Bengal Province :
- Broke away from Delhi under the reign of Muhammad bin Tughlaq.
- In 1342, Ilyas Khan founded a new dynasty.
- Famous sultan was Ghiyas-ud-din Azam who established friendly relations with China and encouraged trade and commerce.
- The celebrated poet, Maladhar Basu, compiler of Sri-Krishna Vijay, was patronized by the Sultans and was given the title of ‘Gunaraja Khan’.
- Shankaradeva and Chaitanya belonged to this time.
- The province was occupied by Sher Shah Suri in 1538.
Gujarat Province India :
- Broke away from Delhi in 1397, under Zafar Khan who assumed the title of Sultan Muzaffar Shah.
- His grandson Ahmed Shah-I, built a new city, Ahmedabad. He built Jama Masjid of Ahmedabad and Tin Darwaza.
- The next prominent ruler was Mahmud Begarha. In his reign, Portuguese set up a factory at Diu. His court poet was the Sanskrit scholar, Udayaraja.
- In 1573, Akbar annexed Gujarat to his empire.
History of Malwa :
- Malwa was annexed by Alauddin Khalji in 1305 and remained a part of Sultanate until its Governor; Dihawan Khan Ghuri asserted his independence in 1435.
- It became powerful under the reign of Hushang Shah. He beautified the city Mandu with Jama Masjid, Hindol Mahal and Jahaz Mahal. Next ruler, Mahmud Khalji was defeated by Rana Kumbha.
- Malwa became a part of Gujarat in 1531, and was finally annexed by the Mughals in 1562.
History of Kashmiris :
- Kashmir continued to be under its Hindu rulers up to 1339. Its first Muslim ruler was Shamsuddin Shah.
- The greatest Muslim ruler was Zainul Abidin (1420-70). Accepted the policy of broad tolerance, introduced the art of shawl-making in Kashmir, built Zaina Lanka and artificial island in the Wular Lake. Called the “Badshah” (the great Sultan) and “Akbar of Kashmir” by the Kashmiris.
- Later ruled by Chak dynasty, which later submitted to Akbar in 1586.
- It is said that women played a leading role in their history.
History of Mewar :
- Alauddin Khalji captured its capital Chittor in 1303. But Rajput rule was soon restored by Rana Hamir (1326-64).
- The greatest ruler of this house was the famous Rana Kumbha Karan (1538-68). Rana Kumbha built the famous victory tower or ‘Vijaya Stambh’ at Chittor to commemorate his victory over Mahmud Khalji of Malwa.
- His court was adorned by Mandan who wrote many books on architecture (Parsad Mandan, Rupa Mandan).
- Another important king was Rana Sangram Singh (1509-28), who defeated Mahmud-II of Malwa and Ibrahim Lodhi. But he was defeated by Babur at Khanua in 1527.