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VITEEE Chemistry Syllabus 2018
1. Atomic Structure
Bohr’s Atomic Model – Sommerfeld’s Extension of Atomic Structure; Electronic Configuration and Quantum Numbers; Shapes of s, p, d, f Orbitals – Pauli’s Exclusion Principle – Hund’s Rule of Maximum Multiplicity – Aufbau Principle. Emission Spectrum, Absorption Spectrum, Line Spectra and Band Spectra; Hydrogen Spectrum – Lyman, Balmer, Poschen, Brakett and Pfund Series; Debroglie’s Theory; Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle – Wave Nature of Electron – Schrodinger Wave Equation ( No Derivation ). Eigen Values and Eigen Functions. Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals Involving s, p, d Orbitals.
2. P, D and F – Block Elements
P Block Elements – Phosphorous Compounds; Pcl3, Pcl5 – Oxides. Hydrogen Halides, Inter Halogen Compounds. Xenon Fluoride Compounds. General Characteristics of D – Block Elements – Electronic Configuration – Oxidation States of First Row Transition Elements and their Colours; Occurrence and Principles of Extraction: Copper, Silver, Gold and Zinc. Preparation, Properties of Cuso4, Agno3 and K2Cr2O7.
Lanthanides – Introduction, Electronic Configuration, General Characteristics, Oxidation State – Lanthanide Contraction, Uses, Brief Comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides.
3. Coordination Chemistry and Solid State Chemistry
Introduction – Terminology in Coordination Chemistry – IUPAC Nomenclature of Mononuclear Coordination Compounds. Isomerism, Geometrical Isomerism in 4 – Coordinate, 6 – Coordinate Complexes. Theories on Coordination Compounds – Werner’s Theory ( Brief ), Valence Bond Theory. Uses of Coordination Compounds. Bioinorganic Compounds ( Hemoglobin and Chlorophyll ).
Lattice – Unit Cell, Systems, Types of Crystals, Packing in Solids; Ionic Crystals – Imperfections in Solids – Point Defects. X – Ray Diffraction – Electrical Property, Amorphous Solids ( Elementary Ideas Only ).
4. Thermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium and Chemical Kinetics
I and II Law Of Thermodynamics – Spontaneous and Non Spontaneous Processes, Entropy, Gibb’s Free Energy – Free Energy Change and Chemical Equilibrium – Significance of Entropy.
Law of Mass Action – Le Chatlier’s Principle, Applications of Chemical Equilibrium. Rate Expression, Order and Molecularity of Reactions, Zero Order, First Order and Pseudo First Order Reaction – Half Life Period. Determination of Rate Constant and Order of Reaction. Temperature Dependence of Rate Constant – Arrhenius Equation and Activation Energy.
Theory of Electrical Conductance; Metallic and Electrolytic Conductance. Faraday’s Laws – Theory of Strong Electrolytes – Specific Resistance, Specific Conductance, Equivalent and Molar Conductance – Variation of Conductance with Dilution – Kohlraush’s Law – Ionic Product of Water, pH and pH – Buffer Solutions – Use of pH Values. Cells – Electrodes and Electrode Potentials – Construction of Cell and EMF Values, Fuel Cells, Corrosion and its Prevention.
6. Isomerism in Organic Compounds
Definition, Classification – Structural Isomerism, Stereo Isomerism – Geometrical and Optical Isomerism. Optical Activity – Chirality – Compounds Containing Chiral Centres – R, S Notation, D, L Notation.
7. Alcohols and Ethers
Nomenclature of Alcohols – Classification of Alcohols – Distinction between 10, 20 and 30 Alcohols – General Methods of Preparation of Primary Alcohols, Properties. Methods of Preparation of Dihydric Alcohols : Glycol – Properties – Uses. Methods of Preparation of Trihydric Alcohols – Properties – Uses. Aromatic Alcohols – Preparation and Properties of Phenols and Benzyl Alcohol.
Ethers – Nomenclature of Ethers – General Methods of Preparation of Aliphatic Ethers – Properties – Uses. Aromatic Ethers – Preparation of Anisole – Uses.
8. Carbonyl Compounds
Nomenclature of Carbonyl Compounds – Comparison of Aldehydes and Ketones. General Methods of Preparation of Aldehydes – Properties – Uses. Aromatic Aldehydes – Preparation of Benzaldehyde – Properties and Uses. Ketones – General Methods of Preparation of Aliphatic Ketones ( Acetone ) – Properties – Uses. Aromatic Ketones – Preparation of Acetophenone – Properties – Uses, Preparation of Benzophenone – Properties. Name Reactions; Clemmenson Reduction, Wolff – Kishner Reduction, Cannizaro Reaction, Claisen Schmidt Reaction, Benzoin Condensation, Aldol Condensation. Preparation and Applications of Grignard Reagents.
9. Carboxylic Acids and their Derivatives
Nomenclature – Preparation of Aliphatic Monocarboxylic Acids – Formic Acid – Properties – Uses. Monohydroxy Mono Carboxylic Acids; Lactic Acid – Synthesis of Lactic Acid. Aliphatic Dicarboxylic Acids; Preparation of Oxalic and Succinic Acid. Aromatic Acids; Benzoic and Salicylic Acid – Properties – Uses. Derivatives of Carboxylic Acids; Acetyl Chloride ( CH3COCl ) – Preparation – Properties – Uses. Preparation of Acetamide, Properties – Acetic Anhydride – Preparation, Properties. Preparation of Esters – Methyl Acetate – Properties.
10. Organic Nitrogen Compounds and Biomolecules
Aliphatic Nitro Compounds – Preparation of Aliphatic Nitroalkanes – Properties – Uses. Aromatic Nitro Compounds – Preparation – Properties – Uses. Distinction between Aliphatic and Aromatic Nitro Compounds. Amines; Aliphatic Amines – General Methods of Preparation – Properties – Distinction between 10, 20 and 30 Amines. Aromatic Amines – Synthesis of Benzylamine – Properties, Aniline – Preparation – Properties – Uses. Distinction between Aliphatic and Aromatic Amine. Aliphatic Nitriles – Preparation – Properties – Uses. Diazonium Salts – Preparation of Benzene Diazoniumchloride – Properties.
Carbohydrates – Distinction between Sugars and Non Sugars, Structural Formulae of Glucose, Fructose and Sucrose, with their Linkages, Invert Sugar – Definition, Examples of Polysaccharides and Oligo,
Amino acids – classification with examples, Peptides-properties of peptide bond,
Lipids – Definition, classification with examples, difference between fats, oils and waxes.