BEEE Zoology Syllabus

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BEEE 2019 Zoology Syllabus

Zoology

Unit I : Human Physiology

Nutrition – introduction – carbohydrates – proteins – lipids – vitamins mineral – water – Balanced diet – calorie value – ( ICBM standard ) obesity – Hyperglycemia – hypoglycemia – malnutrition.

Digestion – enzymes and enzyme action – Bones and Joints ( Major types ) – Muscles – muscle action – muscle tone – Rigor Mortis – aerobic exercises ( body building ) myasthenia gravis.

Respiration – Process of pulmonary respiration – inspiration Expiration – Exchange of gases at alveolar level – Circulation – Functioning of heart origin and conduction of heart beat – Artificial pacemaker – coronary blood vessels and its significance – myocardial infarction – Angina pectoria – Atherosclerosis – heart attack -Resuscitation in heart attack ( First aid ) Blood components- functions-plasma-corpuscles-blood clotting-anticoagulants- Thrombosis-embolism-blood related diseases like polycythemia-Leukemia-Lymph fluid. Physiological Co ordination System: Brain-functioning of different regions-memory-sleepstroke- Alzheimer’s disease-meningitis-Thyroidparathyroid hormones-insulin and glucagon-Hormones of adrenal cortex and medulla-Reproductive hormonesproblems related to secretion, non secretion of hormones.

Receptor Organs: Eye-Focussing mechanism and photo chemistry of retina-short sightedness-Nyctalopia-Eye infection-conjunctivitis-Glaucoma-Ear-Hearing mechanism- Hearing impairments and aids – Noise pollution and its importance-skin-melanin functions – Effect of solar radiation  /  UV Excretion: Ureotelism-urea-Biosynthesis( ornithine cycle ) Nephron- ultrafiltration-tubular reabsorption and tubular secretion- Renal failure-Dialysis kidney stone formation kidney transplantation-Diabetes. Reproductive System: Brief account of spermatogenesis and oogenesismenstrual cycle-in vitro fertilization- Birth control

Unit 2 : Microbiology

Introduction-History of medical microbiology-The influence of Pasteur, Koch and Lister-Virology-structure Genetics culture and diseases-AIDS and its control- Bacteriology-structure, Genetics and diseases-protozoan microbiology-Diseases oriented-pathogenecity of micro organism-anti microbial resistance chemotherapy.

Single cell protein. Microbial culture technique and its applications – Strain Isolation and Improvement – Isolation of microbial products.

Unit 3 : Immunology

Innate immunity ( Non specic ) – anatomical Barriers- Physiological barriers-phagocytic barriers Lymphoidal organs-Thymus- Bursa of fabricius- Peripheral Lymphoid organs-Lymph nodes- Transplantation immunology- Autoimmune disorders.

Unit 4 : Modern Genetics and Animal Biotechnology

Introduction-scope-Human Genetics Karyotyping Chromosome gene mapping-Recombinant DNA technology and segmenting-genetic diseases-Human genome project-cloning-Transgenic organisms- Genetically modified organism ( GMO ) – Gene therapy- Animal cell culture and its applications-Stem cell technology- Bioethics of genetic engineering in animals.

Unit 5 : Environmental Science

Human population and explosion-issue-Global Warming Crisis-Green house effect-Ozone layer depletion- waste management-Biodiversity conservation ( Biosphere reserve )

Unit 6 : Applied Biology

Livestock and management-Breeds-Farming method- poultry diseases-Economic value Pisciculture

Unit 7 : Theories of Evolution

Lamarckism-Darwinism-Modern concept of natural selection-species of concept-origin of species and isolating mechanism.