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Timeline of Indian Freedom Struggle


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Timeline of Indian Freedom Struggle
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YearIndian Freedom Struggle Events
1905Partition of Bengal announced to come in force fom Oct 16, 1906.
31 Dec, 1906Muslim League founded at Decca.
30 Apr, 1908Khudiram Bose executed.
22 Jul, 1908Tilak sentenced to six years on charges of seditior.
21 May, 1909Minto-Morley Reforms of Indian Councils Act, 1909.
1911The coronation or Delhi durbar held at Delhi in which the Partition of Bengal is cancelled.
1912Delhi becomes the new capital of India
23 Dec, 1912Bomb thrown on Lord Hardinge on his state entry into Delhi.

1 Nov, 1914Ghadar Party formed at San Francisco.
16 Jun, 1914B.G. Tilak released from jail.
4 Aug, 1914Outbreak of the 1st World War.
29 Sep, 1914Komagatamaru ship reaches Budge Budge (Calcutta port).
9 Jan, 1915Gandhiji arrives in India.
19 Feb, 1915Death of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
28 Apr, 1916
B.G. Tilak founds Indian Home Rule League with its headquarters at Poona.
25 Sep, 1916Another Home Rule League started by Annie Besant.
Apr 1917
Mahatma Gandhi launches the Champaran campaign in Bihar to focus attention on the grievances of indigo planters.
20 Aug, 1917
The Secretary of State for India, Montague, declares that the goal of the British government in India is the introduction of Responsible Government.
1918Beginning of trade union movement in India.
Apr, 1918
Rowlatt (Sedition) Committee submits its report. Rowlatt Bill introduced on Feb 16, 1919.
13 Apr, 1919Jallianwala Bagh tragedy
5 Dec, 1919
The House of Commons passes the Montague Chelmsford Reforms or the Government of India Act, 1919. The new reforms under this Act came into operation in 1921.
First meeting of the All India Trade Union Congress, (under Narain Malhar Joshi).
Dec, 1920The Indian National Congress (INC) adopts the Non-Co-operation Resolution
1920 - 22
Non-Co-operation Movement, suspended on Feb 12, 1922 after the violent incidents at Chauri Chaura on Feb 5, 1922.
Aug, 1922Moplah rebellion on the Malabar coast.
1 Jan, 1923Swarajist Party formed by Motilal Nehru and others.
1924The Communist Party of India starts its activities at Kanpur.
Aug, 1925Kakori Train Conspiracy case.
8 Nov, 1927
The British Prime Minister announces the appointment of the Simon Commission to suggest future constitutional reforms in India. Simon Commission arrives in Bombay on Feb 3, 1928 and all-India 3 hartal. Lala Lajpat Rai assaulted by police at Lahore.
Nehru Report recommends principles for the new Constitution of India. All parties conference considers the Nehru Report, Aug 28-31, 1928.
17 Nov, 1928Death of Lala Lajpat Rai.
Sarda Act passed prohibiting marriage of girls below 14 and boys below 18 years of age with effect from 1930.
9 Mar, 1929
All Parties Muslim Conference formulates the 'Fourteen Points' under the leadership of Jinnah.
8 Apr, 1929Bhagot Singh and Batukeshwai Dutt throw bomb in the Central Legislative Assen.
31 Oct, 1929Lord Irwin's announcement that the goal of British policy in India was the grant of the Dominion status.
31 Dec, 1929
The Lahore session of the INC adopts the goal of complete independence poorna swarajya for India; Jawaharlal Nehru hoists the tricolour of Indian Independence on the banks of the Ravi at Lahore.
26 Jan, 1930First Independence Day observed.
14 Feb, 1930
The Working Committee of the INC meets at Sabarmati and passes the Civil Disobedience resolution.
12 Mar, 1930
Mahatma Gandhi launches the Civil Disobedience movement with his epic Dandi Mar (Mar 12 to Apr 6). First phase of the Civil Disobedience movement: Mar 12, 1930 to Mar 5, 1931.
30 Nov, 1930First Round Table Conference begins in London to consider the report of the Simon Commission.
5 Mar, 1931Gandhi lrwin pact signed. Civil Disobedience movement suspended.
23 Mar, 1931Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev and Rajguru executed.
7 Sep, 1931Second Round Table Conference.
28 Dec, 1931
Gandhiji returns from London after the deadlock in llnd RTC. Launches Civil Disobedience Movement. The INC declared illegal.
4 Jan, 1932Gandhiji arrested and imprisoned without trial.
16 Aug, 1932
British Prime Minister Ramsay Macdonald announces the infamous "Communal Award".
20 Sep, 1932
Gandhiji in jail, begins his epic "fast unto death" against the Communal Award and ends the fast on Sep 26 after the Poona Pact.
17 Nov, 1932The Third Round Table Conference begins in London (Nov 17 to Dec 24)
9 May, 1933
Gandhiji released from prison as he begins fast for self-purification. INC suspends Civil Disobedience movement but authorizes Satyagraha by individuals.
1934Gandhiji withdraws from active politics and devotes himself to constructive programmes (1934-39).
4 Aug, 1935The Government of India Act 1935 passed.
Elections held in India under the Act of 1935 (Feb 1937). The INC contests election and forms ministries in several provinces (Jul 1937).
19 - 20 Feb, 1938Haripura session of INC. Subhash Chandra Boss elected Congress president.
10 - 12 Mar, 1939Tripuri session of the INC.
Apr, 1939Subhash Chandra Bose resigns as the president of the INC.
3 Sep, 1939
Second World War (Sep 1). Great Britain declares war on Germany; the Viceroy declares that India too is at war.
27 Oct - 5 Nov, 1939
The Congress ministries in the provinces resign in protest against the war policy of the British government.
22 Dec, 1939The Muslim League observes the resignation of the Congress ministries as ‘Deliverance Day’
Mar, 1940Lahore session of ihe Muslim League passes the Pakistan Resolution.
10 Aug, 1940Viceroy Linlithgow announces-August Offer.
18 - 22 Aug, 1940Congress Working Committee rejects the 'August Offer'.
17 Oct, 1940Congress launches Individual Satyagraha movement.
17 Jan, 1941Subhash Chandra Bose escapes from India; arrives in Berlin (Mar 28).
11 Mar, 1942Churchill announces the Cripps Mission.
7 - 8 Aug, 1942The INC meets in Bombay; adopts 'Quit India' resolution
9 Aug, 1942Gandhiji and other Congress leaders arrested.
11 Aug, 1942Quit India movement begins; the Great Aug Uprising.
1 Sep, 1942Subhash Chandra Bose establish the Indian National Army 'Azad Hind Fauj
21 Oct, 1943
Subhash Chandra Bose proclaims the formation of the Provisonal Government of Free India.
Dec, 1943Karachi session of the Muslim League adopts the slogan Divide arc
25 Jan, 1944
Wavell calls Simla Conference in a bid to form the Executive Council at Indian political leaders.
18 Feb, 1946Mutiny of the Indian naval ratings in Bombay.
15 Mar, 1946
British Prime Minister Attlee announces Cabinet Mission ro propose new solution to the Indian deadlock; Cabinet Mission arrives in New Delhi (Mar 14); issues proposal (May 16).
6 Jul, 1946Jawaharlal Nehru takes over as Congress president.
6 Aug, 1946Wavell invites Nehru to form an interim government; Interim Government takes office (Sep 2).
9 Dec, 1946First session of the Constituent Assembly of India starts. Muslim League boycotts it.
20 Feb, 1947
British Prime Minister Attlee declares that the British government would leave India not later than Jun 1948.
24 Mar, 1947Lord Mountbatten, the last British Viceroy and Governor General of India, sworn in (Mar 24, 1947 to Jun 21, 1948)
3 Jun, 1947
Mountbatten Plan for the partion of India and the announcement (Jun 4 that transfer to power will take place on Aug 15.
15 Aug, 1947India wins freedom

Where They Rest:

Famous Personality of IndiaPlace
Mahatma GandhiRaj Ghat
B.R. AmbedkarChaithrabhoomi
Indira GandhiShaktisthal
Charan SinghKisan Ghat
Zail SinghEktasthal
Rajiv GandhiVirbhoomi
Morarji DesaiAbhay Ghat
Gulzari Lai NandaNarayan Ghat
Jagjivan RamSamatasthal
L.B. ShastriVijay Ghat

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Timeline of Indian Freedom Struggle

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