Career as a Wildlife & Health Management
Veterinary Science and animal husbandry professionals have gained significance in the past few years. It is an emerging and comparatively newer field. A veterinarian’s primary responsibility is to look after the health and welfare of the animals by diagnosing, treating and curing the diverse types of diseases in birds and animals.
Besides giving treatment, Vets perform surgery prevent spreading of diseases in animals by administering timely vaccination and medicines and give advice on care of pets and farm animals including wildlife conservation, poultry management and health care.
Several institutions and universities are offering various courses in veterinary sciences offering courses on wildlife health care and management. The Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Bareilly started diploma the first National Diploma course on wildlife Health Care and management in 1995.
The Madras Veterinary College. Tamilnadu Veterinary and Animal Science University, Chennai was first to start M.VSc. degree in Wildlife Science in the country in the year 1994 followed by college of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Viswa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur (M.P.) in the year 2001.
Now, JNKVV has taken initiative to start centre for- Forensic and Wildlife Health Institute of Wildlife Science is coming up at Kodagu affiliated to Karnataka Veterinary, Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar. This Institute is going to provide M.VSc. and Ph.D. degree in Wildlife Science.
To be eligible for the Bachelor’s in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (B.VSc & AH) course, a candidate should have passed the class 12 examination with science subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology. Admission to most veterinary courses is made on the basis of entrance examination conducted by the concerned universities.
Veterinary Council of India conducts an ‘All India Common Entrance Examination’ (AICEE) for admission to Bachelor of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH) degree course. The duration of the BVSc & AH varies from four and a half years to five years, including the period of internship. For admission to master degree program, an All India Entrance Examination is conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR):
Veterinarians can choose to work with the government animal husbandry departments, poultry farms, dairy farms, sheep and rabbit farms, piggery farms, race clubs, stud farms, private and government veterinary hospitals and clinics. Apart from this the government also employs veterinarians as public health professionals whose services are utilized in zoos, national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. Various zoological research institutes employ veterinarians to conduct research and development in various departments.
Wildlife professional can take up assignments either in outdoors, laboratories or offices depending on their subject of specialization and choice. Opportunities exist with various government and nongovernment organizations working for wildlife conservation.
The opportunities often comes for engagement as Scientist / Scientific Officer / Research Officer in government department, research Institutes viz., Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, laboratory for conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONS), Zoological Survey of India, New Delhi, MoEF. New Delhi.
Wildlife professionals can work in Central Government, as Curator in National Zoological Parks, Wildlife Biologist in National Zoological Parks, Assistant Professor / lecturers in wildlife science / wildlife management in the central veterinary, agricultural fisheries sciences and traditional universities, Scientist / Scientific Officer / Research Officer / Assistant Professor in the wildlife research institute and Government Departments viz.
Wildlife Institute of India (Wll), Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Madhumlai, Laboratory for Conservation of Endangered Species (LaCONS), Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Zoological Survery of India, New Delhi, MoEF, Salim Ali Centre for Ornithonology and Natural History (SACON), Zoologist in Zoological Survey of India, New Delhi and Natural History Museums, Researcher / Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) / Senior Research Fellowship (SRF) / Research Associate in time bound project at Wll, LaCONS. IVRI, SACON and other colleges.
Consultant in CPCSEA, MoEF, Chennai. Similar openings are also existing in State Government, Curator in zoos, Wildlife biologist in zoological parks/national parks / sanctuary / state forest department etc. Scientist / Research Officer in the wildlife protected areas.
Private sector / NGOs / societies
There are number of nongovernment organizations working in the field of wildlife rescue rehabilitations and conservation at national and international level. NGOs can apply for grant from the various funding agencies including Government. The fund is give for the specific purposes. Few NGO’s can offer opening as Scientist in Bombay Natural History Society:
Project Co-ordinator Program Officer. Wildlife Societies working for wildlife welfare and public awareness viz. Wildlife trust of India; Wildlife SOS; Wildlife conservation fund; World wildlife fund; Society for prevention of cruelty to animals also offers good employment and remuneration. One can also start its own organizations and projects and can work as an Consultant in wildlife health; Wild animal hospital; Diseases Diagnostic labs “Parasitology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, etc.
Independent and collaborative research-projects related to wildlife health, as well as diagnostic pathology and microbiological and molecular biology support pursued by the researcher. Research schemes for extramural funding of projects funded to scientist working in wildlife health or to domestic animal or public health problems involving wildlife.