**AMIE Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus 2021**

**Optical and Satellite Communications **

**Group A**

- Optical fibre – step index, graded index, material, preparation, measurement of propagation, properties, jointing, connectors and couplers. Fibre optic communication systems.
- System model. Optical channel – space, fibre optic, sources – lasers, LEDs.
- Fibre laser for optical communication through guided media.
- Modulation techniques—direct modulation and indirect modulation—injection modulation, A/O, E/O modulation techniques.
- Optical detection — PIN diodes and APDs.
- Optical communication systems — analog and digital communication system. Low bandwidth / low bit rate to ultra wideband / ultra high bit – rate communication system.
- Introduction to communication networks — LANs, MANs and WANs.

**Group B**

- Satellite launching and control. Orbits. Launch vehicles and rockets. Space shuttles.
- Propagation characteristics – attenuation, noise, space environment. Frequency bands.
- Types of satellite systems. Satellite sub – system, power communication, control, thermal.
- Earth station equipment. Satellite link design – power budget, EIRP, G/T ratio of receivers, CNR of satellite system.
- Multiple access technique, TDMA, FDMA, CDMA, SPADE. Multiple beams – spot beams.

**Computer Networks and Communications**

**Group A**

**Introduction – Principles of data communications :**Analog and digital transmission, multiplexing, transmission impairments, concepts of frequency spectrum and bandwidth, bandwidth efficient modulation techniques.**Basics of computer networks :**Protocol hierarchies, design issues for the layers, interfaces and services. Concepts of circuit switching and packet switching, connection – oriented and connectionless services. Reference models — OSI model and TCP / IP reference model. Example networks.**Physical layer :**Transmission media—twisted pair, coaxial cable, optical fibre. Wireless transmission — radio, microwave, infrared and millimeter waves, telephone ( Systems, cell phones. RS – 232C, SONET, modems.**Data link layer :**Services provided to the network layer, framing, error control, flow control. Error detection and correction. Unrestricted simplex protocol, stop – and – wait protocol, sliding window protocols. HDLC.**Network layer :**Design issues. Routing algorithms. Congestion control. Internetworking : concepts of subnetwork, bridges, etc. X.25 frame relay.

**Group B**

**Transport layer :**Services provided to the upper layers. Elements of transport control protocols—addressing, establishing a connection, releasing a connection, flow control and buffering, crash recovery. Example of simple protocols using services primitives. TCP and UDP.**IP :**IPV4 datagram, IP addressing. ICMP.**Media access control protocols :**Concept of LANs and MANs. ALOHA, slotted ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA / €D. Ethernet, token bus, token ring, FDDL**ATM :**Protocol architecture. ATM logical connections. ATM cells. Transmission of ATM cells. ATM adaptation layer. Traffic and congestion control.- Narrowband and broadband ISDN. Application layer : SNMP, SMTP, FTP, TELNET.

**Digital Hardware Design **

**Group A**

**Basics of digital electronics**: Number representation, Boolean algebra, logic minimization, hazard – free design.- Combinatorial and sequential design – Synchronous and asynchronous circuits.
- Memories and PLA.
- Finite state machines.

**Group B**

**Processor model :**Datapath synthesis and control structures.- Fast adders, multipliers, barrel shifters, etc.
- Microprogrammed control unit.
- Pipelined and parallel architectures.
- Fault – tolerant structures.

**Pulse and Digital Circuits **

**Group A**

**Combinational Logic : Boolean algebra :**Introduction, postulates of Boolean algebra, fundamental theorems, uniqueness properties, laws of Boolean algebra, De Morgan’s theorem, the ( inclusion ) implication relation, bounds of Boolean algebra, duality in Boolean algebra, Boolean constants, variables and functions, two – valued Boolean algebra switching algebra, electronic gates and mechanical contacts.**Boolean functions and logic operations :**Introduction, the normal form, the canonical form, fundamental products and sums, disjunctive and conjunctive normal forms, binary, octal and hexadecimal, designations, self – dual functions, logical operations, NAND and NOR operations, EXCLUSIVE – OR operation, functionally complete sets.**Minimization of switching functions :**The Karnaugh map – introduction cubes and the Karnaugh map, prime cubes, maximum sum of products, minimum product of sums, don’t care forms, five – and six – variable maps, multiple output minimization.**Tabular methods of minimization :**Introduction, Quine – McCluskey algorithm, the dominance relation cyclic functions, the degree of adjacency and essential prime cubes.**Logic synthesis of switching functions :**Introduction, AND, OR and inverter networks, NAND and NOR networks, EXCLUSIVE – OR networks, multiplexers, read only memories, programmable logic arrays ( PLA ), PLA minimization, essential prime cube theorems, PLA folding.**Reliable design and fault detection tests :**Introduction, fault classes and models, fault diagnosis and testing, test generation, fault table method, path sensitization method, Boolean difference method, reliability through redundancy, hazards and hazard – free designs, quaded logic.

**Group B**

**Sequential Circuits :**Introduction to synchronous sequential circuits, the finite – state model – basic definitions, the memory elements and their excitation functions – S – R flip – flop, J – K flip – flop,D flip – flop, T flip – flop, synthesis of synchronous sequential circuits.- Capabilities, minimization and transformation of sequential machines, the finite – state modelfurther definitions, capabilities and limitations of finite – state machines, state equivalence and machine minimization, simplification of incompletely specified machines compatible states, the non – uniqueness of minimal machines, closed set of compatibles. The compatible graph and the merger table.
**Asynchronous sequential circuits :**Fundamental mode circuits, synthesis, state assignments in asynchronous sequential circuits, pulse mode circuits.**Finite state recognizers :**Deterministic recognizers, transition graphs, converting non – deterministic into deterministic graphs, regular expressions, transition graphs recognizing regular sets, regular sets corresponding to transition graphs.

**IC Design Techniques **

**Group A **

- Introduction to IC design flow; System specification to final packaging.
- MOS transistor, CMOS inverter, static and dynamic logic circuits, latch up problem in CMOS.
- Factors for optimization ( speed, power, area, etc. )
**Timing issues :**Clock skew, critical path, logic hazards, etc.**Interconnect :**Capacitive, resistive and inductive parasitics.- Basic concepts of partitioning, floor planning, placement, routing and layout. Design rule and circuit extraction, mask making procedure.
- Computer aided design, simulation and testing, behavioural modelling and hardware description language.

**Group B**

**Memories and other replicable structures :**ROM, PROM, EPROM, E2PROM, Static RAM and dynamic RAM, PLA and PAL.**Basic design methodologies :**Full custom and semi – custom design. ASIC vs. field programmable devices.**Basic fabrication technology :**Bipolar and MOS processing steps and important process parameters.- Importance of semiconductor device modeling. Computer aided design.

**Solid State Physics and Semiconductor Devices **

**Group A**

**Solid state physics :**Atomic structures and quantum mechanical concepts, – chemical bonds, solid state structure, band structure, election and hole concept, intrinsic, extrinsic and compensated semiconductors, carrier concentration, lattice vibrations, mobilities and drift velocities, Fermi level, energy – band diagram – Carrier transport mechanism : Scattering and drift of electrons and holes, diffusion mechanism, Hall effect, magneto – resistance, quasiFermi levels, generation, recombination and injection, of carriers, Boltzman transport equation and scattering rates, transient response, basic governing equations in semiconductor.**P – N junction theory :.**Physical description of P – N junction, depletion approximation, biasing, transition capacitance, varacter, junction breakdown, space charge effect and diffusion approximation, current – voltage characteristics and temperature dependence, tunneling current, small signal a.c. analysis.**Bipolar junction transistors :**BJT action, derivation of current components and gain expressions, breakdown voltages, Ebers – Moll model, hybrid – pi equivalent circuit, frequency response of transistors, P – N diode, SCR.

**Group B**

- Fundamentals on technology of semiconductor devices; Unit processes for semiconductor device fabrication, oxidation, diffusion, photolithography and etching, film deposition, device isolation, integrated BJT fabrication processes.
**Field effect transistors – JFET and MOSFET :**Physical description and theory of JFET, static characteristics, small signal analysis, equivalent circuit, MOS structure, MOS capacitance, flat – band threshold voltages, MOS static characteristics, small signal parameters and equivalent circuit, charge – sheet model, strong, moderate and weak inversion, short – channel effects, hot – carrier effects, scaling laws of MOS transistors, LDD MOSFET, NMOS and CMOS IC technology, CMOS latch – up phenomenon.**Metal semiconductor junctions :**Ideal Schottky barrier, current – voltage characteristics, MIS diode, Ohmic contacts, heterojunctions, MESFET.**Photonic devices :**Optical absorption in a semiconductor, photovoltaic effect, solar cell, photoconductors, PIN photodiode, avalanche photodiode, LED, semiconductor lasers.

AMIE Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus 2021 **Page 1**, **Page 2**, **Page 3**, **Page 4**

#### NIFT Admissions

Online Application 14 December 2020 to 21 January 2021.

#### JEE Main

Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.