Print Media Study and Eligibility Criteria :
To pursue a Print Media Career in the print media one may attain a bachelor’s degree or a Post – Graduate Degree or Diploma in Journalism or Mass Communication. Courses in journalism are offered in English, Hindi and Regional Languages. Specialized courses in selected fields like page composition, layout designing and photo journalism are also offered. Apart from the professional degrees, other skills required are a good command over the language, good General Knowledge and the ability to collect information and report events quickly. Now a day’s most of the Indian Universities offer both Undergraduate and Post – Graduate Programs in Journalism. Graduates of any stream are eligible to opt for a post – graduate degree or diploma program in journalism.
Some of the well known institutes offering journalism courses are :
- Indian Institute of Mass Communication New Delhi.
- AJK – Mass Communication Research Centre (MCRC) of Jamia Millia Islamia New Delhi.
- Asian College of Journalism Chennai.
- Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Units at Mumbai, Delhi, Thiruvananthapuram.
- Manipal Institute of Communication Manipal.
- Times of India School of Journalism Mumbai.
- Pioneer Media School New Delhi.
- The Manorama School of Communication Kottayam.
- St. Xavier’s Institute of Communication Mumbai.
- Symbiosis International University Pune etc.,
Beside this, there are certain traits which a budding journalism graduate needs to know while opting journalism as, a Print Media Careers. A good journalist should have – a keen interest in people related issues, an inquisitive nature, ability to meet deadlines and outstanding communication skills. Basically if you are not interested in what people have to say, their emotions and their achievements, you simply cannot function as a journalist.
The minimum salary as per directive has to be 5500 to 9000 for reporters and senior reporters, 5000 to 10,500 for the chief reporters and subeditors, and 7500 to 12000 for editors. Private sector even offers higher remuneration including various lucrative fringe benefits.
However salaries offered depend on the publication house one is working with. Field journalists are given travel and stay expenses as well as allowances are additional with all pay packets. Freelancers are paid for each piece of work they submit. Self – employed also have good earning depending upon the nature and extension of their business.
Further, the bigger publishing houses pay far higher salaries than the prescribed grades of the government. Entry level salaries range between 8000 to 12000, experienced Journalists get from 20000 to 25000 and Senior Journalists earn over a Lac per month. Editors of several publications draw salaries in Lacs as they are given globally competitive salaries.
Excelling your Skills :
Print Media Journalism is one of the most important vocations. Journalists not only report news but are also responsible for searching out for new stories that might impact the larger society. Journalists are aiso responsible for shaping opinions and perceptions about key issues that are prevailing in a society. From the local to the national level, journalists play a key role in shaping public opinions and perceptions. Journalists therefore perform a special function and one that no other vocation does. Print Media Journalism as a vocation has also been one of the fields that has seen a radical change over the years.
Both print and the visual medium have grown exponentially over the years and there is always a demand for skilled professionals. Increasing competitiveness has aiso led to Print Media Journalism becoming a very high stress job where deadlines must be met at all cost. There is also an intense competition for more readers and viewers in both the print and the visual media. Both print and electronic media journalists have to battle the daily stresses of work and life in order to produce relevant results.
The job is stressful and may involve very high workload in order to meet tight deadlines. It is not a profession for the weak willed or the timeservers. The vocation requires passion and complete dedication from an individual if he wants to excel. Good writing skill itself is not enough to excel in journalism. In addition to it, one requires an attention to details, because it is in these details that a story finds both clarity and meaning. Print Media Journalism also requires boundless energy and the relentlessness to pursue a good lead. Print Media Journalism can be an ideal career for those who love to read books and write. The vocation offers them an opportunity to extend their natural talents and utilize them to the best of their abilities. There are also various streams within journalism that a journalist can specialize in. These specializations include sports, investigative, science and film journalism. For people who are looking forward to a journalism career, there are so many things that they can do to move an inch higher to their dream.
For young people who were already to determine in themselves that a Print Media Journalism career is really the profession that they would want to pursue, they can start gaining all they need to be qualified for the Print Media Jobs. Young ones should be arming themselves with the necessary skills in becoming a journalist such as writing. To do this, they should practice writing articles more often and monitor their progress. To be more knowledgeable about the craft, they should also enroll in various writing workshops where the resource person are the ones who have been in the industry long enough to share their first – hand experiences. Aside from meeting famous writers and journalists, attending writing workshops can also help you improve your craft and will introduce you more into the technicalities of writing such as styles, structures and the like.
To widen your vocabulary, it is also a must that you read newspapers regularly. Aside from current events and news, reading feature articles in magazines and even novels can help you be familiar with certain writing styles that can help you in creating your own in future. When you get to college, it is best to take up a journalism degree giving importance to the practical assignments. Generally in a good institute, you will be trained in all aspects of the field. Aside from training your writing skills, the school will open you up to other possibilities of the field such as the business side and other fields that may help you decide which field you are reality suited to.
Here, you will also have the opportunity to meet the “masters” in the field and you will also be able to use the school publication as the training ground for your future journalism career.
Getting the First Career Break :
Graduates can go in for an internship with a newspaper for supervised training. The latest trend in this regard is that big groups of newspapers advertise the posts of trainees in any of the above categories. After conducting the entrance examination, suitable graduate trainees, with a flair for writing, are selected and employed. Almost all newspapers hire journalism graduates fresh out of college, though most of the larger papers (and many of the medium – sized ones) ask for prior experience. Therefore, the smaller the newspaper, the better your chances of landing that first job. It is advantageous to apply to newspapers that you know something about, newspapers where you have had an internship, and papers that are located in areas that are familiar to you.
Print Media organizations where aspirants can find jobs are :
- Newspaper Groups.
- News agencies and news bureaus like the Press Trust of India, Reuters, United News of India and Associated Press.
- Magazines and journals in English and vernacular languages.
- Indian Information Service of the central government and, Directorates of publicity of the state governments.
- In – house publications of large corporate houses.
It is best to create your own opportunity by learning how to market one self, coming up with a strong portfolio, and to know when the best time to break into the field is. Here two things are quite important. The first one is to sell one’s self. This is a very important aspect because employers and editors would not believe you if you just say that you are good.
During an interview for a position, try to mention some of your good qualities that can be assets to the publication such as resourcefulness, creativity, and productivity. The second one is the willingness to start small. If you are a fresh journalism graduate, don’t expect that you will get the position you want right away. Since the journalism field is competitive, it is best if you will have mindset of starting small. Those who are enjoying their journalism career nowadays are the ones who passed through the ladder of success step by step.