Ancient World to First World War

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Ancient World to First World War

1. 10,000 BC : Semi-permanent settlements come up in Africa, Asia and Europe.

2. 10,000-4,000 BC : Settlements turn into protocities. Development such as wheel, pottery and improved methods of cultivation in Mesopotamia and other places.

3. C. 5000 BC : Beginning of civilization in Mesopotamia which is considered to be oldest civilization.

4. 3000-1500 BC : Mature phase of Indus Valley civilization.

5. 3000 – 1000 BC : Egyptian Civilization grew on the banks of Nile river.

6. 2000 BC : Man discovered Iron.

7. 800 BC : Flourishing of Greek civilization.

8. 776 BC : First Olympiad in Greece.

9. 753 BC : Rome founded.

10. 58 BC : Caesar’s invasion of Gaul.

11. 55 BC : Roman invasion of Britain by Julius Caesar.

12. 4 BC : Birth of Jesus Christ. AD

13. 30 AD : Crucification of Jesus Christ.

14. 43 AD : Roman conquest of Britain.

15. 570 AD : Birth of Prophet Mohammad.

16. 600 AD : The end of the Roman Empire.

17. 622 AD : Beginning of Hijri Era ( Muslim Calendar ).

18. 800 AD : Charlemagne crowned Roman Emperor at St. Peter’s.

19. 1066 AD : The Norman conquest of England; Battle of Hastings and accession of William the Conqueror.

20. 1215 AD : Signing of Magna Carta ( June 15 ).
21. 1348 AD : Black Death Plague in England.

22. 1492 AD : Columbus sailed for the New World on his first voyage and discovered America.

23. 1588 AD : Defeat of Spanish Armada.

24. 1649 AD : King Charles I beheaded; Beginning of Commonwealth.

25. 1660 AD : The restoration of British Monarchy.

26. 1688 AD : Bloodless or Glorious Revolution in England.

27. 1689 AD : Establishment of British Constitutional Monarchy.

28. 1776 AD : Declaration of American Independence ( July 4 ).

29. 1789 AD : French Revolution ( Aug 27 ); George Washington elected the first President of America.

30. 1805 AD : Battle of Trafalgar; British Fleet under Lord Nelson defeated French and Spanish Fleets.

31. 1815 AD : Battle of Waterloo ( June 18 ). Exile of Napoleon Bonaparte to St. Helena ( Oct 16 ).

32. 1821 AD : Panama, Guetamala, and Santo Domingo proclaim independence from Spain.

33. 1822 AD : Greece proclaims independence from Turkey.

34. 1824 AD : Mexico becomes Republic.

35. 1833 AD : Slavery abolished in Britain.

36. 1837 AD : Victoria becomes queen of British empire.

37. 1839 – 42 AD : First opium war between Britain and China.

38. 1848 – 49 AD : US – Mexico war ends with Mexico giving up claims to Texas, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah and Nevada.

39. 1852 AD : South African republic established.

40. 1858 AD : Queen Victoria appointed Empress of India; Abraham Lincoln abolishes slavery in America.

41. 1865 AD : American civil war ends with the defeat of proslavery supporters. President Lincoln is assassinated.

42. 1866 AD : Prussia and Italy defeat Austria in Seven Years war.

43. 1867 AD : Dominion of Canada is established; USA buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000.

44. 1869 AD : Suez canal opens.

45. 1870 AD : Revolt in Paris, third republic established.

46. 1871 AD : Franco – Prussian war ends. France surrenders Alsace – Lorraine to Germany; German empire is proclaimed with Prussian king Kaiser Wilhelm I.

47. 1878 AD : Russo – Turkish war ends.

48. 1887 AD : Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubliee.

49. 1889 AD : The Eiffel Tower is built.

50. 1893 AD : New Zeland becomes first country to grant woman to right to vote.

51. 1895 AD : Sino – Japanese war ends with China accepting defeat.

52. 1896 AD : First Olympic games begins in Athens.

53. 1901 AD : Queen Victoria passes away.

54. 1904 AD : Russo – Japanese War.

55. 1909 AD : Discovery of North Pole by Commander Peary.

56. 1912 AD : Establishment of the Chinese Republic.

57. 1914 AD : World War I ( July 28 ).

58. 1916 AD : Battle of Verdun ( France ) between France and Germany ( during World War I ) ( Feb 21 ).

59. 1917 AD : Revolution in Russia; Bolsheviks come into power ending Tzar’s regime.

60. 1918 AD : End of World War I ( Nov 11 ).

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