**BITSAT Physics Syllabus**

**Units & Measurement**

- Units ( Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units )
- Dimensional Analysis
- Precision and significant figures
- Fundamental measurements in Physics ( Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc )

**Kinematics**

- Properties of vectors
- Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
- Motion with constant acceleration
- Projectile motion
- Uniform circular motion
- Relative motion

**Newton’s Laws of Motion**

- Newton’s laws ( free body diagram, resolution of forces )
- Motion on an inclined plane
- Motion of blocks with pulley systems
- Circular motion – centripetal force
- Inertial and non-inertial frames

**Impulse and Momentum**

- Definition of impulse and momentum
- Conservation of momentum
- Collisions
- Momentum of a system of particles
- Center of mass

**Work and Energy**

- Work done by a force
- Kinetic energy and work- energy theorem
- Power
- Conservative forces and potential energy
- Conservation of mechanical energy

**Rotational Motion**

- Description of rotation ( angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration )
- Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
- Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
- Torque and angular momentum
- Conservation of angular momentum
- Rolling motion

**Gravitation**

- Newton’s law of gravitation
- Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
- Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

**Mechanics of Solids and Fluids**

- Elasticity
- Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
- Viscosity and Surface Tension
- Bernoulli’s theorem.

**Oscillations**

- Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
- Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
- Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

**Waves**

- Progressive sinusoidal waves
- Standing waves in strings and pipes
- Superposition of waves, beats
- Doppler Effect

**Heat and Thermodynamics**

- Kinetic theory of gases
- Thermal equilibrium and temperature
- Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling
- Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
- 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance

**Electrostatics**

- Coulomb’s law
- Electric field ( discrete and continuous charge distributions )
- Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
- Gauss’ law and its applications
- Electric dipole
- Capacitance and dielectrics ( parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel )

**Current Electricity**

- Ohm’s law, Joule heating
- D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge,
- Electrical Resistance ( Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity ).

**Magnetic Effect of Current**

- Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
- Ampere’s law and its applications
- Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
- Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

**Electromagnetic Induction**

- Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
- Self and mutual inductance
- Transformers and generators
- Alternating current ( peak and rms value )
- AC circuits, LCR circuits

**Optics**

- Laws of reflection and refraction
- Lenses and mirrors
- Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
- Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
- Interference in thin films
- Diffraction due to a single slit
- Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics ( only qualitative ideas ), Electromagnetic spectrum
- Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law

**Modern Physics**

- Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect. De Broglie wavelength
- Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
- Hydrogen atom spectrum
- Radioactivity
- Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy

**Electronic Devices**

- Energy bands in solids ( qualitative ideas only ), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
- Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
- Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier ( common emitter configuration ) and oscillator
- Logic gates ( OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NO R). Transistor as a switch.

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