AMIE ECE Syllabus

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AMIE Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus 2021

Optical and Satellite Communications 

Group A

  • Optical fibre – step index, graded index, material, preparation, measurement of propagation, properties, jointing, connectors and couplers. Fibre optic communication systems.
  • System model. Optical channel – space, fibre optic, sources – lasers, LEDs.
  • Fibre laser for optical communication through guided media.
  • Modulation techniques—direct modulation and indirect modulation—injection modulation, A/O, E/O modulation techniques.
  • Optical detection — PIN diodes and APDs.
  • Optical communication systems — analog and digital communication system. Low bandwidth / low bit rate to ultra wideband / ultra high bit – rate communication system.
  • Introduction to communication networks — LANs, MANs and WANs.

Group B

  • Satellite launching and control. Orbits. Launch vehicles and rockets. Space shuttles.
  • Propagation characteristics – attenuation, noise, space environment. Frequency bands.
  • Types of satellite systems. Satellite sub – system, power communication, control, thermal.
  • Earth station equipment. Satellite link design – power budget, EIRP, G/T ratio of receivers, CNR of satellite system.
  • Multiple access technique, TDMA, FDMA, CDMA, SPADE. Multiple beams – spot beams.

Computer Networks and Communications

Group A

  • Introduction – Principles of data communications : Analog and digital transmission, multiplexing, transmission impairments, concepts of frequency spectrum and bandwidth, bandwidth efficient modulation techniques.
  • Basics of computer networks : Protocol hierarchies, design issues for the layers, interfaces and services. Concepts of circuit switching and packet switching, connection – oriented and connectionless services. Reference models — OSI model and TCP / IP reference model. Example networks.
  • Physical layer : Transmission media—twisted pair, coaxial cable, optical fibre. Wireless transmission — radio, microwave, infrared and millimeter waves, telephone ( Systems, cell phones. RS – 232C, SONET, modems.
  • Data link layer : Services provided to the network layer, framing, error control, flow control. Error detection and correction. Unrestricted simplex protocol, stop – and – wait protocol, sliding window protocols. HDLC.
  • Network layer : Design issues. Routing algorithms. Congestion control. Internetworking : concepts of subnetwork, bridges, etc. X.25 frame relay.

Group B

  • Transport layer : Services provided to the upper layers. Elements of transport control protocols—addressing, establishing a connection, releasing a connection, flow control and buffering, crash recovery. Example of simple protocols using services primitives. TCP and UDP.
  • IP : IPV4 datagram, IP addressing. ICMP.
  • Media access control protocols : Concept of LANs and MANs. ALOHA, slotted ALOHA, CSMA, CSMA / €D. Ethernet, token bus, token ring, FDDL
  • ATM : Protocol architecture. ATM logical connections. ATM cells. Transmission of ATM cells. ATM adaptation layer. Traffic and congestion control.
  • Narrowband and broadband ISDN. Application layer : SNMP, SMTP, FTP, TELNET.

Digital Hardware Design

Group A

  • Basics of digital electronics : Number representation, Boolean algebra, logic minimization, hazard – free design.
  • Combinatorial and sequential design – Synchronous and asynchronous circuits.
  • Memories and PLA.
  • Finite state machines.

Group B

  • Processor model : Datapath synthesis and control structures.
  • Fast adders, multipliers, barrel shifters, etc.
  • Microprogrammed control unit.
  • Pipelined and parallel architectures.
  • Fault – tolerant structures.

Pulse and Digital Circuits

Group A

  • Combinational Logic : Boolean algebra : Introduction, postulates of Boolean algebra, fundamental theorems, uniqueness properties, laws of Boolean algebra, De Morgan’s theorem, the ( inclusion ) implication relation, bounds of Boolean algebra, duality in Boolean algebra, Boolean constants, variables and functions, two – valued Boolean algebra switching algebra, electronic gates and mechanical contacts.
  • Boolean functions and logic operations : Introduction, the normal form, the canonical form, fundamental products and sums, disjunctive and conjunctive normal forms, binary, octal and hexadecimal, designations, self – dual functions, logical operations, NAND and NOR operations, EXCLUSIVE – OR operation, functionally complete sets.
  • Minimization of switching functions : The Karnaugh map – introduction cubes and the Karnaugh map, prime cubes, maximum sum of products, minimum product of sums, don’t care forms, five – and six – variable maps, multiple output minimization.
  • Tabular methods of minimization : Introduction, Quine – McCluskey algorithm, the dominance relation cyclic functions, the degree of adjacency and essential prime cubes.
  • Logic synthesis of switching functions : Introduction, AND, OR and inverter networks, NAND and NOR networks, EXCLUSIVE – OR networks, multiplexers, read only memories, programmable logic arrays ( PLA ), PLA minimization, essential prime cube theorems, PLA folding.
  • Reliable design and fault detection tests : Introduction, fault classes and models, fault diagnosis and testing, test generation, fault table method, path sensitization method, Boolean difference method, reliability through redundancy, hazards and hazard – free designs, quaded logic.

Group B

  • Sequential Circuits : Introduction to synchronous sequential circuits, the finite – state model – basic definitions, the memory elements and their excitation functions – S – R flip – flop, J – K flip – flop,D flip – flop, T flip – flop, synthesis of synchronous sequential circuits.
  • Capabilities, minimization and transformation of sequential machines, the finite – state modelfurther definitions, capabilities and limitations of finite – state machines, state equivalence and machine minimization, simplification of incompletely specified machines compatible states, the non – uniqueness of minimal machines, closed set of compatibles. The compatible graph and the merger table.
  • Asynchronous sequential circuits : Fundamental mode circuits, synthesis, state assignments in asynchronous sequential circuits, pulse mode circuits.
  • Finite state recognizers : Deterministic recognizers, transition graphs, converting non – deterministic into deterministic graphs, regular expressions, transition graphs recognizing regular sets, regular sets corresponding to transition graphs.

IC Design Techniques

Group A 

  • Introduction to IC design flow; System specification to final packaging.
  • MOS transistor, CMOS inverter, static and dynamic logic circuits, latch up problem in CMOS.
  • Factors for optimization ( speed, power, area, etc. )
  • Timing issues : Clock skew, critical path, logic hazards, etc.
  • Interconnect : Capacitive, resistive and inductive parasitics.
  • Basic concepts of partitioning, floor planning, placement, routing and layout. Design rule and circuit extraction, mask making procedure.
  • Computer aided design, simulation and testing, behavioural modelling and hardware description language.

Group B

  • Memories and other replicable structures : ROM, PROM, EPROM, E2PROM, Static RAM and dynamic RAM, PLA and PAL.
  • Basic design methodologies : Full custom and semi – custom design. ASIC vs. field programmable devices.
  • Basic fabrication technology : Bipolar and MOS processing steps and important process parameters.
  • Importance of semiconductor device modeling. Computer aided design.

Solid State Physics and Semiconductor Devices

Group A

  • Solid state physics : Atomic structures and quantum mechanical concepts, – chemical bonds, solid state structure, band structure, election and hole concept, intrinsic, extrinsic and compensated semiconductors, carrier concentration, lattice vibrations, mobilities and drift velocities, Fermi level, energy – band diagram – Carrier transport mechanism : Scattering and drift of electrons and holes, diffusion mechanism, Hall effect, magneto – resistance, quasiFermi levels, generation, recombination and injection, of carriers, Boltzman transport equation and scattering rates, transient response, basic governing equations in semiconductor.
  • P – N junction theory :. Physical description of P – N junction, depletion approximation, biasing, transition capacitance, varacter, junction breakdown, space charge effect and diffusion approximation, current – voltage characteristics and temperature dependence, tunneling current, small signal a.c. analysis.
  • Bipolar junction transistors : BJT action, derivation of current components and gain expressions, breakdown voltages, Ebers – Moll model, hybrid – pi equivalent circuit, frequency response of transistors, P – N diode, SCR.

Group B

  • Fundamentals on technology of semiconductor devices; Unit processes for semiconductor device fabrication, oxidation, diffusion, photolithography and etching, film deposition, device isolation, integrated BJT fabrication processes.
  • Field effect transistors – JFET and MOSFET : Physical description and theory of JFET, static characteristics, small signal analysis, equivalent circuit, MOS structure, MOS capacitance, flat – band threshold voltages, MOS static characteristics, small signal parameters and equivalent circuit, charge – sheet model, strong, moderate and weak inversion, short – channel effects, hot – carrier effects, scaling laws of MOS transistors, LDD MOSFET, NMOS and CMOS IC technology, CMOS latch – up phenomenon.
  • Metal semiconductor junctions : Ideal Schottky barrier, current – voltage characteristics, MIS diode, Ohmic contacts, heterojunctions, MESFET.
  • Photonic devices : Optical absorption in a semiconductor, photovoltaic effect, solar cell, photoconductors, PIN photodiode, avalanche photodiode, LED, semiconductor lasers.

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