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KEAM Entrance Exam 2018
Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical Entrance Examinations ( KEAM ) invites admission Application Engineering, Architecture, Medical, Agriculture & Forestry, Veterinary & Fisheries programs for the academic session 2018 – 2019.
KEAM 2018 Courses
This prospectus sets out the rules and regulations for selection and admission to the following professional degree courses conducted by the various authorities within the State of Kerala.
KEAM 2018 Engineering Courses
- Bachelor of Technology ( B.Tech. ) includes all Courses listed in Annexure II ( 1 ) ( b )
- B.Tech. ( Agricultural Engineering ) B.Tech. ( Agri. Engg. )
- B.Tech. ( Food Engineering & Technology ) B.Tech. ( Food Engg. & Tech )
- B.Tech. ( Dairy Technology )
- B.Tech. ( Food Technology ) B.Tech. ( Food Tech )
- B.Tech. ( Food Science & Technology ) B.Tech. ( Fd. Sc. Tech )
KEAM 2018 Architecture Course
- Bachelor of Architecture ( B.Arch. )
- Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery ( MBBS )
- Bachelor of Dental Surgery ( BDS )
- Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery ( BAMS )
- Bachelor of Siddha Medicine and Surgery ( BSMS )
- Bachelor of Homoeopathic Medicine and Surgery ( BHMS )
- Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery ( BUMS )
KEAM 2018 Agriculture & Forestry Courses
- Bachelor of Science-Agriculture BSc . ( Hons. ) Agri.
- Bachelor of Science-Forestry BSc . ( Hons. ) Forestry
KEAM 2018 Veterinary Course
- Bachelor of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandry ( BVSc. & AH )
KEAM 2018 Fisheries Course
- Bachelor of Fisheries Science ( BFSc. )
To know more about KEAM Entrance Exam Click Here
KEAM 2018 Eligibility
Only Indian citizens are eligible for admission to Professional courses unless otherwise notified. Persons of Indian Origin ( PIO ) / Overseas Citizen of India ( OCI ) will also be treated at par with Indian citizens for the limited purpose of admission. However PIO / OCI candidates will not be eligible for any kind of reservation.
Candidates seeking admission to Professional courses will be categorised as Keralite, Non – Keralite Category I ( NK I ) and Non – Keralite Category II ( NK II ).
A candidate of Kerala origin will be categorised as a ‘Keralite’. Children of All India Service ( AIS ) officers ( Non – Keralites ) allotted to Kerala cadre are deemed to be ‘Keralites’ as per G.O. ( Rt ) No. 822 / 08 / H. Edn. dated 29th May, 2008. But they will not be eligible for Communal/Special/Persons with Disabilities reservation or any fee concession.
Non – Keralite Category I ( NK I )
A candidate who is not of Kerala origin but fulfils anyone of the following conditions will be categorised as ‘Non – Keralite Category I'( NK I ).
- A candidate who has undergone qualifying course in Kerala and who is son/daughter of Non Keralite parents belong to Government of India / Defence Service, posted to Kerala.
- A candidate who has undergone qualifying course in Kerala and who is son/daughter of Non Keralite parents who are serving/served Government of Kerala for a minimum period of two years.
- A candidate who is not of Kerala Origin but has been a resident of Kerala State for a period of 5 ( five ) years within the period of 12 ( twelve ) years of his / her study.
- A candidate who is not of Kerala Origin but who has undergone his / her school studies in Kerala from standard VIII to XII.
Non – Keralite Category I candidates will be considered against ‘State Merit’ seats for Engineering / Architecture / Medical & Allied courses. But they will not be eligible for Communal / Special/Persons with Disabilities reservation or any fee concession.
Non – Keralite Category II [ NK II ]
Candidates who do not come under ‘Keralite’ or ‘Non- Keralite Category I’ will be categorised as ‘Non-Keralite Category II’. Such candidates are eligible for admission to Government seats and Management quota seats in Engineering courses in Government Controlled Self financing Colleges.
However, the ‘Non-Keralite Category II’ ( NK II ) candidates will be considered for admission to the Government seats in Government Controlled Self Financing Engineering Colleges only when the Keralite and Non- Keralite I ( NK I ) candidates are not available for admission.
‘Non-Keralite Category II’ ( NK II ) candidates are also eligible for admission to Government Seats and Management Quota seats in Private Self Financing Engineering / Architecture Colleges, which will be notified separately. But they will not be eligible for Communal / Special / Persons with Disabilities reservation or any fee concession.
‘Non-Keralite Category II’ ( NK II ) candidates are not eligible for admission to Medical and Allied Courses including MBBS / BDS and for admission to Government Engineering Colleges.
The following category of candidates will not be governed by clauses ( i ), ( ii ) and ( iii ) above: Candidates to be admitted in respect of seats reserved for the nominees of Government of India, Administration of Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep Administration, Jammu & Kashmir, candidates selected through the All India quota seats for MBBS / BDS courses and candidates sponsored under reciprocal quota by Govt. of Karnataka / Tamil Nadu.
To know more about KEAM Eligibility Click Here
KEAM 2018 Educational Qualifications
Academic Qualifications for KEAM 2018
KEAM Medical & Allied Courses
- Medical courses consist of MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS, BSMS and BUMS courses and Allied courses consist of B.Sc. ( Hons )Agriculture, B.Sc . ( Hons ) Forestry, BVSc. & AH and BFSc. courses.
- For MBBS, BDS, BSMS : Candidates who have passed Higher Secondary examination of the Board of Higher Secondary Education, Kerala, or examinations recognised equivalent thereto, with 50% marks in Biology / Biotechnology separately, and 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Biotechnology put together, are eligible. In the absence of Biology, Biotechnology will be considered as a subject for academic eligibility.
- For admission to BAMS / BHMS courses : Candidates who have passed Higher Secondary examination of the Board of Higher Secondary Education, Kerala, or examinations recognised equivalent thereto, with 50% marks in Biology separately, and 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology put together, are eligible. Biotechnology will not be considered as a subject for academic eligibility.
- For admission to BUMS course : Candidates seeking admission to main Kamil-E-Tib-Wa- Jarahat ( Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery-BUMS ) course must have passed Intermediate ( 10+2 ) or its equivalent examination with 50% aggregate marks in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry and Biology and 50% marks in Biology separately and the candidate should have passed ( a ) 10th standard with Urdu or Arabic or Persian language as a subject or clear the test of Urdu in the Entrance Examination conducted by the University or Board or Registered Society authorized by the Government to conduct such examination; ( b ) pre-Tib examination of one year duration.
- For admission to B.Sc. ( Hons. )Agri., B.Sc.( Hons ) Forestry, BFSc courses :Candidates who have passed Higher Secondary examination of the Board of Higher Secondary Education, Kerala, or examinations recognised equivalent thereto, with 50% marks in Biology separately, and 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology put together, are eligible. Biotechnology will not be considered as a subject for academic eligibility.
- For admission to BVSc. & AH Course : Candidates should have secured not less than 50% aggregate marks in English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology for the qualifying examination, in addition to the condition as stipulated as per regulation 5 of Minimum standards of Veterinary Education Degree Course ( BVSc & AH ) Regulation, 1993. Relaxation in marks is permissible as stipulated
- Candidates who have passed the BSc Degree (Three year course) examination with Physics, Chemistry, Zoology, Botany or Biotechnology as Main, and any one or two of the above subjects as Subsidiaries, with 50% marks for Main & Subsidiaries taken together, subject to the condition that they have passed Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala or examinations recognised as equivalent thereto with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as optional subjects are eligible for admission to MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS and BSMS courses.
Kerala Engineering Courses
[ Including B.Tech ( Agri. Engg. ) and B.Tech ( Food Engg. ) courses under the Kerala Agricultural University and B.Tech ( Dairy Sc. & Technology ) and B.Tech ( Food Technology ) courses under Kerala Veterinary & Animal Sciences University ].
(a) Candidates who have passed Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala, or Examinations recognized as equivalent thereto, with 50% marks in Mathematics separately, and 50 % marks in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry put together are eligible for admission. However candidates who have passed Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala, or Examinations recognized as equivalent thereto, with 45% marks in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry put together are eligible for admission under Management Quota in Private Self Financing Engineering Colleges / Government Controlled Self Financing Engineering Colleges. In case, the candidate has not studied Chemistry, the marks obtained in Computer Science shall be considered. In case, the candidate has not studied Chemistry and Computer Science, the marks obtained in Biotechnology shall be considered. In case, the candidate has not studied Chemistry, Computer Science and Biotechnology, the marks obtained in Biology shall be considered. The marks as shown in the mark list of the Board of Examination obtained from the respective Higher Secondary Board shall be considered for academic eligibility.
- In two year Kerala Higher Secondary courses or examinations recognised equivalent thereto with two year course where the Board Examinations are conducted in both years, the total marks of two years in the respective subjects as shown in the mark lists of the respective Higher Secondary Boards will be considered for academic eligibility.
- In two year Kerala Higher Secondary courses or examinations recognised equivalent thereto with two year course where the Board Examinations are conducted in both years, the total marks of two years in the respective subjects as shown in the mark lists of the respective Higher Secondary Boards will be considered for academic eligibility.
- For all other type of Higher Secondary courses or examinations recognised equivalent thereto, the marks of the respective subjects as shown in the mark list of the respective Board of Examinations will be considered for academic eligibility.
Candidates who have passed Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala, or examinations recognised as equivalent thereto, with 50 % marks in Mathematics / Biology separately, and 50 % marks in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics / Biology put together are eligible for admission to the seats reserved for Dairy Farm Instructors of Dairy Development Department for B.Tech. ( D.Sc. & Tech ). However, the candidates admitted to the course have to take a make – up course in Basic Mathematics ( 2+0 ) credits or Applied Biology ( 1+1 ) credit as the case may be.
- The Vocational Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala, has been recognised as equivalent to the Higher Secondary Examination, Kerala.
- In the case of nominees of Government of India and nominees of reciprocal quota seats who are selected on the basis of the marks in the qualifying examination, the academic eligibility.
Kerala Architecture Course
Minimum academic eligibility for admission to B.Arch
- 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognised Board with Mathematics as a subject of study by securing 50% marks in aggregate. ( OR )
- 10+3 Diploma ( any stream ) recognised by Central / State Governments with 50% aggregate marks ( OR )
- International Baccalaureate Diploma, after 10 years of schooling, with not less than 50% marks in aggregate and with Mathematics as compulsory subject of examination.
In addition to the academic eligibility prescribed under (a), only those candidates who score the minimum eligibility marks as per the Information Brochure of National Aptitude Test in Architecture ( NATA ) 2018 will be considered for admission to B. Arch. course. There is no relaxation in the minimum passing score of NATA to any category of candidate as per letter No. CA / 5 / Academic – NATA dated 11th March, 2008. The candidates are advised to qualify in NATA on or before June, 2018.
There is no provision for lateral admission to the second year or at any stage during the 5 year course in Architecture.
Relaxation in marks :
For all the courses, candidates belonging to Socially and Educationally Backward Classes ( as per G.O. ( P ) No. 208 / 66 / Edn dated 2nd May, 1966, GO( MS ) No. 10 / 2014 / BCDD dated: 23rd May, 2014, GO ( P ) No. 1 / 2015 / BCDD dated: 1st Janurary, 2015 and amendments there of ), will have a relaxation of 5% marks in the qualifying examination. They need only 45% marks in the case of Mathematics/Biology and 45% marks in the case of Mathematics / Biology, Physics and Chemistry put together. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes candidates need only a pass in the qualifying examination. However, for admission to MBBS / BDS courses, candidates belonging to SC / ST categories need 40% marks in Physics, Chemistry and Biology / Biotechnology put together in the qualifying examination. Candidates with Locomotory disability of lower limbs between 40% to 70% need only 45% marks in case of Biology / Biotechnology and 45% marks in case of optional subjects put together for admission to MBBS course ( as per the Guidelines of Medical Council of India ). The candidates belonging to PD category will have a relaxation of 5 % marks in the qualifying examination for Engineering and Medical Allied Courses except for BDS. They need only 45% marks in the case of Mathematics/Biology and 45 % marks in the case of Mathematics / Biology, Physics and Chemistry put together. Provided that in cases where only grades are given for qualifying examination and marks are not mentioned, the grade covering 45% marks will be considered as criterion for eligibility. The relaxation in marks in the Qualifying Examinations available to SEBC and PD Candidates will not be applicable to the admissions under Management Quota in Private Self Financing Engineering Colleges / Government Controlled Self Financing Engineering Colleges. Biotechnology will not be considered for the courses for academic eligibility as specified Optional subjects are the subjects specified for the respective courses.
The relaxation of marks in the qualifying examination extended to SEBC candidates only will be applicable to OEC candidates even if they are allotted against the unavailed seats of SC / ST quota.
- Candidates who have appeared for the Higher Secondary or equivalent examination will be permitted to take the Entrance Examinations provisionally. The candidates should have appeared for the qualifying examination before taking the Entrance Examination. Such candidates should prove their academic eligibility on the date of admission.
- Candidates who have qualified in the Engineering Entrance Examination should submit their marks online through the Official website of the CEE ( www.cee.kerala.gov.in ) and forward the true copy of the mark list of final year of the qualifying examination, duly attested by a gazetted officer so as to reach the Office of the CEE on or before
- Candidates referred to in Clause 6.2.1(c) who have only appeared or are appearing for the BSc. Degree Examination, are not eligible to apply.
- No rounding off of the percentage of marks to the nearest whole number is permitted. For example, a score of 50 marks out of 100 or 150 marks out of 300 alone will be considered as 50% marks and scores of 45 out of 100 or 135 out of 300 alone will be considered as 45% marks for determining eligibility.
KEAM 2018 Age Limit
Applicants should have completed 17 years of age as on the December, 2018. No relaxation in the minimum age will be allowed. There is no upper age limit for KEAM 2018.
To know more about KEAM Qualification Click Here
KEAM Seats Availability 2018
Types of Reservation in Government / Aided / KAU / KVASU / KUFOS Colleges : Out of the total seats available for the various courses, seats will be reserved for different categories.
Reservation for All India Quota for MBBS / BDS Courses : Fifteen percent of the total sanctioned seats in MBBS / BDS Courses in Government Medical / Dental Colleges in the State are set apart for the allotment of the candidates by the Director General of Health Services,
Government of India.
Reservation for Nominees : These are the seats set apart for the nominees of the Government of India, Union Territories or other States for the various courses.
Reservation for Persons with Disabilities : Leaving the seats , three percent of the seats available for the state for allotment from the Entrance rank lists, for all the courses in all the Government and Aided colleges are reserved for the candidates with disabilities.
Special Reservation : These are the seats reserved for certain specific categories, for different courses.
Mandatory Reservation : Leaving the seats set apart for All India Quota, Government of India Nominees, Special reservations, Persons with Disabilities and Management Quota, the remaining Government seats for each course in Government / Aided / KAU / KVASU / KUFOS Colleges will be distributed as per the mandatory reservation principle as contemplated in G.O. ( P) 208 / 66 / Edn. Dated 2nd May, 1966, G.O ( Ms )No.95/08/SCSTDD Dated 6th Octomber, 2008, GO( Ms ) No. 10 / 2014 / BCDD Dated 23rd May, 2014 and as modified from time to time.
The percentage break – up of seats as per mandatory reservation is as follows
|S.No||Seats Details||Percentage of Seats %|
|1||State Merit ( SM )||60%|
|2||Socially and Educationally Backward Classes ( SEBC )||30%|
|a||Ezhava ( EZ )||9%|
|b||Muslim ( MU )||8%|
|c||Other Backward Hindu ( BH )||3%|
|d||Latin Catholic and Anglo Indian ( LA )||3%|
|e||Dheevara and related communities ( DV )||2%|
|f||Viswakarma and related communities ( VK )||2%|
|g||Kusavan and related communities ( KN )||1%|
|h||Other Backward Christian ( BX )||1%|
|i||Kudumbi ( KU )||1%|
|3||Scheduled Castes & Scheduled Tribes||10%|
|a||Scheduled Castes ( SC )||8%|
|b||Scheduled Tribes ( ST )||2%|
Note : As per GO( Ms ) No. 46 / 2015 / SCSTDD dated: 23rd June, 2015, the reservation pattern in Govt. Medical College, Palakkad ( Institute of Integrated Medical Sciences, Palakkad ) will be as follows : Scheduled Caste – 70%, Scheduled Tribe – 2%, General Merit – 13% and All India Quota- 15%.
- The total number of seats available for the different courses will be published prior to the commencement of CAP 2018.
- Admission to all the Government seats except the seats reserved for All India Quota for MBBS / BDS and Nominees will be made on the basis of respective rank lists / inter-se merit as may be applicable.
- The number of seats earmarked for various categories for the different courses in Government and Aided Colleges will be finalised before CAP 2018.
Reservation of seats for Engineering Courses [ B.Tech. ]
- The number of seats reserved for Government of India Nominees, Reciprocal quota and Special reservation categories.
Reservation of seats for B.Arch. Course :
- The number of seats reserved for Government of India Nominees and Special reservation categories.
Reservation of seats for KEAM MBBS & BDS Courses
Reservation of seats under All India Quota :
The seats reserved under All India Quota for MBBS and BDS Courses in Government Medical / Dental Colleges will be allotted by the Director General of Health Services, New Delhi, on the basis of the rank obtained in the NEET UG conducted by the CBSE, New Delhi.
Reservation of seats for Nominees :
- Nominees of the Government of India : The Government of India, subject to the eligibility conditions in clause 6, will make Nominations to these seats. The distribution of seats under this category and other details in respect of MBBS / BDS courses.
- Nominees from Union Territory of Andaman & Nicobar Islands : These seats are reserved for the candidates of Kerala origin settled in the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Nominations to these seats will be made by the Administration of that Union Territory and the candidates must possess the requisite qualifications as provided .
- Nominees from Lakshadeep : Seats are reserved for the candidates of Kerala origin settled in Lakshadeep. The candidates should be sponsored by the Administration of that Union Territory and must possess the requisite qualifications
- Nominee from Jammu & Kashmir : One seat for MBBS will be reserved in a Govt. Medical College ( by rotation every year in the order TVM, ALP, KTM, TCM, KKM, MLP and CMC ) for a nominee from Jammu & Kashmir. Candidate to this seat should be sponsored by the
Government of Jammu and Kashmir through the Higher Education Secretary of the State. This year, the seat will be reserved in Government Medical College, Kozhikode
Reservation of seats for BHMS Course : The number of seats reserved under nominees and special reservation categories.
Reservation of seats for BAMS Course : The number of seats reserved under nominees and special reservation categories.
Reservation of seats for Courses under the Kerala Agricultural University :
[ BSc. ( Hons. ) Agri., BSc. (Hons.) Forestry, B.Tech. ( Agri. Engg. ), B.Tech. ( Food Engg. ) ],
Kerala Veterinary & Animal Sciences University : [ BVSc & AH, B.Tech. ( DSc. & Tech. ) and B.Tech ( Food Technology ) ],
Kerala University of Fisheries & Ocean Studies : BFSc, B.Tech ( Food Science & Technology ).
- The number of seats reserved for the various special reservation categories.
- The seats available for Agriculture, Veterinary and Fisheries courses will be filled only with the concerned category of candidates. If students are not available in the respective category, the seats will be filled from the General quota.
- One seat is reserved for Jewish Community, for one of the courses on rotation basis in the order of BSc. ( Hons. ) Agri., BVSc & AH, BSc. ( Hons. ) Forestry, B.Tech. ( Agri. Engg. ) and B.Tech. ( DSc. & Tech. ). This year the seat is reserved for BVSc & AH Course. One seat is reserved for Jewish Community, for BFSc Course.
- Types of reservation in Self financing Colleges : The reservation of seats in Self – financing Colleges run by institutions under Government control and Private Self-financing colleges will be notified separately.
To know more about KEAM Seats Click Here
KEAM Online Application Form 2018
KEAM Mode of submission
Online submission of application through the website www.cee.kerala.gov.in is required to apply for admission to all the courses ( MBBS, BDS, Other Medical & Allied courses, Engineering and Architecture ).
KEAM 2018 Application Fee
A candidate who does not belong to SC / ST communities will be treated as ‘General’ candidate for the collection of application fee.
Kerala Engineering Architecture Medical application fee for all candidates will be as follows :
- General Candidates – 800/-
- SC / ST Candidates – 400/-
ST candidates are exempted from payment of application fee.
Candidates choosing ‘Dubai’ as Examination Centre will have to remit an additional fee of 12,000 /- by way of online payment. The additional fee can also be remitted by way of echalan, if payment is made inside India. Such candidates should give a local contact number, if available, in their application in the appropriate place. If the additional fee of 12,000/- is not paid by the candidates, they will be allotted a centre within the country.
Candidates desirous of getting admission to Architecture Course and possessing the required minimum qualification mentioned will have to appear for the “National Aptitude Test in Architecture” ( NATA ), conducted by the Council of Architecture. They should appear for NATA in such a manner that they can submit their NATA score to the CEE as stipulated . The details will be notified separately. Candidates applying for the Engineering and / or Medical streams and opting for Architecture also will have to appear for the ‘National Aptitude Test in Architecture’, as mentioned above. The candidates are advised to qualify in NATA on or before June, 2018.
Mode of Payment of KEAM Application Fee
Candidate can pay application fee in either of the two following methods :
The fee may be paid by credit card / debit card / Internet Banking. On successful payment of fee, a Payment Confirmation Page will appear displaying the message ‘Transaction Successful’. If the payment is unsuccessful, the message ‘Transaction Unsuccessful’ will be displayed. Due to communication failure, if the outcome of the payment attempt is not displayed, the ‘Payment’ tab in the candidate’s home page should be checked to see if it has turned green. If not, the transaction was unsuccessful and the payment needs to be made again and ensure that it’s successful.
If the amount was debited from the account of the candidate for an unsuccessful transaction, the debited amount will be reverted to that account within 5-7 working days.
In case of payment through e-chalan, the payment should be made in the selected branches of State Bank of Travancore ( SBT ) in India or all Head / Sub Post Offices in Kerala, in cash. The e-chalan generated from the website after online submission of the application should be handed over to the bank / post office, as the case may be, and after depositing the fee plus processing charge, as applicable, the counterfoil( Candidate’s copy ) of the e-chalan must be collected back from the bank / post office official.
It must be ensured that the bank / post office official has recorded the Payment ID pertaining to the payment on the counterfoil and put the office stamp and his / her initials at the designated places on the counterfoil. If the payment was successful, the ‘Payment’ tab in the candidate’s home page turns green. Candidates are advised to login to the website and examine the ‘Payment’ tab to make sure that the fee status has been updated by the bank / post office official. If the payment tab has not turned green, the candidate should immediately contact the concerned bank / post office and get the payment status updated. On successful Payment, the required entries in the application will be made automatically.
Note : The Application fee / additional fee once remitted will not be refunded under any circumstances.
KEAM 2018 Submission Method
Online submission of Application
- The detailed instructions for filling each item in the application are given in the link, “How to Apply” to be provided on the websites www.cee-kerala.org and www.cee.kerala.gov.in.
- There are 6 steps for the online submission of application and all the steps are mandatory. Candidates should complete all steps including sending the signed printout of the online submitted application along with the necessary certificates and documents so as to reach the office of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations on or before the last date notified for the same.
- Candidate has to visit the website www.cee.kerala.gov.in where he / she can find the link “KEAM 2018 Online Application”.
Step 1 : Candidate Registration
This is a one time procedure. During the process, candidates will get a system generated Application Number. Candidates are requested to enter their own password when demanded. Preferably a strong password is recommended. It ensures the candidates’ safe online activities.
The requirements of a strong password are :
- A minimum length of 8 characters
- A minimum of one alphabet character [ a-z or A-Z ]
- A minimum of one number ( 0-9 )
- A minimum of one symbol [ ! @ # $ % ^ & * ]
The candidate has to re – enter the password for confirmation.
There will be a Security question and candidates should provide an answer to it. For further login, candidates have to note down all the information provided during this stage.
Step 2 : Upload Images
A recent passport size photograph of the candidate, Signature of the candidate and the left hand thumb impression of the candidate, all in jpeg format of given specifications are to be uploaded before proceeding to Step 3.
Step 3 : Filling up of Application
All the basic information, required at the Office of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations are to be filled in at this step. Before filling the details, read the Prospectus carefully.
The data provided here will be used for processing the application. Any mistake in filling this sheet or providing false / incomplete / wrong information will affect the candidate’s eligibility for admission or claim for reservation under any category. It is obligatory that the candidate should fill all the items in the application.
If the application is filled completely, candidate can preview the details of the application before going to the Final Submission, by clicking the ‘Save & Preview’ button. After making it sure that all the information given are correct and true, click the ‘Final Submission’ button to submit the online application ultimately.
Step 4 : Payment of Application Fee
At this step, the candidate has to make the payment of application fee by way of Online Payment or by way of e-chalan.
Step 5 : Print Application
After payment of the Application Fee, Candidate should take a printout of the online submitted application. Candidates should get the Course Certificate and Nativity Certificate provided in the application.
Step 6 : Send the Printout of application and supporting documents to the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations
Affix a photograph of the applicant with 3.5 x 4.5 cm size same as the photograph uploaded on the online application duly attested by the Head of the Institution which he / she studied last or by a Gazetted Officer. The printout of the application and supporting documents / certificates are to be sent to the Office of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations, Office of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations,
“5th Floor, Housing Board Buildings,
Thiruvananthapuram – 695 001.”
so as to reach the addressee on or before the last date specified for submission of application.
Applications should be complete in all respects. A candidate will be considered for the Entrance Examination or for admission, only if he/she has furnished the relevant certificates prescribed in the Prospectus, in proof of eligibility, or in support of any claim for reservation, under any category.
To know more about KEAM Application Form Click Here
KEAM 2018 Online Admit Card
- The Admit Card for the Entrance Examination can be downloaded from the official website of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations, www.cee.kerala.gov.in. The candidates will have to enter their Application number and Date of Birth provided in the application form in order to download the admit card. They will have to take a printout of the admit card. Admit cards will not be sent by post from the Office of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations.
- Help Desks and Facilitation Centres will be functioning across the State from where candidates can download and take printouts of admit card. The venue of the examination and time table will be noted in the admit card. Separate notification in this regard will be issued.
- Rejection memo will be sent to candidates whose application has been rejected.
- No memo will be sent by post in the case of defective applications. The defects in the applications will be displayed on the homepage of the candidate while attempting to download the admit card by giving his / her Application Number and Date of Birth. Defects if any, should be rectified within the dates specified in the notification pertaining to the download of admit cards.
- All candidates whose application has been accepted should download their admit card well in advance. A candidate who does not possess the Admit Card will not be admitted to the Examination Hall under any circumstances.
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KEAM 2018 Physics Syllabus
Unit 1 : Introduction and Measurement
Physics – Scope and excitement; Physics in relation to science, society and technology – inventions, names of scientists and their fields, nobel prize winners and topics, current developments in physical sciences and related technology. Units for measurement – systems of units, S .I units, conversion from other systems to S.I units.
Fundamental and derived units. Measurement of length, mass and time, least count in measuring instruments ( eg. vernier calipers, screw gauge etc ), Dimensional analysis and applications, order of magnitude, accuracy and errors in measurement, random and instrumental errors, significant figures and rounding off principles.
Unit 2 : Description of Motion in One Dimension
Objects in motion in one dimension – Motion in a straight line, uniform motion – its graphical representation and formulae; speed and velocity – instantaneous velocity; ideas of relative velocity with expressions and graphical representations; Uniformly accelerated motion, position – time graph, velocity – time graph and formulae. Elementary ideas of calculus – differentiation and integration – applications to motion.
Unit 3 : Description of Motion in Two and Three Dimensions
Vectors and scalars, vectors in two and three dimensions, unit vector, addition and multiplication, resolution of vector in a plane, rectangular components, scalar and vector products. Motion in two dimensions – projectile motion, ideas of uniform circular motion, linear and angular velocity, relation between centripetal acceleration and angular speed.
Unit 4 : Laws of Motion
Force and inertia, first law of motion, momentum, second law of motion, forces in nature, impulse, third law of motion, conservation of linear momentum, examples of variable mass situation, rocket propulsion, equilibrium of concurrent forces.
Static and kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction, lubrication. Inertial and non – inertial frames ( elementary ideas ); Dynamics of uniform circular motion – centripetal and centrifugal forces, examples : banking of curves and centrifuge.
Unit 5 : Work, Energy and Power
Work done by a constant force and by a variable force, units of work – Energy – kinetic and potential forms, power, work – energy theorem. Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions.
Gravitational potential energy and its conversion to kinetic energy, spring constant, potential energy of a spring, Different forms of energy, mass – energy equivalence ( elementary ideas ), conservation of energy, conservative and non-conservative forces.
Unit 6 : Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body Rotation
Centre of mass of a two particle system, generalisation to N particles, momentum conservation and center of mass motion, applications to some familiar systems, center of mass of rigid body. Moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, physical meaning of angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum with some examples, eg. planetary motion.
Equilibrium of rigid bodies, rigid body rotation and equation of rotational motion, comparison of linear and rotational motions, moment of inertia and its physical significance, radius of gyration, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems ( statements only ), moment of inertia of circular ring and disc, cylinder rolling without slipping.
Unit 7 : Gravitation
Universal law of gravitation, gravitational constant ( G ) and acceleration due to gravity ( g ), weight and gravitation, variation of g with altitude, latitude, depth and rotation of earth. Mass of earth, gravitational potential energy near the surface of the earth, gravitational potential, escape velocity, orbital velocity of satellite, weightlessness, motion of geostationary and polar satellites, statement of Kepler’s laws of planetary motion, proof of second and third laws, relation between inertial and gravitational masses.
Unit 8 : Mechanics of Solids and Fluids
Solids : Hooke’s law, stress – strain relationships, Youngs modulus, bulk modulus, shear modulus of rigidity, some practical examples.
Fluids : Pressure due to fluid column, Pascal’s law and its applications ( hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes ), effect of gravity on fluid pressure, Buoyancy, laws of floatation and Archimedes principles, atmospheric pressure.
Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, examples of drops and babbles, capillary rise, detergents and surface tension, viscosity, sphere falling through a liquid column, Stokes law, streamline flow, Reynold’s number, equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s theorum and applications.
Unit 9 : Heat and Thermodynamics
Kinetic theory of gases, assumptions, concept of pressure, kinetic energy and temperature, mean – rms and most probable speed, degrees of freedom, statement of law of equipartition of energy, concept of mean free path and Avogadros’ number Thermal equilibrium and temperatures, zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat – work and internal energy, Thermal expansion – thermometry.
First law of thermodynamics and examples, specific heat, specific heat of gases at constant volume and constant pressure, specific heat of solids, Dulong and Petit’s law. Thermodynamical variables and equation of state, phase diagrams, ideal gas equation, isothermal and adiabatic processes, reversible and irreversible processes, Carnot engines, refrigerators and heat pumps, efficiency and coefficient performance of heat engines , ideas of second law of thermodynamics with practical applications. Thermal radiation – Stefan – Boltzmann law, Newton’s law of cooling.
Unit 10 : Oscillations
Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time and periodic functions; Simple harmonic motion ( S.H.M ) and its equation, uniform circular motion and simple harmonic motion, oscillations of a spring, restoring force and force constant, energy in simple harmonic motion, kinetic and potential energies, simple pendulum – derivation of expression for the period; forced and damped oscillations and resonance ( qualitative ideas only ), coupled oscillations.
Unit 11 : Waves
Longitudinal and transverse waves, wave motion, displacement relation for a progressive wave, speed of a traveling wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, standing waves in strings and pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, beats, Doppler effect of sound with applications.
Unit 12 : Electrostatics
Frictional electricity; Properties of electric charges – conservation, additivity and quantisation. Coulomb’s law – Forces between two point electric charges, Forces between multiple electric charges; Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. Electric field and its physical significance, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; Electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole and behavior and dipole in a uniform electric field.
Electric potential – physical meaning, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of point charges, electric dipoles in an electrostatic field. Electric flux, statement of Gauss’ theorem – its application to find field due to an infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.
Conductors and insulators presence of free charges and bound charges; Dielectrics and electric polarization, general concept of a capacitor and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, energy stored in a capacitor, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Van de Graff generator.
Unit 13 : Current Electricity
Electric current, flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, their relation with electric current; Ohm’s law, electrical resistance, V – I characteristics, limitations of Ohm’s law, electrical resistivity and conductivity, classification of materials in terms of conductivity; Superconductivity ( elementary idea ); Carbon resistors, colour code for carbon resistors; combination of resistances – series and parallel.
Temperature dependence of resistance. Internal resistance of a cell, Potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel. Kirchoff’s laws illustration by simple applications, Wheatstone bridge and its applications, Meter bridge. Potentiometer – principle and applications to measure potential difference, comparison of emf of two cells and determination of internal resistance of a cell.
Electric power, thermal effects of current and Joule’s law; Chemical effects of current, Faraday’s laws of electrolysis, Electro – chemical cells.
Unit 14 : Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
Concept of a magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment, Biot – Savart’s law, magnetic field due to an infinitely long current carrying straight wire and a circular loop, Ampere’s circuital law and its applications to straight and toroidal solenoids. Force on a moving charge in a uniform magnetic field, cyclotron. Force on current carrying conductor and torque on current loop in magnetic fields, force between two parallel current carrying conductors, definition of the ampere.
Moving coil galvanometer and its conversion into ammeter and voltmeter. Current loop as a magnetic dipole, magnetic moment, torque on a magnetic dipole in a uniform magnetic field, Lines of force in magnetic field. Comparison of a bar magnet and solenoid. Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements, vibration magnetometer. Para, dia and ferromagnetic substances with examples. Electromagnets and permanent magnets.
Unit 15 : Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
Electromagnetic induction, Faraday’s laws, Induced e.m.f. and current, Lenz’s law, Eddy currents, self and mutual inductance. Alternating current, peak and rms value of alternating current / voltage, reactance and impedance, L.C. oscillations, LCR series circuit. ( Phasor diagram ), Resonant circuits and Q – factor; power in A.C. circuits, wattless current. AC generator and Transformer.
Unit 16 : Electromagnetic Waves
Properties of electromagnetic waves and Maxwell’s contributions ( qualitative ideas ), Hertz’s experiments, Electromagnetic spectrum ( different regions and applications ), propagation of electromagnetic waves in earth’s atmosphere.
Unit 17 : Optics
Reflection in mirrors, refraction of light, total internal reflection and its applications, spherical lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula; Magnification, Power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact; Refraction and dispersion of light due to a prism, Scattering of light, Blue colour of the sky and appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset. Optical instruments, Compound microscope, astronomical telescope ( refraction and reflection type ) and their magnifying powers.
Wave front and Huygen’s principle. Reflection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wave fronts ( qualitative idea ); Interference – Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width, coherent sources and sustained interference of light; Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum, difference between interference and diffraction, resolving power of microscope and telescope; Polarisation, plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, Use of polarised light and polaroids.
Unit 18 : Dual Nature of Matter and Radiations
Photoelectric effect, Einstein photoelectric equation – particle nature light, photo – cell, Matter waves – wave nature of particles. De Broglie relation, Davisson and Germer experiment.
Unit 19 : Atomic Nucleus
Alpha particle scattering experiment, size of the nucleus – composition of the nucleus – protons and neutrons. Nuclear instability – Radioactivity – Alpha, Beta and Gamma particle / rays and their properties, radio – active decay laws, Simple explanation of -decay, -decay and decay; mass – energy relation, mass defect, Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number.
Nature of nuclear forces, nuclear reactions, nuclear fission, nuclear reactors and their uses; nuclear fusion, elementary ideas of energy production in stars.
Unit 20 : Solids and Semiconductor Devices
Energy bands in solids ( qualitative ideas only ), difference between metals, insulators and semi-conductors using band theory; Intrinsic and extrinsic semi – conductors, p – n junction, Semi – conductor diode characteristics forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier, solar cell, photo – diode, zener diode as a voltage regulator; Junction transistor, characteristics of a transistor; Transistor as an amplifier ( common emitter configuration ) and oscillator; Logic gates ( OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR ); Elementary ideas about integrated circuits.
Unit 21 : Principles of Communications
Elementary idea of analog and digital communication; Need for modulation, amplitude, frequency and pulse modulation; Elementary ideas about demodulation, Data transmission and retrieval, Fax and Modem. ( basic principles ) Space communications – Ground wave, space wave and sky wave propagation, satellite communications.
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KEAM 2018 Chemistry Syllabus
Unit 1 : Basic Concepts and Atomic Structure
Laws of chemical combination : Law of conservation of mass. Law of definite proportion. Law of multiple proportions. Gay – Lussac’s law of combining volumes. Dalton’s atomic theory. Mole concept. Atomic, molecular and molar masses. Chemical equations. Balancing and calculation based on chemical equations.
Atomic structure : Fundamental particles. Rutherford model of atom. Nature of electromagnetic radiation. Emission spectrum of hydrogen atom. Bohr model of hydrogen atom. Drawbacks of Bohr model.
Dual nature of matter and radiation. de Broglie relation. Uncertainty principle. Wave function ( mention only ). Atomic orbitals and their shapes ( s, p and d orbitals only ). Quantum numbers. Electronic configurations of elements. Pauli’s exclusion principle. Hund’s rule. Aufbau principle.
Unit 2 : Bonding and Molecular Structure
Kossel and Lewis approach of bonding. Ionic bond, covalent character of ionic bond, Lattice energy. Born – Haber cycle. Covalent bond. Lewis structure of covalent bond. Concept of orbital overlap. VSEPR theory and geometry of molecules. Polarity of covalent bond. Valence bond theory and hybridization ( sp, sp2, sp3, dsp2, d2sp3 and sp3d2 ). Resonance. Molecular orbital method. Bond order. Molecular orbital diagrams of homodiatomic molecules. Bond strength and magnetic behaviour. Hydrogen bond. Coordinate bond. Metallic bond.
Unit 3 : States of Matter
Gaseous state : Boyle’s law. Charles’ law. Avogadro’s hypothesis. Graham’s law of diffusion. Absolute scale of temperature. Ideal gas equation. Gas constant and its values. Dalton’s law of partial pressure. Aqueous tension. Kinetic theory of gases. Deviation of real gases from ideal behaviour. Inter molecular interaction, van der Waals equation. Liquefaction of gases. Critical temperature.
Liquid state : Properties of liquids. Vapour pressure and boiling point. Surface tension. Viscosity.
Solid state : Types of solids ( ionic, covalent and molecular ). Space lattice and unit cells. Cubic crystal systems. Close packing. Different voids ( tetrahedral and octahedral only ). Density calculations. Point defects ( Frenkel and Schottky ). Electrical properties of solids. Conductors, semiconductors and insulators. Piezoelectric and pyroelectric crystals. Magnetic properties of solids. Diamagnetic, paramagnetic, ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic and ferrimagnetic substances.
Unit 4 : Periodic Properties of Elements and Hydrogen
Classification of elements : Mendeleev’s periodic table. Atomic number and modern periodic law. Long form of periodic table. Electronic configurations of elements and their position in the periodic table. Classification into s-, p-, d- and f- block elements.
Periodic properties : Ionization energy, electron affinity, atomic radii, valence and electro negativity.
Hydrogen: Position in the periodic table, occurrence, isolation, preparation ( including commercial ), properties, reactions and uses. Isotopes of hydrogen.
Hydrides : Molecular, saline and interstitial hydrides.
Water : Structure of water molecule and its aggregates. Physical and chemical properties of water. Hard and soft water. Removal of hardness.
Preparation and uses of heavy water : Liquid hydrogen as fuel.
Unit 5 : S – Block Elements and Principles of Metallurgy
Alkali metals : Occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in atomic and physical properties ( ionization energy, atomic radii and ionic radii ), electrode potential, and reactions with oxygen, hydrogen, halogens and liquid ammonia. Oxides, hydroxides and halides.
Alkaline earth metals : Occurrence, electronic configuration, trends in atomic and physical properties, electrode potential, and reactions with oxygen, hydrogen and halogens. Oxides, hydroxides, halides and sulphides.
Anomalous properties of lithium and beryllium. Compounds of s – block elements : Large scale preparation of NaOH and Na2CO3, their properties and uses. Preparation and properties of CaO, Ca ( OH )2, Plaster of Paris and MgSO4. Industrial uses of lime, limestone and cement.
Principles of metallurgy : Occurrence of metals. Concentration of ores. General principles of extraction of metals from ore. Thermodynamic and electro chemical principles of metallurgy. Refining of metals. Extraction of zinc, aluminium, iron and copper.
Unit 6 : P – Block Elements
General characteristics of p – block elements : atomic and physical properties. Oxidation states. Trends in chemical reactivity of Groups 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 elements.
- Boron : Occurrence, isolation, physical and chemical properties. Borax and boric acid. Boron hydrides. Structure of diborane. Uses of boron and its compounds.
- Carbon : Allotropes, properties, Oxides of Carbon.
- Nitrogen : Terrestrial abundance and distribution, isolation, properties and chemical reactivity.
- Ammonia : Haber process of manufacture, properties and uses.
- Nitric acid : Ostwald process of manufacture and important uses.
- Oxides of nitrogen : Preparation and structures ( skeletal only ).
- Oxygen : Terrestrial abundance, isolation, properties and chemical reactivity.
- Oxides : Acidic, basic and amphoteric oxides. Preparation, structure, properties and uses of ozone and hydrogen peroxide.
- Silica : Different forms and uses. Structures of silicates. Silicones, Zeolites, Uses of Silicon Tetra Chloride.
- Phosphorus : Production, allotropes and phosphine. Preparation and structures of PCl3, PCl5, oxyacids of phosphorus. Comparison of halides and hydrides of Group 15 elements.
- Sulphur : Production, allotropes, oxides and halides, Oxoacids of Sulphur ( structure only ).
- Sulphuric acid : Manufacture, properties and uses. Comparison of oxides, halides and hydrides of Group 17 elements, Oxoacids of halogens ( structure only ), hydrides and oxides of chlorine. Interhalogen compounds.
Group 18 elements : Occurrence, isolation, atomic and physical properties, uses.
Compounds of xenon : Preparation of fluorides and oxides, and their reactions with water.
Unit 7 : D – Block and F – Block Elements
d – Block elements : Electronic configuration and general characteristics. Metallic properties, ionization energy, electrode potential, oxidation states, ionic radii, catalytic properties, coloured ions, complex formation, magnetic properties, interstitial compounds and alloys. Preparation and properties of KMnO4, K2Cr2O7 .
f – Block elements :
- Lanthanides : Occurrence, electronic configuration and oxidation states. Lanthanide contraction. Uses.
- Actinides : Occurrence, electronic configuration and comparison with lanthanides.
Unit 8 : Thermodynamics
System and surrounding : Types of systems. Types of processes. Intensive and extensive properties. State functions and path functions. Reversible and irreversible processes.
First law of thermodynamics : Internal energy and enthalpy. Application of first law of thermodynamics. Enthalpy changes during phase transition. Enthalpy changes in chemical reactions. Standard enthalpy of formation. Hess’s law of constant heat summation and numerical problems. Heat capacity and specific heat.
Second law of thermodynamics : Entropy and Gibbs free energy. Free energy change and chemical equilibrium. Criteria for spontaneity.
Unit 9 : Chemical Equilibrium
Physical and chemical equilibria : Dynamic nature of equilibrium. Equilibria involving physical changes ( solid – liquid, liquid – gas, dissolution of solids in liquids and dissolution of gases in liquids ). General characteristics of equilibria involving physical processes.
Equilibria involving chemical systems : Law of chemical equilibrium. Magnitude of equilibrium constant. Numerical problems. Effect of changing conditions of systems at equilibrium ( changes of concentration, temperature and pressure ). Effect of catalyst. The Le Chatelier principle and its applications. Relationship between Kp and Kc. Ionic equilibrium. Ionization of weak and strong electrolytes.
Concepts of acids and bases : Those of Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis. Acid – base equilibrium. Ionization of water. pH scale. Salt hydrolysis. Solubility product. Common ion effect. Buffer action and buffer solutions.
Unit 10 : Solutions
Types of solutions : Different concentration terms ( normality, molarity, molality, mole fraction and mass percentage ). Solubility of gases and solids. Vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s law. Deviation from Raoult’s law.
Colligative properties : Lowering of vapour pressure, elevation in boiling point, depression in freezing point and osmotic pressure. Ideal and non – ideal solutions. Determination of molecular mass. Abnormal molecular mass. The van’t Hoff factor and related numerical problems.
Unit 11 : Redox Reactions and Electrochemistry
Oxidation and reduction : Electron transfer concept. Oxidation number. Balancing equations of redox reactions: Oxidation number method and ion electron method ( half reaction method ).
Faraday’s laws of electrolysis : Quantitative aspects. Electrolytic conduction. Conductance. Molar conductance. Kohlrausch’s law and its applications. Electrode potential and electromotive force ( e.m.f. ). Reference electrode ( SHE only ). Electrolytic and Galvanic cells. Daniel cell. The Nernst equation. Free energy and e.m.f. Primary and secondary cells. Fuel cell ( H2 – O2 only ).
Corrosion and its prevention : Electrochemical theory of rusting of iron. Methods of prevention of corrosion. Galvanization and cathodic protection.
Unit 12 : Chemical Kinetics
Rate of reaction. Average and instantaneous rates. Rate expressions. Rate constant. Rate law. Order and molecularity. Integrated rate law expressions for zero and first order reactions and their derivations. Units of rate constant. Half life period. Temperature dependence of rate constant. Arrhenius equation. Activation energy, Collision Theory ( Elementary theory ) and related numerical problems. Elementary and complex reactions with examples.
Unit 13 : Surface Chemistry
Adsorption : Physical and chemical adsorption. Factors affecting adsorption. Effect of pressure. Freundlisch adsorption isotherm. Catalysis. Enzymes. Zeolites.
Colloids : Colloids and suspensions. Dispersion medium and dispersed phase.
Types of colloids : Lyophobic, lyophilic, multimolecular, macromolecular and associated colloids. Preparation, properties and protection of colloids. Gold number. Hardy Schulze rule. Emulsions.
Unit 14 : Coordination Compounds and Organometallics
Ligand. Coordination number. IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds mononuclear, Isomerism in coordination compounds. Geometrical, optical and structural isomerism. Bonding in coordination compounds. Werner’s coordination theory. Valence bond approach. Hybridization and geometry. Magnetic properties of octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar complexes. Introduction to crystal field theory.
Splitting of d orbitals in octahedral and tetrahedral fields ( qualitative only ). Importance of coordination compounds in qualitative analysis and biological systems such as chlorophyll, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 ( structures not included ).
Unit 15 : Basic Principles, Purification and Characterization of Organic Compounds
Distinction between organic and inorganic compounds. Tetra valence of carbon. Catenation. Hybridization ( sp, sp2 and sp3 ). Shapes of simple molecules. General introduction to naming of organic compounds. Trivial names and IUPAC nomenclature. Illustrations with examples. Structural isomerism. Examples of functional groups containing oxygen, hydrogen, sulphur and halogens.
Purification of carbon compounds : Filtration, crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography ( column and paper only ).
Qualitative analysis : Detection of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and halogens.
Quantitative analysis : Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens ( principles only ), and related numerical problems. Calculation of empirical and molecular formulae.
Unit 16 : Hydrocarbons
Classification of hydrocarbons. Alkanes and cycloalkanes : Nomenclature and conformation of ethane. 3D structures and 2D projections ( Sawhorse and Newman ).
Alkenes and alkynes : Nomenclature. Geometrical isomerism in alkenes. Stability of alkenes. General methods of preparation. Physical and chemical properties. Markownikoff’s rule. Peroxide effect. Acidic character of alkynes. Polymerization reactions of dienes.
Aromatic hydrocarbons : Nomenclature. Isomerism. Benzene and its homologues. Structure of Benzene. Resonance. Delocalisation in benzene. Concept of aromaticity ( an elementary idea ). Chemical reactions of benzene. Polynuclear hydrocarbons and their toxicity.
Unit 17 : Organic Reaction Mechanism
Electronic displacement in a covalent bond : Inductive, electromeric, resonance and hyperconjugation effects. Fission of a covalent bond. Free radicals, electrophiles, nucleophiles, carbocations and carbanions.
Common types of organic reactions : Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement reactions. Illustrations with examples. Mechanism of electrophilic addition reactions in alkenes. Concept of delocalisation of electrons. Mechanism of electrophilic substitution reactions. Directive influence of substituents and their effect on reactivity ( in benzene ring only ).
Unit 18 : Stereochemistry
Stereoisomerism : Geometrical isomerism and optical isomerism. Specific rotation. Chirality and chiral objects. Chiral molecules. Configuration and Fischer projections. Asymmetric carbon. Elements of symmetry. Compounds containing one chiral center. Enantiomers. Racemic form. Racemization. Compounds containing two chiral centers. Diastereo isomers. Meso form. Resolution.
Unit 19 : Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Halogens
- Haloalkanes and haloarenes : Nomenclature and general methods of preparation. Physical properties. Nature of C – X bond in haloalkanes and haloarenes. Chemical properties and uses of chloromethane and chlorobenzene.
- Polyhalogen compounds : Preparation and properties of chloroform and iodoform. Uses of some commercially important compounds ( chloroform, iodoform, DDT, BHC and freon ).
Unit 20 : Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Oxygen
Alcohols : Nomenclature. Important methods of preparation ( from aldehydes, ketones, alkyl halides and hydration of alkenes ). Manufacture of ethanol from molasses. Physical and chemical properties. Reactions with alkali metals and acids. Formation of alkenes, ethers and esters. Reactions with PX3, PX5, SOCl2. Oxidation of alcohols. Dehydrogenation.
Phenols : Nomenclature. Preparation of phenol ( from sodium benzenesulphonate, benzene diazoniumchloride and chlorobenzene ). Physical and chemical properties of phenol. Acidity of phenol. Action of phenol with FeCl3. Bromination, sulphonation and nitration of phenol.
Ethers : Nomenclature. Methods of preparation ( from alcohols and alkyl halides ). Williamson’s synthesis. Physical and chemical properties. Formation of peroxides. Actions with HI, HF and H2SO4.
Some commercially important compounds : Methanol, ethanol ( fermentation ).
Aldehydes and ketones : Nomenclature. Electronic structure of carbonyl group. Methods of preparation ( from alcohols, acid chlorides, ozonolysis of alkenes and hydration of alkynes ). Friedel – Crafts acylation for acetophenone. General properties ( physical and chemical ) of aldehydes and ketones. Formation of paraldehyde and metaldehyde. Addition of NaHSO3, NH3 and its derivatives, Grignard reagent, HCN and alcohols. Oxidation reactions with Tollen’s reagent and Fehling’s solution. Oxidation of ketones. Reduction with LiAlH4. Clemmensen reduction. Wolff – Kischner reduction. Aldol condensation. Cannizzaro reaction.
Carboxylic acid : Nomenclature. Electronic structure of – COOH. Methods of Preparation ( from alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, alkyl benzenes and hydrolysis of cyanide ). Physical properties. Effects of substituents on acid strength. Chemical reactions.
Unit 21 : Organic Compounds with Functional Groups Containing Nitrogen
Amines : Nomenclature. Primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Methods of preparation. Physical properties. Basic nature. Chemical reaction. Separation of primary, secondary and tertiary amines. Cyanides and isocyanides. Diazonium salts. Preparation and chemical reactions of benzene diazoniumchloride in synthetic organic chemistry.
Unit 22 : Polymers and Biomolecules
- Polymers : Classification. Addition and condensation polymerization. Copolymerization. Natural rubber and vulcanization. Synthetic rubbers. Condensation polymers. Biopolymers. Biodegradable polymers. Some commercially important polymers : Polyethene, polystyrene, PVC, Teflon, PAN, BUNA – N, BUNA – S, neoprene, Terylene, glyptal, nylon – 6, nylon – 66 and Bakelite.
- Biomolecules : Classification of carbohydrates. Structure and properties of glucose. Reducing and nonreducing sugars : Properties of sucrose, maltose and lactose ( structures not included ).
- Polysaccharides : Properties of starch and cellulose.
- Proteins : Amino acids. Zwitterions. Peptide bond. Polypeptides. Primary, secondary and tertiary structures of protein. Denaturation of proteins. Enzymes. Nucleic acids. Types of nucleic acids. DNA and RNA, and their chemical composition. Primary structure of DNA. Double helix.
- Vitamins : Classification and functions in biosystems.
Unit 23 : Environmental chemistry and chemistry in every day lifeSoil, water and air pollutions. Ozone layer. Smog. Acid rain. Green house effect and global warming. Industrial air pollution. Importance of green chemistry. Chemicals in medicine and health care. Drug-target interaction, Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, antacids, antihistamines, antibiotics, disinfectants, antifertility drugs, chemicals in food, preservatives, artificial sweetening agents, antioxidants and edible colours, cleansing agents, soaps and synthetic detergents, antimicrobials.
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KEAM 2018 Maths Syllabus
Unit 1 : Algebra
Sets, Relations and Functions
Sets and their Representations : Finite and Infinite sets; Empty set; Equal sets; Subsets; Power set; Universal set; Venn Diagrams; Complement of a set; Operations on Sets ( Union, Intersection and Difference of Set ); Applications of sets : Ordered Pairs, Cartesian Product of Two sets; Relations: Domain, Co – domain and Range: Functions: into, on to, one – one in to, one – one on to Functions; Constant Function; Identity Function; composition of Functions; Invertible Functions; Binary Operations.
Complex Numbers in the form a + i b ; Real and Imaginary Parts of a complex Number; Complex Conjugate, Argand Diagram, Representation of Complex Number as a point in the plane; Modulus and Argument of a Complex Number; Algebra of Complex Numbers; Triangle Inequality; | Ζ1 + Ζ2 | ≤ | Ζ1 | + | Ζ2 |; | Ζ1.Ζ2 | = | Ζ1 | | Ζ2 | ; Polar Representation of a Complex Number.
Solution of a Quadratic Equation in the Complex Number System by ( i ) Factorization ( ii ) Using Formula; Relation between Roots and Coefficients; Nature of Roots; Formation of Quadratic Equations with given Roots; Equations Reducible to Quadratic Forms.
Sequences and Series
Sequence and Examples of Finite and Infinite Sequences; Arithmetic Progression ( A..P ) : First Term, Common Difference, nth Term and sum of n terms of an A.P.; Arithmetic Mean ( A.M ); Insertion of Arithmetic Means between any Two given Numbers; Geometric Progression ( G.P ) : first Term, Common Ratio and nth term, Sum to n Terms, Geometric Mean ( G.M ); Insertion of Geometric Means between any two given Numbers.
Permutations, Combinations, Binomial Theorem and Mathematical Induction
Fundamental Principle of Counting; The Factorial Notation; Permutation as an Arrangement; Meaning of P ( n, r ); Combination : Meaning of C ( n, r ); Applications of Permutations and Combinations. Statement of Binomial Theorem; Proof of Binomial Theorem for positive integral Exponent using Principle of Mathematical Induction and also by combinatorial Method; General and Middle Terms in Binomial Expansions; Properties of Binomial Coefficients; Binomial Theorem for any Index ( without proof ); Application of Binomial Theorem. The Principle of Mathematical Induction, simple Applications.
Matrices and Determinants
Concept of a Matrix; Types of Matrices; Equality of Matrices ( only real entries may be considered ) : Operations of Addition, Scalar Multiplication and Multiplication of Matrices; Statement of Important Results on operations of Matrices and their Verifications by Numerical Problem only; Determinant of a Square Matrix; Minors and Cofactors; singular and non-singular Matrices; Applications of Determinants in ( i ) finding the Area of a Triangle ( ii ) solving a system of Linear Equations ( Cramer’s Rule ); Transpose, Adjoint and Inverse of a Matrix; Consistency and Inconsistency of a system of Linear Equations; Solving System of Linear Equations in Two or Three variables using Inverse of a Matrix ( only up to 3X3 Determinants and Matrices should be considered ).
Solutions of Linear Inequation in one variable and its Graphical Representation; solution of system of Linear Inequations in one variable; Graphical solutions of Linear inequations in two variables; solutions of system of Linear Inequations in two variables.
Mathematical Logic and Boolean Algebra
Statements; use of Venn Diagram in Logic; Negation Operation; Basic Logical Connectives and Compound Statements including their Negations.
Unit 2 : Trigonometry
Trigonometric functions and Inverse Trigonometric functions : Degree measures and Radian measure of positive and negative angles; relation between degree measure and radian measure, definition of trigonometric functions with the help of a unit circle, periodic functions, concept of periodicity of trigonom etric functions, value of trigonometric functions of x for
Graph of the following trigonometric functions;
y = Sin x ; y = Cos x ; y = Tan x ; y = a Sin x ;y = a Cos x, y = a Sin bx ; y = a Cos bx;
Unit 3 : Geometry
Cartesian System of Rectangular Co ordinates
Cartesian system of co ordinates in a plane, Distance formula, Centroid and incentre, Area of a triangle, condition for the collinearity of three points in a plane, Slope of line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the co ordinate axes, Locus and its equation.
Lines and Family of lines
Various forms of equations of a line parallel to axes, slope – intercept form, The Slope point form, Intercept form, Normal form, General form, Intersection of lines. Equation of bisectors of angle between two lines, Angles between two lines, condition for concurrency of three lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equations of family of lines through the intersection of two lines.
Circles and Family of circles
Standard form of the equation of a circle General form of the equation of a circle, its radius and center, Equation of the circle in the parametric form.
Sections of a cone. Equations of conic sections [ Parabola, Ellipse and Hyperbola ] in standard form.
Vectors and scalars, Magnitude and Direction of a vector, Types of vectors ( Equal vectors, unit vector, Zero vector ). Position vector of a point, Localized and free vectors, parallel and collinear vectors, Negative of a vector, components of a vector, Addition of vectors, multiplication of a vector by a scalar, position vector of point dividing a line segment in a given ratio, Application of vectors in geometry. Scalar product of two vectors, projection of a vector on a line, vector product of two vectors.
Three Dimensional Geometry
Coordinate axes and coordinate planes in three dimensional space, coordinate of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction cosines, and direction ratios of a line joining two points, projection of the join of two points on a given line, Angle between two lines whose direction ratios are given, Cartesian and vector equation of a line through ( i ) a point and parallel to a given vector ( ii ) through two points, Collinearity of three points, coplanar and skew lines, Shortest distance between two lines, Condition for the intersection of two lines, Carterian and vector equation of a plane ( i ) When the normal vector and the distance of the plane from the origin is given ( ii ) passing though a point and perpendicular to a given vector ( iii ) Passing through a point and parallel to two given lines through the intersection of two other planes ( iv ) containing two lines ( v ) passing through three points, Angle between ( i ) two lines ( ii ) two planes ( iii ) a line and a plane, Condition of coplanarity of two lines in vector and Cartesian form, length of perpendicular of a point from a plane by both vector and Cartesian methods.
Unit 4 : Statistics
Statistics and probability
Mean deviation for ungrouped data, variance for grouped an ungrouped data, standard deviation. Random experiments and sample space, Events as subset of a sample space, occurrence of an event, sure and impossible events, Exhaustive events, Algebra of events, Meaning of equality likely outcomes, mutually exclusive events. Probability of an event; Theorems on probability; Addition rule, Multiplication rule, Independent experiments and events. Finding P ( A or B ), P ( A and B ), random variables, Probability distribution of a random variable.
Unit 5 : Calculus
Functions, Limits and continuity
Concept of a real function; its domain and range; Modulus Function, Greatest integer function : Signum functions; Trigonometric functions and inverse trigonometric functions and their graphs; composite functions, Inverse of a function. Limit of a function; meaning and related notations; Left and right hand limits; Fundamental theorems on
Limits at Infinity and infinity limits; continuity of a function at a point, over an open / closed interval; Sum, Product and quotient of continuous functions; Continuity of special functions – Polynomial, Trigonometric, exponential, Logarithmic and Inverse trigonometric functions.
Derivative of a function; its geometrical and physical significance; Relationship between continuity and differentiability; Derivatives of polynomial, basic trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic and inverse trigonometric functions from first principles; derivatives of sum, difference, product and quotient of functions; derivatives of polynomial, trigonometric, exponential, logarithmic, inverse trigonometric and implicit functions; Logarithmic differentiation; derivatives of functions expressed in parametric form; chain rule and differentiation by substitution; Derivatives of Second order.
Application of Derivatives
Rate of change of quantities; Tangents and Normals; increasing and decreasing functions and sign of the derivatives; maxima and minima; Greatest and least values; Rolle’s theorem and Mean value theorem; Approximation by differentials.
Integration as inverse of differentiation; properties of integrals; Integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions; Integration by substitution; Integration by parts; Integrals of the type :
Definite integral as limit of a sum; Fundamental theorems of integral calculus without proof ); Evaluation definite integrals by substitution and by using the following properties.
Application of definite integrals in finding areas bounded by a curve, circle, parabola and ellipse in standard form between two ordinates and x – axis; Area between two curves, line and circle; line and parabola : line and ellipse.
Definition; order and degree; general and particular solutions of a differential equation; formation of differential equations whose general solution is given; solution of differential equations by method of Separation of variables; Homogeneous differential equations of first order and their solutions; Solution of linear differential equations of the type dy / dx + P ( x ) y = Q ( x ) where P ( x ), Q ( x ) are functions of x.
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KEAM 2018 Biology Syllabus
Unit 1 : Diversity in the Living World
Characters of Living organisms, Biosystematics, Binomial nomenclature ( guidelines and merits ), Taxonomic categories, Taxonomical Aids, Systems of classification – Two Kingdom and Five Kingdom classification – ( brief description with emphasis on criteria, merits and demerits ).
Unit 2 : Plant Kingdom
Brief description of Artificial, natural and phylogenetic classification.
- Algae – Salient, comparative features of Rhodophyta, Phaeophyta and Chlorophyta with examples.
- Bryophyta – General features with special mention on aquatic to terrestrial evolution, alternation of generation of Liverworts and Mosses.
- Pteridophytes – General features with examples.
- Gymnosperms – General features with examples.
- Angiosperms – Unique features with examples.
- Plant Life Cycle and alternation of generation.
Morphology of Angiosperms
Morphological structures of root, stem and leaf, their structural and functional modifications with examples, Inflorescence – Racemose, Cymose, morphological characters of flower, fruit and seed.
Taxonomy of Angiosperms
Description of taxonomical types, families such as Fabaceae, Solanacea and Liliaceae with examples.
Anatomy of flowering plants
Tissue : Meristematic ( Classification based on origin, position and plane of division ); Permanent ( Simple and complex types ); Tissue systems ( epidermal, ground and vascular ); Anatomy of root and stem ( primary structure ) of monocot and dicot; Anatomy of leaf of monocot and dicot; Normal secondary growth of stem and root.
Unit 3 : Cell and Cell Division
Cell as a basic unit of life; Cell theory; Cell as a self – contained unit, unicellularity and multicellularity, prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems.
Ultra Structure : Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, cell wall, cell membrane ( Fluid Mosaic Model ), membrane transport, description of cell organelles and their function ( nucleus, mitochondria, plastids, endoplasmic reticulum, golgi bodies, lysosomes, cytoskeletal structures, cilia and flagella, centriole, ribosomes ).
Biomolecules of cell : Inorganic and organic materials ( carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids – RNA, DNA ), enzymes ( properties, chemical nature and mechanism of action ).
Cell cycle : Cell division, mitosis and meiosis – their significance.
Unit 4 : Physiology of Plants
Transport in plants : Means of transport ( imbibition, diffusion, osmosis, plasmolysis, permeability, water potential ), absorption and movement – active and passive. Transpiration: Mechanism of opening and closing of stomata, guttation, significance of transpiration. Uptake and transport of mineral nutrients.
Mineral nutrition : Functions of minerals, macro and micro elements, deficiency symptoms of elements. Toxicity of micronutrients, Nitrogen metabolism : Nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation, mechanism, synthesis of amino acids ( reductive amination, transamination ).
Photosynthesis : Significance, photosynthetic apparatus, functional aspects of chlorophyll structure, action spectra and absorption spectra. Mechanism: Photochemical phase, photo phosphorylation ( cyclic and non cyclic electron transport system ), chemiosmotic hypothesis, biosynthetic phase ( C3, C4 ); Photorespiration and its mechanism; Factors affecting photosynthesis ( Blackmann’s law of limiting factor ).
Respiration : Significance, site of respiration, mechanism : Glycolysis, Kreb’s cycle, electron – transport system and oxidative phosphorylation, amphibolic pathway; Respiratory quotient; Anaerobic respiration, fermentation.
Unit 5 : Reproduction, Growth and Development
Modes of reproduction in flowering plants Vegetative propagation ( natural and artificial ), micropropagation, significance. Sexual reproduction : Development of male and female gametophytes, pollination types and factors, double fertilization, incompatibility; seed and fruit development, parthenogenesis and parthenocarpy, polyembryonic.
Characteristic features, measurement of growth, growth curve, growth rate, differentiation and growth regulators ( phytohormones ) : auxins, gibberellins, cytokinines, ethylene, abscisic acid ( ABA ) and their role. photoperiodism and vernalisation.
Unit 6 : Ecology and Environment
Organisms and population : Organism and its environment : Factors: biotic, abiotic ( air, water, soil, temperature and light ); responses to abiotic factors, adaptations, population, population attributes, population growth, Interactions, predation, competition, parasitism, commensalism and mutualism.
Ecosystem : Structure and function, productivity, decomposition, energy flow, ecological pyramids, ecological succession, nutrient cycling, brief descriptions of major biomes.
Environmental Issues : Sources of air, water, soil and noise pollution; Major pollutants, their effects and methods of control. Pollution due to radioactive substance, disposal of nuclear wastes. effect and control of radiation pollution, agrochemical and their effects, Green house effect and global warming, ozone depletion, deforestation.
Unit 7 : Biotechnology
Principles of biotechnology, tools of recombinant DNA technology, process of recombinant DNA technology, biotechnological application in agriculture, genetically modified crops, biotechnological applications in medicine, genetically engineered insulin, gene therapy, molecular diagnosis, transgenic animals and ethical issues.
Unit 8 : Origin and Evolution of Life
Origin of life, Big bang theory, various theories, panspermia, abiogenesis, chemical evolution – Oparin – Haldane Hypothesis, Harold Urey & Stanley Miller experiment, Theories of Evolution – Lamarckism, Theory of Inheritance of Acquired Character, Theory of Use and Disuse, Darvinism – Natural selection theory, Example of natural selection – Industrial Melanism, Geological timescale.
Evidences of Evolution – Palaentological, Morphological and Anatomical evidences of evolution.
Population Genetics & Evolution – Hardy Weinberg’s Equilibrium, genetic drift, founder effect.
Adaptive radiation – Adaptive radiation of marsupials of Australia.
Origin and Evolution of Man.
Unit 9 : Animal Kingdom
Salient features of different Phyla with examples, Grades of organization and body plan, body symmetry, germ layers ( diploblastic & triploblastic organization ), segmentation, coelom.
- Phylum Porifera eg : Sycon, Leucosolenia, Spongilla.
- Phylum Cnidaria eg : Hydra, Obelia, Physalia, Aurelia, Sea Anemone, Corals.
- Phylum Ctenophora eg : pleurobrachia, etenoplana.
- Phylum Playhelminthes eg : Taenia, Fasciola, Planaria.
- Phylum Aschelminthes eg : Ascaris, Rhabditis, Wuchereria, Ancylostoma.
- Phylum Annelida eg : Nereis, Aphrodite, Pheretima, Hirudinaria.
- Phylum Arthropoda eg : Honeybee, Silkworm, Lacinsect, Anophelus, Locus, Limulus.
- Phylum Mollusca eg : Pila, Pinctada, Sepia, Loligo, Octopus, Aplysia, Deutalium, Chaetopleura.
- Phylum Echinodermata eg : Asterias, Echinus, Antedon, Sea cucumber, Ophiura.
- Phylum Hermichordata eg : Balanoglosus, Saccoglosus.
- Phylum Chordata – Urochordata eg: Ascidia, Salpa doliolum.
- Cephalochordata eg : Amphioxus.
- Vertebrata – Classification up to classes.
- Super class I. Agnatha. Class – Cyclostomata eg : Petromyzon and Myxine.
- Super class II. Gnathostomata Class a – Chondrichthyes ( Cartilaginous fishes ) eg : Scoliodon, Pristis, carcharodon, Trygon.
- Class b. Osteichthyes ( Bony fishes ) eg : Exocoetus, Hippocampus, Rohu, Catla, Clarius, Betta, Pterophyllum.
- Class c. Amphibia – eg: Bufo, Rana, Hyla, Salamander, lchthyophis.
- Class d. Reptilia eg : Chelone, Chameleon, Testudo, Hemidactylus, Calotes, Naja, Krait, Viper, Crocodile, Alligator.
- Class e. Aves – eg : Corvus, Columba, Psittacula, Struthio, Pavo, Penguin, Vulture.
- Class f. Mammalia eg : Platypus, Kangaroo, Whale, Macaca, Panthera, Elephus, Horse, Rat, Dolphin, Cat, Camel, Pteropus.
Unit 10 : Structure Organisation of the Body
Animal Morphology : External and internal morphology, Earthworm, Cockroach, Frog.
Animal Tissues – Definition, Types of tissues – Epithelial tissue – different types with examples, specialized epithelial tissue with examples, Connective tissue with examples, Muscular tissue with examples, Nervous tissue with examples, Structure and functions of these tissues.
Unit 11 : Genetics
Heredity and variation – Mendel’s experiments, Laws of Mendel, Chromosome theory of inheritance, Pattern of inheritance, Incomplete dominance, Codominane chromosomes, Prokaryotic & Eukaryotic Chromosomes, Nucleosomes, Chromosome theory of inheritance, Concept of linkage and crossing over, Principle of gene mapping, sex linked inheritance, sex determination, sex limited and sex influenced inheritance, Mutation, Gene mutation, Chromosomal aberration, Polyploidy, aneuploidy and Euploidy, Mutation causing agents, Human Genetics, Pedigree Analysis, Genetic Disorders, Sickle cell anaemia, Phenylketonuria, Alzheimer’s disease, Down’s Syndrome, Klinefelter’s Syndrome.
Nature of Genetic Material : DNA and its structure, Different types of DNA, RNA and its structure, Experiments to prove genetic nature of DNA. DNA and Gene, DNA Replication, Gene expression – Gene and Protein, Biosynthesis of Protein, Genetic code, Regulation of Gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, Human genome project and DNA finger printing.
Unit 12 : Physiology of Animals
Nutrition, Different types of nutrition, Different types of nutrients, Malnutrition, Under nutrition, Disorders related to nutrition. Digestion – Human digestive system, Structure of alimentary canal, Glands associated with alimentary canal, Different enzymes secreted by the alimentary canal, Functions of various enzymes, Role of various regions of alimentary canal in absorption, Process of ingestion and digestion, Mechanism of absorption and assimilation of digested food components.
Respiration – Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration, Mechanism of gas exchange, Human Respiratory system, Respiratory organs and mechanism involved in pulmonary respiration, Gas exchange and transport of respiratory gases, Respiratory pigments involved, Regulation of respiration, Respiratory disorders, Bronchitis, Bronchial Asthma, Emphysema, Occupational lung diseases, Causes of these disorders – symptoms, prevention and cure.
Circulation – composition of blood, structure and functions of different types of blood cells, Blood groups, Structure and working of heart, pulmonary, systemic and portal circulation, Pulse, heart beat and blood pressure, Rhythmicity of heart, Regulation of heart beat, Blood related disorders – hypertension, atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis, Electro cardio gram, Heart failure, Lymph and its functions.
Excretion – Definition, Different types of excretory organs – Skin, lungs and liver as excretory organs, Nitrogenous excretion, Different types of Nitrogenous excretion with examples, Ammenotelism, ureotelism and uricotelism, Excretory system in man, Structure of kidney, Composition and formation of urine, Role of Kidney in osmoregulation, Hormonal regulation of excretory system, Dialysis.
Locomotion and Movement – Human skeleton, Axial and appendicular skeleton, Joints, Types of joints with examples, Bone and cartilage, Structure of Bone and Cartilage, Disordres of bone and cartilage – Arthritis and Osteoporosis, Muscles, Different types of muscles, Structure of skeletal muscles, Mechanism of muscle contraction, Role of red and white muscles in movement, Role of muscles and bones in movement.
Nervous Co – ordination, Human nervous system, Morphology of functional subsystems of nervous system, Different types of nerve cells, Structure and functions of brain and spinal cord, Nerve impulse, Synapse, Transmission and conduction of nerve impulse, Reflex action, Reflex arc, Sensory receptors, Structure and functions of eye and ear.
Hormones, Different types of hormones, Hormones produced by human endocrine glands and their functions, Hormone imbalance and disorders, Role of hormones as messengers and regulators, Feed back control of various hormones. Mechanism of hormone action.
Unit 13 : Reproduction and Development in Animals
Reproduction, Different types of asexual reproduction with examples, Sexual reproduction, Reproductive organs, Structure and function of human male and female reproductive system, Reproductive cycle in human female, Gametogenesis, fertilization ( Physical and chemical events ), Development of zygote up to 3 germinal layers and their derivatives, Extra embryonic membranes, Structure and functions of placenta, parturition and lactation.
Reproductive health – Population explosion and birth control, Medical termination of pregnancy, sexually transmittable diseases, Infertility.
Unit 14 : Biodiversity and Conservation
Biodiversity definition, Significance of biodiversity, Magnitude of biodiversity, Levels of biodiversity, gradients of biodiversity, Uses of biodiversity, Threats of biodiversity, Endangered species, Extinction, Causes of extinction, Conservation of biodiversity, protected areas, National and International efforts, Role of Governmental and non – governmental organizations in conservation of bio-diversity, Environmental ethics, Responsibility of individual in biodiversity conservation.
Unit 15 : Biology in Human Welfare
Human Health and Diseases – common diseases in humans – Typhoid, pneumonia, common cold, malaria, amoebiasis, ascariasis, elephantiasis. Immunity – innated and acquired, active and passive immunity, vaccination and immunization, allergies, autoimmunity, immune system in the body, AIDS, cancer, drugs and alcohol abuse, common problems of adolescence, Social and moral implications, Problems associated with drugs, smoking and alcoholism, prevention and control.
Strategies for enhancement in food production, Animal husbandary, dairy farming, poultry farming, animal breeding, bee keeping, pisciculture, plant breeding, breeding for disease resistance and tissue culture, single cell protein.
Microbes in human welfare – Microbes in household projects, microbes in industrial products, fermented beverages, antibiotics, chemicals, enzymes and other bioactive molecules – microbes in sewage treatment, microbes in production of biogas, microbes as biocontrol agents and microbes as biofertilizers.
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KEAM 2018 Results
KEAM Exam Date
- KEAM Engineering Entrance Exam Physics & Chemistry ( Paper – I ) : 23rd April, 2018.
- KEAM Engineering Entrance Exam Mathematics ( Paper – II ) : 24th April, 2018.
KEAM Result Date
- KEAM Engineering Entrance Exam Results likely to be declared in the month of May, 2018.
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KEAM 2018 Important Dates
|1||Starting Date of Online Application submission||February, 2018|
|2||Last date for submission of Online Application including Fee payment||February, 2018|
|3||Last date for receipt of Printout of Online Application along with supporting documents||February, 2018|
|4||Downloading Online Admit Cards from||April, 2018|
|5||Date & Time of Engineering Entrance Examination : Physics & Chemistry ( Paper-I )||23rd April, 2018 at 10:00 AM - 12:30 PM ( Monday )|
|Mathematics ( Paper-II )||24th April, 2018 at 10:00 AM - 12:30 PM ( Tuesday )|
|6||Venue of Examination||As indicated in the Admit Card|
|7||Time Schedule for the Examination ( IST )||Engg Paper-I & Paper-II|
|Entry to the Examination Hall||9:30 AM|
|Distribution of Question Booklet||9:55 AM|
|Opening of the Question Booklet and Commencement of Examination||10:00 AM|
|Latest entry to the Examination Hall||10:30 AM|
|Conclusion of Examination||12:30 PM|
|8||Materials permitted in the examination hall||Admit Card, Card Board / Clip Board, Ball-Point pens ( with Black or Blue ink only )|
|9||Rough work||All rough work are to be done in the Question Booklet only. The candidate shall not do any rough work or put Stray Mark( s ) on the OMR answer sheet|
|10||Declaration of Engineering Entrance Examination Results||On or before May, 2018|
|11||Engineering, Architecture, MBBS / BDS, Medical & Allied and Ayurveda Rank lists||On or before June, 2018|
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Government of Kerala,
Office of the Commissioner for Entrance Examinations,
5th Floor, Housing Board Buildings, Santhi Nagar,
Thiruvananthapuram – 695 001,
Phone No. : 0471 – 2332120, 2338487,
Website : www.cee-kerala.org.