Timeline of Indian Freedom Struggle
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Timeline of Indian Freedom Struggle
|Year||Indian Freedom Struggle Events|
|1905||Partition of Bengal announced to come in force fom Oct 16, 1906.|
|31 Dec, 1906||Muslim League founded at Decca.|
|30 Apr, 1908||Khudiram Bose executed.|
|22 Jul, 1908||Tilak sentenced to six years on charges of seditior.|
|21 May, 1909||Minto-Morley Reforms of Indian Councils Act, 1909.|
|1911||The coronation or Delhi durbar held at Delhi in which the Partition of Bengal is cancelled.|
|1912||Delhi becomes the new capital of India|
|23 Dec, 1912||Bomb thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi.|
|1 Nov, 1914||Ghadar Party formed at San Francisco.|
|16 Jun, 1914||B.G. Tilak released from jail.|
|4 Aug, 1914||Outbreak of the 1st World War.|
|29 Sep, 1914||Komagatamaru ship reaches Budge Budge (Calcutta port).|
|9 Jan, 1915||Gandhiji arrives in India.|
|19 Feb, 1915||Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.|
|28 Apr, 1916||
B.G. Tilak founds Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Poona.
|25 Sep, 1916||Another Home Rule League started by Annie Besant.|
Mahatma Gandhi launches the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters.
|20 Aug, 1917||
The Secretary of State for India, Montague, declares that the goal of the British government in India is the introduction of Responsible Government.
|1918||Beginning of trade union movement in India.|
Rowlatt (Sedition) Committee submits its report. Rowlatt Bill introduced on Feb 16, 1919.
|13 Apr, 1919||Jallianwala Bagh tragedy|
|5 Dec, 1919||
The House of Commons passes the Montague Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919. The new reforms under this Act came into operation in 1921.
First meeting of the All India Trade Union Congress, (under Narain Malhar Joshi).
|Dec, 1920||The Indian National Congress (INC) adopts the Non-Co-operation Resolution|
|1920 - 22||
Non-Co-operation Movement, suspended on Feb 12, 1922 after the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura on Feb 5, 1922.
|Aug, 1922||Moplah rebellion on the Malabar coast.|
|1 Jan, 1923||Swarajist Party formed by Motilal Nehru and others.|
|1924||The Communist Party of India starts its activities at Kanpur.|
|Aug, 1925||Kakori Train Conspiracy case.|
|8 Nov, 1927||
The British Prime Minister announces the appointment of the Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India. Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on Feb 3, 1928 and all-India 3 hartal. Lala Lajpat Rai assaulted by police at Lahore.
Nehru Report recommends principles for the new Constitution of India. All parties conference considers the Nehru Report, Aug 28-31, 1928.
|17 Nov, 1928||Death of Lala Lajpat Rai.|
Sarda Act passed prohibiting marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years of age with effect from 1930.
|9 Mar, 1929||
All Parties Muslim Conference formulates the 'Fourteen Points' under the leadership of Jinnah.
|8 Apr, 1929||Bhagot Singh and Batukeshwai Dutt throw bomb in the Central Legislative Assen.|
|31 Oct, 1929||Lord Irwin's announcement that the goal of British policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status.|
|31 Dec, 1929||
The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence poorna swarajya for India; Jawaharlal Nehru hoists the tricolour of Indian Independence on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore.
|26 Jan, 1930||First Independence Day observed.|
|14 Feb, 1930||
The Working Committee of the INC meets at Sabarmati and passes the Civil Disobedience resolution.
|12 Mar, 1930||
Mahatma Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi Mar (Mar 12 to Apr 6). First phase of the Civil Disobedience movement: Mar 12, 1930 to Mar 5, 1931.
|30 Nov, 1930||First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon Commission.|
|5 Mar, 1931||Gandhi lrwin pact signed. Civil Disobedience movement suspended.|
|23 Mar, 1931||Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru executed.|
|7 Sep, 1931||Second Round Table Conference.|
|28 Dec, 1931||
Gandhiji returns from London after the deadlock in llnd RTC. Launches Civil Disobedience Movement. The INC declared illegal.
|4 Jan, 1932||Gandhiji arrested and imprisoned without trial.|
|16 Aug, 1932||
British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald announces the infamous "Communal Award".
|20 Sep, 1932||
Gandhiji in jail, begins his epic "fast unto death" against the Communal Award and ends the fast on Sep 26 after the Poona Pact.
|17 Nov, 1932||The Third Round Table Conference begins in London (Nov 17 to Dec 24)|
|9 May, 1933||
Gandhiji released from prison as he begins fast for self-purification. INC suspends Civil Disobedience movement but authorizes Satyagraha by individuals.
|1934||Gandhiji withdraws from active politics and devotes himself to constructive programmes (1934-39).|
|4 Aug, 1935||The Government of India Act 1935 passed.|
Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 (Feb 1937). The INC contests election and forms ministries in several provinces (Jul 1937).
|19 - 20 Feb, 1938||Haripura session of INC. Subhash Chandra Boss elected Congress president.|
|10 - 12 Mar, 1939||Tripuri session of the INC.|
|Apr, 1939||Subhash Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC.|
|3 Sep, 1939||
Second World War (Sep 1). Great Britain declares war on Germany; the Viceroy declares that India too is at war.
|27 Oct - 5 Nov, 1939||
The Congress ministries in the provinces resign in protest against the war policy of the British government.
|22 Dec, 1939||The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as ‘Deliverance Day’|
|Mar, 1940||Lahore session of ihe Muslim League passes the Pakistan Resolution.|
|10 Aug, 1940||Viceroy Linlithgow announces-August Offer.|
|18 - 22 Aug, 1940||Congress Working Committee rejects the 'August Offer'.|
|17 Oct, 1940||Congress launches Individual Satyagraha movement.|
|17 Jan, 1941||Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India; arrives in Berlin (Mar 28).|
|11 Mar, 1942||Churchill announces the Cripps Mission.|
|7 - 8 Aug, 1942||The INC meets in Bombay; adopts 'Quit India' resolution|
|9 Aug, 1942||Gandhiji and other Congress leaders arrested.|
|11 Aug, 1942||Quit India movement begins; the Great Aug Uprising.|
|1 Sep, 1942||Subhash Chandra Bose establish the Indian National Army 'Azad Hind Fauj|
|21 Oct, 1943||
Subhash Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the Provisonal Government of Free India.
|Dec, 1943||Karachi session of the Muslim League adopts the slogan Divide arc|
|25 Jan, 1944||
Wavell calls Simla Conference in a bid to form the Executive Council at Indian political leaders.
|18 Feb, 1946||Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay.|
|15 Mar, 1946||
British Prime Minister Attlee announces Cabinet Mission ro propose new solution to the Indian deadlock; Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi (Mar 14); issues proposal (May 16).
|6 Jul, 1946||Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress president.|
|6 Aug, 1946||Wavell invites Nehru to form an interim government; Interim Government takes office (Sep 2).|
|9 Dec, 1946||First session of the Constituent Assembly of India starts. Muslim League boycotts it.|
|20 Feb, 1947||
British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government would leave India not later than Jun 1948.
|24 Mar, 1947||Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy and Governor General of India, sworn in (Mar 24, 1947 to Jun 21, 1948)|
|3 Jun, 1947||
Mountbatten Plan for the partion of India and the announcement (Jun 4 that transfer to power will take place on Aug 15.
|15 Aug, 1947||India wins freedom|
Where They Rest:
|Famous Personality of India||Place|
|Mahatma Gandhi||Raj Ghat|
|Charan Singh||Kisan Ghat|
|Morarji Desai||Abhay Ghat|
|Gulzari Lai Nanda||Narayan Ghat|
|L.B. Shastri||Vijay Ghat|
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