BITSAT Biology SyllabusEngineering Entrance Exam » Bitsat »
BITSAT Biology Syllabus 2018, BITSAT Entrance Exam Syllabus, BITS Pilani Entrance Exam Syllabus 2018, BITSAT Biology Syllabus Download 2018, BITSAT Test Biology Syllabus 2018, BITS Pilani 2018 Syllabus for Biology, Biology Syllabus for BITSAT 2018, BITSAT Examination Syllabus 2018, BITSAT Entrance Test Syllabus 2018, BITSAT Admission Syllabus 2018, BITS Pilani 2018 Exam Biology Syllabus, BITSAT Detailed Biology Syllabus 2018, BITSAT Biology Syllabus Material 2018, BITSAT Syllabus Portions 2018, BITSAT Study Material 2018, BITS Pilani Biology Syllabus 2018
|Home Page||Entrance Exam||Eligibility||Application Form||Exam Pattern||Test Centres|
|Syllabus||Mathematics Syllabus||Physics Syllabus||Chemistry Syllabus||English Syllabus||Results|
BITSAT 2018 Biology Syllabus
Diversity in Living World
- Biology – its meaning and relevance to mankind
- What is living; Taxonomic categories and aids; Systematics and Binomial system of nomenclature.
- Introductory classification of living organisms ( Two-kingdom system, Five-kingdom system );
- Plant kingdom – Salient features of major groups ( Algae to Angiosperms );
- Animal kingdom – Salient features of Nonchordates up to phylum, and Chordates up to class level.
Cell: The Unit of Life; Structure and Function
- Cell wall; Cell membrane; Endomembrane system ( ER, Golgi apparatus / Dictyosome, Lysosomes, Vacuoles ); Mitochondria; Plastids; Ribosomes; Cytoskeleton; Cilia and Flagella; Centrosome and Centriole; Nucleus; Microbodies.
- Structural differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic, and between plant and animal cells.
- Cell cycle ( various phases ); Mitosis; Meiosis.
- Biomolecules – Structure and function of Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids, and Nucleic acids.
- Enzymes – Chemical nature, types, properties and mechanism of action.
Genetics and Evolution
- Mendelian inheritance; Chromosome theory of inheritance; Gene interaction; Incomplete dominance; Co-dominance; Complementary genes; Multiple alleles;
- Linkage and Crossing over; Inheritance patterns of hemophilia and blood groups in humans.
- DNA – its organization and replication; Transcription and Translation;
- Gene expression and regulation; DNA fingerprinting.
- Theories and evidences of evolution, including modern Darwinism.
Structure and Function – Plants
- Morphology of a flowering plant; Tissues and tissue systems in plants; Anatomy and function of root, stem ( including modifications ), leaf, inflorescence, flower ( including position and arrangement of different whorls, placentation ), fruit and seed; Types of fruit; Secondary growth;
- Absorption and movement of water ( including diffusion, osmosis and water relations of cell ) and of nutrients; Translocation of food; Transpiration and gaseous exchange; Mechanism of stomatal movement.
- Mineral nutrition – Macro- and micro-nutrients in plants including deficiency disorders; Biological nitrogen fixation mechanism.
- Photosynthesis – Light reaction, cyclic and non-cyclic photophosphorylation; various pathways of carbon dioxide fixation; Photorespiration; Limiting factors.
- Respiration – Anaerobic, Fermentation, Aerobic; Glycolysis, TCA cycle; Electron transport system; Energy relations.
Structure and Function – Animals
- Human Physiology – Digestive system – organs, digestion and absorption; Respiratory system – organs, breathing and exchange and transport of gases.
- Body fluids and circulation – Blood, lymph, double circulation, regulation of cardiac activity; Hypertension, Coronary artery diseases.
- Excretion system – Urine formation, regulation of kidney function
- Locomotion and movement – Skeletal system, joints, muscles, types of movement.
- Control and co-ordination – Central and peripheral nervous systems, structure and function of neuron, reflex action and sensory reception; Role of various types of endocrine glands; Mechanism of hormone action.
Reproduction, Growth and Movement in Plants
- Asexual methods of reproduction;
- Sexual Reproduction – Development of male and female gametophytes; Pollination ( Types and agents ); Fertilization; Development of embryo, endosperm, seed and fruit ( including parthenocarpy and elminth ).
- Growth and Movement – Growth phases; Types of growth regulators and their role in seed dormancy, germination and movement;
- Apical dominance; Senescence; Abscission; Photo – periodism; Vernalisation;
- Various types of movements.
Reproduction and Development in Humans
- Male and female reproductive systems;
- Menstrual cycle; Gamete production; Fertilisation; Implantation;
- Embryo development;
- Pregnancy and parturition;
- Birth control and contraception.
Ecology and Environment
- Meaning of ecology, environment, habitat and niche.
- Ecological levels of organization ( organism to biosphere ); Characteristics of Species, Population, Biotic Community and Ecosystem; Succession and Climax. Ecosystem – Biotic and abiotic components; Ecological pyramids; Food chain and Food web;
- Energy flow; Major types of ecosystems including agroecosystem.
- Ecological adaptations – Structural and physiological features in plants and animals of aquatic and desert habitats.
- Biodiversity and Environmental Issues – Meaning, types and conservation strategies ( Biosphere reserves, National parks and Sanctuaries ), Air and Water Pollution ( sources and major pollutants ); Global warming and Climate change; Ozone depletion; Noise pollution; Radioactive pollution; Methods of pollution control ( including an idea of bioremediation ); Deforestation; Extinction of species ( Hot Spots ).
Biology and Human Welfare
- Animal husbandry – Livestock, Poultry, Fisheries; Major animal diseases and their control. Pathogens of major communicable diseases of humans caused by fungi, bacteria, viruses, protozoans and elminthes, and their control.
- Cancer; AIDS.
- Adolescence and drug / alcohol abuse;
- Basic concepts of immunology.
- Plant Breeding and Tissue Culture in crop improvement.
Biotechnology and its Applications
- Microbes as ideal system for biotechnology;
- Microbial technology in food processing, industrial production ( alcohol, acids, enzymes, antibiotics ), sewage treatment and energy generation.
- Steps in recombinant DNA technology – restriction enzymes, NA insertion by vectors and other methods, regeneration of recombinants
- Applications of R-DNA technology in human health – Production of Insulin, Vaccines and Growth hormones, Organ transplant, Gene therapy.
- Applications in Industry and Agriculture – Production of expensive enzymes, strain improvement to scale up bioprocesses, GM crops by transfer of genes for nitrogen fixation, herbicide-resistance and pest-resistance including Bt crops.