BITSAT Physics Syllabus

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BITSAT  Physics Syllabus

Units & Measurement

  • Units ( Different systems of units, SI units, fundamental and derived units )
  • Dimensional Analysis
  • Precision and significant figures
  • Fundamental measurements in Physics ( Vernier calipers, screw gauge, Physical balance etc )

Kinematics

  • Properties of vectors
  • Position, velocity and acceleration vectors
  • Motion with constant acceleration
  • Projectile motion
  • Uniform circular motion
  • Relative motion

Newton’s Laws of Motion

  • Newton’s laws ( free body diagram, resolution of forces )
  • Motion on an inclined plane
  • Motion of blocks with pulley systems
  • Circular motion – centripetal force
  • Inertial and non-inertial frames

Impulse and Momentum

  • Definition of impulse and momentum
  • Conservation of momentum
  • Collisions
  • Momentum of a system of particles
  • Center of mass

Work and Energy

  • Work done by a force
  • Kinetic energy and work- energy theorem
  • Power
  • Conservative forces and potential energy
  • Conservation of mechanical energy

Rotational Motion

  • Description of rotation ( angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration )
  • Rotational motion with constant angular acceleration
  • Moment of inertia, Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems, rotational kinetic energy
  • Torque and angular momentum
  • Conservation of angular momentum
  • Rolling motion

Gravitation

  • Newton’s law of gravitation
  • Gravitational potential energy, Escape velocity
  • Motion of planets – Kepler’s laws, satellite motion

Mechanics of Solids and Fluids

  • Elasticity
  • Pressure, density and Archimedes’ principle
  • Viscosity and Surface Tension
  • Bernoulli’s theorem.

Oscillations

  • Kinematics of simple harmonic motion
  • Spring mass system, simple and compound pendulum
  • Forced & damped oscillations, resonance

Waves

  • Progressive sinusoidal waves
  • Standing waves in strings and pipes
  • Superposition of waves, beats
  • Doppler Effect

Heat and Thermodynamics

  • Kinetic theory of gases
  • Thermal equilibrium and temperature
  • Specific heat, Heat Transfer – Conduction, convection and radiation, thermal conductivity, Newton’s law of cooling
  • Work, heat and first law of thermodynamics
  • 2nd law of thermodynamics, Carnot engine – Efficiency and Coefficient of performance

Electrostatics

  • Coulomb’s law
  • Electric field ( discrete and continuous charge distributions )
  • Electrostatic potential and Electrostatic potential energy
  • Gauss’ law and its applications
  • Electric dipole
  • Capacitance and dielectrics ( parallel plate capacitor, capacitors in series and parallel )

Current Electricity

  • Ohm’s law, Joule heating
  • D.C circuits – Resistors and cells in series and parallel, Kirchoff’s laws, potentiometer and Wheatstone bridge,
  • Electrical Resistance ( Resistivity, origin and temperature dependence of resistivity ).

Magnetic Effect of Current

  • Biot-Savart’s law and its applications
  • Ampere’s law and its applications
  • Lorentz force, force on current carrying conductors in a magnetic field
  • Magnetic moment of a current loop, torque on a current loop, Galvanometer and its conversion to voltmeter and ammeter

Electromagnetic Induction

  • Faraday’s law, Lenz’s law, eddy currents
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Transformers and generators
  • Alternating current ( peak and rms value )
  • AC circuits, LCR circuits

Optics

  • Laws of reflection and refraction
  • Lenses and mirrors
  • Optical instruments – telescope and microscope
  • Interference – Huygen’s principle, Young’s double slit experiment
  • Interference in thin films
  • Diffraction due to a single slit
  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics ( only qualitative ideas ), Electromagnetic spectrum
  • Polarization – states of polarization, Malus’ law, Brewster’s law

Modern Physics

  • Dual nature of light and matter – Photoelectric effect. De Broglie wavelength
  • Atomic models – Rutherford’s experiment, Bohr’s atomic model
  • Hydrogen atom spectrum
  • Radioactivity
  • Nuclear reactions : Fission and fusion, binding energy

Electronic Devices

  • Energy bands in solids ( qualitative ideas only ), conductors, insulators and semiconductors;
  • Semiconductor diode – I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; I-V characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell, and Zener diode; Zener diode as a voltage regulator.
  • Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor; transistor as an amplifier ( common emitter configuration ) and oscillator
  • Logic gates ( OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NO R). Transistor as a switch.

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