, etc., are notable among these companies.
Currently there are about 200 semiconductor companies which are operating in India. Out of them, 120 are into chip designing while the rest are into software development.
The Indian semiconductor and embedded design Industry registered revenues of $3.3 billion in 2005 and employed nearly 75,000 people.
But, the scenario has changed now. It is estimated to increase to $43 billion in 2015 and providing employment to more than 7,80,000 people.
The main reasons for this unexpected rise are the rapidly growing domestic market, strong education infrastructure, lower cost of talent, short product lead times, reduced entry barriers, commendable government support and an improving infrastructure.
India is expected to come up as an attractive design hub because of the availability and stability of talent, quality of talent, quality of technical education and the cost advantage.
The field of computers is an applied field where one needs to have a lot of i analytical skills and aptitude for problem solving.
The first step towards problem solving is interaction with the client to know the nature of the problem. For this one should have oral as well as written communication skills.
One should also have better negotiation skills. IT domain needs a collaborative teamwork where each individual has equal importance and is vital to the project execution and implementation.
Therefore, team spirit, collaborative nature are prerequisites for the job. The pace of the project selection and execution is so much that one should be able to adapt and transform him vis – avis the changing surroundings.
A faster response time is envisaged from individuals. At the same time one should adhere to quality standards.
Hardware professionals have additional responsibilities of not only softwares and programs work but also of making computers efficient, faster and network – oriented for better transfer of data.
For a successful career in hardware, the candidate should be trained and certified to work on leading Operating Systems, like Unix, Windows 2000, etc.
One should be eager to know and adopt different networking patterns. Refined interpersonal skills are assets to a Hardware Professional.
One should be able to handle emergencies and unexpected situations calmly and efficiency.
The minimum eligibility for taking a hardware course varies from course to course. For short – term certificate courses the minimum eligibility is 10+2 with Mathematics at least in Standard 10.
For Diploma courses of six months to one – year duration, you should be either graduate or pursuing graduation course.
Long – term Diploma courses like Postgraduate Diplomas or Advanced Diploma courses require Graduates in any discipline.
For M.Tech. One should be either B.Tech or MCA from a recognised institution or university. One also needs to clear entrance test and or have a valid GATE score.
A report on the talent pool of IT. Hardware sector by Nasscom – KPMG reveals that India will have a requirement of 1.12 million qualified knowledged workers by 2009.
The various job options for Hardware Professionals are :
PC and Computer Support :
The PC technician usually deals with system – related problems which require closer monitoring. The job of a PC technician is to provide computer support services, software maintenance and upgrading, diagnose and troubleshoot software and hardware.
He is also responsible for the setting up of the new equipments and software packages and also dealing with virus infection.
A PC technician should have the technical skills with a fair degree of communicative ability.
Networking Professional :
A person who joins two or more computers together to share and exchange information between computers, placed at various places is a Networking Professional.
The Networking Professionals deal with system maintenance and failure, applying software updates and fixes, attending to network related PC support issues, evaluating new solutions, documentation, maintaining hardware, backups and maintaining cabling end network.
Networking Professionals work enhancing productivity and efficiency, reducing costs and gaining competitive advantage.
Computer / Chip Designer :
The job – includes the development of new designs according to the latest trends, products and development in electronic technology.
The Chip Designers usually work an chip designing, circuit designing, computer architecture or the design of devices like printer, etc.
Chip Designers design chips of silicon wafers which are used in Computers, Electronic Products, Mobile Phone, etc. they work for architecture development which involves mastery over details of user interface, instruction cell, input output operation, organisation of memory of computer system, verification, synthesis and physical designing.
Computer Manufacturers : The Computer Manufacturer takes the responsibility of component assembly to testing and monitoring of the computers.
Technical Support Executives : Candidates should have a degree or diploma in Computer Science with a good knowledge of Networking Technologies and systems. Freshers as well as experienced persons can apply for the posts.
System Administrator :
The candidate should possess knowledge of Networking concepts and operating systems such as Linux / Windows Server and a database like Oracle / SQL Server, etc.
The ideal candidate should have a degree or an equivalent qualification with additional certifications like OCP / RHCE / MCSE, etc.
System Specialist : Specialisation in designing, administering and implementation in the respective areas with some experience will entitle you to become a System Specialist.
The remuneration of IT Hardware sector depends on the job profile and the experience of the candidate. The Network Engineers with certification on relevant technologies from Cisco, Microsoft, etc., can earn up to 2 – 2.2 lakh per annum.
The Network Administrators with two years of experience can get around 4 – 5 lakh per annum. The System Integrator with three years of experience can earn 5 – 6 lakh annually whereas; the System Analyst having 5 years of experience can get more than 7 lakh annually.
A VLSI engineer on the other hand can earn up to 4.5 lakh per annum. One can also get a better pay package if he is a Microsoft Certified System Engineer, Cisco Certified Network Associate or Cisco Certified Network Professional.
The best remuneration which is 15 – 20 lakh per annum is given to candidates who are Cisco Certified Internet Experts. There are 3 levels for Cisco Certified Network Engineers – associate, professional and expert.
These are offered in the domains of routing and switching, network security and service provider. So, there is a tremendous scope for the job seekers as this is a niche field that requires expertise which is not widely available.
The growth prospects, in terms of technical knowledge and escalation to higher positions, are among the fastest in the technology industries.
Others Jobs :
Operations Field : There are ample job opportunities in Operations Field in IT sector :
Electronic Data Processing (EDP) Managers : The work of an EDP Manager is to ensure that the EDP department works properly under his supervision in order to receive the maximum output. At times, he also works as a system analyst or a programmer.
Graphics Designer :
A graphic designer’s task is to create fascinating illustrations by using various design softwares like Adobe Acrobat, CorelDraw, Adobe Photoshop, Photo paint, etc. on computer which are usually required in commercial advertising, brochures, pamphlets, catalogues, books and book covers, magazines, posters, banners, etc.
A successful graphic designer should be creative and should have a great aesthetic sense.
Enterprises Resources Planning Professional : The task of an ERP professional is to provide data to enable a business to monitor and control its over all operation.
IT Enabled Services :
The two vital sectors of Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES) are Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) and Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO). With ITES – BPO – KPO sector driving the Indian Industry, there is a tremendous potential for persons having computer knowledge and certifications.
The basic raw material in the ITES – BPO – KPO sector is computers, which envisage the needs for computer professionals who help in the design as well as flow of information.
Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) :
It includes several customer – oriented activities like marketing, selling, etc. with the help of adequate telecom facilities, trained consultants, access to wide data base, Internet and other online information support infrastructure.
Popularly known as Call Centers, there is no specific qualification required for it but one should be good at communication and IT skills.
The various job profiles in BPOs are Call Centre Executive, Customer Service Associate, Customer Support Officer, Customer Service Executive and Customer Interaction specialists.
The various job profiles in BPOs include :
Customer Service Associate – Voice Support : This job usually deals with a variety of issues from investigating and solving client’s account queries to providing detailed market information and discussion about client investments.
Customer Service Associate – Service Centre : The task of a Customer Service Associate in a BPO in Service Centre is to process client details concerning their financial investments with their own organisation for their foreign clients.
Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO) : KPO is about the in – depth work involving high skills and analytical work. It involves transfer of business process to other geographic location; specialized domain specific knowledge and business expertise of a higher level rather than just process expertise.
Internet and Web Technology : With the wide ranging impact of Internet usage in the world, a plethora of career opportunities are coming in the light.
The various job options for professionals in Internet and Web Technology are :
Web Developer : The job of a Web Developer is to write code contents for websites into HTML. A good web developer should be proficient in HTML, Java script and ASP.
Site Designer : The designing, implementing and maintaining hypertext publishing site are done by site designers. A site designer is basically the master of interface as he is responsible forks outlook.
He has constantly into research and evaluation of new designs. He is the one who is responsible for making the website attractive.
Web Administrator : The job of a Web Administrator includes creating and maintaining a world wide website, responding to Email, ensures the smooth operation of the site, creating and updating web pages and maintaining the overall structure and design of the site.
IT Marketing : The people involved in IT marketing require an in – depth knowledge of the latest hardware and software to target key customer segment vis – a – vis particular machines and programs.
The job options in this segment include :
Marketing Advisor : The job of a marketing advisor is to advise the Industry on various aspects. He studies about the use of computers in a particular Industry. People from banks, railways and defence background are preferred.
Sales and Marketing Executives : The executives in this field work for the sales promotion of newly launched hardware and new versions of software. The personality traits required for this job are confidence, self – motivation, enthusiasm and passion to deal with people.