Ninth Five Year Plan in India
- It was developed in the context of four important dimensions: Quality of life, generation of productive employment, regional balance and self – reliance.
Appraisal of the Ninth Plan in India
- Growth rate of GDP during the plan was 5.4% per annum as against the target of 6.5%.
- Agriculture grew by 2.1% as against the target of 4.2% p.a.
- Industrial growth was 4.5% as against the target of 3% p.a.
- Exports grew by 7.4% ( target was 14.55% ) and imports grew by 6.6% ( target was 12.2% p.a. ).
- Services grew at the rate of 7.8% p.a.
Tenth Five Year Plan in India ( 2002 – 2007 )
- To attain a growth rate of 8%.
- Reduction of poverty ratio to 20% by 2007 and to 1.0% by 2012.
- Providing gainful high quality employment to the addition to the labor force over the Tenth Plan period.
- Universal access to primary education by 2007.
- Reduction in gender gaps in literacy and wage rates by at least 50% by 2007.
- Reduction in decadal rate of population growth between 2001 and 2011 to 16.2%.
- Increase in literacy rate to 72% within the plan period and to 80% by 2012.
- Reduction of Infant Mortality Rate ( IMR ) to 45 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 28 by 2012.
- Reduction of Maternal Mortality Rate ( MMR ) to 20 per 1000 live births by 2007 and to 10 by 2012.
- Increase in forest and tree cover to 25% by 2007 and 33% by 2012.
- All villages to have sustained access to potable drinking water by 2012.
- Cleaning of all major polluted rivers by 2007 and other notified stretches by 2012.
- The plans have traditionally focused on setting national targets, but it has been found that there is a variation in the performance of different States. The Tenth Plan focused on ways and means of correcting the regional imbalance.
- Currently, eight States, with poor health and demographic indices, constitute 44.7% of India’s population. Special efforts were made during the Tenth Plan to enable these States to fully achieve their potential.
- The plan laid great emphasis on agriculture since growth in this sector is likely to lead to the widest dissemination of benefits, especially to the rural poor including agricultural labor.
- The growth strategy of the Tenth Plan seeked to ensure the rapid growth of those sectors which are most likely to create high quality employment opportunities. These included such sectors as construction, real estate, and housing, transport, Small Scale Industries, modern retailing, entertainment, IT – enabled services, etc.