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**HNB Garhwal University 2017 Syllabus**

**B.H.M., M.A. in Mass Communication, M.S.W., B.Lib., Advanced PG Diploma in Environmental Economics, PG Diploma in Business Administration, PG Diploma in Company Administration, PG Diploma in Human Rights & Value Education:**

These courses where the essential qualification is 10+2 or graduation in any discipline, the Entrance test shall consist of the multiple choice questions pertaining to general awareness, general knowledge, and current affairs and elementary knowledge of the subject

**M.A. in Yoga & Alternative Therapies and PG Diploma in Yogic Sciences :** The entrance test shall contain 20 questions related to General Knowledge, 20 questions related to current affairs, 20 questions related to verbal and non verbal Reasoning and 40 questions related to applied Yoga and Yoga Philosophy ( Multiple choice questions ).

**M.A. in Theatre :** Multiple choice questions pertaining to general awareness about cultural and social issues, general knowledge, current affairs and elementary knowledge of literature and folklore of the region the candidate belongs.

**PG Diploma in Women Studies :** Concept and need of Women studies, Women’s movement, Women commission in India, Liberal feminism, Marxist feminism, Radical feminism, Socialist feminism, Women’s issues-Education, Health, Work, rights, violence, Indian constitution, policies, laws, gender equality and environment.

**M.Sc. Microbiology :** Multiple choice questions related to general phenomena of Science, instruments used in biological sciences, Bachelor’s level biology ( taxonomy of plant kingdom, physiology, anatomy, embryology, plant breeding, evolution, ecology, plant pathology. Chordates and non chordate, human physiology, embryology, evolution, cytology, animal behaviour, endocrinology, genetics. Molecular biology and gene cloning, biochemistry, biotechnology of plant and animal, microbiology, bioinformatics, nanotechnology, pathology and immunology ) and Chemistry course.

**M.Sc ( Ag ) Seed Science and Technology :** Cytogenetics, Molecular biology and Biotechnology Structure and function of nucleus; Cell division; Chromosome organization; Extra nuclear genome; Genetic inheritance; Interaction of genes Sex linked inheritance; Genetic variation; DNA, The genetic material; RNA structure and type; Gene concept; Protein structure, genetic code and protein synthesis; Genetic engineering; Biotechnology : Basic concept of tissue culture, cryopreservation, haploid production, Protoplast fusion, Gene bank, Transgenic plants

**Plant Physiology and Biochemistry**

Cell physiology; Types of soil water, water holding capacity, water requirement; Active and passive absorption; Elementary knowledge of macro and micronutrients; Symptoms of mineral deficiency, techniques of water and sand culture; Nitrogen cycle and nitrogen fixation; Photosynthesis, Photophosphorylation; Respiration, Kreb’s cycle, Electron transport, ATP- the biological energy currency; Types and strength of solutions, acid base and salts, pH and buffer solution; Enzyme action; Seed viability and longevity; Seed vigour and its concept; Dormancy and Methods of breaking and inducing dormancy; Biological significance of dormancy; Seed germination and Involvement of hormones and growth regulators; Effect of age, size and position of seed on germination; Environmental stresses controlling seed germination- secondary dormancy, factors influencing seed germinability

**Economic Botany and Plant Breeding**

Importance of plants to mankind; Origin of cultivated plants, Centers of origin; Cultivation of Wheat, paddy and maize; General account of fruit, vegetable and medicinal plants; Plant breeding Aims and objectives, basic technique of plant breeding; Mechanisms of pollination control in crop plants. Self incompatibility, male sterility, GMS, CMS, CGMS, and chemically induced male sterility. Techniques and consequences of hybridization. Heterosis and inbreeding depression in cross pollinated crop; Breeding methods for self –pollinated crops; Breeding methods of cross pollinated crops; Breeding methods for vegetative propagated crops; clone, Clonal selection, hybridization and achievements; Release of new varieties; evaluation, trials and tests, release of new variety by central and state committees; Crop improvement method; Heterosis and inbreeding depression; Mutational breeding; Improved seeds Maintenance and seed testing; NSC and Seed Testing Laboratories; Some important varieties of rice and wheat; Agriculture universities in India.

**Plant Embryology **

Basic vegetative phase, onset of reproductive phase (Anthesis);Introduction of flower types and floral structure in relation to seed development; Development of flower: structure and development of microsporophyll and microsporangium, microsporogenesis, Male gametophyte; structure of microspore and formation of gametes, the abnormal feature of pollen grains; Megasporangium; Different kinds of ovules; Pollination and the process of fertilization, Endosperm; Embryo; Polyembryony; Apomixis: Indian contribution to the plant embryology.

**Plant Pathology**

General symptoms of plant disease; Wart disease of potato; White Rust of Crucifers; Late blight of potato; Loose smut of wheat; Black rust of wheat and Red Rot of Sugarcane; Bacterial and Viral disease of plants; Quarantine for seed(Principle and procedure).

**Seed processing / storage / seed testing / farm management and marketing**

Seed; role of high quality seeds in increasing crop production, seed quality concept and control. Classification of crop plants in relation to mode of reproduction and choice of method for seed production. Genetic purity of varieties; concept, factors responsible for their deterioration, methods of maintenance of genetic purity. System and methods of production of nucleus, breeder, foundation and certified seed. Seed production procedure of following crops with special reference to requirement of isolation, agronomic management, rouging, harvesting and threshing:- Sunflower, Groundnut, Soybean, Mung, Wheat, Sorghum, Rice, and Maize. National and International Seed Organizations, (NSC, CSCB Central Seed Committee, Central Seed Testing Laboratory, ISTA, SCST, AOSA, SAAC). Seed drying; importance and advantages of seed drying, moisture content, Orthodox / recalcitrant seeds, methods of seed moisture measurements, Theory of Seed Drying (wet dry seeds), advantages of mechanical drying equipments, dehumidification and drying of heat sensitive seeds. Relative humidity and equilibrium moisture content of seeds. Seed processing machines; Basic concept in Seed farm management, budgeting and Seed marketing, Farm business analysis, farm size, factors affecting profit and economic size of farm. Seed market surveys, seed industry in relation to global market, concept of WTO, GATT, IPR, UPON, PBR.

**M.Sc. Remote Sensing and GIS application :**

**Section A :** Multiple choice questions related with

- Mathematical Ability & General Awareness;
- Logical Reasoning;
- English Language and Comprehension.

**Section B :** Geographic distribution of crop plants, origin and types of soils. Land degradation, erosion, land reclamation. The Earth and the Solar System, Greenhouse gases and global warming, general weather systems of India. Basic computer awareness and uses. Natural disasters and man made disasters. Man and Environment. Forest Classification, Forest management. Ecosystem, conservation biology. Age of the Earth, Basic principles of stratigraphy. Theories about the origin of life. Renewable and non – renewable resources. Resource Conservation – resource monitoring and management, Sustainable development of natural resources. Methods of estimating population density of animals and plants. Water requirement of crops, Methods of irrigation and drainage, watershed management.

**M.Sc. Environmental Sciences :** Multiple choice questions on the concept, definition and scope of environmental sciences, general awareness on environment ( important events, dates, organizations, movements, persons related with the environmental issues ), Natural resources ( forest, water, energy, land, wildlife ), Ecosystem : concept, structure and function. Biodiversity : definition, level, values, depletion and its conservation. Environmental pollution : ( water, air, marine, noise ). Environmental problems ( global warming, climate change, ozone layer depletion, acid rain, deforestation, disposal of solid waste. ) Social Issues and Environment : ( population explosion, ecosystem politics and conflicts, rehabilitation. ) Environmental problems in the Himalayas. Role of citizens in environmental protection.

**LLB :** Multiple choice 100 questions from the areas of General Knowledge, Current Affairs, and also based on socio legal and constitution of India.

**LLM :** Multiple choice 100 questions from the areas of Jurisprudence, Constitutional Law, Human Rights, Law of Contract and Company Law.

**Education :** Multiple choice 100 questions from the areas of General Knowledge, Current Affairs, Reasoning and subject related.

**M.C.A. :** The Written Test of 2 hours duration shall comprise one paper of 100 marks containing 100 MCQs carrying one mark each.

**Modern Algebra :**Idempotent law, identities, complementary laws, Demorgan’s theorem, mapping inverse relation, equivalence relation, Piano’s Axiom, definition of rational numbers and integers through equivalence relation.**Algebra :**Surds, solution of simultaneous and quadratic equations, arithmetic, geometric and harmonic progression, Binomial theorem for any index, logarithms, exponential and logarithmic series, determinants.**Probability :**Definition, dependent and independent events, numerical problems on addition and multiplication of probability, Theorems of probability.**Trigonometry :**Simple identities, trigonometric equations, properties of triangles, use of mathematical tables, solution of triangles, height and distance, inverse functions, DeMoiver’s theorem.**Co-Ordinate Geometry :**Co – Ordinate geometry of the straight lines, pair of straight lines, circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola and their properties.**Calculus :**Differentiation of function of functions, tangents and normal, simple example of maxima of minima, limits of functions, integration of function ( by parts, by substitution and by partial fraction ), definite integral ( application to volumes and surfaces of frustums of sphere, cone and cylinder ).**Vectors :**Position vector, addition and subtraction of vectors, scalar and vector products and their applications.**Dynamics :**Velocity, composition of velocity, relative velocity, acceleration, composition of acceleration, motion under gravity, projectiles, laws of motions, principles of conservation of momentum and energy, direct impact of smooth bodies, pulleys.**Statics :**Composition of co-planar, concurrent and parallel forces, moments and couples, resultant of set of coplanar forces and conditions of equilibrium, determination of Centroides in simple case, problems involving friction.**Statistics :**Theory of probability, Mean, Median, Mode, Dispersion and Standard Deviation.**Logical Ability :**Questions to test analytical and reasoning capability of candidates.

**B.Tech – Second year through Lateral Entry scheme**

The Written Test of 2 hours duration shall comprise one paper of 100 marks containing 100 MCQs carrying one mark each.

**(a) Aptitude Test for Diploma Holders in Engineering**

- Engineering Mechanics, Engineering Graphics, Basic Electrical Engineering, Basic Electronics Engineering, Elements of Computer Science, Elementary Biology, Basic Workshop Practice and Physics/Chemistry/ Maths of Diploma standard. [or]

**(b) Aptitude Test for B.Sc. Graduate in Engineering**

**Linear Algebra :**Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values and eigen vectors.**Calculus :**Mean values theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivations, Maxima and minima, multiple integrals, Fourier series, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line, Surface and Volume integrals, Stokes, Gauss and Green’s theorems.**Differential equations :**First order equation ( linear and nonlinear ), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s and Euler’s equations, Initial and boundary value problems, Linear partial differential equations with constant coefficients of 2nd order and their classifications and variable separable method.**Complex variables :**Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series, Residue theorem, Solution integrals.**Probability and Statistics :**Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, Median, Mode and Standard deviation, Random variables. Discrete and continuous distributions, Poisson, Normal and Bionomial distribution, Correlation and regression analysis.**Fourier Series :**Periodic functions, Trigonometric series, Fourier series of period 2, Euler’s formulae, Functions having arbitrary period, Change of interval, Even and odd functions, Half range sine and cosine series.**Transform Theory :**Laplace transform, Laplace transform of derivatives and integrals, Inverse Laplace transform, Laplace transform of periodic functions, convolution theorem, Application to solve simple linear and simultaneous differential equations.- Fourier integral, Fourier complex transform, Fourier sine and cosine transforms and applications to simple heat transfer equations.
- Z-transform and its application to solve differential equations.

**B. Pharma. (Ist year) :**

The syllabus for B.Pharm. Entrance Examination shall be based on the syllabus prescribed for 10+2 / intermediate examination or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, Biology or Mathematics & English as subjects of study

**B.Pharma. (Second Year, Lateral Entry)** (Direct Admission to Second Year for D. Pharm. Candidates

only)

The question paper for the Entrance Examination shall be based on Ist and IInd year syllabus of D. Pharm. Education Regulation 1991.

**M.Pharm. :**

Syllabus for the Entrance Test as per the course curriculum of the B.Pharm. prescribed by AICTE /PCI

**Syllabus for other Programmes**

Please visit the University website for the Syllabus of Undergraduate programs of H.N.B. Garhwal University for admission to the other post graduate programs

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Regards,

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