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Indian Freedom Fighter Dadabhai Naoroji Biography
Dadabhai Naoroji was reverentially remembered as the Grand Old Man of India.
Dadabhai Naoroji was associated with the Indian National Congress since from its inception.
Dadabhai Naoroji laid the foundation of India`s contemporary freedom struggle. When the nationalistic co-operation between the princely states of India was completely shattered by the East India Company, Dadabhai Naoroji, a peerless patriot came to prominence who defined the modern Indian freedom struggle.
Dadabhai Naoroji was born at Khadak in the house of a poor Parsi priest. He studied at the Elphinstone College where he made exceptional performance. He had been acclaimed by one of his professor as the promise of India.
A versatile scholar, Dadabhai Naoroji began his career as the professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy. But in 1855 he left the profession and moved to London as the partner of the Parsi firm. In 1862, he left the Parsi firm and started his s own business.
In 1873 he accepted the office of Diwan in Baroda. In the year 1892 he became the first Indian member of the House of Commons. Moreover he became the President of the Indian National Congress thrice, in 1886, 1893 and 1906.
From his very childhood, Dadabhai Naoroji was sympathetic to the socio-political condition of his countrymen. Therefore he was very much active in taking steps for the social and the political advantage of his countrymen.
Dadabhai Naoroji founded the Dyan Prasarak Mandali and a Girls High School at Bombay for the purpose of educating the women. He also established the Bombay Association in 1852. The Bombay Association was the first political association in India.
During the long years of his stay in London, he made every effort to make the English people aware about the Indian affairs. He established the London Association and the East India Association in order to propagate his ideals among the European people. In this way Dadabhai Naoroji became the national hero.
In politics Dadabhai Naoroji was conscious of the numerous benefits that the Indians derived from the British rule in India. He pledged “loyalty to the backbone” to the British crown and “the permanent continuance” of the British rule in India.
As the congress Movement passed its early years of development, it demanded for Swaraj. Although Tilak first raised the slogan that “Swaraj is my birth s right”, it was Dadabhai Naoroji who demanded for Swaraj from the platform of Congress.
In Calcutta Session during delivering his Presidential address in the Calcutta session he emphasized the need for self-government or Swaraj. However Dadabhai Naoroji had enough faith in the justice and the statesmanship of the British.
It was Dadabhai Naoroji who exposed the exploitative nature of the British ruler in India. He was the first Indian who drew the attention of both the Indians as well as the Europeans, to the economic exploitation of India.
Dadabhai Naoroji brought to the public notice the drain of Indian wealth to the European countries and the resulting poverty of the Indians. In his book, Poverty Under British rule in India, Dadabhai Naoroji, proved his thesis of drain of wealth logically.
Dadabhai Naoroji brought to notice that the relation between the government with that of the common people in India was that of a master and slave. The Indians were plundered and oppressed continuously.
Dadabhai Naoroji due to his contribution in the field of the socio-political progress in India was venerated as a divine man.
He was a unique figure in Indian history and was often compared with Gladstone.