International Dates and Events in July 2011
1. The Communist Party of China ( CPC ), celebrated its 90th anniversary on 1st July, 2011 was founded on 1st July, 1921. In the turmoil of 1920s China, CCP members such as Mao Zedong, Liu Shaoqi, and Li Lisan began organizing labour unions in the cities. The CCP joined with the Nationalist Party in,1924 and the alliance proved enormously successful.
2. The Greek Parliament passed a second austerity Bill by a comfortable margin of 155 votes to 138 on 1st July, 2011 opening the way for the European Union ( EU ) and International Monetary Rind ( IMF ) to release a euro 12 billion ( $17 billion ) loan, installment which Athens urgently needs to stave off bankruptcy.
3. The Bangladesh Parliament on 1st July, 2011 Constitutional amendments in has passed a crucial amendment to the Constitution, scrapping the caretaker government system for holding polls and restoring secularism but retaining Islam as the state religion. Under the caretaker system, introduced in 1996, general elections are overseen by non – partisan caretaker governments.
4. The India – Malaysia Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement ( CECA ) came into effect from 1st July, 2011. This is India’s fourth bilateral CECA, after Singapore, South Korea and Japan. The CECA envisages liberalisation of trade in goods, trade in services, investments and other areas of economic cooperation. Trade between India and Malaysia has reached US$ 10 billion in 2010 – 11, an increase of 26% from the previous year. It is expected that the implementation of this agreement will boost bilateral trade to US$15 billion by 2015.
5. India and Bangladesh on 7th July, 2011 signed an agreement on investment protection and promotion according each other the Most Favoured Nation status in investments and resolved to jointly combat terrorism in all its forms. This follows talks between External Affairs Minister SM Krishna and Bangladesh Premier Sheikh Hasina and his counterpart Dipu Moni in Dhaka. The two countries inked a Bilateral Agreement on Promotion and Protection of Investments ( BIPPA ) under which investments of either country would not be nationalised or expropriated except for public purpose and that too against fair and equitable compensation.
7. Prime Minister, Dr. Manmohan Singh inaugurated the 5th Conference of Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians in New Delhi on 9th July, 2011. The fast Conference was held in 1995. At the SAARC Summit in Thimphu in April last year, SAARC Leaders had agreed that a Conclave of SAARC Parliamentarians be established in order to benefit from the democratic and participatory tradition represented by the Parliamentarians of South Asia.
8. The Australian Government on 10th July, 2011 unveiled plans to impose a tax on carbon emissions for the worst polluters. Prime Minister Julia’ Gillard said carbon dioxide emissions would be taxed at A$23 ( $25 ) per tonne from July 2012. Australia is one of the world’s worst emitters of greenhouse gases per head of population. The country relies on coal for 80% of its electricity generation, and is a major coal exporter.
9. An international team of researchers at James Hutton Institute in Dundee, Scotland on 10th July, 2011 announced they had uncovered the full DNA sequence of the potato for the first time. The breakthrough holds out the promise of boosting harvests of one of the world’s most important staple crops.
10. The Defence Minister, A. K. Antony and the Kyrgyz President, Roza Otunbayeva inaugurated the Kyrgyz – lndian Mountain Biomedical Research Centre, in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan on 5th July, 2011. The Centre will carry out research on the mechanism of short term and long term high altitude adaptation. It will also mobilize and synchronise the expertise of the two countries in the area of high altitude research. The scientists will focus on molecular biology approaches to identify markers for screening of people for high altitude resistance and susceptibility to high altitude sickness and development of mountain maladies.
11. China’s supply of two new nuclear reactors for Pakistan has received approval of the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group ( NSG ) at the 23rd June – 24th June plenary meeting of the 46 – nation nuclear cartel in Noordwik, Netherlands. When NSG questioned China about the two new reactors, Chashma 3 and 4, Beijing insisted the deal was finalised before it joined NSG in 2004.
12. Egypt’s Nabil al – Arabi on 3rd July, 2011 formally replaced his compatriot: Amr Moussa as secretary general of the Arab League. On 15th May, Foreign Minister Arabi was selected to replace Moussa, whose 10 – year tenure was due to expire and who harbours ambitions to run for the Egyptian presidency. The 22 – member Arab League, based in Cairo, is being tested as the Arab Spring overturns the region’s political apple cart.
13. An ancient Angkor temple in north – western Cambodia was reopened to the public on 3rd July, 2011 following the completion of a decades – long renovation project described as the world’s largest puzzle. The restoration of the 11th – century Baphuon monument, one of the country’s largest after Angkor Wat, was celebrated with a high – profile ceremony attended by Cambodian King Norodom Sihamoni and French Prime Minister Francois Fillon. The finished project is the result of half a century of painstaking efforts by restorers to take apart the crumbling tower’s 300,000 sandstone blocks and then piece them back together.
14. Iran is all set to launch the first phase of its national internet in August, called the Clean Web, the national Internet project seeks protection against the loose commitment to ethics and morality across the World Wide Web. Tehran has also undertaken a project to develop a national search engine called Ya Haq by early 2012.
15. The World Population Day was observed on 11th July, 2011. The interest generated by the Day of 5 Billion on 11th July, 1987 led to the establishment of World Population Day as an annual event. For more than 20 years, 11th July has been an occasion to mark the significance of population trends and related issues. This year; as the world population is expected to surpass 7 billion, UNFPA and partners are launching a campaign called 7 Billion Actions.
16. Pakistan’s National Assembly Speaker Fehmida Mirza, in her speech at the Fifth Conference of the Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians, on 11th July, 2011 proposed that the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation ( SAARC ) should contemplate the creation of a “South Asian Parliament” — on the lines of the European Parliament — for sustainable peace and prosperity in the region, and that it would be the “largest forum of legislators, commanding the trust of 1.7 billion South Asians.
17. Neptune, the eighth planet of the solar system, completed its first revolution of the sun since its discovery in 1846 on 13th July, 2011. The heavenly body reached approximately the same heliocentric longitude at the time of its discovery. The planet was discovered on 23rd September, 1846 by Johann Galle and Heinrich d’Anest from Berlin Observatory. Neptune has 13 satellites, and a thin ring system that was discovered in 1984. The planet’s orbit is nearly circular. Its atmosphere is dominantly hydrogen ( 80 per cent ), with helium ( 19 per cent ) and methane ( 1 per cent ), and a very srtiall admixture of other compounds. The average temperature is — 235 degrees C. It is 38.87 times bigger and 17.132 times more massive than the Earth.
18. Thousands of people on an Indonesian island have been forced to flee a fierce volcanic eruption. Mount Lokon, on Sulawesi, started erupting on 14th July, 2011. A 3.5 – km ( two mile ) evacuation zone was established. Among the dozens of volcanoes in Indonesia, the 1580 – metre ( 5,184ft ) Mount Lokon is one of the most active. It last erupted in 1991.
19. India was the third largest investor in Britain during 2010 – 11 with 97 new projects, generating several jobs in a country facing recession and major job losses, according to official figures. “Among the high growth markets, India and China are still the two principal sources of inward investment by project numbers,” a UK Inward Investment Report 2010 – 2011 released by the UK Trade and Investment said on 12th July, 2011.
20. Greece’s credit rating was cut three levels to Fitch Ratings’ lowest grade for any country in the world as the company followed rivals and said that a default is a “real possibility”. The move to CCC from B+ “reflects the absence of a new, fully funded and credible” programme by the International Monetary Fund and the European Union, the ratings company said on 14th July, 2011 in a statement in London.
21. Space shuttle Atlantis landed at Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, on 21st July, 2011 bringing to an end the longest – running spaceflight programme of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ( NASA ). The crew comprising Commander Christopher Ferguson, pilot Doug Hurley, flight engineer Rex Walheim and mission specialist Sandy Magnus completed a successful resupply mission to the International Space Station ( ISS ). Atlantis will now be displayed as a museum piece at the Kennedy Space Center.
22. NASA astronomers, while searching for rings around the dwarf planet Pluto, on 22nd July, 2011 discovered a tiny new moon around the planet from photos sent by the Hubble Space Telescope. Temporarily named P4, the new moon is the smallest of Pluto’s moons and is estimated to be between 13 to 34 kms wide. For comparison, Pluto’s largest moon Charon is 1,043 km across. The width of Pluto’s other moons, Nix and Hydra, range between 32 – 113 kms.
23. Eurozone leaders have agreed to a sweeping deal that will grant Greece a massive new bailout. The deal was announced by Greek Prime Minister George A. Papandreou, European Council President Herman Van Rompuy and European Commission President Jose. Manuel Barroso after the EU summit at the European Council headquarters in Brussels on 21st July, 2011. The eurozone countries and the IMF will give Greece a second bailout worth €109 billion ( $155 billion ), on top of the €110 billion already granted a year ago. Banks and other private investors will contribute some €50 billion ( $71 billion ) to the rescue package by either rolling over Greek bonds that they hold, swapping them for new ones with lower interest rates or selling the bonds back to Greece at a low price.
25. Cambodia and Thailand, and ordered the armed forces from both countries to withdraw. The ruling by The Hague, Netherlands based International Court of Justice seeks to bring an end to clashes that have claimed about 20 lives in the last three years and have displaced tens of thousands of people from the area around the Preah Vihepr temple – a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
26. Hina Rabbani Khar was sworn in as Foreign Minister on 19th July, 2011 five months after she entered the Ministry as Minister of State ( MoS ). At 34, Khar is the youngest and first woman Foreign Minister of Pakistan. Born into a political family, she switched from the Pakistan Muslim League ( Q ) to the Pakistan People’s Party before the 2008 elections.
27. Jamia Millia Islaryiia on 21st July, 2011 conferred the title of ‘Nishan – e – Azad’ on the Saudi Arabia Ambassador to India Faisal Hassan Trad in New Delhi. The Ambassador was lauded for playing an important role in fostering ties between Jamia and institutions of higher learning in Saudi Arabia. The title ‘Nishan – e – Azad’ has been instituted this year by Jamia to recognise those who have played an important role in shaping the university. It has been instituted in the memory of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad who was the first Education Minister of Independent India.
28. The Government of India and the World Bank on 18th July, 2011 signed a Credit Agreement of US$1 billion ( approximately ₹ 4,600 crores ) for the National Rural Livelihoods Project ( NRLP ). The Project will strengthen the implementation of the Government of India’s newly launched National Rural Livelihoods Mission ( NRLM ). The credit is from the International Development Association ( IDA ) – the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm – the credit is on IDA terms with a maturity of 25 years, including a five year grace period.
29. India and Pakistan have doubled the trading days between them to four in an effort to promote trade across the Line of Control ( Loc ) on 27th July, 2011.
30. Indicating a serious crisis developing in foreign investment climate, India slipped to the fourteenth spot from the eighth position in the list of countries that attracted the highest foreign direct investment ( FDI ) in 2010. Inflows into India declined by about $10 billion to $25 billion, according to the “World Investment Report 2011” released by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development ( UNCTAD ) in New Delhi on 26th July, 2011.
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