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HSEE Syllabus 2019
- HSEE-2019 has two parts : Part I and Part II. Syllabus for Part 1 consists of English ( 25% marks of Part I ), Analytical and Quantitative Ability ( 25% marks of Part I ), and General Studies ( in four sub-parts; 50% marks of Part I ). Part II involves essay writing.
English ( 25% Marks )
This section tests the candidate’s ability to understand and use standard English, and to appreciate literary language. Questions are related to the following areas
- Reading skills : Candidates will be required to read the given passage/s that aim to test their comprehension skills and answer the comprehension questions.
- Grammar : This section tests the candidate’s knowledge of English grammar such as sentence structure and usage, the use of tenses, verb patterns, articles, and active and passive constructions etc.
- Vocabulary : This section examines the candidate’s vocabulary skills. Candidate’s ability to understand meaning, structure and colocation of words is tested here.
Analytical and Quantitative Ability ( 25% Marks )
This section tests the candidate’s analytical skills and quantitative abilities. Questions are related to the following areas
- Numbers, Algebra, Highest Common Factor ( HCF ) and Lowest Common Multiple ( LCM ), Calendar, Basic Statistics – Average, Ratio and proportion, Profit and Loss, Percentages, Simple and Compound Interest, Work and time, Discount, Age sums, linear equations, elementary trigonometry.
- Data interpretation, Analytical reasoning, Logical reasoning, Brainteasers, and Patterns.
General Studies ( in Four Parts – 50% marks )
- This section is intended to test the understanding of some basic economic concepts and awareness of key issues pertaining to the Indian economy with a focus on the developments after independence.
The concepts and issues covered are
- Understanding the Economy : Scarcity, opportunity cost, resource allocation, economic systems and their characteristics, features of market economies, forces of demand and supply, elasticity of demand and supply.
- Main Features of Indian Economy : Natural resources; human resources – population size and composition, literacy and education, occupational distribution.
- Major Economic Problems : Poverty, Unemployment and Inequality -concepts, measurement, trends, sectoral distribution and policies, inflation – trends, causes and remedies.
- Economic Growth and Development : Meaning and measurement of economic growth, stages of development, national income concepts and trends, trends in savings and investment; human development index, national policy on education, health and health care policies.
- Planning in India : Five – Year Plans – objectives, priorities and problems.
- Sectoral Development : Agriculture – Green Revolution and technological changes, current issues and policies; industry -evolution of industrial policies in India ( from 1948 ), strategies for industrial development, public and private sectors, small and medium industries, infrastructure, transport and communication, service sector etc.
- Foreign Trade and International Economy : Balance of payments, foreign exchange reserves and trade policy, I.M.F., W.T.O., international aid.
- Money, Banking and Public Finance : Concepts of money and measures of money supply.
Indian Society and Culture
- Structure of Indian Society : Caste, Class and Tribe, Institutions of Marriage, Family and Kinship, Political institutions, Demographic Indicators and Trends.
- Social Change in India : Sanskritization, Modernisation, Westernization and Secularization, Social Movements and Regionalism, Panchayati Raj Institutions & Governance, Affirmative Action Program of the Government, Commissions and Policy Interventions.
- History and the Making of Indian Society : Mughal eEa and Islamisation, British Raj, Sepoy Mutiny, Reform Movements in the 19th Century and the Emergence of India.
- Indian Philosophy and Indian Thinkers : Jainism and Mahavira, Budhha and his Teachings, the Charvakins, Orthodox Systems, Sikhism, Sufism, Gandhi and Non – violence.
- Emergence of the US and USSR; emergence of UN system; the Cold War and nuclear race; disintegration of Soviet Union, decline of Communism and rise of nationalism; Arab-Israel conflict; India and the World; NAM and role of India; India-China and India-Pakistan relations, China and the World, conflict and wars.
- Democracy and Development; Challenges to democracy; North-South divide on issues of development; UN and its various developmental and peacekeeping operations; Nuclearisation and non-Proliferation; India in SAARC and ASEAN; International terrorism, fundamentalism and the War on Terror; Indo-US relations; New centres of power in Asia, Latin America and Africa.
- Hunger and Poverty; Human Rights, Democracy and Development; Environmental degradation and green politics; Issues of Race, Ethnicity and Gender; Deprived Classes and minority politics; Religion in the contemporary world; Culture and Civilization; Globalization and changing economic, cultural and political landscape; Mass media and cultural change; Emergence of various popular mass movements.
Environment and Ecology
- Global Environmental Picture : Population Growth, Degradation of Soils, Global Atmospheric Changes, Loss of Biodiversity.
- Ecosystems : Structure of Ecosystems – Biotic Structure, Categories of Organisms, Feeding and Non-feeding Relationships. Ecosystems and How they Work, Elements in Living and Non-living Systems, Energy Laws, Nutrient Cycling.
- Pollution : Major forms of Pollution and their Impact, Primary and Secondary Pollutants, Control Strategies, Indoor Pollutants, Global Warming, International Treaties.
- Principles of Solar Energy, Hydropower, Wind Power, Biomass Energy, Ocean Thermal Energy, Geothermal Energy, and Tidal power.
- Topics for the essay writing in Part II will be based on current affairs and general knowledge. The essay should build an argument, demonstrate a clear perspective and be substantiated with examples, wherever possible.