BITSAT Chemistry Syllabus 2013
|BITSAT 2013 Online Practice Test Available Now|
BITSAT 2013 Chemistry Syllabus – Page 2
1. States of Matter
- Measurement : Physical quantities and SI units, Dimensional analysis, Precision, Significant figures.
- Chemical reactions: Laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory; Mole concept; Atomic, molecular and molar masses; Percentage composition empirical & molecular formula; Balanced chemical equations & stoichiometry
- Gaseous state : Gas Laws, Kinetic theory – Maxwell distribution of velocities, Average, root mean square and most probable velocities and relation to temperature, Diffusion; Deviation from ideal behaviour – Critical temperature, Liquefaction of gases, van der Waals equation.
- Liquid state : Vapour pressure, surface tension, viscosity.
- Solid state : Classification; Space lattices & crystal systems; Unit cell – Cubic & hexagonal systems; Close packing; Crystal structures: Simple AB and AB2 type ionic crystals, covalent crystals – diamond & graphite, metals. Imperfections- Point defects, non-stoichiometric crystals; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties; Amorphous solids – qualitative description.
2. Atomic Structure
- Introduction : Radioactivity, Subatomic particles; Atomic number, isotopes and isobars, Rutherford’s picture of atom; Hydrogen atom spectrum and Bohr model.
- Quantum mechanics : Wave-particle duality – de Broglie relation, Uncertainty principle; Hydrogen atom: Quantum numbers and wavefunctions, atomic orbitals and their shapes (s, p, and d), Spin quantum number.
- Many electron atoms : Pauli exclusion principle; Aufbau principle and the electronic configuration of atoms, Hund’s rule.
- Periodic law and the modern periodic table; Types of elements: s, p, d, and f blocks; Periodic trends: ionization energy, atomic and ionic radii, electron affinity, electro negativity and valency.
3. Chemical Bonding & Molecular Structure
- Ionic Bond: Lattice Energy and Born-Haber cycle, Covalent character of ionic bonds and polar character of covalent bond.
- Molecular Structure: Lewis picture & resonance structures, VSEPR model & molecular shapes
- Covalent Bond: Valence Bond Theory- Orbital overlap, Directionality of bonds & hybridistaion (s & p orbitals only), Resonance; Molecular orbital theory- Methodology, Orbital energy level diagram, Bond order, Magnetic properties for homonuclear diatomic species.
- Metallic Bond: Qualitative description.
- Intermolecular Forces: Polarity; Dipole moments; Hydrogen Bond.
- Basic Concepts : Systems and surroundings; State functions; Intensive & Extensive Properties; Zeroth Law and Temperature
- First Law of Thermodynamics : Work, internal energy, heat, enthalpy, heat capacities; Enthalpies of formation, phase transformation, ionization, electron gain; Thermochemistry; Hess’s Law.Bond dissociation, combustion, atomization, sublimation, dilution
- Second Law : Spontaneous and reversible processes; entropy; Gibbs free energy related to spontaneity and non-mechanical work; Standard free energies of formation, free energy change and chemical equilibrium.
- Third Law: Introduction
5. Physical and Chemical Equilibria
- Concentration Units : Mole Fraction, Molarity, and Molality
- Solutions : Solubility of solids and gases in liquids, Vapour Pressure, Raoult’s law, Relative lowering of vapour pressure, depression in freezing point; elevation in boiling point; osmotic pressure, determination of molecular mass solid solutions.
- Equilibria involving physical changes ( solid-liquid, liquid – gas, solid – gas ), Surface chemistry, Adsorption, Physical and Chemical adsorption, Langmuir Isotherm, Colloids and emulsion, classification, preparation, uses.
- Chemical Equilibria : Equilibrium constants ( KP, KC ), Le – Chatelier’s principle.
- Ionic Equilibria : Strong and Weak electrolytes, Acids and Bases (Arrhenius, Lewis, Lowry and Bronsted) and their dissociation; Ionization of Water; pH; Buffer solutions; Acid-base titrations; Hydrolysis; Solubility Product of Sparingly Soluble Salts; Common Ion Effect.
- Factors Affecting Equilibria : Concentration, Temperature, Pressure, Catalysts, Significance of ΔG and ΔG° in Chemical Equilibria.
- Redox Reactions : Oxidation-reduction reactions (electron transfer concept); Oxidation number; Balancing of redox reactions; Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; EMF of Galvanic cells; Nernst equation; Factors affecting the electrode potential; Gibbs energy change and cell potential; Secondary cells; Fuel cells; Corrosion and its prevention.
- Electrolytic Conduction: Electrolytic Conductance; Specific and molar conductivities; Kolhrausch’s Law and its application, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis; Coulometer; Electrode potential and electrolysis, Commercial production of the chemicals, NaOH, Na, Al, Cl2 & F2.
7. Chemical Kinetics
- Aspects of Kinetics: Rate and Rate expression of a reaction; Rate constant; Order and molecularity of the reaction; Integrated rate expressions and half life for zero and first order reactions.
- Factor Affecting the Rate of the Reactions : Concentration of the reactants, size of particles; Temperature dependence of rate constant; Activation energy; Catalysis, Surface catalysis, enzymes, zeolites; Factors affecting rate of collisions between molecules.
- Mechanism of Reaction : Elementary reactions; Complex reactions; Reactions involving two/three steps only;
8. Hydrogen and s-block elements
- Hydrogen: Element: unique position in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes; Dihydrogen: preparation, properties, reactions, and uses; Molecular, saline, interstitial hydrides; Water: Properties; Structure and aggregation of water molecules; Heavy water; Hydrogen peroxide; Hydrogen as a fuel.
- s-block elements : Abundance and occurrence; Anomalous properties of the first elements in each group; diagonal relationships.
- Alkali metals : Lithium, sodium and potassium: occurrence, extraction, reactivity, and electrode potentials; Biological importance; Reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens and liquid ammonia; Basic nature of oxides and hydroxides; Halides; Properties and uses of compounds such as NaCl, Na2CO3, NaHCO3, NaOH, KCl, and KOH.
- Alkaline earth metals: Magnesium and calcium: Occurrence, extraction, reactivity and electrode potentials; Reactions with non-metals; Solubility and thermal stability of oxo salts; Biological importance; Properties and uses of important compounds such as CaO, Ca(OH)2, plaster of Paris, MgSO4, MgCl2, CaCO3, and CaSO4; Lime and limestone, cement.
9. p- d- and f-block elements
- General: Abundance, distribution, physical and chemical properties, isolation and uses of elements; Trends in chemical reactivity of elements of a group.
- Group 13 elements: Boron; Properties and uses of borax, boric acid, boron hydrides & halides. Reaction of aluminum with acids and alkalis;
- Group 14 elements: Carbon: Uses, Allotropes (graphite, diamond, fullerenes), oxides, halides and sulphides, carbides; Silicon: Silica, silicates, silicone, silicon tetrachloride, Zeolites.
- Group 15 elements: Dinitrogen; Reactivity and uses of nitrogen and its compounds; Industrial and biological nitrogen fixation; Ammonia: Haber’s process, properties and reactions; Oxides of nitrogen and their structures; Ostwald’s process of nitric acid production; Fertilizers – NPK type; Production of phosphorus; Allotropes of phosphorus; Preparation, structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids and halides of phosphorus.
- Group 16 elements: Isolation and chemical reactivity of dioxygen; Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides; Preparation, structure and properties of ozone; Allotropes of sulphur; Production of sulphur and sulphuric acid; Structure and properties of oxides, oxoacids, hydrides and halides of sulphur.
- Group 17 and group 18 elements: Structure and properties of hydrides, oxides, oxoacids of chlorine; Inter halogen compounds; Bleaching Powder; Preparation, structure and reactions of xenon fluorides, oxides, and oxoacids.
- d-block elements: General trends in the chemistry of first row transition elements; Metallic character; Oxidation state; Ionic radii; Catalytic properties; Magnetic properties; Interstitial compounds; Occurrence and extraction of iron, copper, silver, zinc, and mercury; Alloy formation; Steel and some important alloys; preparation and properties of CuSO4, K2Cr2O7, KMnO4, Mercury halides; Silver nitrate and silver halides; Photography.
- f-block elements: Lanthanides and actinides; Oxidation states and chemical reactivity of lanthanide compounds; Lanthanide contraction; Comparison of actinides and lanthanides.
- Coordination Compounds: Coordination number; Ligands; Werner’s coordination theory; IUPAC nomenclature; Application and importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and biological systems e.g. chlorophyll, vitamin B12, and hemoglobin); Bonding: Valence-bond approach, Crystal field theory (qualitative); Stability constants; Shapes, color and magnetic properties; Isomerism including stereoisomerisms; Organometallic compounds.
Bitsat 2013 Navigation : BITSAT 2013 Results, BITSAT 2013 English Proficiency and Logical Reasoning Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Biology Syllabus , BITSAT 2013 Syllabus for Chemistry, BITSAT 2013 Chemistry Syllabus , BITSAT 2013 Physics Syllabus , BITSAT 2013 Mathematics Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Test Centres, BITSAT 2013 Test Format, BITSAT 2013 Application Form, BITSAT 2013 Eligibility Criteria, BITSAT 2013 Entrance Exam, BITSAT Preparation Question Bank CD
Bitsat Related : BITSAT 2013 Chemistry Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Online Exam Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Syllabus Material, BITSAT Chemistry Syllabus 2013, BITSAT 2013 Chemistry Syllabus Details, BITS Pilani 2013 Exam Syllabus, BITS Pilani 2013 Chemistry Syllabus, BITS Pilani 2013 Syllabus Download, BITSAT 2013 Integrated Course Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Syllabus for Chemistry, BITS Pilani 2013 Admission Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Engineering Syllabus, BITS Pilani 2013 Study Material, BITSAT 2013 Paper Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Examination Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Detailed Syllabus, BITS Pilani 2013 Curriculum Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Test Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Entrance Exam Syllabus, BITSAT 2013 Syllabus Portion, Birla Institute of Technology and Science Syllabus 2013,
Posted In engineering entrance exam : bitsat : Leave a response for bitsat chemistry syllabus 2013 by sudha