Important Dates of Indian History
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Timeline of Historical Events in India :
|2500-1800||Indus valley civilization|
|599||Birth of Mahavir; Nirvana in 523 B.C|
|563||Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana in 483 B.C|
|327-26||Alexander's invasion of India and the opening of land route between India and Europe.|
|261||Battle of Kalinga|
|57||Beginning of Vikrama era|
|30||Satvahana dynasty in Deccon. Pandyan Empire in for south|
|78||Beginning of Saka era|
|320||Beginning of Gupta era|
|360||Samudragupta conquers the whole of N.India and much of the Deccan.|
|380-413||Rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya, age of Kalidasa, renewal of Hinduism|
|606-647||Rule of Harshavardhana|
|645||Hieun Tsang's visit in India|
|622||Beginning of Hijra era|
|712||Arab invasion of Sind by Mohd. bin Qasim|
|1001-27||Repeated attacks of Mehmud Ghazni|
|1025||Sacking of Somnath temple by Mehmud|
|1191||First battle of Tarain in which Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghori.|
|1192||Second battle of Tarain in which Mohd. Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan.|
|1206||Qutubuddin Aibak founded the llbari/Slave dynasty.|
|1290||Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji established Khilji dynasty.|
|1290||Marco Polo visited India.|
|1320||Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq founded the Tughlaq dynasty.|
|1333||Ibn Batuta arrived in India.|
|1336||Harihara and Bukka founded the Vijaynagar empire|
|1347||Bahmani kingdom founded.|
|1398||Timur invades India.|
|1451||Lodi dynasty comes in power in Delhi Sultanate.|
|1469||Birth of Guru Nanak Dev|
|1498||Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut.|
|1510||Portuguese capture Goa-Albuquerque Governor.|
First Battle of Panipat in which Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi and established the Mughal dynasty.
|1556||Second battle of Panipat in which Akbar defeated Hemu.|
|1565||Battle of Talikota in which Vijaynagar Empire is defeated.|
|1571||Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar.|
|1576||Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap.|
|1582||Akbar started Din-i-llahi.|
|1600||English East India Company established.|
|1604||Compilation of Adi Granth.|
|1605||Death of Akbar.|
|1611||The English built a factory at Masulipatnam.|
|1627||Birth of Shivaji|
|1631||Death of Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal. The building of Taj Mahal.|
|1658||Aurangzeb became Emperor of Delhi.|
|1666||Birth of Guru Gobind Singh.|
|1699||Guru Gobind Singh creates 'Khalsa'.|
|1707||Death of Aurangzeb, fall of Mughal empire begins.|
Nadir Shah invaded India; the peacock throne and the Kohinoor Diamond taken away from India.
|1757||Battle of Plassey in which the English defeated Siraj-ud- daula, Nawab of Bengal.|
|1760||Battle of Wandiwash, end of French power in India.|
|1761||Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas.|
Battle of Buxar in which the English defeated the triple alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam.
|1793||Permanent settlement in Bengal.|
Fourth Anglo Mysore War, death of Tipu Sultan, Ranjit Singh occupied Lahore and made it his capital.
|1817-19||Marathas finally crushed.|
Lord William Bentick becomes Governor General; Era of social reforms; Prohibition of Sati (1829), Suppression of thugs (1830)
|1835||Introduction of English as medium of instruction.|
|1853||First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane.|
|1857-58||First war of Indian Independence.|
British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule.
|1861||Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore.|
|1869||Birth of M.K.Gandhi.|
|1885||Formation of Indian National Congress.|
|1905||Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon.|
|1906||Formation of All India Muslim League.|
Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
|1914||World War I started.|
|1918||End of World War I.|
|1919||Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague-Chelmsford reforms.|
|1920||Non-cooperation Movement launched.|
|1921||Moplah rebellion in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales.|
|1923||Swaraj party formed.|
|1927||Simon Commission appointed.|
|1928||Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai.|
|1929||Congress demanded 'Poorna Swaraj' in Lahore session.|
January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table conference.
|1931||Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference.|
Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact.
|1935||Government of India Act.|
Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces.
|1939||Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II.|
Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose.
Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi.
Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League.
Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India.
Important Dates of Indian History
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