Career in Film Making : : Job Opportunities in Film Making
Film – making requires all the knowledge and skills that are taught in a Management program like PGDBA. It has all the P’s in it and it is also a Project. Film itself is a product; for example, Taare Zameen Paris a product but it is a product like a ship which is made through a Project, which is taught in the management program. The finance for the Project comes from venture capitalists who put their money into the making of a film. Venture capitalism has by itself become a subject of study. In this age of knowledge economy it is the ‘idea’ that sells. It is the idea behind the story of a film that is taken to the financiers who can be treated as venture capitalists. The concepts of strategy also apply to film making; for example, the film maker will decide the theme and this has its roots in the strategy because the trend of public likes and dislikes, the timing of making the film and its release, the competitor who may also be releasing the film at a particular time or may be making a picture on the same theme, etc., are all the strategy factors.
The goal of short term strategy is the selection of Hero, Heroin, story writer, Director, etc., because this goal is achieved at the most in two to three years. The second P means positioning of the film and this is covered by huge advertising PR articles, etc., that precede the making of a film. Some producers position their film for a certain segment of population, while others are for the masses. Branding, in the concept of marketing, is the ‘banner’ in film making. This description also covers the P called Promotion but positioning also requires the establishment of channels. Thus, there are film distributors, who may be likened to the wholesalers and cinema hall owners are the retailers. The description given above very briefly describes how all the principles of Management apply to film – making. In the Masters Course, not only all these aspects are covered but the Course also includes the technological units of study, like camera handling, editing, lighting, acting, etc.
All those who will do the Masters Course, will be taught ail the technological skills as a general subject with specialisaiton particularly in editing and market research for the ‘idea’ of the film. Ram Gopal Verma passed his engineering course and confessed that he was failure as an engineer but his creativity brought him success in films. Have you ever wondered how films are made or for that matter television serials or other programs produced? Who are the people who bring out characters which become a part of everyday lives of the people? Who create those sounds and music which stir the right cord somewhere deep down your heart? In addition to the characters played by various artists, there are technical experts who work really hard to make the movies possible. The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of the number of films produced every year. Even though feature films constitute the dominant player, today documentaries, newsreels, corporate and advertising films and music videos have also grown in prominence. Therefore, this industry, despite being unorganised, provides employment to a large number of people – most of them behind the camera, which is where they say “the action is”. The various technical departments in the film making process would broadly include: Direction, Photography ( Camera ), Sound Recording and Sound Engineering, Art Direction, Film Editing, Cinematography and Production.
Direction : The director is the “captain” of the ship, that is, he co – ordinates all the activities related to the making of a film. Therefore, a director must not only have the ability to visualise scenes, approve the script and choose the cast, he or she must also have a fine understanding of music and photography, and possess coordination and management skills. In recent times, Ad film direction has emerged as a lucrative proposition.
Photography : To pursue a career in photography in films, a formal knowledge of equipment and techniques, perceptual creativity, the ability to visualise, to observe animate and inanimate objects and capture them on the camera will take you a long way in your career.
Sound Recording & Sound Engineering : Sound recordists are responsible for recording sound while shooting, recording songs and background music, dialogues and other sound effects. The sound recordist uses the sound mixer to put together the various elements of the soundtrack and edits it to give it a final shape. Sound engineers, in collaboration with the sound recordists, have to create synthesised music for the desired effects. These professionals must possess the ability to understand and differentiate between various tones, notes, modulations and frequencies of sound. To become a sound recordist / engineer, one must have a formal diploma in the field from a reputed institute. The basic criteria to get into these institutes is 10+2 with Physics as a subject.
Cinematography : The Cinematographers take part in laboratory development of special effects by multimedia and other cinema technology. They compose each scene to be shot, in consultation with the director. Much of the special effects and highly impressive scenes that we see in cinema are the handiwork of the cinematographers. To be a cinematographer, one must have a good understanding of colour and compositional and other basic aesthetic elements of visual imagery.
Art Direction : This specialisation, though not very technical in nature, creates the look of the film. It is the art department and the art director which are responsible for the designs and the ambience of the scenes. This profession has gained a lot of prominence in the past decade. It now demands a lot of creativity and understanding of various environments. To make it as an art director, it is advisable to first get a diploma in art and design from any premier institute.
Editing : After the shooting is complete, the editors edit the entire rush to give it a coherent form in line with screenplay. Depending upon the calibre of the editor a powerful film can be turned into trash and even an ordinary screenplay can be made into a box – office success. Editors must have a good sense of rhythm and good analytical and logical reasoning abilities. Aspiring editors can stay and learn from a senior editor before seeking a job, but formal training from an institute would definitely give them an extra edge.
Production : Producers organise and coordinate the different activities of Technicians, Cameramen, Script Writers, Sound Recordists, Music Directors, Dance Directors, Fight Masters, Art Directors, Costume Designers and others. They also arrange finances and take care of the marketing and legal aspects, besides having a hand in selecting the cast. Therefore, a producer needs the ability to remain calm under all circumstances than any formal qualifications.