BITSAT Chemistry Syllabus 2016
|BITSAT 2016 Question Bank CD -|
BITSAT 2016 Chemistry Syllabus – Page 1
1. States of Matter
- Measurement : Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
- Chemical reactions : Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
- Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points. Gaseous state : Gas Laws, ideal behavior, ideal gas equation, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro number, Kinetic theory – Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
- Liquid state : Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
- Solid state : Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell in two dimensional and three dimensional lattices, calculation of density of unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite, metals. Voids, number of atoms per unit cell in a cubic unit cell, Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description. Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors and insulators, and n- and p- type semiconductors.
2. Atomic Structure
- Introduction : Radioactivity, Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Thompson’s model and its limitations, Rutherford’s picture of atom and its limitations; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model and its limitations.
- Quantum mechanics : Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom : Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes ( s, p, and d ), Spin quantum number.
- Many electron atoms : Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
- Periodicity : Brief history of the development of periodic tables Periodic law and the modern periodic table ; Types of elements : s, p, d, and f blocks ; Periodic trends : ionization energy, atomic and ionic radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.
3. Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure
- Valence electrons, Ionic Bond : Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle; Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of covalent bond, bond parameters
- Molecular Structure : Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
- Covalent Bond : Valence Bond Theory – Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridization ( s, p & d orbitals only ), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory – Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species ( qualitative idea only )
- Metallic Bond : Qualitative description.
- Intermolecular Forces : Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.
- Basic Concepts : Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
- First Law of Thermodynamics : Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities and specific heats, measurements of ∆U and ∆H, Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law.Bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, dilution
- Second Law : Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium.
- Third Law : Introduction
5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria
- Concentration Units : Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
- Solutions : Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass , solid solutions, abnormal molecular mass, van’t Hoff factor. Equilibrium: Dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action
- Physical Equilibrium : Equilibria involving physical changes ( solid-liquid, liquid-gas, solid-gas ), Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
- Chemical Equilibria : Equilibrium constants ( KP, KC ), Le – Chatelier’s principle.
- Ionic Equilibria : Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases ( Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted ) and their dissociation; degree of ionization, Ionization of Water, ionization of polybasic acids, pH; Buffer solutions; Henderson equation, Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
- Factors Affecting Equilibria : Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of ΔG and ΔG° in Chemical Equilibria.
- Redox Reactions : Oxidation-reduction reactions ( electron transfer concept ); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; standard electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
- Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; Variations of conductivity with concentration, Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Electrolysis, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Coulometer; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, Cl2 & F2.
7. Chemical Kinetics
- Aspects of Kinetics : Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half life for zero and first order reactions.
- Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions : Concentration of the reactants, size of particles; Temperature dependence of rate constant concept of collision theory ( elementary idea, no mathematical treatment ); Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules.
- Mechanism of Reaction : Elementary reactions; Complex reactions; Reactions involving two/three steps only.
7.4 Surface Chemistry
Adsorption – physisorption and chemisorption; factors affecting adsorption of gasses on solids; catalysis: homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity: enzyme catalysis, colloidal state: distinction between true solutions, colloids and suspensions; lyophillic, lyophobic multi molecular and macromolecular colloids; properties of colloids; Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, coagulations; emulsions – types of emulsions.
8. Hydrogen and s-block elements
- Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide; preparation, reaction, structure & use ,Hydrogen as a fuel.
- s-block elements : Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships; trends in the variation of properties ( ionization energy, atomic & ionic radii ).
- Alkali metals : Lithium, sodium and potassium : occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens water and liquid ammonia; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
- Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with O2, H2O, H2 and halogens; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Biological importance of Ca and Mg; Preparation, properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4; Lime and limestone, cement.
9. p- d- and f-block elements
- General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group; electronic configuration, oxidation states; anomalous properties of first element of each group.
- Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
- Group 14 elements: Carbon: Carbon: carbon catenation, physical & chemical properties, uses, allotropes ( graphite, diamond, fullerenes ), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon : Silica, silicates, silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites, and their uses
- Group 15 elements : Dinitrogen; Preparation, reactivity and uses of nitrogen; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Compound of nitrogen; Ammonia: Haber’s process, properties and reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Properties and Ostwald’s process of nitric acid production; Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus; Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids ( elementary idea only ) and halides of phosphorus, phosphine.
- Group 16 elements : Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur; Preparation / production properties and uses of sulphur and sulphuric acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids ( structures only ), hydrides and halides of sulphur.
- Group 17 and group 18 elements : Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids halogens ( Structure only ); preparation, properties & uses of chlorine & HCL; Inter halogen compounds; Bleaching Powder, Uses of Group 18 Elements, Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
- d-block elements : General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; ionization enthalpy; Ionic radii; Color; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of CuSO4, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4, Mercury halides; Silver nitrate and silver halides; Photography.
- f-block elements: Lanthanides and actinides; Oxidation states and chemical reactivity of lanthanide compounds; Lanthanide contraction and its consequenses; Comparison of actinides and lanthanides.
- Coordination Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werner’s coordination theory; IUPAC nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds ( in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems e.g. chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and hemoglobin ); Bonding: Valence-bond approach, Crystal field theory ( qualitative ); Stability constants; Shapes, color and magnetic properties; Isomerism including stereoisomerisms; Organometallic compounds.
Bitsat 2016 Navigation : BITSAT 2016 Results, BITSAT 2016 English Proficiency and Logical Reasoning Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Biology Syllabus , BITSAT Syllabus for Chemistry 2016, BITSAT 2016 Chemistry Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Physics Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Mathematics Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Test Centres, BITSAT 2016 Test Format, BITSAT 2016 Application Form, BITSAT 2016 Eligibility Criteria, BITSAT 2016 Entrance Exam, BITSAT Preparation Question Bank CD
Bitsat Related : BITSAT 2016 Chemistry Syllabus, BITSAT Online Test Syllabus 2016, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus Material, BITSAT Chemistry Syllabus 2016, BITS Pilani Entrance Exam Syllabus 2016, BITS Pilani 2016 Chemistry Syllabus, BITS Pilani 2016 Syllabus Download, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus for Chemistry, BITS Admission Test Syllabus 2016, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus Pattern, BITS Pilani 2016 Study Material, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus PDF, BITSAT 2016 Examination Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Detailed Syllabus, BITS Pilani 2016 Syllabus, BITSAT 2016 Syllabus Portion, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test Syllabus 2016,
BITS Admission Test – BITSAT 2016 Syllabus for Chemistry Details – Birla Institute of Technology – Chemistry Syllabus for BITS Pilani 2016 – BITS Admission Test Syllabus 2016
Posted In engineering entrance exam : bitsat : Leave a response for bitsat chemistry syllabus 2016 by shanmugapriya