Important Wars in 20th CenturyGeneral Knowledge » History »
20th Century Wars :
Russo – Japanese War Summary (1904 – 05) :
The conflict arising from the rivalry of Russia and Japan for control of Manchuria and Korea. Russia was forced to surrender Korea, the Liaotung Peninsula and Sakhalin to Japan.
History of First World War (1914 – 18) :
International conflict began between Austria and Serbia. The chief contestants were the Central Powers (Germany and Austria) and the Triple Entente (Britain, France and Russia). Many other countries joined as the war began.
The naval blockade of Germany caused severe food shortages and helped to end the war. An armistice was agreed in November 1918 and peace treaties were signed at Versailles (1919).
Sino – Japanese War Summary (1931 – 1933) :
Two wars between China and Japan, marking the beginning and the end of Japanese imperial expansion on the Asian mainland. The first war in 1894-95 arose from rivalry for control of Korea. The second war in 1937-45 developed from Japan’s seizure of Manchuria and the conflict merged into World War II, ending with the final defeat of Japan in 1945.
International conflict arising from disputes provoked by the expansionist policies of Germany in Europe and Japan in the Far East. The axis powers – Germany, Italy and (after September 1940) Japan – controlled most of Europe and much of northern Africa, China and Asia.
The United States stayed out of the war until December 7, 1941, when Japan attached Pearl Harbor, and the United States joined the Allies in fighting not only Japan but the other Axis powers as well. The war ended when the U. S. dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan.
Arab – Israeli War Timeline (1948 – 49, 1956, 1967, 1973 – 74) :
Conflict between Israel and the Arab states. After the creation of the state of Israel (May 14, 1948), troops from Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria and Trans Jordan (Modern Jordan) invaded the new nation.
Simmering Arab – Israeli hostilities exploded into war in 1967, when Israel, assailed by Palestinian guerillas, launched a massive primitive strike against Egypt, the Arab world’s leading state. In the six day war, Israel captured the Sinai Peninsula, the old city of Jerusalem, the West Bank, and the Golan Heights.
History of Korean War (1950 – 53) :
Conflict between North Korea, supported by China and South Korea supported by UN forces dominated by the USA. Negotiations continued for two years before a truce was agreed in Jul 1953.
History of Vietnam War (1954 – 75) :
Conflict between US backed South Vietnam and the Viet Cong, who had the support of communist North Vietnam. It followed to the partition of Vietnam. In 1975 South Vietnam was overrun by North Vietnamese forces, and the country was united under Communist rule.
Falkland War Timeline (Apr – Jun, 1982) :
Military conflict between Great Britain and Argentina on the question of sovereignty over the Falkland Islands. Britain won the war.
Iran-Iraq War Summary (1980 – 90) :
War began shortly after the Iranian Revolution of 1979. Iraq wanted control over oil – rich Iranian border territory. Iraq expressed readiness to negotiate peace, after it lost ground. In 1988, Iran agreed to a ceasefire. Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990.
History of Gulf War (16 Jan, 1991 – 28 Feb, 1991) :
Military action by a US led coalition to expel Iraqi forces from Kuwait. Kuwait was liberated (Feb 26, 1991), and a ceasefire was declared on Feb 28.
History of Bosnian War (1992 – 1998) :
Ethnically rooted war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, a republic of Yugoslavia with a multiethnic population – Muslims, Serbs and Croats. The Dayton peace agreement was signed in 1995. Bosnia Herzegovina became a single state.
US – Afghan War (2001) :
Military action by US against the Taliban government of Afghanistan in protest against the Sept 11 attack on WTC Towers. US claimed that Afghanistan was the breeding ground of terrorists and had given refuge to Osama bin Laden.
Gulf War II Timeline (2003) :