MUEEE Exam Chemistry Syllabus

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MUEEE 2021 Chemistry Syllabus

Section – C : Organic Chemistry Syllabus

Unit 19 : Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds

Purification : Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications.

Qualitative Analysis : Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.

Quantitative Analysis ( basic principles only ) : Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus. Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae; Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis.

Unit 20 : Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry

Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization ( s and p ); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups : – C = C – , – C ? C – and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.

Nomenclature ( Trivial and IUPAC )

Covalent Bond Fission : Homolytic and heterolytic : free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.

Electronic Displacement in a Covalent Bond : Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.

Common Types of Organic Reactions : Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.

Unit 21 : Hydrocarbons

Classification, isomerism, IUPAC nomenclature, general methods of preparation, properties and reactions.

Alkanes : Conformations : Sawhorse and Newman projections ( of ethane ); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.

Alkenes : Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition : addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides ( Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect ); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.

Alkynes : Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons : Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution : halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in mono – substituted benzene.

Unit 22 : Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of C – X bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions. Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT.

Unit 23 : Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers

Alcohols : Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration.

Phenols : Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions : halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer – Tiemann reaction.

Ethers : Structure.

Aldehyde and Ketones : Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions ( addition of HCN, NH and its derivatives ), Grignard reagent; oxidation; 3 reduction ( Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen ); acidity of – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to.

Carboxylic Acids : Acidic strength and factors affecting it.

Unit 24 : Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.

Amines : Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.

Diazonium Salts : Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.

Unit 25 : Polymers

General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation, copolymerization; Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polythene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.

Unit 26 : Bio Molecules

General introduction and importance of bio – molecules.

Carbohydrates : Classification : aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides ( glucose and fructose ), constituent monosaccharides of oligosacchorides ( sucrose, lactose, maltose ) and polysaccharides ( starch, cellulose, glycogen ).

Proteins : Elementary Idea of – amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins : primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure ( qualitative idea only ), denaturation of proteins, enzymes.

Vitamins : Classification and functions.

Nucleic Acids : Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids.

Unit 27 : Chemistry in Everyday Life

Chemicals in Medicines : Analgesics, tranquilizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamins – their meaning and common examples.

Chemicals in Food : Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples. Cleansing agents – Soaps and detergents, cleansing action.

Unit 28 : Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

  • Detection of extra elements ( N,S, halogens ) in organic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups : hydroxyl ( alcoholic and phenolic ), carbonyl ( aldehyde and ketone ), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds. Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following :
  • Inorganic compounds : Mohr’s salt, potash alum.
  • Organic compounds : Acetanilide, p – nitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
  • Chemistry involved in the titrimetric excercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalic – acid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis :
  • Cations – Pb2+, Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+.
  • Anions – CO32- , S2-, SO42-, NO2-, NO3-, CI , Br, I. ( Insoluble salts excluded ).
  • Chemical principles involved in the following experiments :
    • Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4.
    • Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
    • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
    • Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.

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