JNTU Syllabus 2015
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc 2015 Syllabus
1. JNTU 2015 MSc Environment Syllabus
i. JNTU MSc Environment 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc Environment 2014 Chemistry Syllabus covers 20 Questions of 20 Marks.
Chemical Kinetics : Types of chemical reactions I, II & III order reactions equations and constants. Kinetic theory of gases; rates of chemical reactions; theories of reaction rates collision and transition state theory; temperature dependence of chemical reactions; consecutive reactions, steady state approximation, kinetics of photochemical reaction, kinetics of free radical polymerization, homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis.
Thermodynamics : Definition of terms – First law of thermodynamic and its application to gases – Heat capacities at constant volume and constant pressure – isothermal and adiabatic changes-Joule Thompson effect – Work of expansion – Reversible pressure and maximum work. Heat changes in chemical reaction at constant pressure and constant volume and their interrelation – Heats of formation, combustion, solution, dilution, and neutralization – Hess law, and its applications – Kirchoof’s equation – Second law of thermodynamics – Carnot cycle – entropy change elementary concept of entropy and free energy.
Non – Transition Elements : General characteristics, structure and reactions of simple and industrially important compounds, boranes, silicates, diamond and graphite, oxides and oxoacids of N.P.S. and halogens, borazines, phosphazenes, xenon compounds. Structure of simple inorganic solids, band theory, metals and semiconductors.
Co – ordination Compounds : Double salts and coordination compounds – Early theories of coordination compounds – Werner’s theory – Sidgiwick’s electronic interpretation – EAN rule – nomenclature – magnetic criteria of bond type – valance bond theory – Elementary treatment of crystal field theory, splitting of d – orbitals for octahedral, square planner and tetrahedral geometry,- isomerism – Storeisom & Geometrical isomerism – optical isomerism – detection of formation of complexes – Composition by Job’s method – Stability, constants – Factors affecting the stability of complexes -importance of complexes in qualitative and quantitative analysis.
5. Structure of Organic Compounds Aliphatic and aromatic compounds – empirical & molecular formulae – functional groups -IUPAC nomenclature – isomerism and stereo – chemistry – structural isomerism ( chain, position, and functional group isomerism ) – Carbohydrates : open chain and cyclic structures of glucose and fructose, inter – conversion of mono saccharides. mention the configuration of (+) glucose and (-) fructose ). Structure and properties of protcins. lipids and Nucleic acids.
6. Photo Chemistry : Basic principles, photochemistry of olefins, carbonyl compounds arenas, photo oxidiation and reduction, pericylcic reactions, cycloadditions electrocyclic reactions and sigma tropic reactions. Woodward Hoffman rules Molecular rearrangements involving electron deficient atoms.
ii. JNTU MSc Environment 2015 Microbiology Syllabus :
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc Environment 2014 Microbiology Syllabus covers 15 Questions of 15 Marks.
1. General characters of protozoa bacteria, virus, algae and fungi and their classification and significance.
2. Microbial Nutrition : Nutritional requirements – types of media : nutritional types.
3. Kinetics of Microbial Growth – growth curve generation time and growth rate continuous culture – Chemostat – turbidostat.
4. Microbial Biochemistry : Glycolysis E D & HMP pathways TCA cyucle electron transport chain – anaerobic respiration – fermentation – oxygenic and anoxygenic photo synthesis – cyclic and Noncyclic photophosphorylation.
5. Physical and chemical agents for control of micro organisms – sterilization – disinfection – antisepsis.
6. Applied Microbiology of water, wastewater, soil, food and air.
iii. JNTU MSc Environment 2014 Ecology & Environmental Science Syllabus :
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc Environment 2015 Ecology & Environmental Syllabus covers 15 Questions of 15 Marks.
1. Introduction of ecology and Ecological Factors. various branches and its relation to other sciences – Fundamental concepts of Ecosystem taking terrestrial, Deciduous forest, Scrubers Jungle, Mangrove pond and Estuarine as examples, Food chains, Energy flow, Tropic levels. Physical factors – temperature, light, Water, their effects on organisms, adaptations of organisms to these factors.
2. Community Structure – Ecological succession and Population Ecology.
3. Environmental pollution, atmosphere, – Air pollution, Hydrosphere – Water pollution Lithosphere-soil pollution and their health effects.
4. Agrochemicals plant Disease Control Chemicals, Pesticides-Fungicides. Plant Growth Hormones. Environmental effects of Agrochemical and Pesticides.
vi. JNTU MSc Environment 2015 Mathematics Syllabus :
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc Environment 2014 Mathematics Syllabus covers 10 Questions of 10 Marks.
Ordinary differential equations ( 1st order, Higher orders ) Probability and Elements of Statistics.
2. JNTU 2015 MSc Biotechnology Syllabus
i. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc Biotechnology 2015 Entrance Exam Paper consists of two parts :
Part A : Will consist of 30 objective type questions from Chemistry and
Part B : Will consist of 30 objective type questions from all the following Physics, Mathematics, Botany, Zoology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Genetics and Microbiology.
i. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :
Co-ordination Chemistry, Organometallic compounds, Metal ions in biological systems, heterocyclic compounds, Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Sterochemistry, Colligative Properties, Chemical Kinetics, Phyto Chemistry, Thermo Dynamics, Electro Chemistry. Chemical bonding, P-block chemistry, Boran, Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Halogen groups, Compounds of noble gases, Principles of Analytical Chemistry, Bonding in metals, d-block elements, f-block elements, Nuclear chemistry.
Organic Chemistry : Structure and reactivity, Nomenclature of Organic compounds, Alkanes, Cycloalkanes, Alkenes and Alkadienes, Alkynes. Arenes, Halogen compounds, Hydroxy compounds, Ethers, Aldehydes and Ketones, Carboxylic acids and their derivaties, Organic Synthesis based on Carboions, Nitrogen compounds. Atomic structure,, Ionic Equilibria, Gaseous state, Solutions, Solids, Phase rule, Colloids, Macromolecules.
i. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Botany Syllabus :
Taxonomy, Brief amount of cytotaxonomy, Elementary account of Ethobotany. Embryology: Micro and megasporogenesis, Monosporic, Bisporic and tertasporic type, of female gametophyte. Monocot and Dicot embryo development Endosperm and Polyembryony. Physiology: Photosynthesis, Respiration.Algae-. General character, and classification of algae: Structure, reproduction, life history. Fungi: General characters and classification of
Fungi : Structure, reproduction, life history. General account of lichens, viruses and bacteria, mushroom cultivation, bio-fertilizers, single Cell protein. Bryophytes : General characters and classification of bryophytes. Gymnosperms: General characters and classification of gymnosperms. Tissue culture and its applications. Ecology: Basic concepts of Ecology: Energy flow through Ecosystems and Ecological Pyramids.
ii. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Zoology Syllabus :
Animal Physiology. Animal Associations : Parasitism, Commensalism, symbiosis. Environments and adoptive features of animals inhabiting pelagic, deepsea, cave, desert Cursorial, Fossorial, Arborial and Volant life. Environmental pollution, Wild life and its conservation. Biology of Invertebrates and Cell Biology: General characters and outline classification of major invertebrate, phyla with examples upto classes. Ultra structure of animal cell. Structure and functions of the following cell organelles: plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi complex, lysosomes, mitochondria, nucleus and its components and ribosomes, Biology of chordates, genetics, evolution & Zoogeography.
iii. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Biochemisty Syllabus :
Metobolism of bio molecules, like carbohydrates, amino acids, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids. Basic aspects of nutrition, endocrinology, clinical biochemistry, enzymology, Biological oxidations. Principles, methodology and applications of various biochemical techniques used in biochemistry. Physiological role of vitamins and minerals.
iv. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Bio – Technology Syllabus :
Fundamentals of Bio-technology. DNA, RNA, proteins and other signal molecules – Bio-chemical techniques. methods of cell disruption analysis of fractionation – dialysis, Centrifugation, chromatography, clectro – phorosis, Respiration and fermentation. Molecular biology and genetic engineering : Nucleic acids as genetic material structure replication of DNA & RNA. Mutation and damage to DNA – Molecular basis, Gene expression: Transcription & Processing of RNA – Genetic code – Regulation, Plasmids and transposable elements. Outlines of DNA technology – enzymes used in gene cloning, vectors, genomic DNA and CDNA libraries and expression of cloned genes.
Applications : Immune system and their functions. Antibody diversity – vaccines and their production. Purification antigens and antibodies: Hybridoma technology and Monoclonal antibodies ELISA, RIA synthetics vaccines. Application of Biotechnology: Animal Cell Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Microbial Biotechnology, Environmental Biotechnology.
v. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Genetics Syllabus :
Genetic Analysis : Mendelian Principles: Law of segregation- law of Independent Assortment Extension to mendalian segregation patterns: co-dominance, Incomplete dominance, lethals, gene interaction – Epistasis, Multiple Alleles, isoalleles and Pseudoisolleles. Chromosomal basis of inheritance. Chromosomal changes: Inversions duplications. Recombination in bacteria. Transduction, Transformation. Recombination in viruses, genetics of sex determination and sex linked inheritance.
v. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Microbiology Syllabus :
History of microbiology, principles and working of light and Electron microscopy. General characters of viruses, Bacteria, Fungi Algae and protozoa. Methods of sterilization and disinfection. Antibodies and their functions. Types of Antigen and antibody reactions. Hypersensitivity. Auto-immunity, vaccines. Soil microorganisms and their importance in carbon and nitrogen cycles. Methods in industrial microbiology. Fermentation equipment. Types of fermentation processes. Microbial pathogenisis and properties of pathogenic microbes. Epidemiology and diagnosis of infections.
v. JNTU MSc Biotechnology 2015 Physics Syllabus :
Electrostatics Gauss’s Law and its applications; conductors, capacitance; die-electrics; Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s Laws and applications Magnetic materials and phenomena, study currents. Ohm’s Law, Kircchoff Law, and circuit theorems. AC through L,C,R circuits and related concepts, resonant circuits; Electronics. diodes, transistors, oscillators, digital electronics, Nuclear fission and fusion, Cyclotron and synchrocyclotron , Cosmic rays. Vectors analysis. Fluid dynamics, laws of thermodynamic and entrophy. Utrasonics, quantum theory of radiation.
3. JNTU 2015 MSc Water & Environmental Science Syllabus
i. JNTU MSc Water & Environmental Science 2015 Mathematics Syllabus :
Elementary Mathematics : Solution of simultaneous linear Equations – Quadratic equations – Progressions-Sum of n – natural numbers-permutations and combinations, Additions, Subtractions and Multiplications of Matrices – Inverse of matrix. Elements of Differentiation. – Concept of Linear, Differential coefficient Differentiation of Algebraic Trigonometric and Exponential functions only. Second Derivative, Maxima and Minima, Notion of partial Derivative. Elements of Integration, Integration partial Derivative. Elements of Integration – Integration by parts and by substitution. Probability and Statistics, Definitions of Probability, addition theorem, Conditional probability, multiplication theorem’, statistical independence of events. Collection of data classification of data ( Mean, median and Mode ) measure of dispersion ( range, quartile deviation, mean deviation, standard deviation )
ii. JNTU MSc Water & Environmental Science 2015 Physics Syllabus :
Mechanics : Gravitation : Nature of gravity, fields and potentials, Newton’s universal law of gravitation. Earths Gravity field. Fluid Motion : Properties of steady flow, Bernoulli’s equation, Venturimeter, pitot tube, Waves and Oscillations: Simple Harmonic motion, stress strain relations and relation between the elastic module viscous flow viscosity of fluids. Electricity and Magnetism : Current density : Electrical Conductivity and Ohm’s law, EMF, energy dissipation, reciprocity theorem, Kirchoff’s law, superposition principle. Magnetic induction (B) and Field(H) permeability and susceptibility, Relation between B and H and I and H Faraday’s and Lenz’s laws, expression for Induced emf. Earth’s magnetie field-. Nuclear Physics Radioactive decay; Laws of radioactive disintegration, radio active dating. Atrnospheric Science. General circulation, composition and structure of atmosphere.
ii. JNTU MSc Water & Environmental Science 2015 Chemistry Syllabus :
Principles of Analytical Chemistry Titrimatry : Acid base titrations, radox precipitations PH, theory of indicators, identification of anions and cations. Gravimetry theory of precipitation. Anaysis of water, Hardness of-water, industrial use of water, Prevention of scales and sludge formation – cases for corrosion, caustic embrittlement; Softening methods of water. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) and Biological Oxygen demand ( BOD ), Sources of industrial Pollutants.
Physical Chemistry :
Phase Rule-Phase Diagrams : Application to water, silver, lead and salt-water systems.
Colloids : Distinguishing features – Uses of colloids – stability, coagulation and protection of colloids – Gold number. Emulsions and gels: Donnon membrane equilibrium, origin of charge on colloids – Zetapotential.
iii. JNTU MSc Water & Environmental Science 2015 Geology Syllabus :
Physical Geology Earth as a planet, shape, size and density, Geological Processes, Exogenic and Endogenic, Wealthering ( Physical and Chemical ) Erosion and denudation, Cycle of erosion, transportation and deposition. agents of erosion, river cycle in different states. Development of typical land forms by river erosion and deposition, V-shaped valley. Water fall, Alluvial form meander, Ox-bow lake-flood plains, Natural levy, Pedi Plain and delta.
Petrology and Structural Geology : Igneous, Sedimentary and ‘Metamorphic rocks – Distinguishing features. Rock structure effected-by folds, faults—joints veins fractures uncomfirmities and dykes.
iv. JNTU MSc Water & Environmental Science 2015 Ecology & Plant Physiology Syllabus :
Ecology. Basic concepts of Ecology : Biosphere, Ecosystem, ecotone, Ecotype, Biome and Biomass. Role of soil, water, light, temperature and biotic factors on structure of plant communities. Causes and processes in plant succession. Natural Ecosystems of India Tropical ever green forests, deciduous forests, scrub jungle, Mangrove and pond, vegetations. Plant Physiology. Water relations of plants; ( Concepts of water potential) Stimulate movement and transpiration ). Chemical fertilizers ( NPR ) uptake of ions.
Photosynthesis : Photochemical reactions ( PSI & PSII ) Photophosphorylation. Path of Carbon in Photosynthesis ( C3, C4 and CAM ). Nitrogen metabolism-Biological Nitrogen fixation, Nitrate reduction, Biosynthesis of Amino acids and Proteins synthesis ( GOGAT & GS ), Physiology of flowering with reference to phytochrome seed, dormancy, and germination.
4. JNTU 2015 MSc Applied Mathematics Syllabus
i. JNTU MSc Applied Mathematics 2015 System Theory of Computer Modelling Syllabus :
1. Algebra : Sets, Equivalence classes, Functions, Groups, Rings and Flolds, Vector spaces, Matrices, Determinates, Polynomials, Roots of a Polynomial.
2. Number Theory : Congruence’s, Theorems of Fermat and Wilson.
3. Analysis : Functions, Limit Continuity hand Differentiability of Functions Rolle’s Theorem, Mean value theorems, Integrations, Curvature, Envelopes, Maxima and Minima. Indeterminant forms. Partial differentiation Convergence and Divergence.
4. Co-ordinate Geomentry of Two and Three dimensions : Standard forms of ellipse, parabola and hyperbola, tangent, normal, Pole and Polar, Pair of tangents, equation of chord and terms of its middle points. Direction consines of a line, plane and sphere.
5. Differential Equations : Formation of ordinary differential equations, Standard methods of solving first and second order differential equations, partial differential equations, formation. Four standard forms. Lad range’s methods of solving partial differential equations.
6. Vectors : Scalar and Vector products of Vectors.
4. JNTU 2015 MSc Physics Syllabus
i. JNTU MSc Physics 2015 Fibre Optics & Communication Syllabus :
1. Mechanics :
Laws of motion, motion in a uniform field, components of velocity and acceleration in different coordinate systems. Uniformly rotating frame, centripetal acceleration, Coriolis force and its applications. Motion under a central force, Kepler’s law. Gravitational law and field. Potential due to a spherical body, Gauss and Poisson equations for gravitational self-energy. System of particles, center of mass, equation of motion, conservation of linear and angular momenta, conservation of energy, elastic and inelastic collisions.
2. Properties of matter :
Elasticity, small deformations, Hooke’s law, elastic constants for an isotropic solid, beams supported at both ends, cantilever, torsion of a cylinder, bending moments and shearing forces. Kinematics of moving fluids, equations of continuity, Euler’s equation, Bernaulli’s theorem, viscous fluids, streamline and turbulent flow. Poiseulle’s law. Capillary tube flow, Reynold’s number, stokes law. Surface tension and surface energy, molecular interpretations of surface tension, pressure on a curved liquids surface, wetting.
3. Kinetic Theory of Matter :
Ideal Gas : Kinetic model, deduction of Boyle’s law, interpretation of temperature, estimation of rms speeds of molecules. Brownian motion, estimate of the Avagadro number. Equipartition of energy, specific heat of monatomic gas, extension to di- and tri-atomic gases, behavior at low temperatures. Adiabatic expansion of an ideal gas, applications to atmospheric physics.
Real Gas : Van der Waal gas, equation of state, nature of Van der Waals forces, comparison with experimental P-V curves. The critical constants, gas and vapor. Joule expansion of ideal gas, and of a Van der Waals gas, Joule coefficient,
Liquification of gases : Boyle temperature and inversion temperature. Principle of regenerative cooling and of cascade cooling, liquification of hydrogen and helium. Refrigeration cycles, meaning of efficiency.
4. Thermodynamics :
The laws of thermodynamics : The Zeroth law, various indicator diagrams, work done by and on the system, first law of thermodynamics, internal energy as a state function and other applications. Reversible and irreversible changes, Carnot cycle and its efficiency, Carnot theorem and the second law of thermodynamics. Different versions of the second law, practical cycles used in the internal combustion engines. Entropy, principle of increase of entropy. The thermodynamics scale of temperature; its identity with the perfect gas scale. Impossibility of attaining the absolute zero; third law of thermodynamics.
5. Oscillations :
Potential well and periodic oscillations, case of harmonic oscillations, differential equation and its solution, kinetic and potential energy, examples of simple harmonic oscillations, spring and mass system, simple and compound pendulum, torsional pendulum, bifilar oscillations. Helmholtz resonator, LC circuit Superposition of two simple harmonic motions of the same frequency along the same line, interference, superposition of two mutually perpendicular simple harmonic vibrations of the same frequency, Lissajous figures, case of different frequencies.
6. Waves :
Dielectrics, parallel plate capacitor with a dielectric, dielectric constant, polarization and polarization vector, displacement vector D, molecular interpretation of Claussius-Mossotti equation, boundary conditions satisfied by E and D at the interface between two homogenous dielectrics
Speed of transverse waves on a uniform string, speed of longitudinal waves in a fluid, energy density and energy transmission in waves, typical measurements. Waves over liquid surface: gravity waves and ripples. Group velocity and phase velocity, their measurements.
Superposition of Waves : Linear homogenous equations and the superposition principle, nonlinear superposition and consequences.
Standing Waves : Standing waves as normal modes of bounded systems, examples, Harmonics and the quality of sound; examples Production and detection of ultrasonic and infrasonic waves and applications.
7. Geometrical Optics & Physical Optics :
Geometrical Optics :
Fermet’s Principle: Principle of extreme path, the aplanatic points of a sphere and other applications.
General theory of image formation : Cardinal points of an optical system, general relationships, thick lens and lens combinations. Lagrange equation of magnification, telescopic combinations, telephoto lenses and eyepieces.
Aberration in images : Chromatic aberrations, achromatic combination of lenses in contact and separated lenses.
Optical instruments : Entrance and exit pupils, need for a multiple lens eyepiece, common types of eyepieces.
Physical Optics :
Interference of a light : The principle of superpositions, two-slit interference, coherence requirement for the sources, optical path retardations, lateral shift of fringes, Rayleigh refractometer and other applications. Localized fringes; thin films, applications for precision measurements for displacements.
Fresnel Diffraction : Fresnel half-period zones, plates, straight edge, rectilinear propogation.
Fresnel Diffraction : Diffraction at a slit, half –period zones, phasor diagram and integral calculus methods, the intensity distribution, diffraction at a circular aperture and a circular disc, resolution of images, Rayleigh criterion, resolving power of telescope and microscopic systems, outline of phase contract microscopy.
Diffraction gratings : Diffraction at N parallel slits, intensity distribution, plane diffraction grating, reflection grating and blazed grating.
Double refraction and optical rotation : Refraction, in uniaxial crystals, its electromagnetic theory, phase retardation plates, double image prism. Rotation of plane of polarization, origin of optical rotation in liquids and in crystals.
Reference systems, inertial frames, Galilean invariance and conservation laws, propagation of light, Michelson-Morley experiment; search for ether.
Postulates for the special theory of relativity, Lorentz transformations, length contraction, time dilation, velocity addition theorem, variation of mass with velocity, mass-energy equivalence, particle with a zero rest mass.
9. Quantum Mechanics
Origin of the Quantum Theory : Failure of classical physics to explain the phenomena such as black-body spectrum, photoelectric effect, Ritz combination principle in spectra, stability of an atom. Planck’s radiation law, Einstein’s explanations of photoelectric effect, Bohr’s quantization of angular momentum and its applications to hydrogen atom, limitations of Bohr’s theory.
Wave-particle duality and uncertainty principle : De Broglie’s hypothesis for matter waves; the concept of wave and group velocities, evidence for diffraction and interference of ‘particles’, experimental demonstration of matter waves.
Consequences of de Broglie’s Concepts; quantization in hydrogen atom; energies of a particle in a box, wave packets, Heiesnberg’s uncertainity relation for p and x, its extension to energy and time.
Consequences of the Uncertainty Relation : Gamma ray microscope, diffraction at a slit, particle in a box, position of electron in Bohr orbit.
Quantum Mechanics : Schrodinger’s equation. Postulatory basis of quantum mechanics; operators, expectation values, transition probabilities, applications to particle in a one and three dimensional boxes, harmonic oscillator, reflection at a step potential, transmission across a potential barrier.
10. Nuclear Physics
Interaction of charged particles and neutrons with matter, working of nuclear detectors, G-M counter, proportional counter and scintillation counter, cloud chambers, spark chamber, emulsions.
11. Solid State Devices
Semiconductors: Intrinsic semiconductors, electrons and holes, Fermi level. Temperature dependence of electron and hole concentrations. Doping; impurity states, n and p type semiconductors, conductivity, mobility, Hall effect, Hall coefficient.
Power supply: Diode as a circuit element, load line concept, rectification, ripple factor, zener diode, voltage stabilization, IC voltage regulation, characteristics of a transistor in CB, CE and CC mode, graphical analysis of the CE configuration, low frequency equivalent circuits, h-parameters, bias stability, thermal runaway.
Coulombs law in vacuum expressedin vector forms, calculations of E for simple distributions of charged at rest, dipole and quadrupole fields.
Work done on a charge in a electrostatic field expressed as a line integral, conservative nature of the electrostatic field. Electric potential, E= -, torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field and its energy, flux of the electric field, Gauss’s law and its application for finding E for symmetric charge distributions, Gaussian pillbox, fields at the surface of a conductor. Screening of E field by a conductor, capacitors, electrostatic field energy, force per unit area of a surface of a conductor in an electric field, conducting sphere in a uniform electric field, point charge in front of a grounded infinite conductor.
Dielectrics, parallel plate capacitor with a dielectric, dielectric constant, polarization and polarization vector, displacement vector D, molecular interpretation of Claussius-Mossotti equation, boundary conditions satisfied by E and D at the interface between two homogenous dielectrics.
14. Electric Currents ( steady and alternating )
Steady current, current density J, non steady currents and continuity equation, Kirchoff’s law and analysis of multiloop circuits, rise and decay of current in LR and CR circuits, decay constants, transients in LCR circuits, AC circuits, complex numbers and their applications in solving.
15. Magneto – statics
Force on a moving charge; Lorentz force equation and definition of B, force on a straight conductor carrying current in a uniform magnetic field, torque on a current loop, magnetic dipole moment, angular momentum and gyromagnetic ratio.
Biot and Savert’s law, calculation of H order in simple geometrical situations, Ampere’s Law .B=0, x B= 0 J, field due to a magnetic dipole, magnetization current, magnetization vector,
16. Time Varying Fields
Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s law, electromotive force, = E.dr, integral and differential forms of Faraday’s law, mutual and self inductance, transformers, energy in a static magnetic field. Maxwell’s displacement current, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic field energy density.
17. Electromagnetic Waves
The wave equation satisfied by E and B, plane electromagnetic waves in vacuum, Poynting’s vector, reflection at a plane boundary of dielectrics, polarization by reflection and total internal reflection, Faraday effect, waves in a conducting medium, reflection and refraction by the ionosphere.
Laser system : Purity of a special line, coherence length and coherence time, spatial coherence of a source, Einstein’s A and B coefficients, Spontaneous and induced emissions, conditions for laser action, population inversion.
Application of lasers : Pulsed lasers and tunable lasers, spatial coherence and directionality, estimates of beam intensity, temporal coherence and spectral energy density.
6. JNTU 2015 MSc Chemistry Syllabus
i. JNTU MSc Chemistry 2015 Organic Chemistry / Analytical Chemistry / Drugs & Pharmaceuticals Syllabus :
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY :
ATOMIC STRUCTURE : Hydrogen spectrum, planck’s quantum theory Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom, Energy levels and explanation of hydrogen spectra, limitations of Bohr’s theory. Quantum numbers, wave nature of electron and uncertainity principle – Schrodinger wave equation Dependence of probability functions on distance from nucleus and directions – shapes of atomic orbitals (Calculation involving frequency and Rydberg’s constants), Concept of chemical bonding ionic bonding and covalent bonding.
CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM : Reversibility – Dynamic nature of equilibrium Kp, Kc and their interrelation, derivation of quantitative expressions for equilibrium constants for a few typical reactions, factors effecting the equilibrium constants.
GASEOUS STATE : kinetic theory of gases – Derivation of kinetic equation and deduction of gas laws – Mean free path, collision number and collision diameter – principle of equipartition of energy – Heat capacities for mono, di and tri atomic molecules deviation from gas laws – vanderwaal’s equation Critical phenomenas – Isotherms of carbondioxide – Determination of critical constants – Derivation of relation between vanderwaal’s constants and critical constants – law of corresponding states and its usefulness / applications.
SOLUTIONS : Solution of gases in liquids – Henry’s Law – Binary liquid mixtures – partial miscibility – Critical solution temperature – complete miscibility – Deviation from Raoult’s law distillation of completely miscible mixtures – Azeotropic mixtures – complete immiscibility – steam distillation Distribution law and its applications.
THERMODYNAMICS : Definition of terms – First law of thermodynamics and its application to gases – Heat capacities at constant volume and constant pressure – Isothermal and adiabatic changes Joule Thompson effect – work of expansion Reversible Pressure and maximum work. Heat changes in chemical reaction at constant pressure and constant volume and their inter relationship – Heats of formation, combustion, solution, dilution, and neutralization, Hess law and its applications – Kirchoff’s equation – second law of thermodynamics – Carnot cycle – entropy change elementary concept of entropy and free energy.
ELECTROCHEMISTRY : (a) Conductance – Specific conductance, equivalent conductance – Measurements and their dependence on concentration – Acid base conductometric titrations – Transport numbers and determination by Hittorf’s method – Kohlrausch law and its applications (b) Ionic Equilibria, Ostwald’s dilution law – Behaviour of strong electrolytes – Debye Huckel Theory ( non-mathematical treatment). Ionic product of water pH, buffer solutions, calculations of pH of buffer solutions Henderson equation – Acid base indicators – pH at the equivalence point, theories of indicators – Solubility product and common ion effect – Hydrolysis of salts – degree of hydrolysis and hydrolysis constant (c) Electromotive force of Electrochemical cells.
s-Block Elements Group IA – The Alkali Metals : General properties – Standard electrode potentials – principles of extraction uses of metals – Reactivity of elements – Oxides – hydroxides – hydrides – halides – nitrides, carbonates and bicarbonates ammonia solutions – anomalous nature of Lithium.
p-Block Elements – Group IIIB : General group trends principle of extraction – reactivity of elements – oxides – hydroxides – hydrides – halides – comparison of Boron with other elements of group III electron deficient compounds of Boron and Aluminium. Boric acid and Borax.
Group VII B : The Halogens : General group trends principles of extraction – reactivity of elements – electrode potentials – hydroxides – oxyacids – interhalogen compounds – pseudo halogens – basic character of Iodine.
d-Block Elements : Electronic configuration – general properties – reactivity of metals – ionic size ionization potentials – Valencies – Ability to form complexes – General comparison of the elements of second and third transition series with the transition series with reference to ionic and covalent radii and oxidation states.
f-Block Elements : Electronic configuration – general properties – ionic size – Oxidation states – Complexes – Lanthanide contraction – ionic, covalent radii and oxidation states.
Co-ordination Compounds : Double salts and coordination compounds early theories of coordination compounds – Werner’s theory – Sidgwick’s electronic interpretation – EAN rule – nomenclature – magnetic criteria of bond type – valence bond theory Elementary treatment of crystal field theory, splitting of d-orbitals for octahedral, square planar and tetrahedral geometry – isomerism – stereoisomerism & geometrical isomerism – optical isomerism – Detection of formation of complexes – Composition by Job’s method – stability constants – Factors affecting the stability of complexes – importance of complexes in qualitative and quantitative analysis.
Organic Chemistry :
Reactivity of Organic Molecules : Types of organic reagents and reactions, fission of covalent bonds, electrophilic, nucleophilic and free radical reagents – explanation of substitution, addition and elimination reactions with examples – bond lengths, bond angles, bond dissociation energies, bond polarization, inductive and mesomeric effects – acidity and basicity of organic molecules.
Halogen Compounds : Reactivity based on structure – Preparation of alkyl halides – Mechanism and stereochemistry of nucleophilic substitution – relative reactivity of alkyl and aryl halides polyhalogen compounds, Fluoro compounds Isomerism in halogen derivatives.
Hydroxy Compounds : Reactivity based on structure preparation alcohols and phenols – physical properties and hydrogen bonding chemical properties comparison of reactivity of alcohols and phenols – polyhydroxy compounds, ethylene glycol and glycerol – Industrial significance of methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, glycerol and phenol.
Carbonyl Compounds : ( Aldehydes and Ketones ) : Reactivity based on structure – preparation and properties – mechanism of nucleophilic addition – Aldol, Cannizzaro, Grignard and benzoin condensation – Addition of NaHSO3, HCN differences in the reactivity of aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes and in aldehydes and ketones.
Nitrogen Compounds : Alkyl nitrites and nitro alkanes – nitrobenzene – amines, classification, preparation , basic character reactivity and separation – aryl diazonium salt and their synthetic applications – cyanides and isocyanides.
Carbohydrates : Classification – open chain and cyclic structures of glucose and fructose, Interconversion in monosaccharides ( mention the configuration of (+) glucose and (-) fructose ).
Heterocylic Compounds : Furan, Thiophene and Pyrrole – methods of synthesis, aromatic character and reactivity.
7. JNTU 2015 MSc Geospatial Science & Technology Syllabus
Unit I : Mathematics
Elementary Mathematics : Solution of simultaneous linear Equations – Quadratic equations – Progressions – Sum of n –natural numbers-permutations and combinations, Additions, Subtractions and Multiplications of Matrices – Inverse of matrix. Probability and Statistics, Definitions of Probability, addition theorem, Conditional probability, multiplication theorem, statistical independence of events. Collection of data classification of data ( Mean, median and Mode ) measure of dispersion ( range, quartile deviation, mean deviation, standard deviation ).
Unit II : Physics
Mechanics : Gravitation : Nature of gravity, fields and potentials, Newton’s universal law of gravitation. Earths Gravity field. Fluid Motion: Properties of steady flow, Bernoulli’s equation, Venturimeter, pitot tube, Waves and Oscillations : Simple Harmonic motion stress strain relations and relation between the elastic module viscous flow viscosity of fluids. Electromagnetic theory: Electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic spectrum, wave length, blackbody radiation, Kirchoff’s law,Wein’s displacement law, Boltzman’s law Earths radiation.
Unit III : Chemistry
Co-ordination chemistry, stereo chemistry, chemical kinetics, thermodynamics, electro chemistry, chemical bonding, P-block chemistry. Principles of analytical chemistry, d-block elements and f-block elements. Nomenclature of organic compounds, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, nitrogen compounds. Atomic structure, ionic equilibria, gaseous state, solutions, solids, phase rule colloids, and macromolecules.
Unit IV : Geology
Earth and Planetary system : Size, shape, internal structure and composition of the earth; continents and continental processes; Weathering; soil formation; action of river, wind and glacier, oceans and oceanic features; earthquakes, volcanoes, orogeny and mountain building; elements of structural geology; properties of rock forming minerals; Igneous rocks – classification, forms and textures; Metamorphism: controlling factors, metamorphic facies; sedimentary process and environments, sedimentary facies; development and evolution of landforms; slope and drainage; processes on deep oceanic and near-shore regions; marine geology and ocean resources.
Unit V : Agriculture, Forestry and Botany
Cropping patterns, concepts of multiple cropping, relay cropping and inter – cropping and their importance in relation to food production, crop production practices. Causes and classification of plant diseases and their control. Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry plantations, such as, extension / social forestry, agroforestry and the management of natural forests. Plan Systematics : Systems of classification, plant groups, Plant anatomy, cell cycle, cell division, Plant physiology, transport of minerals and solutes, stomatal physiology,, N2 metabolism, photosynthesis, respiration.
Unit VI : Ecology and Environmental Science
Introduction to ecology and ecological factors; basic concepts of ecology: biosphere, ecosystem, ecotone, ecotype, biome and biomass; various branches and its relation to other sciences; fundamental concepts of ecosystem; food chains; energy flow, tropic levels; Physical factors-temperature, light, water, their effects on organisms, adaptations of organisms to these factors; Ecological succession and population ecology; Environmental pollution, atmosphere – air pollution, Hydrosphere – water pollution Lithosphere – soil pollution and their health effects.
8. JNTU 2015 MSc Satellite Meteorology & Weather Informatics Syllabus
1. Chemistry :
Crystalline and amorphous solids, size and shape of crystals, interfacial angles, symmetry of crystals, plane, axis and center for symmetry, space lattice and Bravais lattice, miller indices, structures of ionic crystals – Classification of non aqueous solvents characteristics, properties of a solvent – Arrhenius concept, Proton transfer theory, concept of Lowry and Bronsted, Lux – flood concept, Lewis concept.
2. Probability and Statistics :
Probability : Sample space and events, axioms of probability, finite Probability spaces, infinite sample, Spaces, conditional Probability, multiplication theorem for conditional probability, independence, independent or repeated trails binomial distribution, normal distribution.
Statistics : Sample mean and variance, random variable, distributed and continuous distributions, mean and variance of distribution, correlation, coefficient, confidence intervals, goodness of fit, test, pairs of measurements, fitting straight lines.
3. Physics :
Real Gas : Vander Waal gas, equation of state, nature of Vander Waals forces, comparison with experimental P-V curves. Laws of thermodynamics and its application to gases – Newton’s universal law of gravitation – Earths Gravity field, Fluid Motion – Properties of steady flow, Bernoulli’s equation, Simple Harmonic motion stress strain relations and relation between the elastic module viscous flow viscosity of fluids, Electromagnetic theory – Electromagnetic radiation, electromagnetic spectrum, wave length, blackbody radiation, Kirchoff’s law, Wein’s displacement law, Boltzman’s law Earths radiation, Surface tension and surface energy, molecular interpretations of surface tension, pressure on a curved liquids surface.
4. Earth Sciences :
Physical Geology : Earth as a planet, shape, size and density, Geological Processes, Exogenic and Endogenic, Weathering ( Physical and Chemical ) Erosion and denudation, Cycle of erosion, transportation and deposition. Agents of erosion, river cycle in different states. Development of typical land forms by river erosion and deposition. Elasticity, small deformations, Hooke’s law, elastic constants for an isotropic solid, beams supported at both ends, cantilever, torsion of a cylinder, bending moments and shearing forces.
Geography : Landforms origin, classification and distribution, elements of weather and climate, heating of – atmosphere, temperature, atmospheric pressure, winds, humidity, evaporation and condensation, precipitation.
5. Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences :
Environmental Segments, Atmosphere – Structure – Chemical and photo chemical reactions – and ozone chemistry – green house effect, Hydrosphere, hydrologic cycle- Lithosphere – Air pollution – carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of sulphur, effects of nitrogen on ozone layer, particulate – sources of particulates, toxic effects of particulates, smog, monitoring and control of air pollutants.
6. Fundamentals of Information Technology :
Operating Systems : Windows – Linux – HTML.
Programming in C : Data types – Operators and Expressions – Input Output Statements – Control Statements – Functions – Arrays – Pointers – Structures & Unions – Preprocessors – Programming in C.
9. JNTU 2015 MSc Microbiology Syllabus
FUNDAMENTAL CHEMISTRY :
- Structure and reactivity of organic compounds: Introduction, hybridization, types of fissions, Types of reagents, Polarization effects, Types of reactions.
- Classification and nomenclature of organic compounds.
- Thermodynamics : Introduction, Laws of thermodynamics
- Chemical Kinetics : Introduction, Rate of reaction, order of reaction (zero, first, second), molecularity, pseudo reactions.
Biochemistry & Microbiology :
- Water as biological solvent, pH, cell and cell organelles.
- Bio molecules – Classification, structure, function, physical and chemical properties of carbohydrates, lipids, amino acids, proteins, and nucleic acids.
- Metabolism – Catabolic and anabolic reactions of carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleic acid metabolism.
- Physiology – Digestive, respiratory, circulatory, excretory systems, muscle contraction, osmo regulation, nervous system.
- Immunology-Types of immune systems, lymphoid argons, lymphoid cells, antigen, types of antigen, antibody, types of antibodies.
- Molecular biology – DNA as genetic element, mechanism of replication, transcription, translation, gene expression, r DNA technology.
- History of microbiology, classification of microbes.
- Micro biological methods – isolation, maintenance, preservation, microscopy.
- Bacteria – Structure, reproduction, recombination, nutrition, bacterial growth, cultures. Structure, morphology, reproduction of fungi, algae, protozoa.Control of microbes, anti biotics.
- Microbial genetics – mutations, bacterial transformation, conjugation, transduction, transfection, recombination, plasmids.
- Viruses – Plant, animal, bacterial viruses, cancer, HIV.
10. JNTU 2015 MSc Nano Science and Technology Syllabus
I. MATHEMATICS : Complex numbers and Quadratic Equations, Matrices and Determinants, Permutations and Combinations, Binomial theorem and its simple applications, Sequences and Series, Limit-Continuity and Differentiability, Integral Calculus, Differential Equations, Co-Ordinate Geometry, Three Dimensional Geometry, Vector Algebra, Statistics and Probability.
II. PHYSICS : Physics and Measurement, Kinematics, Laws of Motion, Work-Energy and Power, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Properties of Solids and Liquids, Thermodynamics, Kinetic Theory of Gases, Oscillations and Waves, Electrostatics, Current Electricity, Magnetic effects of Current and Magnetism, Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents, Electromagnetic Waves, Optics, Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation, Atoms and Nuclei, Electronic Devices.
III. CHEMISTRY : Physical Chemistry: Some Basic Concepts in Chemistry, States of Matter, Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Chemical Thermodynamics, Solutions, Equilibrium, Chemical Kinetics, Surface Chemistry.
Inorganic Chemistry : Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties, General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Metals, Hydrogen, S-Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals), P-Block Elements, Transition, Environmental Chemistry.
Organic Chemistry : Purification and Characterisation of Organic Compounds, Some Basic Principles of Organic Chemistry, Hydrobarbons, Organic Compounds containing Halogens, Organic Compounds containing Oxygen, Organic compounds containing Nitrogen, Polymers, Bio Molecules, Chemistry in Everyday life.
IV. GENERAL BIOLOGY : Cell Structure-Function and Cell Division, Structure and Function of Nucleic Acids, Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Biomelecules, Enzymes, Principles and Applications of Biophysical Techniques, Recombinant DNA Technology, Basics of Immunology, Environmental Biotechnology, Toxicology.
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Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Entrance Exam Syllabus 2015.
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