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Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University MSc Entrance Exam Syllabus
JNTU MSc Biotechnology Syllabus
Classification and nomenclature of organic compounds- Alkanes, Cycloalkanes, Alkenes and Alkadienes, Alkynes. Arenes, Halogen compounds, Hydroxy compounds, Ethers, Aldehydes and Ketones, Carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Organic Synthesis based on Carbo ions, Nitrogen compounds., Structure and reactivity of organic compounds, heterocyclic compounds, Amino acids, Carbohydrates, Sterochemistry, Macromolecules, Colligative Properties, Phyto Chemistry, Metal ions in biological systems, Electro Chemistry. Atomic structure,Chemical bonding, P-block chemistry, Principles of Analytical Chemistry, Bonding in metals, d-block elements, f-block elements, Nuclear chemistry., Ionic Equilibria, Gaseous state, Solutions, Solids, Phase rule, Colloids, hybridization,Thermodynamics-basic principles, Laws of thermodynamics, Chemical Kinetics: Introduction, Rate of reaction, order of reaction (zero, first, second), molecularity, pseudo reactions.
Metobolism of bio molecules, like carbohydrates, amino acids, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids. Basic aspects of nutrition, endocrinology, clinical biochemistry, enzymology, Biological oxidations. Physiological role of vitamins and minerals.
Fundamentals of Bio-technology. DNA, RNA, proteins and other signal molecules – Bio-chemical techniques. methods of cell disruption analysis of fractionation – dialysis, Centrifugation, chromatography, clectro-phorosis, Molecular biology and genetic engineering: Nucleic acids as genetic material structure replication of DNA & RNA. Mutation and damage to DNA – Molecular basis, Gene expression: Transcription & Processing of RNA – Genetic code – Regulation, Plasmids and transposable elements. Outlines of DNA technology – enzymes used in gene cloning, vectors, genomic DNA and cDNA libraries and expression of cloned genes, Immune system and their functions. Antibody diversity – vaccines and their production, Purification of antigens and antibodies: Hybridoma technology and Monoclonal antibodies, ELISA, RIA, synthetics vaccines. Application of Biotechnology: Animal Cell Biotechnology, Plant Biotechnology, Microbial Biotechnology, Environmental Biotechnology
principles and working of light and Electron microscopy. General characters of viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Algae and protozoa. mutations, Microbial genetics – bacterial transformation, conjugation, transduction, transfection, recombination,Methods of sterilization and disinfection. Soil microorganisms and their importance in carbon and nitrogen cycles. Methods in industrial microbiology. Fermentation equipment. Types of fermentation processes. Microbial pathogenisis and properties of pathogenic microbes.
Electrostatics Gauss’s Law and its applications; conductors, capacitance; die-electrics; Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s Laws and applications Magnetic materials and phenomena, study currents. Ohm’s Law, Kircchoff Law, and circuit theorems.AC through L,C,R circuits and related concepts, resonant circuits; Electronics. diodes, transistors, oscillators,digital electronics,Nuclear fission and fusion, Cyclotron and synchrocyclotron , Cosmic rays. Vectors analysis. Fluid dynamics, laws of thermodynamic and entrophy. Utrasonics, quantum theory of radiation
M.Sc.(Organic Chemistry) & M.Sc.(Analytical Chemistry)
ATOMIC STRUCTURE : Hydrogen spectrum, planck’s quantum theory Bohr’s theory of hydrogen atom, Energy levels and explanation of hydrogen spectra, limitations of Bohr’s theory. Quantum numbers, wave nature of electron and uncertainity principle – Schrodinger wave equation Dependence of probability functions on distance from nucleus and directions – shapes of atomic orbitals (Calculation involving frequency and Rydberg’s constants), Concept of chemical bonding ionic bonding and covalent bonding.
CHEMICAL EQUILIBRIUM : Reversibility – Dynamic nature of equilibrium Kp, Kc and their interrelation, derivation of quantitative expressions for equilibrium constants for a few typical reactions, factors effecting the equilibrium constants.
GASEOUS STATE : kinetic theory of gases – Derivation of kinetic equation and deduction of gas laws – Mean free path, collision number and collision diameter – principle of equipartition of energy – Heat capacities for mono, di and tri atomic molecules deviation from gas laws – vanderwaal’s equation Critical phenomenas – Isotherms of carbondioxide – Determination of critical constants – Derivation of relation between vanderwaal’s constants and critical constants – law of corresponding states and its usefulness/applications.
SOLUTIONS : Solution of gases in liquids – Henry’s Law – Binary liquid mixtures – partial miscibility – Critical solution temperature – complete miscibility – Deviation from Raoult’s law distillation of completely miscible mixtures – Azeotropic mixtures – complete immiscibility – steam distillation Distribution law and its applications.
THERMODYNAMICS : Definition of terms – First law of thermodynamics and its application to gases – Heat capacities at constant volume and constant pressure – Isothermal and adiabatic changes Joule Thompson effect – work of expansion Reversible Pressure and maximum work. Heat changes in chemical reaction at constant pressure and constant volume and their inter relationship – Heats of formation, combustion, solution, dilution, and neutralization, Hess law and its applications – Kirchoff’s equation – second law of thermodynamics – Carnot cycle – entropy change elementary concept of entropy and free energy.
ELECTROCHEMISTRY : (a) Conductance – Specific conductance, equivalent conductance – Measurements and their dependence on concentration – Acid base conductometric titrations – Transport numbers and determination by Hittorf’s method – Kohlrausch law and its applications (b) Ionic Equilibria, Ostwald’s dilution law – Behaviour of strong electrolytes – Debye Huckel Theory ( non-mathematical treatment). Ionic product of water pH, buffer solutions, calculations of pH of buffer solutions Henderson equation – Acid base indicators – pH at the equivalence point, theories of indicators – Solubility product and common ion effect – Hydrolysis of salts – degree of hydrolysis and hydrolysis constant (c) Electromotive force of Electrochemical cells.
s-Block Elements Group IA – The Alkali Metals : General properties – Standard electrode potentials – principles of extraction uses of metals – Reactivity of elements – Oxides – hydroxides – hydrides – halides – nitrides, carbonates and bicarbonates ammonia solutions – anomalous nature of Lithium.
p-Block Elements – Group IIIB : General group trends principle of extraction – reactivity of elements – oxides – hydroxides –hydrides – halides – comparison of Boron with other elements of group III electron deficient compounds of Boron and Aluminium. Boric acid and Borax.
Group VIIB : The Halogens : General group trends principles of extraction – reactivity of elements – electrode potentials – hydroxides – oxyacids – interhalogen compounds – pseudo halogens – basic character of Iodine.
d-Block Elements : Electronic configuration – general properties – reactivity of metals – ionic size ionization potentials – Valencies – Ability to form complexes – General comparison of the elements of second and third transition series with the transition series with reference to ionic and covalent radii and oxidation states.
f-Block Elements : Electronic configuration – general properties – ionic size – Oxidation states – Complexes – Lanthanide contraction – ionic, covalent radii and oxidation states.
Co-ordination Compounds : Double salts and coordination compounds early theories of coordination compounds – Werner’s theory – Sidgwick’s electronic interpretation – EAN rule – nomenclature – magnetic criteria of bond type – valence bond theory Elementary treatment of crystal field theory, splitting of d-orbitals for octahedral, square planar and tetrahedral geometry – isomerism – stereoisomerism & geometrical isomerism – optical isomerism – Detection of formation of complexes – Composition by Job’s method – stability constants – Factors affecting the stability of complexes – importance of complexes in qualitative and quantitative analysis.
Reactivity of Organic Molecules : Types of organic reagents and reactions, fission of covalent bonds, electrophilic, nucleophilic and free radical reagents – explanation of substitution, addition and elimination reactions with examples – bond lengths, bond angles, bond dissociation energies, bond polarization, inductive and mesomeric effects – acidity and basicity of organic molecules.
Halogen Compounds : Reactivity based on structure – Preparation of alkyl halides – Mechanism and stereochemistry of nucleophilic substitution – relative reactivity of alkyl and aryl halides polyhalogen compounds, Fluoro compounds Isomerism in halogen derivatives.
Hydroxy Compounds : Reactivity based on structure preparation alcohols and phenols – physical properties and hydrogen bonding chemical properties comparison of reactivity of alcohols and phenols – polyhydroxy compounds, ethylene glycol and glycerol – Industrial significance of methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, glycerol and phenol.
Carbonyl Compounds : (Aldehydes and Ketones) : Reactivity based on structure – preparation and properties – mechanism of nucleophilic addition – Aldol, Cannizzaro, Grignard and benzoin condensation – Addition of NaHSO3, HCN differences in the reactivity of aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes and in aldehydes and ketones.
Nitrogen Compounds : Alkyl nitrites and nitro alkanes – nitrobenzene – amines, classification, preparation , basic character reactivity and separation – aryl diazonium salt and their synthetic applications – cyanides and isocyanides.
Carbohydrates : Classification – open chain and cyclic structures of glucose and fructose, Interconversion in monosaccharides ( mention the configuration of (+) glucose and (-) fructose).
Heterocylic Compounds : Furan, Thiophene and Pyrrole – methods of synthesis, aromatic character and reactivity.