Paramedical Science or allied health science plays an important role in diagnosis and treatment. Diagnostic tools like the Microscope, the x – ray, the ultrasound, the Endoscope, CT, MR, Gamma Camera & other invasive or non – invasive methods & therapeutic technical modes like physiotherapy, radiotherapy, respiratory therapy, speech therapy etc. are part of the paramedical system.
With the advancement of medical science and complex medical equipments, demand for trained and qualified paramedical manpower is growing. According to WHO recommendations, the doctor – population ratio should be 1: 1000. One doctor needs a minimum of 8 support health personnel. This means, India requires more than 12 Lakhs doctors and about 96 Lakhs support staff. We have only 4 Lakhs doctors presently. Strength of support personnel is also too inadequate. Healthcare science is a vast and varied filed. Increasing use of technology in the filed of medicine has resulted in large number of specialization, sub specialization and super specialization.
Already the society is aware about the role and significance of nurses, pharmacist and laboratory technologist. Apart from these there are more than 50 specializations in the allied and paramedical area which are thoroughly job oriented and give ample job opportunities. Knowledge of specific profess-ional roles and needs in the field of paramedical science is a must before you make a decision. The following are the major modern specialization in this field.
1. Medical Transcription :
A medical transcriptionist has to transcribe medical records dictated by doctors and others without loosing the content. You receive dictation by tape, digital system or voice mail. To understand and accurately transcribe the dictated reports into a format that is clear and comprehensible for the reader, the medical transcriptionist must understand medical terminology, anatomy, diagnostic procedures, and pharmacology and treatment assessments. They also must be able to translate medical jargon and abbreviations into their expanded forms. Also you need good listening and language skills, computer skills and patience to carry out the task. If their doing the hard copying job and record keeping, then they will be known as medical records officers. An experienced medical transcriptionist will get employ-ment in hospitals, medical libraries, transcription service centers, government facilities etc.
They can also take up home-based transcription works. They are also eligible for the post of health information administrators. To pursue a career in medical transcription you can do course in transcription technology, medical records technology, medical documentation, health information technology etc. courses are available in diploma, degree and post graduated levels.
2. Health Inspector :
The public health inspector is a vital member of the public health team and delivery system. The role of health inspector includes preventing disease in epidemic, promoting health and improving the environment through the use of education, consultation, inspection and monitoring techniques. The scope of interest covers food hygiene, insect and rodent control, communicable disease investigation, public accommodation, community care facilities, public recreational facilities, water supply and waste disposal system, occupational health and safety and environmental pollution – air, noise, soil and water.
They should provide leadership and technical expertise in the development of long range planning to protect and improve the public health. As a public health inspector it is your responsibility to safeguard the environment and health of the public by monitoring facilities and enforcing health legislations. Courses are available in diploma level on the health inspector subject. Also students can do public health administration and management courses at diploma, degree and post graduation levels.
3. Bio Medical Engineering :
As a Bio Medical engineer, you will be using engineering principles to solve medical and health related problems. Bio medical engineering or biomedical instrumentation technology is interdisciplinary. It comprises the physical, chemical, mathematical, computational and engineering sciences. It promotes precise understating of biology, medicine, behavior, physiology etc. You have to do lot of research in conjunction with life scientists, chemist and medical professionals to design medical devices like artificial hearts, dialysis machines, surgical lasers etc. Bio medical engineering investigates ways to modernize laboratory and clinical procedures.
Bio medical instrumentation, biomechanics, biomaterials, imaging, clinical engineering and rehabilitation engineering are some of the well – established speciality areas. You must have a degree or postgraduate diploma for working as a bio medical engineer. Diploma, degree, postgraduate diploma and postgraduate degree courses are available.
4. Speech Therapy :
As a speech therapist your main role is in participating in programs for rehabilitation of patients with hearing disorders. Speech therapist is also known as audiologist. An audiologist is a health care professional who is trained to evaluate hearing loss and related disorders and to counsel individuals who suffer from hearing impairment. Jobs are available in hospitals, nursing homes, schools and universities, rehabilitation centers, research laboratories etc. Opportunities are there in industrial sector also.
Diploma, degree and postgraduate courses are available in this field. You can specialize in cochlear implants, hearing aids, educational audiology, speech and language pathology etc. You must make sure that the selected course and institution has Rehabilitation Council of India ( RCI ) approval.