Census According to Religion
- 80.5%. Decadal Growth Rate : 20%. Maximum Proportion in Himachal Pradesh : 95.4%.
- 13.4%. Decadal Growth Rate : 29.3%. Maximum Proportion in Jammu and Kashmir : 67%.
- 2.3%. Decadal Growth Rate : 22.1%. Maximum Proportion in Nagaland : 90%.
- 1.9%. Decadal Growth Rate : 16.9%. Maximum proportion in Punjab : 59.9%.
- 0.8%. Decadal Growth Rate : 23.2%. Maximum proportion in Sikkim : 28.1%.
- 0.4%. Decadal Growth Rate : 26%. Maximum proportion in Maharashtra : 1.3%.
|S.No.||Discovery / Invention||Year||Discoverer / Inventor||Country|
|1||Adrenaline||1894||Schafer and Oliver||Britain|
|4||Anti - Toxins (Science of Immunity)||1890||Behring and Kitasato||Germany, Japan|
|6||Ayurveda||2000 - 1000 BC||-||India|
|9||Biochemistry||1648||Jan Baptista Van Helmont||Belgium|
|10||Blood Plasma Storage (Blood bank)||1940||Drew||U.S.A|
|11||Blood Transfusion||1625||Jean - Baptiste Denys||France|
- According to Census 2001, 58.4% of the total workers in the country are engaged as either cultivators or agricultural laborers. Just about 4.07% of them are working in household industries while 37.52% are employed in other industries.
- Incidentally, out of these 37.52%, sizable numbers are engaged in agriculture related industries and are thus employed indirectly by the agricultural sector itself.
- At the individual level, the dependence on agriculture is much higher in some States. In Bihar for example, 77.35% of the total workers are engaged directly in agriculture, 29.17% of them are cultivators while 48.18% are landless agricultural laborers.
- In Chhattisgarh, 44.57% of the total workers are employed as cultivators while 31.88% work as agricultural laborers. In Madhya Pradesh the numbers were 42.93% and 28.66% respectively.
- Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu in contrast, seem to have succeeded largely in diverting its workforce to non – agricultural activities. According to Census 2001, only 23.26% of Kerala’s total workers are engaged in agriculture. The number was 39.36% in Punjab and 43.94% and 49.55% in West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, respectively.
- Highest percentage of workers engaged as cultivators is in Himachal Pradesh ( 65.56% ) while the lowest is in Kerala ( 7.19% ). As regards agriculture laborers, the highest percentage of workers are in Bihar (48.18%) and lowest in Arunachal Pradesh ( 3.94% ).
- 4.22% of the total workers are engaged in household industry while the remaining 37.52% workers are engaged in other industries or occupations.
- 63.20% female workers are working as agriculture laborers in Bihar against 42.71% male workers in the same occupation. 86.14% of female workers in Himachal Pradesh are cultivators against 49.55% male workers are working cultivators.
- In Kerala, only 4.72% female workers are cultivators while 21.99% are agriculture laborers.
India’s Slum Population
- For the first time, during the 2001 census, an attempt was made to collect detailed data regarding slum areas of the country.
- The towns that were covered were those with over 50,000 population as per the 1991 census. The towns numbered 607 and their 2001 population 17.84 crore. Slums accounted for 4.03 crore or 22.59% of their population.
- Arunachal Predesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Himachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim reported no slum population in the Census.
- Largest slum population was registered in Maharashtra ( 10.64 million ).
- The largest proportion of slum population in Million – Plus cities was registered in Greater Mumbai ( 48.88 per cent ) and the lowest in Patna ( 0.25 per cent ).
- About 1 per cent of India’s population live in the slums of Maharashtra.
- About 6 per cent of Maharashtra’s population in Cities / Towns varied from 41.33 per cent to 1.81 per cent, the largest being Meghalaya ( 41.33 per cent ) and lowest Kerala ( 1.81 per cent ).
- Sex Ratio ( i.e., number of females per thousand males ) of the Slum Population varied from 1032 ( Puducherry ) to 707 ( Chandigarh ). Kerala also returned high sex ratio ( 1029 ).
- Proportion of Children ( 0 – 6 ) among Slum Population in Million Plus Cities was found to be highest in Jaipur ( 18.11 per cent ) and lowest in Kolkata ( 9.35 per cent ).
- Literacy Rate among Slum population was found to be quite high, varying from 88.08 per cent ( Meghalaya ) to 55.46 per cent ( Chandigarh ). The Male Literacy Rate varied from 91.05 per cent ( Meghalaya ) to 65.59 per cent ( Chandigarh ). Female Literacy Rate was also found to be high varying from 85.11 per cent ( Meghalaya ) and Chandigarh ( 40.09 per cent ).
Some Health Parameters : India and its Neighbors
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad|| P B No. 230 orient Estate,
Abids Road Abids,
Hyderabad 500 001
Phone No: (040) 23205381(Cm),23202422, 23202762, (Res.Manager) 23320201
1st Floors, S.Road, Pb 141 Fancy Bazar.
Guwahati 781 001
Phone No: (0361) 2544082(Sm), 2549790, 2544074
Sector 8 C Madhya, Marg
Phone No: (0172) 2549410
Neel Kamal Arcade,
Opp. Cto A B Road
Panaji 403 001
Phone No: (0832) 2228262
Chandan Palace, Jail Road,
Gurgaon 122 001
Phone No: (0124) 2331681
|Karnataka||Bangalore||P B No. 25058,
44 & 45 Residency Road Res. Road
Bangalore 560 025
Phone No: (080) 25591407
|Maharashtra||Mumbai||Fort Fort P B No. 25132,
Bombay Samachar Marg
Mumbai 400 001
Phone No: (022) 22654455
|Nagpur||Central Bazar Road,
Nagpur 440 010
Phone No: (0712) 2556551
|Pune||Arihant1187/26, Ghole Road,
Near Balgandharva Square 411 005
Phone No: (020) 25538754
Newdelhi 110 001
Phone No: (011) 23414973
|Nehru Place||G.I-6 Satkar Building 79-80,
New Delhi 110 019
Phone No: (011) 26481939
|Mayur Vihar||Uttara Guruvayurappan Temple
Pocket-3 Mayur Vihar Phase-1,
Phone No: (011) 22719291, 22717292
Beside Petrol Pump Cuttack,
Orissa 753 001,
Phone No: (0671) 2312038
|Tamilnadu||Chennai||S V S Club Building,
61, Anna Salai Mount Road
Chennai 600 002
Phone No: (044) 28512561
|Vellore||P B No. 199 No.1
Vellore 632 001
Phone No: (0416) 2222963
|Uttar Pradesh||Allahabad||N P A Arcade 23,
M. G. Road,
Allahabad 211 001
Phone No: (0532) 2560019
|Noida||Federal Towers H-362,
Shopping Complex Sector 22,
Noida Gautam Budhha Nagar 301
Phone No: (0120) 2411222
Rajpur Road Dehradun,
Uttaranchal 248 001
Phone No: (0135) 2745650, 2745651
|West Bengal||Kolkata / R N M Road||Martin Burn House1,
R.N. Mukherjee Road
Kolkata 700 001
Phone No: 22434070
|Kerala||Ernakulam / North||P B No. 1927,
Banerji Road Ernakulam
North Kochi 682 018
Phone No: (0484) Mob. Mgr. 9847260433, 2362974
|Thiruvananthapuram / Palayam||P B No. 5406 Palayam,
Vikas Bhavan P O
Thiruvananthapuram - 33
Phone No: (0471) 2328263, 2328273, 2328274
|Kozhikode||Pb No.1114 Cherooty Road,
Kozhikode 673 032
Phone No: (0495) 2360967(Cm), 2365426, 2365560
|Kottayam||P B No. 269 T B Road,
Kottayam6 86 001
Phone No: (0481) 2561631
|Thrissur/Main||Anjali Complex Round North,
Thrissur 680 001
Phone No: (0487) 2335701, 2335785, 2321145
|Tiruvalla||P B No. 19 M C Road
Tiruvalla 689 101
Phone No: (0469) 2630468 (CM), 2730140 (SM)