Census According to Religion

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Census According to Religion

Hindus

  • 80.5%. Decadal Growth Rate : 20%. Maximum Proportion in Himachal Pradesh : 95.4%.

Muslims

  • 13.4%. Decadal Growth Rate : 29.3%. Maximum Proportion in Jammu and Kashmir : 67%.

Christians

  • 2.3%. Decadal Growth Rate : 22.1%. Maximum Proportion in Nagaland : 90%.

Sikhs

  • 1.9%. Decadal Growth Rate : 16.9%. Maximum proportion in Punjab : 59.9%.

Buddhists

  • 0.8%. Decadal Growth Rate : 23.2%. Maximum proportion in Sikkim : 28.1%.

Jains

  • 0.4%. Decadal Growth Rate : 26%. Maximum proportion in Maharashtra : 1.3%.

Others

  • 0.6%.

Million Plus Cities of India
General Studies Question Bank CD

S.No.Discovery / InventionYearDiscoverer / InventorCountry
1Adrenaline1894Schafer and OliverBritain
2Anesthesia, Local1885KollerAustria
3Anesthesia, Spinal1898BierGermany
4Anti - Toxins (Science of Immunity)1890Behring and KitasatoGermany, Japan
5Aspirin1889DreserGermany
6Ayurveda2000 - 1000 BC-India
7Bacteria1683LeeuwenhockNetherlands
8Bacteriology1872Ferdinand CohnGermany
9Biochemistry1648Jan Baptista Van HelmontBelgium
10Blood Plasma Storage (Blood bank)1940DrewU.S.A
11Blood Transfusion1625Jean - Baptiste DenysFrance

Occupational Classification

  • According to Census 2001, 58.4% of the total workers in the country are engaged as either cultivators or agricultural laborers. Just about 4.07% of them are working in household industries while 37.52% are employed in other industries.
  • Incidentally, out of these 37.52%, sizable numbers are engaged in agriculture related industries and are thus employed indirectly by the agricultural sector itself.
  • At the individual level, the dependence on agriculture is much higher in some States. In Bihar for example, 77.35% of the total workers are engaged directly in agriculture, 29.17% of them are cultivators while 48.18% are landless agricultural laborers.
  • In Chhattisgarh, 44.57% of the total workers are employed as cultivators while 31.88% work as agricultural laborers. In Madhya Pradesh the numbers were 42.93% and 28.66% respectively.
  • Kerala, Punjab, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu in contrast, seem to have succeeded largely in diverting its workforce to non – agricultural activities. According to Census 2001, only 23.26% of Kerala’s total workers are engaged in agriculture. The number was 39.36% in Punjab and 43.94% and 49.55% in West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, respectively.
  • Highest percentage of workers engaged as cultivators is in Himachal Pradesh ( 65.56% ) while the lowest is in Kerala ( 7.19% ). As regards agriculture laborers, the highest percentage of workers are in Bihar (48.18%) and lowest in Arunachal Pradesh ( 3.94% ).
  • 4.22% of the total workers are engaged in household industry while the remaining 37.52% workers are engaged in other industries or occupations.
  • 63.20% female workers are working as agriculture laborers in Bihar against 42.71% male workers in the same occupation. 86.14% of female workers in Himachal Pradesh are cultivators against 49.55% male workers are working cultivators.
  • In Kerala, only 4.72% female workers are cultivators while 21.99% are agriculture laborers.

India’s Slum Population

  • For the first time, during the 2001 census, an attempt was made to collect detailed data regarding slum areas of the country.
  • The towns that were covered were those with over 50,000 population as per the 1991 census. The towns numbered 607 and their 2001 population 17.84 crore. Slums accounted for 4.03 crore or 22.59% of their population.
  • Arunachal Predesh, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, Daman and Diu, Himachal Pradesh, Lakshadweep, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim reported no slum population in the Census.
  • Largest slum population was registered in Maharashtra ( 10.64 million ).
  • The largest proportion of slum population in Million – Plus cities was registered in Greater Mumbai ( 48.88 per cent ) and the lowest in Patna ( 0.25 per cent ).
  • About 1 per cent of India’s population live in the slums of Maharashtra.
  • About 6 per cent of Maharashtra’s population in Cities / Towns varied from 41.33 per cent to 1.81 per cent, the largest being Meghalaya ( 41.33 per cent ) and lowest Kerala ( 1.81 per cent ).
  • Sex Ratio ( i.e., number of females per thousand males ) of the Slum Population varied from 1032 ( Puducherry ) to 707 ( Chandigarh ). Kerala also returned high sex ratio ( 1029 ).
  • Proportion of Children ( 0 – 6 ) among Slum Population in Million Plus Cities was found to be highest in Jaipur ( 18.11 per cent ) and lowest in Kolkata ( 9.35 per cent ).
  • Literacy Rate among Slum population was found to be quite high, varying from 88.08 per cent ( Meghalaya ) to 55.46 per cent ( Chandigarh ). The Male Literacy Rate varied from 91.05 per cent ( Meghalaya ) to 65.59 per cent ( Chandigarh ). Female Literacy Rate was also found to be high varying from 85.11 per cent ( Meghalaya ) and Chandigarh ( 40.09 per cent ).

Some Health Parameters : India and its Neighbors

StateCity Branch
Andhra PradeshHyderabad P B No. 230 orient Estate,
Abids Road Abids,
Hyderabad 500 001
Phone No: (040) 23205381(Cm),23202422, 23202762, (Res.Manager) 23320201
AssamGuwahatiAnnapurnaplaza,
1st Floors, S.Road, Pb 141 Fancy Bazar.
Guwahati 781 001
Phone No: (0361) 2544082(Sm), 2549790, 2544074
ChandigarhChandigarhSco 139-140
Sector 8 C Madhya, Marg
Chandigarh 160009
Phone No: (0172) 2549410
Goa PanajiPb No.323,
Neel Kamal Arcade,
Opp. Cto A B Road
Panaji 403 001
Phone No: (0832) 2228262
Haryana Gurgaon483/16,
Chandan Palace, Jail Road,
Civil Lines
Gurgaon 122 001
Phone No: (0124) 2331681
KarnatakaBangaloreP B No. 25058,
44 & 45 Residency Road Res. Road
Bangalore 560 025
Phone No: (080) 25591407
Maharashtra MumbaiFort Fort P B No. 25132,
Bombay Samachar Marg
Mumbai 400 001
Phone No: (022) 22654455
NagpurCentral Bazar Road,
Ramdaspeth
Nagpur 440 010
Phone No: (0712) 2556551
PuneArihant1187/26, Ghole Road,
Near Balgandharva Square 411 005
Pune
Phone No: (020) 25538754
New DelhiConnaughtM-17,
Connaught Circus
Newdelhi 110 001
Phone No: (011) 23414973
Nehru PlaceG.I-6 Satkar Building 79-80,
Nehru Place
New Delhi 110 019
Phone No: (011) 26481939
Mayur ViharUttara Guruvayurappan Temple
Compleeast Gate,
Krishna Marg,
Pocket-3 Mayur Vihar Phase-1,
Delhi-91
Phone No: (011) 22719291, 22717292
OrissaCuttackBajrakabati Road,
Beside Petrol Pump Cuttack,
Orissa 753 001,
Phone No: (0671) 2312038
TamilnaduChennaiS V S Club Building,
61, Anna Salai Mount Road
Chennai 600 002
Phone No: (044) 28512561
VelloreP B No. 199 No.1
Officers' Line,
Vellore 632 001
Phone No: (0416) 2222963
Uttar Pradesh AllahabadN P A Arcade 23,
M. G. Road,
Civil Lines
Allahabad 211 001
Phone No: (0532) 2560019
NoidaFederal Towers H-362,
Shopping Complex Sector 22,
Noida Gautam Budhha Nagar 301
Phone No: (0120) 2411222
Uttaranchal Dehradun447,
Rajpur Road Dehradun,
Uttaranchal 248 001
Phone No: (0135) 2745650, 2745651
West Bengal Kolkata / R N M RoadMartin Burn House1,
R.N. Mukherjee Road
Bbd Bagh
Kolkata 700 001
Phone No: 22434070
KeralaErnakulam / NorthP B No. 1927,
Banerji Road Ernakulam
North Kochi 682 018
Phone No: (0484) Mob. Mgr. 9847260433, 2362974
Thiruvananthapuram / PalayamP B No. 5406 Palayam,
Vikas Bhavan P O
Thiruvananthapuram - 33
Phone No: (0471) 2328263, 2328273, 2328274
KozhikodePb No.1114 Cherooty Road,
Kozhikode 673 032
Phone No: (0495) 2360967(Cm), 2365426, 2365560
KottayamP B No. 269 T B Road,
Kottayam6 86 001
Phone No: (0481) 2561631
Thrissur/MainAnjali Complex Round North,
Main Branch
Thrissur 680 001
Phone No: (0487) 2335701, 2335785, 2321145
TiruvallaP B No. 19 M C Road
Tiruvalla 689 101
Phone No: (0469) 2630468 (CM), 2730140 (SM)