Jammu Kashmir BPEE Common Entrance Test Zoology Syllabus
Unit VI : Taxonomy (06)
Salient features of invertebrate phyla: Porifera, Coelenteratea, Platyhelminthes, nemathelminthes, Annelida, Mollusca, Arthropoda, Echinodermata, with typical examples. Salient features of various chordate classes: Cyclostomata, Chondrichthyes, Osteicthyes,Amphibia, Reptilian, Aves and Mammalia, with typical examples. Animal body pattern and symmetry. Body cavity in invertebrates and vertebrates.
Unit VII : Morphology, Anatomy & Physiology (10)
Animal Tissues : Epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous; structure and functions of human skin.
Animal Nutrition : Types, digestive organs of man, physiology of digestion, nutritional requirements of carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals, digestion of carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Gas exchange and transport : respiratory organs in man, mechanisms of respiration, physiology of respiration, respiratory volumes.
Circulation : Composition of blood and lymph and their functions , open and closed type of vascular system, structure and pumping action of human heart, pulmonary, portal and systemic circulation, heart beat and blood pressure.
Excretion and Osmoregulation : Structure of human kidney, structure of nephron, physiology of excretion, ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism, role of kidney in osmoregulation.
Nervous System : Central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, autonomic nervous system, transmission of nerve impulse and reflex action, structure and function of sense organs (eye and ear).
Endocrine system : Endocrine glands in man, hormones and their functions,diseases caused by hormonal imbalance.
Movement and locomotion : Types of joints and fractures, mechanisms of muscle contraction.
Human reproductive system : Female reproductive system and ovarian cycle, menstrual cycle, male reproductive system, spermatogenesis, oogenesis.
Development Biology : Fertilization, zygote formation and cleavage, development of three germinal layers, gerontology, various cellular and extra-cellular changes during ageing, theories of ageing.
Unit VIII : Cell Biology and Genetics (09)
Cell as a basic unit of life-discovery of cell, cell theory; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell and their ultra structure; cell membrance concept (fluid Mosaic model): membrane transport, cellular movement (exocytosis, endocytosis); cell organelles and their functions-nucleus, mitochondria, plastids; endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, lysosomes, microtubules, centriole, vacuole, cytoskeleton, cilia and flagella.
Principles of inheritance, Mendel’s work, principles of dominace, segregation and independent assortment, test cross and back cross.
Incomplete dominace, linkage and crossing over, polygenic inheritance. Structure of eukaryotic chromosomes, nucleosome concept, plasmids and their role. DNA as genetic material-evidence from bacterial transformation and transduction. Nucleic acids-structure of DNA, DNA duplication, structure of RNA and its types. Genetic code, and protein synthesis, transcription translation, reverse transcription. Gene expression in prokaryotes with special reference to Lacoperon. Cell division-mitosis, meiosis.
Aneuploidy of autosomes (Down’s Edward, Patau’s syndrome), Aneuploidy of sex chromosomes (Klinefelter’s syndrome, super-female, super-male, Turner’s Syndrome), genetic councelling.
Unit IX : Origin of Life and Evolution (06)
Origin of life-Oparin Haldane theory, Miller experiment, theories of evolution, Evidences of evolution, sources of variations (mutation and recombination in relation of evolution, genetic drift, migration, natural selection).
Evidences in favour of organic evolution-morphological, palaeontological, embryological and comparative anatomy.
Darwinism and Neo – Darwinism
Evolution of man.
Speciation and isolation. ( geographical and reproductive. )
Unit X : Environmental and Human Welfare (07)
Population, environment and development, population growth and factors vitality-natality, mortality, immigration, emigration, age and sex ratio); impact of population growth; reproductive health ; common problems of adolescence (Drugs, Alcohol and Tobacco); social and moral implications; mental and addictive disorders; Risks of indiscriminate use of drugs antibiotics; population as a resource. Recent advances in vaccines; organ transplantation; immune disorders, modern techniques in diseases diagnosis; AIDS, ST, cancer ( Types, causes, diagnosis, treatment ); biotechnology in therapeutics-hormones, interferon and immuno modulations.