International Dates and Events for April 2011
1. Michel Joseph Martelly was elected President of Haiti following his victory in the Haitian presidential election of 2011. Before entering the political scene, Martelly was a performing and recording artist, composer, and businessman. Martelly won the run-off Presidential Election against candidate Mirlande Manigat on 4th April, 2011.
2. The fourth South Asian Conference on Sanitation ( SACOSAN – IV ) was organised in Colombo on 4th April, 2011 to discuss plans for creating sanitation facilities for the 700 million plus uncovered people of the SAARC region. India has the largest uncovered population in the world.
3. Top police officers from the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ) countries discussed terrorism and drug traffic-related problems in the region, among other policing issues, at a two-day conference in Colombo on 4th April, 2011 – 5th April, 2011.
4. The UAE will house the permanent headquarters of the International Renewable Energy Agency ( IRENA ), the body that aims to help its 149 members define their strategy in renewable energies. The announcement was made 4th April, 2011 during the assembly being held in Abu Dhabi as part of its transition into a fully – fledged international organisation from the status of a ‘preparatory commission.
5. British newspaper The Guardian’s’ coverage of the secret U.S. diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks has won it recognition as Britain’s “Newspaper of the Year” at the prestigious 2011 Press Awards given on 5th April, 2011.
6. India and Thailand on 4th April, 2011 agreed to intensify Defence and security cooperation as well as double bilateral trade over the next three years. Bilateral trade between the two countries has grown 6 fold in the last decade and touched US $ 6 billion last year, growing at over 30% from the previous year.
7. India has joined the system for the Mutual Acceptance of Data ( MAD ) in the Assessment of Chemicals, a multilateral agreement supported by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development ( OECD ).
8. Bourn Hall Clinic, the world’s first IVF ( In – vitro Fertilisation ) clinic, has opened a centre in Kochi, Kerala — the first one outside the United Kingdom. The assisted conception clinic, which has to its credit the world’s first test tube baby, will be opening 16-18 centres across the country in the next three to five years. The 1VF pioneers, the 2010 Nobel laureate Professor Robert Edwards and Dr. Patrick Steptoe, set up the Bourn Hall Clinic in 1978 when they first revolutionised infertility treatment with the birth of the first test tube baby, Louise Brown.
9. The nuclear radiation crisis at the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Japan was reclassified on 12th April, 2011 as a “major accident” with the same worst-case rating as the 1986 Chernobyl disaster. The level of the Fukushima crisis was now “provisionally” raised from ‘five’ to the worst-possible ‘seven’ on the International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale ( INES ).
10. The first meeting of an international contact group on Libya held in Doha on 13th April, 2011 has agreed to exert more pressure on the regime of Libyan strongman Muammar Qadhafi, but stopped short of expanding the list of countries that formally recognise the opposition. Russia on 15th April, 2011 finalised a deal with NATO to supply two dozen combat helicopters to Afghanistan and train local pilots. Russia and NATO will set up a trust fund for the supply and maintenance of Mi – 17 and Mi – 35 helicopters.
11. The United Nations Security Council oh 11th April, 2011 passed a resolution that tackles the problem of piracy for the first time.
12. France on 14th April, 2011 returned of ancient Korean royal books, 145 years after its troops looted them during a retaliatory raid on an island west of Seoul in the earlier decades of the 20th century. The books, returned by the National Library of France, were illustrated manuals on royal protocol written during the Chosun Dynasty ( 1392 – 1910 ).
13. Sweden and Singapore are the most competitive countries in the digital economy, according to a study, by the World Economic Forum ( WEF ). Nordic and Asian economies are best at using information and communications technologies ( ICT ) to boost their growth, the WEF said on 12th April, 2011.
14. China on 10th April, 2011 launched its eighth navigation satellite, which will form part, of its indigenous satellite-navigation set-up to rival the American Global Positioning System ( GPS ). A Long March-3A carrier 1 rocket carrying the “Beidou” or Compass navigation satellite was launched from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in southwest China’s Sichuan Province. It will join seven other satellites already in orbit to form a network which will eventually consist of more than 30 satellites.
15. World Parkinson’s Disease Day was observed on 11th April, 2011. It is estimated that approximately 6.3 million people have PD worldwide.
16. India will feature in the prestigious Venice Biennale after a gap of 116 ‘years in 2011. India will have its own national pavilion to be inaugurated on 3rd June, 2011. India will be one of the 94 countries in this world famous art event that saw its inception in 1895.
17. US President Barack Obama on 15th April, 2011 appointed Derek Mitchell as a special envoy to Burma. His formal title will be Special Representative and Policy Coordinator for Burma, with the rank of Ambassador, Department of
18. Ivory Coast leader Alassane Ouattara’s forces, backed by French and U.N. troops, captured his besieged rived Laurent Gbagbo in capital Abidjan on 11th April, 2011 at the climax of a deadly months-long crisis. Gbagbo, who has held power since 2000, has stubbornly refused to admit defeat in November’s presidential election to Ouattara.
19. Walter Bruening, a retired rail-worker who was the world’s oldest man, has died in the US state of Montana at the age of 114 on 14th April, 2011. Breuning attributed his long life to eating only two needs a day for the past 35 years.
20. Calling for improved economic collaboration among India, China and Japan, an ADB report has said Asia could re – emerge as engine of global growth by 2050 accounting for over 50 per cent of the world GDR up from 35 per cent, at present. The report unveiled by the ADB on 17th April, 2011 said Asian nations would account for 52 per cent of the global economic output, followed by Europe at 18 per cent and North America at 16 per cent by 2050. Besides greater cooperation among the leading nations of India, Japan and China, the report also called for open trading system and peace and security for expediting growth.
21. India has offered to provide expertise in the area of standardization of products, packaging and managing Food Distribution System to Morocco.
22. China’s census shows its population grew to 1.34 billion people by 2010, 73.9 million more than that of 2000, when China conducted its fifth national census.
23. Fighting erupted between soldiers from Cambodia and Thailand along their disputed mountainous border, skirmish broke out near the Preah Vihear temple on 26th April, 2011. The violence follows four days of fighting around the temple of Ta Krabey, 160km ( 100 miles ) to the west.
24. A United Nations ( UN ) advisory panel, led by former Indonesian Attorney General Marzuki Darusman on 25th April, 2011 submitted a report to the UN Secretary – General Ban Ki – moon, which found credible evidence that the Sri Lankan military shelled civilians in no-fire zones and sought to silence critics in a brutal fashion, during the war against the guerrilla group Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam ( LTTE ) in 2009.
25. Ukraine on 26th April, 2011 marked the 25th anniversary of the world’s worst nuclear accident – at the Chernobyl power plant. An explosion at one of the plant’s reactors sent a plume of radiation across Europe in 1986, harming or killing possibly thousands of people.
26. Pakistan on 29th April, 2011 successfully tested the nuclear-capable Hatf-VIII or Ra’ad ( “thunder” in Arabic ) cruise missile that has a range of 350 km, with the military saying the weapon system would give the country “greater strategic stand-off capability” on land and at sea.
27. The Conference of Parties to the Stockholm Convention in Geneva on 29th April, 2011 approved the recommendation for elimination of production and use of Endosulfan subject to certain exemptions. The decision will not be binding on India unless specifically ratified by the country.
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