AMIE Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus 2021
Optical and Satellite Communications
- Optical fibre – step index, graded index, material, preparation, measurement of propagation, properties, jointing, connectors and couplers. Fibre optic communication systems.
- System model. Optical channel – space, fibre optic, sources – lasers, LEDs.
- Fibre laser for optical communication through guided media.
- Modulation techniques—direct modulation and indirect modulation—injection modulation, A/O, E/O modulation techniques.
- Optical detection — PIN diodes and APDs.
- Optical communication systems — analog and digital communication system. Low bandwidth / low bit rate to ultra wideband / ultra high bit – rate communication system.
- Introduction to communication networks — LANs, MANs and WANs.
- Satellite launching and control. Orbits. Launch vehicles and rockets. Space shuttles.
- Propagation characteristics – attenuation, noise, space environment. Frequency bands.
- Types of satellite systems. Satellite sub – system, power communication, control, thermal.
- Earth station equipment. Satellite link design – power budget, EIRP, G/T ratio of receivers, CNR of satellite system.
- Multiple access technique, TDMA, FDMA, CDMA, SPADE. Multiple beams – spot beams.
Computer Networks and Communications
- Introduction – Principles of data communications : Analog and digital transmission, multiplexing, transmission impairments, concepts of frequency spectrum and bandwidth, bandwidth efficient modulation techniques.
- Basics of computer networks : Protocol hierarchies, design issues for the layers, interfaces and services. Concepts of circuit switching and packet switching, connection – oriented and connectionless services. Reference models — OSI model and TCP / IP reference model. Example networks.
- Physical layer : Transmission media—twisted pair, coaxial cable, optical fibre. Wireless transmission — radio, microwave, infrared and millimeter waves, telephone ( Systems, cell phones. RS – 232C, SONET, modems.
- Data link layer : Services provided to the network layer, framing, error control, flow control. Error detection and correction. Unrestricted simplex protocol, stop – and – wait protocol, sliding window protocols. HDLC.
- Network layer : Design issues. Routing algorithms. Congestion control. Internetworking : concepts of subnetwork, bridges, etc. X.25 frame relay.
- Transport layer : Services provided to the upper layers. Elements of transport control protocols—addressing, establishing a connection, releasing a connection, flow control and buffering, crash recovery. Example of simple protocols using services primitives. TCP and UDP.
- IP : IPV4 datagram, IP addressing. ICMP.
- Media access control protocols : Concept of LANs and MANs. ALOHA, slotted ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA / €D. Ethernet, token bus, token ring, FDDL
- ATM : Protocol architecture. ATM logical connections. ATM cells. Transmission of ATM cells. ATM adaptation layer. Traffic and congestion control.
- Narrowband and broadband ISDN. Application layer : SNMP, SMTP, FTP, TELNET.
Digital Hardware Design
- Basics of digital electronics : Number representation, Boolean algebra, logic minimization, hazard – free design.
- Combinatorial and sequential design – Synchronous and asynchronous circuits.
- Memories and PLA.
- Finite state machines.
- Processor model : Datapath synthesis and control structures.
- Fast adders, multipliers, barrel shifters, etc.
- Microprogrammed control unit.
- Pipelined and parallel architectures.
- Fault – tolerant structures.
Pulse and Digital Circuits
- Combinational Logic : Boolean algebra : Introduction, postulates of Boolean algebra, fundamental theorems, uniqueness properties, laws of Boolean algebra, De Morgan’s theorem, the ( inclusion ) implication relation, bounds of Boolean algebra, duality in Boolean algebra, Boolean constants, variables and functions, two – valued Boolean algebra switching algebra, electronic gates and mechanical contacts.
- Boolean functions and logic operations : Introduction, the normal form, the canonical form, fundamental products and sums, disjunctive and conjunctive normal forms, binary, octal and hexadecimal, designations, self – dual functions, logical operations, NAND and NOR operations, EXCLUSIVE – OR operation, functionally complete sets.
- Minimization of switching functions : The Karnaugh map – introduction cubes and the Karnaugh map, prime cubes, maximum sum of products, minimum product of sums, don’t care forms, five – and six – variable maps, multiple output minimization.
- Tabular methods of minimization : Introduction, Quine – McCluskey algorithm, the dominance relation cyclic functions, the degree of adjacency and essential prime cubes.
- Logic synthesis of switching functions : Introduction, AND, OR and inverter networks, NAND and NOR networks, EXCLUSIVE – OR networks, multiplexers, read only memories, programmable logic arrays ( PLA ), PLA minimization, essential prime cube theorems, PLA folding.
- Reliable design and fault detection tests : Introduction, fault classes and models, fault diagnosis and testing, test generation, fault table method, path sensitization method, Boolean difference method, reliability through redundancy, hazards and hazard – free designs, quaded logic.
- Sequential Circuits : Introduction to synchronous sequential circuits, the finite – state model – basic definitions, the memory elements and their excitation functions – S – R flip – flop, J – K flip – flop,D flip – flop, T flip – flop, synthesis of synchronous sequential circuits.
- Capabilities, minimization and transformation of sequential machines, the finite – state modelfurther definitions, capabilities and limitations of finite – state machines, state equivalence and machine minimization, simplification of incompletely specified machines compatible states, the non – uniqueness of minimal machines, closed set of compatibles. The compatible graph and the merger table.
- Asynchronous sequential circuits : Fundamental mode circuits, synthesis, state assignments in asynchronous sequential circuits, pulse mode circuits.
- Finite state recognizers : Deterministic recognizers, transition graphs, converting non – deterministic into deterministic graphs, regular expressions, transition graphs recognizing regular sets, regular sets corresponding to transition graphs.
IC Design Techniques
- Introduction to IC design flow; System specification to final packaging.
- MOS transistor, CMOS inverter, static and dynamic logic circuits, latch up problem in CMOS.
- Factors for optimization ( speed, power, area, etc. )
- Timing issues : Clock skew, critical path, logic hazards, etc.
- Interconnect : Capacitive, resistive and inductive parasitics.
- Basic concepts of partitioning, floor planning, placement, routing and layout. Design rule and circuit extraction, mask making procedure.
- Computer aided design, simulation and testing, behavioural modelling and hardware description language.
- Memories and other replicable structures : ROM, PROM, EPROM, E2PROM, Static RAM and dynamic RAM, PLA and PAL.
- Basic design methodologies : Full custom and semi – custom design. ASIC vs. field programmable devices.
- Basic fabrication technology : Bipolar and MOS processing steps and important process parameters.
- Importance of semiconductor device modeling. Computer aided design.
Solid State Physics and Semiconductor Devices
- Solid state physics : Atomic structures and quantum mechanical concepts, – chemical bonds, solid state structure, band structure, election and hole concept, intrinsic, extrinsic and compensated semiconductors, carrier concentration, lattice vibrations, mobilities and drift velocities, Fermi level, energy – band diagram – Carrier transport mechanism : Scattering and drift of electrons and holes, diffusion mechanism, Hall effect, magneto – resistance, quasiFermi levels, generation, recombination and injection, of carriers, Boltzman transport equation and scattering rates, transient response, basic governing equations in semiconductor.
- P – N junction theory :. Physical description of P – N junction, depletion approximation, biasing, transition capacitance, varacter, junction breakdown, space charge effect and diffusion approximation, current – voltage characteristics and temperature dependence, tunneling current, small signal a.c. analysis.
- Bipolar junction transistors : BJT action, derivation of current components and gain expressions, breakdown voltages, Ebers – Moll model, hybrid – pi equivalent circuit, frequency response of transistors, P – N diode, SCR.
- Fundamentals on technology of semiconductor devices; Unit processes for semiconductor device fabrication, oxidation, diffusion, photolithography and etching, film deposition, device isolation, integrated BJT fabrication processes.
- Field effect transistors – JFET and MOSFET : Physical description and theory of JFET, static characteristics, small signal analysis, equivalent circuit, MOS structure, MOS capacitance, flat – band threshold voltages, MOS static characteristics, small signal parameters and equivalent circuit, charge – sheet model, strong, moderate and weak inversion, short – channel effects, hot – carrier effects, scaling laws of MOS transistors, LDD MOSFET, NMOS and CMOS IC technology, CMOS latch – up phenomenon.
- Metal semiconductor junctions : Ideal Schottky barrier, current – voltage characteristics, MIS diode, Ohmic contacts, heterojunctions, MESFET.
- Photonic devices : Optical absorption in a semiconductor, photovoltaic effect, solar cell, photoconductors, PIN photodiode, avalanche photodiode, LED, semiconductor lasers.
Online Application 14 December 2020 to 21 January 2021.
Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.