General Knowledge : History : Important Dates of Indian History

Important Dates of Indian History


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Timeline of Historical Events in India :

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YearHistorical Events
2500-1800Indus valley civilization
599Birth of Mahavir; Nirvana in 523 B.C
563Birth of Gautam Buddha; Nirvana in 483 B.C
327-26Alexander's invasion of India and the opening of land route between India and Europe.
269-232Ashoka's reign
261Battle of Kalinga
57Beginning of Vikrama era
30Satvahana dynasty in Deccon. Pandyan Empire in for south

78Beginning of Saka era
320Beginning of Gupta era
360Samudragupta conquers the whole of N.India and much of the Deccan.
380-413Rule of Chandragupta Vikramaditya, age of Kalidasa, renewal of Hinduism
606-647Rule of Harshavardhana
645Hieun Tsang's visit in India
622Beginning of Hijra era
712Arab invasion of Sind by Mohd. bin Qasim
1001-27Repeated attacks of Mehmud Ghazni
1025Sacking of Somnath temple by Mehmud
1191First battle of Tarain in which Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Mohammed Ghori.
1192Second battle of Tarain in which Mohd. Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chauhan.
1206Qutubuddin Aibak founded the llbari/Slave dynasty.
1290Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji established Khilji dynasty.
1290Marco Polo visited India.
1320Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq founded the Tughlaq dynasty.
1333Ibn Batuta arrived in India.
1336Harihara and Bukka founded the Vijaynagar empire
1347Bahmani kingdom founded.
1398Timur invades India.
1451Lodi dynasty comes in power in Delhi Sultanate.
1469Birth of Guru Nanak Dev
1498Vasco da Gama lands at Calicut.
1510Portuguese capture Goa-Albuquerque Governor.
First Battle of Panipat in which Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi and established the Mughal dynasty.
1556Second battle of Panipat in which Akbar defeated Hemu.
1565Battle of Talikota in which Vijaynagar Empire is defeated.
1571Foundation of Fatehpur Sikri by Akbar.
1576Battle of Haldighati in which Akbar defeated Maharana Pratap.
1582Akbar started Din-i-llahi.
1600English East India Company established.
1604Compilation of Adi Granth.
1605Death of Akbar.
1611The English built a factory at Masulipatnam.
1627Birth of Shivaji
1631Death of Shah Jahan's wife Mumtaz Mahal. The building of Taj Mahal.
1658Aurangzeb became Emperor of Delhi.
1666Birth of Guru Gobind Singh.
1699Guru Gobind Singh creates 'Khalsa'.
1707Death of Aurangzeb, fall of Mughal empire begins.
Nadir Shah invaded India; the peacock throne and the Kohinoor Diamond taken away from India.
1757Battle of Plassey in which the English defeated Siraj-ud- daula, Nawab of Bengal.
1760Battle of Wandiwash, end of French power in India.
1761Third Battle of Panipat in which Ahmed Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas.
Battle of Buxar in which the English defeated the triple alliance of Nawab Mir Qasim of Bengal, Nawab Shuja-ud-daula of Awadh and Mughal emperor Shah Alam.
1793Permanent settlement in Bengal.
Fourth Anglo Mysore War, death of Tipu Sultan, Ranjit Singh occupied Lahore and made it his capital.
1817-19Marathas finally crushed.
Lord William Bentick becomes Governor General; Era of social reforms; Prohibition of Sati (1829), Suppression of thugs (1830)
1835Introduction of English as medium of instruction.
1853First Indian railway from Bombay to Thane.
1857-58First war of Indian Independence.
British crown takes over the Indian Government; End of East India Company's rule.
1861Birth of Rabindra Nath Tagore.
1869Birth of M.K.Gandhi.
1885Formation of Indian National Congress.
1905Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon.
1906Formation of All India Muslim League.
1909Minto-Morley Reforms.
Delhi durbar held, partition of Bengal cancelled, capital shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
1914World War I started.
1918End of World War I.
1919Rowlatt Act, Jallianwala Bagh massacre, Montague-Chelmsford reforms.
1920Non-cooperation Movement launched.
1921Moplah rebellion in Malabar; visit of Prince of Wales.
1922Chauri-Chaura incidence
1923Swaraj party formed.
1927Simon Commission appointed.
1928Visit of Simon Commission to India, death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
1929Congress demanded 'Poorna Swaraj' in Lahore session.
January 26 celebrated as Independence Day throughout India, Dandi Salt Satyagraha, First Round Table conference.
1931Gandhi-lrvin Pact, Second Round Table Conference.
Suppression of Congress Movement, Third Round Table Conference, Communal Award, Poona Pact.
1935Government of India Act.
Inauguration of Provincial Autonomy. Congress ministries formed in 8 out of 11 provinces.
1939Resignation of Congress ministries, beginning of World War II.
Cripps Mission Plan, Quit India Movement, Formation of Indian National Army by S.C. Bose.
Simla conference held and the failure of Wavell Plan, INA trials at Red Fort, Delhi.
Cabinet Mission Plan, Formation of Interim Government, Direct Action Resolution by Muslim League.
Mountbatten Plan of June 3 in which partition of India resolution is proposed, India divided, Pakistan created, both achieve independence, Jawarhar Lai Nehru becomes the I Prime Minister of India.

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Important Dates of Indian History

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