BEEE 2021 Zoology Syllabus
Unit I : Human Physiology
Nutrition – introduction – carbohydrates – proteins – lipids – vitamins mineral – water – Balanced diet – calorie value – ( ICBM standard ) obesity – Hyperglycemia – hypoglycemia – malnutrition.
Digestion – enzymes and enzyme action – Bones and Joints ( Major types ) – Muscles – muscle action – muscle tone – Rigor Mortis – aerobic exercises ( body building ) myasthenia gravis.
Respiration – Process of pulmonary respiration – inspiration Expiration – Exchange of gases at alveolar level – Circulation – Functioning of heart origin and conduction of heart beat – Artificial pacemaker – coronary blood vessels and its significance – myocardial infarction – Angina pectoria – Atherosclerosis – heart attack -Resuscitation in heart attack ( First aid ) Blood components- functions-plasma-corpuscles-blood clotting-anticoagulants- Thrombosis-embolism-blood related diseases like polycythemia-Leukemia-Lymph fluid. Physiological Co ordination System: Brain-functioning of different regions-memory-sleepstroke- Alzheimer’s disease-meningitis-Thyroidparathyroid hormones-insulin and glucagon-Hormones of adrenal cortex and medulla-Reproductive hormonesproblems related to secretion, non secretion of hormones.
Receptor Organs: Eye-Focussing mechanism and photo chemistry of retina-short sightedness-Nyctalopia-Eye infection-conjunctivitis-Glaucoma-Ear-Hearing mechanism- Hearing impairments and aids – Noise pollution and its importance-skin-melanin functions – Effect of solar radiation / UV Excretion: Ureotelism-urea-Biosynthesis( ornithine cycle ) Nephron- ultrafiltration-tubular reabsorption and tubular secretion- Renal failure-Dialysis kidney stone formation kidney transplantation-Diabetes. Reproductive System: Brief account of spermatogenesis and oogenesismenstrual cycle-in vitro fertilization- Birth control
Unit 2 : Microbiology
Introduction-History of medical microbiology-The influence of Pasteur, Koch and Lister-Virology-structure Genetics culture and diseases-AIDS and its control- Bacteriology-structure, Genetics and diseases-protozoan microbiology-Diseases oriented-pathogenecity of micro organism-anti microbial resistance chemotherapy.
Single cell protein. Microbial culture technique and its applications – Strain Isolation and Improvement – Isolation of microbial products.
Unit 3 : Immunology
Innate immunity ( Non specic ) – anatomical Barriers- Physiological barriers-phagocytic barriers Lymphoidal organs-Thymus- Bursa of fabricius- Peripheral Lymphoid organs-Lymph nodes- Transplantation immunology- Autoimmune disorders.
Unit 4 : Modern Genetics and Animal Biotechnology
Introduction-scope-Human Genetics Karyotyping Chromosome gene mapping-Recombinant DNA technology and segmenting-genetic diseases-Human genome project-cloning-Transgenic organisms- Genetically modified organism ( GMO ) – Gene therapy- Animal cell culture and its applications-Stem cell technology- Bioethics of genetic engineering in animals.
Unit 5 : Environmental Science
Human population and explosion-issue-Global Warming Crisis-Green house effect-Ozone layer depletion- waste management-Biodiversity conservation ( Biosphere reserve )
Unit 6 : Applied Biology
Livestock and management-Breeds-Farming method- poultry diseases-Economic value Pisciculture
Unit 7 : Theories of Evolution
Lamarckism-Darwinism-Modern concept of natural selection-species of concept-origin of species and isolating mechanism.
Online Application 14 December 2020 to 21 January 2021.
Application Form Submission 16 Dec 2020 to 16 Jan 2021.