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SCERT PSTET Syllabus 2016

{tab=PSTET Primary Stage Syllabus}

Structure and Content of SCERT PSTET Syllabus

SCERT PSTET Paper I ( for classes I to V ) Primary Stage

I. Child Development and Pedagogy : 30 Questions

a) Child Development ( Primary School Child ) : 15 Questions

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes : Social world & children ( Teacher, Parents, Peers )
  • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky : constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child – centered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender – bias and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
  • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School – Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation : perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs : 5 Questions

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc
  • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c) Learning and Pedagogy : 10 Questions

  • How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning in children; understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning – personal & environmental

II. Language – I ( Punjabi ) : 30 Questions

a) Language Comprehension : 15 Questions

Reading unseen passages- two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability ( Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive )

b) Pedagogy of Language Development : 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency : speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching – learning materials : Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

III. Language – II ( English ) : 30 Questions

a) Comprehension : 15 Questions

Two unseen prose passages ( discursive or literary or narrative or scientific ) with questions on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development : 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency : speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching – learning materials : Textbook, multi – media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

IV Mathematics : 30 Questions 

Content 25 Questions

  • Geometry
  • Shapes & Spatial Understanding
  • Numbers
  • Addition and Subtraction
  • Multiplication
  • Division
  • Measurement
  • Weight
  • Time
  • Volume
  • Data Handling
  • Patterns
  • Money
  • LCM & HCF
  • Decimal
  • Fractions

b) Pedagogical issues : 5 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics / Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation through formal and informal methods
  • Problems of Teaching
  • Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching
  • Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching

V. Environmental Studies : 30 Questions

Content : 25 Questions

  • Our Sorroundings
  • Parts of the Body ( internak & external )
  • Natural Resourses
  • Our Punjab
  • Solar System
  • Baasic needs
  • Food, resources and care
  • Water
  • Air
  • Habitat, types
  • Clothes dresses & their care
  • Group songs
  • Festivals ( School, family & national  )
  • Health, good habits & personal hygiene
  • Looking after the trees, plants & animals
  • Living and nonliving
  • Parts of plants
  • Geographical features and changes
  • Days and Nights
  • Disposal of Solid Waste
  • Local Bodies ( Rural & Urban )
  • Transportation, communication and its development
  • Pollution
  • National Property
  • Weather & Climate
  • Community Buildings
  • Diseases
  • First Aid
  • Disaster Management

b) Pedagogical Issues : 5 Questions

  • Concept and scope of EVS
  • Significance of EVS, integrated EVS
  • Environmental Studies & Environmental Education
  • learning Principles
  • Scope & relation to Science & Social Science
  • Approaches of presenting concepts
  • Activities
  • Experimentation / Practical Work
  • Discussion
  • CCE
  • Teaching material / Aids
  • Problems

{tab=PSTET Elementary Stage Syllabus}

SCERT PSTET Paper II ( for classes VI to VIII ) Elementary Stage

I. Child Development and Pedagogy : 30 Questions

a) Child Development ( Elementary School Child ) : 15 Questions

  • Concept of development and its relationship with learning
  • Principles of the development of children
  • Influence of Heredity & Environment
  • Socialization processes : Social world & children ( Teacher, Parents, Peers )
  • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky : constructs and critical perspectives
  • Concepts of child – centered and progressive education
  • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence
  • Multi Dimensional Intelligence
  • Language & Thought
  • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice
  • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc.
  • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning; School – Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice
  • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement.

b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs : 5 Questions

  • Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived
  • Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, ‘impairment’ etc
  • Addressing the Talented, Creative, Specially abled Learners

c) Learning and Pedagogy : 10 Questions

  • How children think and learn; how and why children ‘fail’ to achieve success in school performance
  • Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning.
  • Child as a problem solver and a ‘scientific investigator’
  • Alternative conceptions of learning in children; understanding children’s ‘errors’ as significant steps in the learning process.
  • Cognition & Emotions
  • Motivation and learning
  • Factors contributing to learning- personal & environmental

II. Language – I ( Punjabi ) : 30 Questions

a) Language Comprehension : 15 Questions

Reading unseen passages – two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability ( Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive )

b) Pedagogy of Language Development : 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching – learning materials : Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

III. Language – II ( English ) : 30 Questions

a) Comprehension : 15 Questions

Two unseen prose passages ( discursive or literary or narrative or scientific ) with questions on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability

b) Pedagogy of Language Development : 15 Questions

  • Learning and acquisition
  • Principles of language Teaching
  • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool
  • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form;
  • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders
  • Language Skills
  • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing
  • Teaching – learning materials : Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom
  • Remedial Teaching

IV. (a) Mathematics and Science : 60 Questions

(i) Mathematics : 30 Questions

Content : 25 Questions

Number System

  • Number System
  • Knowing our Numbers
  • Playing with Numbers
  • Whole Numbers
  • Negative Numbers and Integers
  • Fractions
  • Exponents; surds, squares, cube, square root, cube root
  • Profit & Loss
  • Compound Interest
  • Discount
  • Algebra
  • Introduction to Algebra; Algebraic identities, polynomials
  • Ratio and Proportion
  • Geometry
  • Basic geometrical ideas ( 2-D )
  • Understanding Elementary Shapes ( 2-D and 3-D )
  • Symmetry : ( reflection )
  • Constructions ( using Straight edge Scale, protractor, compasses )
  • Quadrilateral
  • Mensurations; circle, sphere, cone, cylinder, triangles
  • Data handling, statistics

b) Pedagogical issues : 5 Questions

  • Nature of Mathematics / Logical thinking
  • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum
  • Language of Mathematics
  • Community Mathematics
  • Evaluation
  • Remedial Teaching
  • Problems of Teaching

(ii) Science : 30 Questions

a) Content : 25 Questions

Food

  • Sources of food
  • Components of food
  • Cleaning food
  • Materials
  • Materials of daily use
  • Air
  • Water
  • Change of matter
  • Structure of Atom
  • Molecule
  • Compounds
  • Metals & Nonmetals
  • Carbon
  • Soil
  • Acids, base, salt
  • The World of the Living organisms, micro organism and diseases
  • Food; production & management
  • Moving Things People and Ideas
  • Effect of population growth & human activities on environment
  • The Universe
  • Force
  • Motion
  • Work & Energy
  • Electric current and circuits
  • Magnets & magnetism
  • Light
  • Sound
  • Natural Phenomena
  • Natural Resources
  • Sources of energy
  • Environmental concerns; regional & national
  • Pollution

b) Pedagogical issues : 5 Questions

  • Nature & Structure of Sciences
  • Natural Science / Aims & objectives
  • Understanding & Appreciating Science
  • Approaches / Integrated Approach
  • Observation / Experiment / Discovery ( Method of Science )
  • Innovation
  • Text Material / Aids
  • Evaluation – cognitive / psychomotor / affective
  • Problems
  • Remedial Teaching

V. Social Studies / Social Sciences : 60 Questions

a) Content : 50 Questions

(i) History : 20 Questions

  • When, Where and How
  • The Earliest Societies
  • The First Farmers and Herders
  • The First Cities
  • Early States
  • New Ideas
  • The First Empire
  • Contacts with Distant lands
  • Political Developments
  • Culture and Science
  • New Kings and Kingdoms
  • Sultans of Delhi
  • Architecture
  • Creation of an Empire
  • Social Change
  • Regional Cultures
  • The Establishment of Company Power
  • Rural Life and Society
  • Colonialism and Tribal Societies
  • The Revolt of 1857 – 58
  • Women and reform
  • Challenging and Caste Sysytem
  • The Nationalist Movement
  • India After Independence

(ii) Geography : 15 Questions

  • Geography as a social study and as a science
  • Planet : Earth in the solar system
  • Globe
  • Environment in its totality : Natural and human environment.
  • Air
  • Water
  • Human Environment : settlement, transport and communication.
  • Resources : Types – Natural and Human
  • Agriculture

(iii) Social and Political Life ( Civics ) : 15 Questions

  • Diversity
  • Government
  • Local Government
  • Making a Living
  • Democracy
  • State Government
  • Understanding Media
  • Unpacking Gender
  • The Constitution
  • Parliamentary Government
  • The Judiciary
  • Social Justice and the Marginalised

c) Pedagogical issues : 10 Questions

  • Concept & Nature of Social Science / Social Studies
  • Class Room Processes, activities and discourse
  • Developing Critical thinking
  • Enquiry / Empirical Evidence
  • Problems of teaching Social Science / Social Studies
  • Sources – Primary & secondary
  • Projects Work
  • Evaluation

{/tabs}

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